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English to Latin Dictionary
BY
THE REV. J. E. RIDDLE, M.A.
OF ST. EDMUND HALL, OXFORD.


CABAL, s. I. A union of several in some bad design;
coitio, conspiratio. II. Intrigue ; ars; fallacia.
To CABAL, v. n. Societatem coire ; conspirare.
CABALA. 5. Cabbala ; arcana Hebraeorum doctrina.
CABALIST. s. Cabbalista.
CABALISTICAL. a. Cabbalisticus.
CABALISTICALLY. ad. Cabbalistice.
CABALLER. *. Homo seditiosus ; fraudum artifex,
machinator.
CABBAGE, s. I. A plant ; brassica ; crambe ; olus.
A cabbage-leaf; brassicae folium. A head oj'cabbage ;
caput brassicae. II. Any thing stolen ; furtum.
To CABBAGE, v. n. Furari ; rapere ; surripere ; intervertere;
avertere.
CABIN, s. I. A small room; diaeta ; cella; cellula.
II. A chamber in a ship ; dia?ta. III. A cottage ;
casa ; tugurium ; or, casula ; tuguriolum. IV. A tent ;
tentorium ; tabernaculum.
CABINET, s. I. A private roomj conclave secretum
; aides secretae The cabinet or council of a
prince ; conclave principis secretius. To consult in
the cabinet ; secreta consilia agitare A cabinet minister
; a sanctioribus consiliis principi A cabinet counsellor
; consiliarius interioris admissionis ; a consiliis secretioribus.
II. A place in which rare or valuable
things are kept; museum. III. A set of boxes or
drawers for curiosities ; scrinium ; capsula ; cistula.
CABINET-MAKER, s. Capsularum, or scriniorum, opifex.
CABLE, s. Kudens ; funis ancorarius ; ancorale To
cut the cable ; ancoram preecidere.
CABRIOLET. 5. Volubilis currus, us ; currus gemin&
tantum rota instructus.
CACHINNATION. s. Cachinnus To raise or excite a
cachinnation ; cachinnum movere.
CACKLE or CACKLING, s. Clangor, oris, m.
To CACKLE, v.n. Clangere.
CADAVEROUS, a. Cadaverosus.
CADE. s. Cadus, i. m.
CADE. a. Cicur, uris ; mansuetus, a, utn.
To CADE. v. a. Mansuefacere.
CADENCE, s, Numerus, i, m. ; modus, i. m. Having
a good cadence ; numerosus, a, um. With good cadence ;
numerose. To preserve a good cadence; numerose
orationem fundere; niuneris sententias claudere; numerum
servare.
CADET, s. I. A younger brothers frater minor
natu. II. A young volunteer ; tiro, onis, m.
CAG. s. Doliolum, i, n.
CAGE. s. I. An inclosure for birds; cavea, ae, f.
II. An inclosure for wild beasts; sepes, is, f. ; septum;
sepimentum, i, n. III. A kind of prison; career,
eris, m. ; custodia, ae, f. ; yincula, orum, n.
To CAGE. v. a. Includere in caveam, in septum, or
in careerem.
To CAJOLE. v. a. Blandiri ; adulari.
CAJOLER. s. Blandus; adulator.
CAJOLERY, s. Blanditia; adulatio.
CAITIFF, s. Scelus, eris, n. ; scelestus, malus, i, m. ;
nebulo, onis, m.
CAKE.*. I. A kind of bread ; placenta, ae, f. II.
A mass of any thing ; pondus, eris, n. ; massa, ae, f.
To CAKE. v. n. Concrescere ; cogi.
CALAMINE. s. Cadmia, se, f. ; aerarius lapis.
CALAMITOUS, a. Miser, era, erum ; infelix ; calamitosus.
Calamitous times ; miserum et luctuosum
tempus ; temporum tristitia, injuria, or iniquitas In
very calamitous times; gravissimis reipublicae temporibus.
CALAMITY. 5. I. Misfortune; infortunium, i, n. ;
casus adversus ; calamitas, atis, f. ; res adversae ; malum,
i, n. II. Misery; infelicitas, atis, f. ; miseria, ae,
f. To be involved in calamity ; esse in miseriis ; calamitate
affligi ; fortuna duriori conflictari.
To CALCINATE or CALCINE, v. a. In calcem redigere ;
fervido igne torrere. Calcinated '; in calcem redactus.
CALCINATION. *. Rei in calcem redigendae ratio.
To CALCULATE, v.n. I. To compute, reckon; supputare
; rationem putare ; calculos subducere ; calculum
ponere (poet.) To calculate the expense; sumptus ad
calculos vocare ; sumptuum rationem habere. II. To
adapt, adjust ; accommodare ; aptare.
CALCULATED, a. Accommodatus ; aptus ; idoneus ; par.
CALCULATION, s. Computatio, ratio, onis, f.
CALCULATOR, s. Calculator, oris, m., Mart.
CALDRON, s. Lebes, etis, m. ; cortina, ae, f. ; ahenum,
i. n.
CALEFACTION. s. Calefactus, us, m., Plin.
CALENDAR, s. Fasti, orum; ephemeris, idis, f.
CALENDER, s. Prelum pannis laavigandis idoneum.
To CALENDER, v.a. Prelo densare et expolire ; prelonitorem
panno addere.
CALENDS, s. Calendae, arum, f.
CALF. s. I. The young of a cow ; vitulus, i, m.
Of or belonging to a calf; vitulinus, a, um. A
sea-calf ; vitulus marinus ; phoca, ae, f. II. The thick
part of the leg ; sura, ae, f.
CALIBRE, s. I. The bore of a gun; oris tormenti
bellici diametros. II. Size, volume; amplitudo, inis,
f. ; modus, i, m To be of a different calibre ; non bene
convenire.
CALICO, s. Tela e filo xylino texta.
CALLIGRAPHY, s. Ars eleganter pingendi literas.
To CALK. *. a. Navem reficere, or stipare ; stupa navis
rimas farcire.
CALKER. s. Navis refector.
CALL. s. I. A verbal address ; vocatio, onis, f. ; vocatus,
us, m. II. A summons, invitation; accitus, us,
m. (only in the ablative); invitatio. III. Impulse f
impulsus, us, m. ; impulsio, instigatio, onis, f. IV.
A calling over the names of those who are to compose an
assembly ; nomenclatio, onis, f To answer to the call;
ad nominarespondere. V. A visit,- salutatio.
To CALL. v.a. I. To name; aliquem appellare,
nominare ; nomine afficere ; nuncupare To call by
name ; aliquem appellare nomine suo ; rem suo nomine
notare, or proprio nomine signare To be called f
nuncupari ; nominari ; dici ; audire. What are you
called f quid tibi nominis est ? / am called Phormio ;
nomen Phomionis est mihi mihi est Phormio, Plaut. ;
vocor Phormio, Ter He is called (or calls himself)
by this name ; hoc est nomine, Ter. II. To summon ;
aliquem vocare, evocare, accersere, asciscere, accire, excijje.
III. To invite; vocare ad ccenam. IV. To
call in ; e. g. a physician ; advocare medicum aegro. To
call in, i. e. to abrogate ; see ABROGATE To call in,
i. e. to resume ; resumere, iterum capere To call in
question ; rem in dubium revocare. To call back ; revocare;
retractare ; retrahere ; reducere To call over;
nominatim appellare ; nomina pronuntiare ; per nomina
citare. To call out, i.e. to challenge; provocare; lacessere
; adoriri To call out or aloud, i. e. to exclaim ;
declamare ; exclamare ; aliquid clamitare ; reclamare
To call together, i. e. to assemble ; convocare ccetum ;
conventus indicere ; senatum cogere ; in unum locum
compellere To call names ; aliquem contumeliis lacessere,
or afficere To call away ; abducere To call
for; poscere, postulare To call off; avertere, abducere,
avocare, abstrahere To call aside ; aliquem
seducere, e turba subducere, or educere To call forth ;
evocare,; excire. To call upon (for aid) ; invocare ; implorare^
To call upon, i. e. to solicit for a favour or a
debt i aliquem rogare ; rem ab aliquo petere ; postulare ;t
poscere ; ab aliquo flagitare, or effiagitare To call t
witness ; aliquem testem facere, or adhibere, antestar
or contestari. To call to mind or to remembrance ; ren
or rei, recordari ; remt rei, or de re, reminisci To ca,
to account; vocare aliquem ad calculos, Liv., or a
computationem, Plin. ; postulate aliquem rei, or d
re, Cic. ; Suet.; mores alicujus exquirere. To cat
up (from sleep) ; e somno, or dormientem, excitare ; ex
pergefacere. To call up the spirits. 1. (Of another)
stinmlare et excitare ; animos excitare ; veterno arcer
(poet.) 2. (One's own) ; se erigere, exsurgere.
CALLING, s. I. Professions vitae genus, institutum
or ratio ; ars ; munus ; officium. II. Station, condition
vitae genus, conditio, or status ; or simply, status.
III. Divine vocation ; divinus afflatus.
CALLOSITY, s. Callum, Cic. ; callus, i, m., Cels.
CALLOUS, a. I. Hardened; callosus ; duratus
Curt. ; induratus, Liv. To be callous ; callere, Plaut.
To become callous; occallescere, Plaut. II. Har
dened in mind, insensible ; durus ; immisericors
ferreus.
CALLOUSNESS, s. Duritas ; duritia ; durities, Ov.
CALLOW, a. Implumis ; non pennatus. N.B. Pliny
says, juvencae ave.s.
CALM. s. I. Stillness ; tranquillitas ; tranquillum
A calm at sea; malacia, Csss. ; maris mollities
Plin.; tranquillitas, Cic.; tranquillum, Cic. II
Freedom from passion ; animi tranquillitas ; animus
tranquillus, quietus, or sedatus ; animi quietus et placidus
status. III. Freedomfrom disturbance; quies ;
otium.
CALM. a. Tranquillus ; quietus ; sedatus. The sea
is calm ; mare tranquillum est, Cic. ; stat ventis placidum,
Virg. ; silet aequor, Virg The sea having
become calm ; sedatis fluctibus et tempestate commutata,
Cic. ; sopito mari, Plin.
To CALM. v. a. Sedare ; tranquillare ; tranquillum
reddere; placare To calm the sea; fluctus sedare,
Cic. ; motos componere, Virg. To calm a tempest ;
tempestatem serenare, Virg To calm men's minds ;
animos tranquillare, lenire, sedare To calm one's
anger 'r iras ponere, tenere, or reprimere, Ov., cohibere,
Virg., comprimere, Sen., sedare, Lucan. ; animum
acidum et mollem reddere, Cic.
CALMLY, ad. Tranquille ; placide ; placate"; sedate.
To sleep calmly ; dormire placide, or sine cura.
To hear ill tidings calmly ; acerbo nuntio nihil commoveri
To receive an injury calmly ; aequo animo injuriam
pati.
CALMNESS, s. See CALM, s.
CALORIFIC, a. Excalfactorius, Plin. ; calorificus,
Gel
CALOTTE, s. Pileolus ; galericulus.
CALTROP, s. I. An instrument with spikes ; murex.
To set caltrops ; murices ferreos defodere ; muricibus
locum sternere. II. A plant; tribulus ; carduus
stellatus,
To CALVE, v. n. Vitulum parere, or eniti,
Tp CALUMNIATE, v. a. Aliquem calumniari, or falso
crimine accusare ; alicui falsum crimen objectare ; in
aliquem calumniam adhibere, crimen fingere, falsum
crimen contexere, or intendere Calumniated; calurnniis
impetitus ; falso accusatus.
CALUMNIATOR, s. Calumniator ; obtrectator ; alienae
famae violator. A female calumniator ; falsa accusatrix,
Plaut. ; calumniatrix, Ulp.
CALUMNIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; calumniosus, Ulp.
CALUMNIOUSLY. ad. Per calumniam.
CALUMNY. 5. Calumnia ; falsa accusatio ; obtrectatio ;
alienae famae violatio.
CAMEO. *. Lapis anaglyptus.
CAMAIEU. s. i. e. A picture of one colour^ imago
monocromatos, or monochromateae, Plin. ; monochroma,
Vitr.
CAMAIL. s. Epomis, idis, f. ; humerale, is, n., Paul.
Jet.
CAMBRIC, s. Tenuissimo lino contexta tela.
CAMEL, s. Camelus, Cic. ; camelinus, Plin. A
driver of camels ; camelorum agitator. ( Camelarius is
not Latin.) Camel's hair ; cameli pilus.
CAMELEON. s. Chamaeleon, ontis, n., Plin. A Game-
Icon's change of colour ; mutatio versicolor, Plin.
CAMELOPARD. s. Camelopardalis, is, f.
CAMELOT. s. Pannus e villo caprino contextus ;
contextum caprinum.
CAMERA-OBSCURA. s. Cella obscura in qua exteriora
radiorum repercussu expressa depinguntur.
CAMISADE. s. Antelucana, or nocturna, oppugnatio,
or impressio.
CAMOYS or CAMOUS. a. (Nasus) ab imo reflexus, or
sursum retortus.
CAMP. s. Castra, orum, n. Of or belonging to
a camp ; castrensis To pitch a camp; castra ponere,
locare, or metari. To force a camp ; castra perrumpere
To attack a camp ; castra adpugnare, or adsultare.
A flying camp ; expedita manus ; agmen.
To CAMP. v. n. In castris degere.
CAMPAIGN, s. I. A large open tract of ground
campus ; campus apertus, or patens ; camporum, or
camporum patentium, aequor ; agri aequata planities
camporum immensitates, or immensa spatia. II!
Hostile movement of troops; bellum ; expeditio'
The beginning of a campaign ; belli initium. _ At
the end of a campaign; exacta acstate. To open a campaign
; exercitum in expeditionem educere, or ex hi
bernis movere This campaign has been successful
bellum hoc anno sat feliciter gestum est We have
brought the campaign to a close in three months expeditionem
tribus mensibus confecimus.
CAMPHOR, s. Camphora, ae, f.
CAMPHORATE, or CAMPHORATED, a. Camchora imbutus
; camphoram redolens.
CAN. s. Cantharus : sometimes it may be rendered
by aquahs, or OBnopnorum, according to circumstances. To CAN. v. n. I. To be able ; posse ; valere
pollere ; potestatem faciendi habere : esse, with a
gerund in do; e.g. He can pay; est solvendo. J
cannot ; nequeo ; non possum ; non est in manu mea ; mini integrum non est ; non est in mea potestate J
cannot but ; non possum quin ; or, nequeo mihi temperare
quominus, (followed by a conjunctive) Let each
do what he can ; quantum potest quisque nitatur /
can read, speak, fyc. Latin or Greek ; scio Latine, or
Graece He can paint; scitpingere. II. It expresses
;he potential mood, and is to be rendered in Latin by
the subjunctive, sometimes by the imperative, and
sometimes by posse with the infinitive ; e. g. You can
fay ; dicas, die, or potes dicere.
CANAL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus ; fossa (when it
connects two rivers or pieces of water).
CANARY-BIRD, s. Avis Canariensis, or Fringilla Canaria,
Linn.
CANARY-GRASS, s. Phalaris Canariensis, Linn.
To CANCEL, v. a. I. To annul, obliterate; abrojare
; delere ; rescindere ; antiquare ; irritum facere.
II. To cross a writing; scriptum lineis cancellatim
uctis, or decussatis, delere ; or simply, scriptum deere.
CANCER, s. I. A crabfish ; cancer marinus. II.
rhe sign of the summer solstice; Cancer. III. A
'irulent sore; cancer, Cels. ; canceroma, Cels Of or
elonging to a cancer ; canceraticus, Veget. To CANCERATE. v. n. Cancerare, Apul.
CANCEROUS, a. Canceraticus, Veget.
CANDID, a. I. White; see WHITE. II. Fair, open,
ngenuous ; candidus ; simplicis veritatis amicus ;
pertus ; sincerus A candid mind; liberalis, or ingeuus,
animus.
CANDIDATE, s. Candidates'; petitor A fellow or
ival candidate ; competitor; rivalis.
CANDIDLY, ad. Ingenue ; sincere ; candide ; aperte ;
x animo ; simpliciter.
CANDIDNESS. s. See CANDOUR.
CANDIED, a. Saccharo conditus ; in crystallum
oncretus.
CANDLE, s. Candela, Col A tallow candle; canela
sebata, or ex sebo To make tallow candles f
ebare candelas A wax candle; candela cerea A
nould candle ; candela in formam fusa To work by
^.ndle-light ; lucubrare.
CANDLEMAS. 5. Lustrantis se Virginis festivitas.
CANDLESTICK, s. Candelabrum A branched canlestick
; candelabrum brachiatum ; candelabrum pensile
tiultifidum A flat candlestick ; candelabrum manuale ;
andelabrum humile manubrio instructum.
CANDOUR, s, Animi candor ; ingenuitas ; simplitas
He is a man of candour ; est veritatis amicus,
ic. ; est pectore candidus, Ov. ; animus illi candidior,
Hor.
To CANDY, v. a. (Poma) (melle, saccharo) condire,
omponere Fit to candy ; conditaneus, Varr. ; condinentarius
; condititus , Col. Candied ; saccharo conitus.
To CANDY, v. n. In albicantem crustam concresre.
CANDY, a. In chrystallum concretus.
CANE. s. I. A reed; canna ; arundo ; calamus.
A bed of canes; arundinetum, Plin.; cannetum,
all.; locus arundinosus, Catull. Bearing canes;
rundifer Made of cane ; arundineus, Virg. ; canneus,
ol. II. A walking-stick ; baculum ; baculus; scipio ;
acillus ; bacillum A blow with a cane; baculi ictus.
III. A reed used for inflicting blows; fustis.
7ith strokes of the cane; fustim.
To CANE. v. a. Bacillo (with a cane used as a walkig-
stick) aliquem caedere ; alicui fustem impingere ;
uste percutere.
CANINE, a. Caninus Canine hunger ; inexpleta
d cibos aviditas, Plin.
CANISTER, s. I. A small basket ; quasillum ; quallus
; corbula ; cistula ; cistella ; fiscella ; calaliscus.
II. A tin box; pyxis stannea ; capsula.
CANKER, s. Cancer ; carcinoma, Plin. A cankerorm
; eruca, ae, f. ; campe, es, f.
CANKER
To CANKER, w. a. Corrumpere ; vitiare.
To CANKER, v. n. Corrumpi ; vitiari.
CANNIBAL. *. Qui captivorum, or hominum, came
vescitur.
CANNON, s- ^Eneum murale, bellicum tormentum
(g!ob,s ferreis excutiendis, if necessary) A cannonball;
globulus ferreus e tormentis mittenduB. To be
within cannon-shot ; interiorem esse periculo tormentorum.
To CANNONADE, v. a. Displosis tormentis quatere ;
tormentis muralibus verberare ; oppugnare tormentis.
CANNONEER, s. Tormenti librator.
CANON, s. I. A rule, statute ; statutum ; decretum
; regula; norma ; lex. II. The books of Holy
Scripture ; libri s;icri, or canonici ; corpus librorum sacrorum.
III. A church dignitary; canonicus The
canon, lav> ; jus canonicum.
CANONESS. s. Canonica.
CANONICAL, a. Canonicus ; ad canonum normam
exactus.
CANONICALLY. ad. Legitime, canonice.
CANONIST, s. Juris canonice peritus, or professor.
CANONIZATION, s. Alicujus in divorum numerum adscriptio.
To CANONIZE, v. a. Allquem inter sanctos rite refer-
-e ; in nurnerum divorum rite adscribere.
CANONRY or CANONSIIIP. s. Canonici munus.
CANOPY. 5. Umliella.
CANOROUS, a. Canorus : sonorus.
CANT. s. I. A corrupt dialect; sermo barbarus,
inconditus, plebeius, or rusticanus. II. A peculiar
forrnofspeakin ; sermo inexplicatus. III. A whining
pretension to piety or goodness ; fallax imitatio simulatioque
virtutis ; virtutis vnna ostentatio.
To CANT. v. n. Sermone barbaro, &c. uti ; simulare.
CANTEEN, s. Capsa loculata, lagenis convehendis
idonea.
To CANTER, v. n. Citato cursu ferri.
CANTHARIDES. s. Cantharides, urn, f. pi. ; cantharidae,
arum, f. pi.
CANTICLE, s. Canticum.
CANTO, s. Cantus, us,m. ; liber.
CANTON, s. Regio; ragus.
To CANTON, v . n. Vicatim dispergi.
CANVASS, s. I. A kind of coarse cloth ; cannabum ;
cannabis ; tela cannabina Of canvass ; cannabinus.
II. The sails of a ship ; vela, carbasa, orum, n.
III. Solicitation of votes; sollicitatio ; prensatio ;
ambitus ; ambitio.
To CANVASS, v. a. 1. To sift; rem ponderare, expendere,
perpendere, pensitare, examinare, considerare.
II. To debate ; rem agitare, Cic. ; quaestionem excutere,
Plin.
To CANVASS, v. n. Ambire; aliquem prensare; alicujus
gratiam aucupari.
CANZONET, s. Cantiuncula, Cic.
CAP. s. Pileum ; capitis tegumen, or integumentum.
A lady's cap; calantica ; reticulum A little cap;
pileolus A nightcap ; pileum dormitorium.
To CAP. v. n. To take off the cap in salutation;
caput aperire, or nudare ; caput alicui adaperire.
CAPABILITY, s. See CAPACITY.
CAPABLE, q. I. Able to hold; capax; qui, quae,
quod, capit. II. Endued with requisite powers for
any thing ; qui, quae, quod, potest, or valet. He is not
capable of so a great crime ; abhorret a tanto facinore, or
ab eo tantum facinus. Wicked men are capable of every
crime ; cadunt in malos omnia scelera. III. Qualified
.for ; rei capax ; idoneus ; ad rem agendam accommodatus.
IV. Able to receive or understand ; qui intellectum
rei capere potest ; aptus ad docendum. V.
Learned ; doctus ; eruditus ; peritus.
CAPACIOUS, a. Largus ; latus ; amplus ; spatiosus.
N.B. Amplissimum magnitudine theatrum, Very
capacious, Cic.
To CAPACITATE, v. a. Dare alicui facultatem, or potestatem,
&c.
CAPACITY, s. I. Room, space; amplitude, Cic. ;
(capacitas, Col.). II. Power of the mind ; captus,
us, m. ; facultas ; ingenii vires. According to my
capacity ; pro meo ingenio ; pro modo ingenii, Cic.
Things beyond one's capacity ; majora intellectu,
Quint. This is beyond my capacity; hoc in mearn
intelligentiain non cadit ; hoc superat captum meum ;
Cic. III. State, condition; power, ability ; potestas;
facultas.
CAP-AX-PEE' or CAP-AV
-PIE'. Armed cap-d -pie ; cataphractus,
J>iv. ; continuo ferro indutus, Tac. To arm
one's self cap-a-pie ; justa arma sumere, Curt.
CAPARISON, s. Phalerae, Hor. ; demissum undique
equi stragulum.
To CAPARISON, v. a. Equum tapetis insternere,
Virg. ; equum amplo ac fluenti stragulo cooperire Caparisoned
; demisgo undique stragulo coopertus.
CAPE. s. \. A headland ; promontorium. II.
The neckpiece of a cloak ; colli amictus. III. A .kind
Of cloak ; bardocucullus, Mart. ; sagum cucullatum, Col.
CAPER
CAPER. *. .1. Ajump, leap; levis in sublime saltu*;
or simply, saltus ; pedum saltando implkatio To
cut capers ; agjli saltu se in sulilime tollere ; levi saltu
In altum emicare. II. A bud of the caper-bush; cappar,
aris, n., Sail.; capparis, is, f., Plin.; cap| ari, n.
indecl., Cels A caper-bush; capparis, is, f., Col. ; cappar,
aris, n., Plin.
CAPILLAIRE. . Adiantum, Plin.
CAPILLAMENTS (in flowers), s. Stamina, um, pi.,
Plin.
CAPILLARY, c. Capillaris, Plin.
CAPITAL, a. I. Relating to the head; capitalis.
II. Principal, chief; praecipuus ; principals, Cic. ; potissimus,
Suet. III. 1. Capital (a principal sum)',
caput; sors To risk one's capital; venire in dubium
sortis, Ter. He gives without touching his capital ; dat
de lucfo, nihil detrahit de vivo, tie. 2. A capital
(city) ; urbs regni caput, Plin. ; urbium princeps, Hor.
The enemy's capital ; capitalis hostis, Cic. 3. A capital
crime; capitale crimen,or facinus; crimen capitis,
Cic It is a capital crime ; est capitale, Cic. 4. Capital
letters ; majores, or majusculee, literae.
CAPITAL, s. (In architecture); capitulum, Vitr. ;
capitellum, Plin. ; epistylium, Varr.
CAPITALIST, s. Homo pecuniosus ; dives positis in
fenore nummis, Hor.
CAPITALLY, ad. To accuse capitally ; litem capitis in
aliquem inferre To proceed capitally against one ; de
aliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inquirere The adverb
capitaliter occurs, Plin. Ep.
< 'APITATION. s. Capitum exactio, Cic.
CAPITOL, s. Capitolium.
CAPITULAR. s. I. A body of the statutes of a chapter ;
canonicorum, or monachorum, simul congregatorum decreta.
11. A member of a chapti r; canonkus ; cui ju*
suffragii est in canonicorum concessu.
CAPITULAR, a. Ad cauonicorum collegium pertinens.
To CAPITULATE, v. n. De arce dedenda cum oLsidentibus
pacisci ; de conditionibus dedendae urbis cum
hostibus agere ; or, ad conditiones venire, accedete.
CAPITULATION, s. Arcis dedendae leges, or conditiones
; de arce dedenda pactio.
CAP-MAKER. *. Pileorum opifex.
CAPON. 5. Capus, i. ; capo, ouis.
CAPOT. *. (At picket); ibliis lusoriis exutus.
To CAPOT. v. a. Foliis lusoriis exueie.
CAPOUCH. *. Cucullus, Juv. ; cucullio, Cato.
CAPRICE, s. Libido; animi impetus; levitas. .
To act by caprice ; lil idine rem gei ere, cr repentmo
animi impetu, impetu quodam animi. Caprice of Jortune
; fortunae mobilitas, vices, Cic.
CAPRICIOUS, a. Varius ; intonstans ; ingenio levis.
Fortune is capricious ; vaga est et volubilis, or varia,
fortuna.
CAPRICIOUSLY, ad. Repentino animi impetu ; impetu
quodam animi.
CAPRICORN, s. Capricornns ; caper ; brumale signum,
Cic.
CAPSTAN, s. Ergata, ae, f., Vitr.
CAPSULE, s. Capsula, ae. f.
CAPTAIN, s. I. (In the army); imperator, dux,
ductor ; ordinis, or turmae, ductor ; centurio. A
captain of the guard; praetoriae cohortis, or praetorii,
praefectus A great or celebrated captain; belli dux
prasstantissimus, Cic.; armis inclytus, Virg. II. (In
the navy) ; navis praefectus. III. A leader of bandittii
latronum dux (Ofpirates') ; archipirata.
CAPTAINSHIP, s. Praefectura.
CAPTION, s. I. Seizure of person ; comprehensio.
II. Seizure ofgoods ; in bona manus injectio.
CAPTIOUS, a. I. Insidious, ensnaring ; captiosus.
Captious arguments ; fallaces conclusiunculae.
To deceive by captious arguments; disputationum
laqueis irretire To answer captious arguments ; captiosa
solvere. II. Given to cavils, eager to object;
censorius ; rixaa cupidus ; rixosus, Col. ; jurgiosus,
Cell.
CAPTIOUSLY, ad. Captiose, Cic.
To CAPTIVATE, v. a. I. To bring into bondage;
capere ; in servitutem dare, or addicere ; injungere alicui
servitutem. II. To charm, ensnare, subdue ; capere ;
animum devincire ; animum illecebris trahere, or delinire;
irretire ; voluntates hominum conciliare.
CAPTIVE, a. Captivus ; in servitutem datus ; in carcere
detentus ; in vincula conjectus ; carcere inclusus.
To make captive; in servitutem asserere, dare,
addicere. To be captive ; esse in vinculis, Cic. ; attineri
in carcere, Ter To hold captive, fig. ; animum
illecebris trahere.
CAPTIVE, s. Captivus ; in servitutem datus To
redeem or deliver a captive ; captivum a servitute
redimere ; aliquem e vinculis eximere, or e custodia
eojiittere.
CAPTIVITY, s. Captivitas ; servitus, utis, f. ; see
SLAVERY To hold in captivity; servitute opprimere.
To deliver from captivity ; alicui finem captivitaris
afferre; servitutem ab aliquo repellere, Cic To be reCAPTOR
Irna-d from captivity ; servitutem exuere, Liv. ; servitio
exire, Virg.
CAP roil. s. Qui capit, &c.
CApri'RE. s I. Tiii' act of taking ; captura ; captio s
Cell. ; c')tnprehensir>. II. A thing taken ; prajda.
CAPUCHIN, s. Capucinus.
CAR. *. Currus, us, m., Cic. ; plaustrum, Cic. ; carrus,
i. m., Caes. ; carruca, ae, f., Flin.
CARABINE or CARBINE. *. Sclopeti genus ad equitis
tisum accommodatum.
CARABINEER, s. Sclopetarius.
CARACOL. s. I. (In architecture); helix, ids, f., Vitr.
II. (In menage) ; equi in gyrum conversio.
To CARACOL. v. a Equum drcumagere. Curt.
CARAVAN. J. Peregre euntium, securitatis ergo, congreirata
manus.
CARAVANSARY. .?. Orient.ile diversorium.
CARAWAY or CARVVAY. s. Careum, ei, n., Plin.
CARBONADO, s. Ofelia, Juv.
To CARBONADO, v. a. Carbonibus urere, Ov., or torrere
; coquere carbonibus, Plin.
CARBUNCLE, s. I. A precious stone ; carbunculus,
i, m., Plin. II. A kind ofswelling; carbunculus, Cels. ;
anthrax, ^Emil. Macer.
CARCASS, s. Putens cadaver.
CARCELAGE. s. Carcerarium tributum.
CARD. s. I. A piece of thick paper ; charta spissipr.
II. A paper used in games ; charta, or scida, lusoria ;
folium lusorium. A pack of cards; foliorum lusoriorum
scaphus To play at cards ; chartis, scidis, or
pictis foliis, ludere. To shuffle the cards ; folia permiscere.
III. An instrument to comb wool; ferreus
pecten quo lana carminatur.
To CARD. v. a. i. e. To comb wool ; lanam carminare,
Varr The act of carding ; carminatio, Plin Carded
wool ; lana pectita, Col., or carpta, Cels.
CARDER, s. Qui (quae) lanam carminat.
CARDINAL a. Praedpuus.
CARDINAL, s. Cardinalis. The college of cardinals ;
purpurati, or causiati, patres ; ecclesiae principes.
CARDINALATE or CARDINALSHIP. s. Cardinalatus.
To be promoted to the cardinalship, or to be made
a cardinal ; in sacrum cardinalium, or purpuratorum j
patrum, collegium cooptari, or adscribi.
CARE. s. I. Concern, anxiety ; cura; angor; anxietas
; sollicitudo ; cura anxia, Cic. Domestic cares ;
domestii'aru'n aculei solliritudinum. To be oppressed
or beset with cares ; sollicitudinibus exedi, Cic. ; mille
curis urgeri, Lucr. II. Diligence; cura; diligentia;
accnratio; studium, Cic. With care; accurate, Ter.
]
With great care; accuratissime, Cic To take care
(of a person) ; curae aliquem habere, Cic.; studiainaliquem
conferre, Cic. ; pro aliquo curam gerere, Virg. :
(of a patient) ; curare alicujus morbum : (of a thing) ;
rem curare, euros habere, Sail. ; rem sibi curse habere ;
ad rem curam conferre, or adhibere, Cic. : (of one's
health) ; valetudinem suam curare ; valetudini suae dare
operam, indulgere, qr inservire ; adhibere curam in tu- I
enda valctudine, Cic. : (of one's interests) ; rebus suis
|
studere ; commodis et utilitati suae consulere, Cic. To \
take care that; curare ut ; operarn dare ut ; with a
conjunctive, Cic. III. The object of care; in quem
(quod) studia conferimus, &c.
To CARE. v. n. I. To be anxious about any thing;
rem curare, or curae habere ; de re laborare, Cic. ; see
To take care, iq CAKE, s. / care greatly for it;
antiquissimum id habeo, or mihi est, Cic. ; nihil antiquius
habeo, or est mihi quam ut, with a conjunctive,
Cic. / do not care for it ; haec res neglectui est mihi,
Ter. ; hoc me minime sollicitat, Col. ; hujus rei nulla
me cura tangit, Liv. ; id nihil moror, Plaut To care
for nothing; Olnnia sus deque habere, Plaut.; nihil
curare, Cic. II. To be disposed for or to ; ad rem
delabi, propensum esse, or inclinare, Cic. ; propendere
in aliquem inclinatione voluntatis, Cic. ; erga alterum
impensa esse voluntate.
To CAREEN, v. a. Navem reficere, Caes. ; laceratum
navigium, or quassam navem, reficere, Curt. ; Hor The
act of careening ; navis refectoratio, Sail., or refectio,
Col.
CAREER, s. Curriculum, Cic. ; cursus, us, m., Virg.
To finish one's career, end one's life ; vitae cursum
peragere, Virg., or finem implere, Plin. ; vitam, or vitas
spatium, decurrere, Propert. : (with honour); recte et
honeste vivendi curriculum conficere.
CAREFUL, a. I. Attentive; rei, or ad rem, attentus,
or intentus To be careful ; rei attentum se praebere ;
ad rem animum intendere ; or mentem admovere ; mentem
in aliquid intentam et infixam habere. II. Heedful,
iratchjnl ; providus ; providens ; consideratus et
prudens ; cautus. III. Anxious; anxius, sollicitus.
CAREFULLY, ad. Accurate ; diligenter ; studiose ; sedulo
; attente ; attonto animo ; acri et intento animo.
To listen carefully ; aliquem attente, or attentissimo
animo, audire ; alicui attentum se auditorem, or aures
attentas, praebere ; aures erigcre et attendere animum,
Cic.
CARFFULNESS. s. I. Vigilance; attentio ; acerrima
et attentissima cogitatio ; vigilantia ; sedulitas ; Cic.
II Caution ; provisio ; providentia ; f_'-umspectio ; consideratio
; considerantia ; prudentia; ^iC.
CARELESS, a. I. Without care or anxiety ; sine cura ;
curis, OY omui molestia, vacuus, Cic. II. Negligent
negligens, Cic. ; indiligens, Ter. ; incuriosus, Tac.
CARELESSLY, ad. Negligenter ; indiligenter ; oscitanter
perfunctorie ; Cic.
CARELESSNESS, s. Negligentia ; officii indiligentia ; in
praestando officio negligentia ; incuria ; indiligentia ;
To CARESS, v. a. Aliquem blanditiis delinire, Cic. ;
alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari, blande palpari, Piaut.
CARESS, s. Blandimentum ; blanditias, arum, pi.
CARGO, s. Navis onus A ship with her cargo on
board ; exstructa navis mercibus, Mart.
CARICATURE, s. Pictura quae exaggerando deridendum
aliquem propinat.
To CARICATURE, v. a. Aliquem deridendum propinare,
Ter. ; praebere; in fabulas mittere, Quint Ludo seria
vertere, Hor.
CARIES or CARIOSITY, s. Vitiatorum ossium caries.
CARIOUS, a. Cariosus.
To CARK. v. n. Animo angi ; angoribus se dedere.
CARLE, s. Homo ferus, humanitatis expers, ferox,
belluinus.
CARMAN, s. Carri, or plaustri, ductor.
CARMELITE, s. Carmelitanus ; Carmelita,. aa, m. A
bare-footed Carmelite ; Carmelita excalceatus.
CARMINATIVE, a. Quod ventos abigendi vim habet.
CARMINE, s. Minium.
CARNAGE, s. Strages ; caades ; internecio To make a
carnage ; stragem edere ; Ccedem facere.
CARNAL, a. Voluptatibus deditus ; libidinosus ; voluptarius
To be carnal; libidini parere Carnal
pleasure ; libidinosa voluptas.
CARNALITY. 5. Corporeae voluptatis studium ; mollities
; sensus voluptarius.
CARNALLY, ad. Libidinose ; humanae vitas delicias
consectando Carnally minded ; humanae vitae commodis
deditus.
CARNATION, s. I. A sort of flower ; caryophyllus
hortensis ; ocellus. II. Flesh colour ; carnis color.
CARNELION or CORNELIAN, s. Onyx corneola ; sarda,
Plin.
CARNEOUS. a. Carnosus.
CARNIVAL, s. Bacchanalia, um, pi., Plaut. ; Hilaria,
Macr. To celebrate a carnival; Bacchanalia exercere ;
geniales dies exercere.
CARNIVOROUS, a. Carnivorus.
CAROB-BEAN. s. Siliqua.
CAROL. 5. Cantilena ; cantio.
To CAROL, v, n. Cantare ; cantitare ; canere.
To CAROUSE, v. n. Perpotare ; permultum, largius,
intemperantius, Graco more, bibere, or potare ; largissime
se invitare, Suet.
CAROUSE or CAROUSAL, s. Larga compotatio.
CARP. s. A fish ; cyprinus, i, m., Plir.
To CARP AT. v. n. Carpere, Cic. ; rem in aliquo, or
aliquem in re, reprehendere, Cic. ; facta reprehendere,
or obtrectare, Tac. N.B. Carpit omnes dente maledico
; omnibus censoriae severitatis nomen inurit, Cic.
CARPENTER, .y. Lignarius ; lignarius faber, Cic. ; Liv. ;
materiarius, Plaut.
CARPENTRY, s. Materiaria fabrica, Plin. ; materiatura,
Vitr. ; ars materiaria, Vitr.
CARPER, s, Morosus, or malevolus, reprehensor, or
censor ; obtrectator, Cic.
CARPET, s. Tapes A Turkey carpet ; tapes opere
Turcico To bring a business upon the carpet ; quasstionem
ponere ; de re sermonem inferre, or instituere,
Cic. To be upon the carpet ; agitari sermonibus,
Liv. ; in sermonem hominum venire. The question is
upon the carpet ; quaestio in manibus est. To bring
again upon the carpet ; rursus rem exagitare ; materiaru
retractare, Quint.
CARPING, a. Censorius ; maledicus.
CARRIAGE.*. I. The act ofcarrying ; vectiojvectura,
Cic. ; portatio, Sail. ; evectus ; evectio ; invectus ; advectio.
II. A vehicle (for goods and persons); carrus;
plaustrum : (for persons c.nly) ; cisium ; rheda ; currus,
us; carruca. An open carriage; carpentum. A
close carriage ; pilentum ; see COACH. III. Reward
for carrying ; vehes, is ; vehis, is, Plin. ; vecturas
Eetium
; pretium pro rei vectura. IV. (Of'a cannon) ;
jneus bellici tormenti apparatus. _
V. Personal
manners ; corporis habitus ; incessus ; ingressus ; habitus
: it may sometimes be rendered by vultus, fades, os.
CARRIER, s. Qui vellaturam, or vecturam, facit ; lator.
A wafer-carrier; aquarius. A letter-carrier s tabellarius,
Cic. ; literarum lator, Sen.
CARRION, s. Putens bestia; cadaver.
CARROT, s. Pastinaca hortensis, or sativa.
CARROTINESS. 5. Rufus color.
CARPOTY. a. Rufus. Somewhat carroty i rufulus ;
subrufus.
CARRY CASING
To CARRY, v. a. I. To convey ; vehere ; portarc ;
devehere ; deportare ; ferre : (in a cart, &c.) ; vectare ;
conveotare ; advectare. II. To bear (a burden) ; onus
hurneris sustinere, Cic. ; bajulare sarcinas, Phaedr To
carry an infant in one's arms ; infantem tenere manibus.
III. To have about one ; gerere To carry money
about one ; gravem nummis crumenam ferre. IV. To
gain ; obtinere ; consequi. To carry the cause ; judicio
vincere; causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov.
We have carried the cause ; nostra omnis lis est, Plaut.
. To carry the bell; palmam ferre, Cic. ; premium
referre, Lucr. ; palmam adipisci, Plin. To carry the
day, carry one's point ; victoriam referre, or adipisci,
Caes., consequi, or ab hoste reportare, Cic. V. 1. To
carry away ; rem e loco asportare ; exportare ; auferre :
(by force) ; abstrahere. 2. To carry all before one ; omnia
sibi substernere, Cic. 3. To carry back ; reducere ; revehere
; referre ; rem in suum locum referre. 4. To carry
down ; rem demittere ; rem e loco edito in inferiorem demittere.
5. To carryforth or out ; efferre ; exportare ; rem
e loco promere, or depromere ; extrahere ; elicere. 6. To
carry out, i.e. to advance ; rem promovere, provehere,
protrudere, Cic. 7. To carry in or into , inferre ; introferre.
8. To carry off',- tollere ; auferre : (by death) ; see
To KILL. 9. To carry on, i.e. to prosecute, promote ;
pergere ; instituta persequi ; exorsa pertexere, Cic
To carry on war ; bellum gerere. 10. To carry over ;
transportare ; transferre ; transvehere. 11. To carry to
and fro ; circumferre ; circumgestare. 12. To carry
through ; sustinere ; defendere ; tueri. 13. To carry
letters ; literas deferre, perferre, or deportare, Plaut. ;
Cic. ; Caes. 14. To carry arms ; militari ; militiam profited,
Cic., or colere, Ov. Of age to carry arms;
militias maturus, Cic To carry arms under a general;
militare in ducis exercitu ; sub aliquo mereri stipendia,
or stipendium facere ; or, apud aliquem mereri, Cic.
To carry arms against one ; arma contra aliquem ferre.
.15. To carry it high ; magnifice, or altius, se efferre. 16.
To carry coals to Neivcastle ; in mare fundere aquas,
Ov. ; Alcinoo poma dare.
To CARRY ONE'S SELF. v. n. Agere ; se gerere ; se
prDDbere.
CART. s. Carrus, i, m. ; plaustrum ; currus, us. To
set the cart before the horse ; praspostere agere, Cic. ;
primis ultima praeponere, Hor.
To CART. v. a. Carro vehere ; plaustro exportare.
CARTE-BLANCHE, s. Potestas rei gerendae ad arbitrium.
You have carte-blanche : tua est optio, Plaut. ; tota
hujus rei potestas tua est, Cic.
CARTEL, s. I. A challenge ; scripta ad singulare
certamen provocatio. II. Compact for exchange of
prisoners ; captivis redimendis pactio.
CARTER, s. Carri, or plaustri, ductor.
CART-HORSE, s. Jumentum.
CARTHUSIAN, s. Carthusianus ; Carthusiensis The
Carthusian monastery ; Carthusianorum monasterium.
CARTILAGE, s. Cartilago, Cels.
CARTILAGINOUS, a. Cartilaginosus, Plin.
CARTOUCH or CARTRIDGE, s. Pulveris sulphurei
modus ad emissionem tormenti accommodatus.
CART-LOAD, s. Vehes, or vehis, is, Plin.
CART-RUT, s. Orbita, as, f., Cic. ; rotas vestigium.
CART-WRIGHT, s. Plaustrorum, or curruum, faber.
To CARVE, v. a. I. To grave; caslare; scuipere ;
exsculpere ; insculpere ; incidere That may be carved;
sculptiiis. I T. To cut meat at table j carpere ; resecare ;
discerpere ; distribuere.
CARVER, s, I. A graver ; caelator; sculptor. II.
One tvho cuts meat at table ; scindendi obsonii magister,
Sen. ; carptor, Juv. ; (scissor, Petr.).
CARVING, s. I. The art ofcarving ; sculptura ; caelatura.
II. Figures carved ; opus sculptile.
CARUNCLE, s. Caruncula, Cels.
CASCADE, s. Prseceps aquae lapsus ; ex alto desiliens
aqua, Plin. Ep.
CASE. s. I.. A sheath; theca ; vagina. II.
Thing, matter ; res. A case of conscience ; quasstio
quae circa conscientias leges versatur. To resolve
a case of conscience ; quaestionem ad conscientiam pertinentem
solvere. III. Contingence; casus, us, Cic. ;
eventus, us, Plin. If the case should occur ; si casus
incident, Cic. In that case ; id si contigerit, evenerit,
or accident ; in tali re In case of death ; si quid humanitus
acciderit. Suppose the case -to be so or so;
ponamus, or fac, ita esse, or rem ita se habere. IV.
Of the inflection of nouns; casus, us, Sen,
To CASE. v. a- Tegere ; contegere ; cooperire.
CASEMATE, s. (In fortification) ; ima crypta ad latera
propugnaculorum .
CASEMENT, s. Fenestella ; transenna ; fenestra.
CASH. s. Prassens pecunia. A cash-box; capsa;
area ; theca nummaria.
CASH-KEEPER or CASHIER, s. Rei, or arcac, nummariae
prsepositus ; mensarius, Cic.
To CASHIER, v. a. Aliquem de loco deraovere ; dimit-
Ssre ; loco movere.
46
CASING, s. Tegmen ; tegumen , opertrrium ; tegumcntum
; operimentum ; involucrum ; iutc guineatuin.
CASK. s. Cadus, i, m.
CASKET, s. Arcula, Cic. ; capsa, Plin. ; capsula, C'atull.
CASQUE. *. Cassis, idis.f. ;galea, Caes. ; Cic Caiquedj
galeatus To put on a casque ; galeam induere, Caes. ;
casside caput abdere, Ov To take off'a casque ; g ileam
exuere.
CASSIA, s. Cassia cathartica.
CASSOCK. *. Tunica talaris. A short cassock ; tunica
brevior Wearing a cassock ; tunicatus.
To CAST. v. a. I. To throw; jacere; conjicere.
To hurl (a weapon) ; telum in aliquem jacere, conjicere,
immittere, vibrare, or intorquere To cast
one's setf at one's feet ; ad pedes se abjicere, se sternere,
procumbere, Cic., se projicere, Caes. II. To
compute, reckon ; rationes subducere, or inire ; see To
COMPUTE, RECKON. III. To condemn; damnare ;
condemnare ; petitorem actione sua submovere. IV.
To found; metalla liquare, or liquefacere ; ex aere imaginem
fundere. V. To consider; perpendere ; popderare
; aestimare ; expendere atque aestimare ; Cic. V 1.
To lay aside ; mutationem (vestis, &c.) facere. VI I. I .
To cast away; projicere; fundere. 2. To cast down i
deficere; fig., aliquem spe, or opinione dejicere, Cic.
3. To castforth ; see To EMIT. 4. To cast in one's teeth ;
rem alicui objicere, opponere To cast into sleep ; sopire,
Liv. ; consopire, Cic. ; soporare ; somnum alicui
inferre, Plin To cast into prison; in vincula conjicere.
5. To cast off; see To DISCARD, REJECT To cast off
clothes; vestes ponere, or deponere. To cast a skin,
&c. ; annua vernatione defungi ; defluvium pati ; see To
SHED To cast off" the dogs (in hunting) ; canes emittere,
Cic. 6. To cast out ; ejicere ; ejicere foras ; ejicere
aliquem foras aedibus, Plaut. ; pellere ; depellere ; ex.
pellere ; extrudere To cast out of the senate ; de senatu
movere. 7. To cast up. ' To raise ; see To RAISE.
2- To compute, reckon ; see above, II. 3 - To vomit ; see
To VOMIT To cast one's nativity ; exdienatali prsedicere
quo quis fato natus sit, Cic.
CAST. s. Jactus, us, m A stone's cast; ad jactum
lapidis A cast at dice ; tesserae jactus Cast of the
eye ; oculorum coujectus ; intuitus ; contuitus. To
have a cast in one's eye; esse distortis, or perversis,
oculis, Cic. ; oculos distorquere, Hor The cast of a
net; jactus They are of the same cast ; sunt ejusdem
farinae ; ex eadem officina exierunt ; Cic.
CASTANETS, s. Crumata, or crusmata, um, pi., Mart.
CASTAWAY, s. ^term's supplier's addictus ; or, homo
nequissimus.
CASTER, s. LA thrower; qui jacit &c. II. A
calculator ; qui calculos subducit, &c. III. A small
brass wheel under a post, $c. ; rotula.
To CASTIGATE, v. a. I. To chastise ; castigare ;
pcena mulctare, or afBcere ; in aliquem animadvertere j
pcenas, ab aliquo repetere. II. To amend or polish a
writing ; opus emendare, or perpolire, Cic. : opus limare,
Ov.
CASTIGATION. s. I. The act of punishing; castigatio
; animadversio Deserving castigation ; castigabilis,
Plaut. ; animadvertendus, Ter. II. Emendation;
correctio ; emendatio ; Cic.
CASTING-HOUSE, s. Fundendi metalli officina.
CASTING-NET, s. Funda.
CASTLE, s. I. A house of defence ; castellum ; castrum
4 little castle; castellum Of or belonging to a
castle; castellanus. II. A splendid mansion; aedes
amplae et magnifies To build castles in the air ; somnia
sibi fingere, Virg. ; in aere piscari, Plaut. ; spem pascere
inanem.
CASTOR, s. I. A beaver; castor; fiber Of or belonging
to a castor ; castoreus ; fibrinus. II. A hat ;
petasus e fibrinis, or castorsis pilis, contextus, or confectus.
CASTRAMETATION. s. Castrametatio, Bud.
To CASTRATE, v. a. (An animal); castrare: (a man);
evirare ; alicui virilitatem adimere Castrated'
; (of animals)
; castratus ; excisus ; exsectus : (of men) ; eunuchus.
CASUAL, a. Fortuitus ; in casu positus.
CASUALLY, ad. Fortuito ; aliquo casu et fortuna ; casu
fortuito ; forte fortuna.
CASUALTY. *. Casus, or eventus, fortuitus.
CASUIST, s. Thoologus qui quaestiones solvit ad conscientiam
pertinentes-
CAT. s. Felis, is, f., Plaut. ; feles, is, f., Plin. A polecat;
domestica martes, Mart. ; mustela major, Plin
A civet cat ; zibetta, oa, f. Cat o' nine tails ; flagellum ;
scutica To flog with a cat o' nine tails ; flagello csedere,
CATACOMBS, s. pi. Catacumbae, arum.
CATALOGUE, s. Index ; recensio ; Cic. ; catalogus,
Plaut. \ album, Liv. ; Suet.
CATAPLASM, s. Cataplasma, atis, n., Plin.
CATAPULT. s. Catapulta, as, f.
CATARACT, s. I. A fall of water ; cataracta, ee,
Vitr. ; cataractes ; aquae dejectus, us ; pracceps aqu*
CATARRH
lapsus.
'
II. A suffusion of the eye; oculi suffusio,
Plin.
CATARRH, s. Epiphora, ae, Cic. ; distillatio.
CATARRHAL. a. Epiphoris obnoxius ; qui epiphoram
adjunctam habet.
CATASTROPHE, s. I. Unhappy issue of any thing;
exitus tristis, Cic. ; exitus miserabilis, Quint. ; exitus
saevus, Juv. II. Final event of a dramatic piece ; catastrophe,
es, f. ; tragicus fabulae exitus.
CAT-CALL, s, Sibilum.
To CATCH, v, a. I. To lay hold with the hand; prehendere
; apprehencfere ; comprehendere, with or without
manu; capere. II. To receive suddenly; capere.
To catch a disease; morbum contrahere, Plin To catch
a fever ; febrera nancisci, Suet. To catch cold ; gravedinem
contrahere. That has caught cold; gravedine
affectus, or tentatus To catch fire ; ignem concipere,
Cic., comprehendere, Caes To catch the sense of a
passage ; loci sensum legitimum assequi ; mentem auctoris
capere; Cic To catch a likeness ; oris ductus et
vultus habitus ad veritatem propius adducere. III.
To ensnare ; dolis decipere ; in transennam inducere ;
Plaut. ; aliquem circumvenire, Cic. IV. To come
upon unexpectedly ; nee opinantem, inopinantem, imprucientem,
improviso, de improviso, occupare, or oppriinere,
Cic.; imparatura offendere, Nep To catch a
il.icf; furem excipere, Plaut. To catch in the act; aliquem
in manifesto scelere, or facinus alicujus, deprehendere,
Cic. V. To charm; demulcere; permulcere ;
illicere; pellicere. VI. To catch at; conari ; niti ;
with an infinitive, or ut and the conjunctive ; elaborare
ut, with a conjunctive ; nervos industrial suae in re contcndere
; totis viribus, or nervis omnibus, contendere
ad ; eniti et contendere ut, with a conjunctive ; quaerere ;
rem, or ad rem, anniti ; rem appetere.
CATCH, s. I. Seizure; comprehensio. II. Prize
or booty ;. praeda. III. Any thing that Catches or
holds; quod capit, prehendit, &c. IV. A kind of
song; cantilena. V. The catch oj a latch; ferrea
l.bula, Caes. ; ansa, Vitr. The catch of a door; obex.
To be or lie upon the catch ; in insidiis esse ; insidiari ;
captare.
CATCHING, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. : contagiosus,
Cels. A catching distemper ; lues, Cic. ; mala contagia,
pi., Virg.
CATCHPOLE. s. Apparitor ; accensus, i, m. ; lictor.
To CATECHISE, v. a. Aliquem elementis doctrines
Christianae erudire ; prima fidei Christianas dogmata alicui
tradere.
CATECHISM, s. I. Catechetical instruction ; catechesis,
is, f. ; fidei Christianas elementorum expositio.
II. A book or form of catechetical instruction ; catechismus
; libellus in quo exponuntur fidei Christianae capita.
CATECHIST. s. Qui fidei Christianae elementa tradit.
CATECHUMEN, s. Catechumenus Christiana; fidei ; or,
baptismi candidatus.
CATEGORICAL, a. I. Inform; categoricus. II.
To the purpose ; congruens.
CATEGORICALLY, ad. Praecise ; non ambigue.
CATEGORY, s. Categoria. Of the same category j
ejusdem ordinis.
To CATER, v. a. Rei frumentariae, or rem frumentariam,
providere, Caes.
CATERER, s. Annonae, or penus, curator ; obsonator.
CATERPILLAR, s. Eruca, ae, f. ; campe, es, f. ; Col.
To clear a tree of caterpillars ; arborcm erucis purgare.
CATERWAUL, s. Felium strepitus, fremitus, or ejulatus.
CVTES. s. pl. Cupedia, orum, Plaut. ; cupediae, arum,
Cell.
CATGUT, s. Intestinum.
CATHARTIC, a. Catharticus, Cels. ; purgans, Ov. ;
quod ad purgandum pollet, or valet, Cic.
CATHEDRAL, s. Ecclesia cathedralis ; templum in quo
e.'t scdes episcopi.
CATHETER, s. (With surgeons) ; specillum ; fistula.
CATHOLIC, a. Catholicus ; universalis.
CATHOLIC, s. Qui fidem catholicam profitetur A
Poman Catholic ; pseudocatholicus ; . pontificius ; Papi
sta.
CATLING, s. (With surgeons) ; scalpellum.
CATOPTRICS, s. Catoptrica, re, f.
CATTLE, s. (Great); pecus, udis, f.; majus, or armentitium,
pecus,Varr. (Small); pecus, oris, n. A flock
of cattle ; grex. A herd of cattle ; armentum Rich
in cattle; dives pecoris, Virg., or pecore, Ilor. ; pecore
abundans, Virg. ; cui est pecuaria res ampla, Cic A
pasture for cattle; pecuaria. A keeping of cattle ; pecuaria.
A keeper of cattle ; pecuarius. To keep cattle;
pecuarkim facere Black, or horned, cattle; pecus cor-
Bigerum .
CAVALCADE, s. Solemnis et ad pompam instituta
equitatio.
CAVALIER, s. Eques, ids, m.
CAVALIERLY, ail. i.e. Haughtily; arroganter, Liv.
T<> treat one cavalierly ; alicui superbe illudere, Ter.
CAVALRY, s. Equitatus. us, Caes. ; equites, um, pi.,
Liv. ; equestres copiae, Cic. A troop of cavalry; equi- tum turma, or acies A general of cavalry ; equitum
magister To flank with cavalry ; equites locare pro
cornibus. Convenient for cavalry- equitabilis (planities).
CAVE. s. Specus, Hor. ; spelunca, Cic. ; antrum, spelaeum,
Virg. ; cavea ; caveina.
CAVERNED. a. Cavernosus ; speluncosus.
CAVESSON. s. Lupatum, Virg. ; lupus, OT.
CAVIAR, s. Condita sale acipenseris ova.
To CAVIL, v. a. Cavillari ; altercari. Cavilling ;
carillatio ; disputationum laquei ; dialecticae captiones.
CAVIL, s. Captiuncula ; sophisma, atis, n. ; cavillatio.
CAVILLING, a. Captiosus ; sophisticus.
CAVILUNGLY. ad. Captiose.
CAVITY, s. Caverna, Cic. ; locus cavus A small
cavity; cavernula Full of cavities ; cavernosus The
cavity (or socket) of the eyes ; oculorum recessus, Plin.
The cavity made by a wound ; ulceris sinus, Cels.
CAUL. s. I. A covering for the head; reticulum
crinale, or muliebre ; calantica II. The integument
of the bowels ; omentum intestinorum involucrum.
CAUSE, s. I. That which effects any thing; causa;
origo ; initium ; fons A material cause ; materia, Cic.
A formal cause ; forma, Sen. A final cause ; finis,
Cic. ; propositum, Sen You are the cause of this
disorder; ortum ex te est, Ter. ; injuria tua factum est ;
hujus rei culpa in te residet, Cic. II. Reason, motive
; causa ; ratio. This is the cause of; id causae
est cur, with a conjunctive For what cause does
he strike htm f quid causae est cur eum percutiat ? qua
de causa ilium percutit ? You may learn from him the
cause of my affliction ; cognosces ex illo quid sit quamobrem
doleam, Cic. For what cause ? cur ? quamobrem
? quo nomine ? For that cause ; ergo ; idcirco ;
ideo; propterea With good cause; justa de causa
Without cause; sine causa; immerito ; injuria.
III. Subject of litigation; causa; lis To undertake
a cause ; ad causam accedere ; causam suscipere To
have a good cause ; tequum et bonum in causa habere
To have a bad cause ; causa laborare To plead a
cause ; causam agere, or dicere To plead one's own
cause ; causam suam per se, or pro se ipso, agere ; de re
sua dicere non adhibito patrono To gain a cause ; judicio
vincere ; causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov To
lose a cause; causam, or litem, perdere, amittere ; in judicio
superari, Cic. IV. Side, party; partes, ium,
pi.; factio, Cic. V. Occasion; causa; locus. To
give cause of suspicion ; suspicion! locum dare / have
no cause to complain of you ; non est mihi causa cur de
te conquerar ; non est cur de te querar.
To CAUSE, v. a. Creare ; efficere ; producere ; rei
causam esse, parere, Cic To cause trouble or misfortune
; alicui aerumnas creare, Plaut. ; alicui mala importare,
Cic. To cause death, weariness, pleasure ;
mortem, fastidium, delectationem, afferre.Cic To cause
vomiting ; vomitus facere, or movere.
CAUSELESS, a. CAUSELESSLY, ad. Sine causa; injuria
; immerito.
CAUSEWAY, s. Moles, Cic. ; agger, Caes. ; via strata.
Liv. ; viarum strata, Virg. ; pavimentum, Juv.
CAUSTIC, a. I. Corrosive ; causticus, Plin. ; adurens,
Cels. II. Satirical; mordax.
CAUTELOUS. a. See CAUTIOUS, CUNNING.
CAUTERIZATION, s. Caustica adustio.
To CAUTERIZE, v. a. Alicui caustico lapide, or cauterio,
plagam inurere.
CAUTERY, s. (Actual)-, cauterium: (potential); causticus
lapis.
CAUTION, s. I. Prudence, foresight ; circumspectio ;
consideratio ; considerantia ; prudentia ; providentia ;
provisio With caution.; provide ; caute ; providenter.
Without caution ; improvide ; imprudenter. II. Security
; cautio; satisdatio ; see SECURITY. III. Warning;
monitioj admonitio; monitus, us; monitum To
give caution ; monere atque hortari ; see ADMONITION.
To CAUTION AGAINST, v. a. Aliquem de re, or rem,
monere, Cic., rei admonere, or commonere, Plin To
caution beforehand ; praemonere / caution you not to
go thither ; moneo te ne illuc eas.
CAUTIONARY, a. Pro pignore.
CAUTIOUS, a. Cautus ; consideratus ; providus ; providens.
CAUTIOUSLY, ad. Considerate ; prudenter.
CAUTIOUSNESS, s. See CAUTION.
To CAW. v. n. Crocire, Plaut. ; crocitare, Plin.
To CEASE, v. a. Rei finem imponere, or afl'erre.
Cease your complaints ; mitte, or siste, querelas.
To CEASE, v. n. Dcsistere, with an ablative ; desinere,
with an infinitive ; finem facere, with a gerund in di. The
storm ceases; desinit imber The wind ceases; venti
posuere.
CEASELESS, a. Continuus ; perpctuus ; assiduus.
CEDAR, s. Cedrus, i, f. Of cedar; cedrinus.
Cellar oil ; cedri oleum ; cedrclaeon, Plin.
To CEDE. v. a. (A thing) ; alicui rem, or re, cedere,
CEIL
Caes. (A place); locum, or loco, cedere ; locum dare,
Cic.
To CEIL. v.a. Lacunare ; laqueari, or lacunari, ornare.
Ceiled ; laqueatus.
CEILING, s. Lacunar, Cic. ; laquear, Plin.
To CELEBRATE, v. a I. To praise, commend; celebrare
; laudare ; oollaudare ; laude afficere ; laudibus
ornare; laudem alicui tribuere, or Impertire. II. To
solemnize ; diem festum celebrare, or agitare, Cic. ;
fest'a colere, Ov To celebrate divine service ; operari ;
rem divinam facere To celebrate a marriage ; nuptias
celebrare.
CELEBRATED, a. Celeber, or Celebris Celebrated
for the number of his exploits ; multitudine rerum gestarum
nobilitatus, Cic. Celebrated in history ; literis et
memoria celebratus, Cic To be celebrated ; magnum
uomen habere.
CELEBRATION. 5. Celebratip, Cic Celebration of a
marriage ; nuptiarum solemnia, Tac.
CELEBRITY, s. Sermonis hominum celebritas, Cic
To attain celebrity ; clarum et magnum nomen adipisci,
Cic., sibi facere, Ov. ; inclarescere. Plin.
CELERITY s. Festinatio ; velocitas ; celeritas ; Cic. ;
rapiditas, Caes.
CELESTIAL, s. I. Heavenly; ccelestis ; superus.
II. Excellent ; eximius.
CELIBACY or CELIBATE, s. Vita ccelebs That lives
in celibacy ; ccelebs; connubii expers.
CELL. s. Cella; cellula. (Of a beehive) ; alveus.
CELLAR, s. Cella A wine-cellar; vinaria cella.
CELLARIST. s. Cellarius, Plaut.
CELLULAR, a. Cellulis distinctus.
CEMENT, s. Arenatum, Vitr. ; intrita, ae, f., Plin.
To CEMENT, v. a. Calce et arena structuram connectere,
Vitr Fig., i. e. To unite, strengthen; firmare;
vincire ; astringere To cement a peace ; pacem coagmentare,
Cic. ; conformare, Caes To cement a union;
conglutinare concordiam, Cic.
CEMETERY, s. Commune sepulcrum, Hor. ; sepulcretum,
Catull. ; (ccemeterium, in ecclesiastical writers).
CENSER. *. Thuribulum ; acerra.
CENOTAPH, s. Inanis tumulus, Virg. ; (cenotaphium,
Ulp.).
CENSOR, s. Censor ; criticus ; Cic. ; Aristarchus,
Hor. ; animadversor acer, Cic.
CENSORIOUS, a. Censorius ; mordax ; morosus ; malevolus
; qui censoris animum habet.
CENSORIOUSLY, ud. Acriter, ut censor severus.
CENSOIUOUSNESS. s. Morositas ; malevolentia.
CENSURABLE, a. Reprehendendus ; reprehensione, or
censura, dignus.
CENSURE, s. Reprehensio ; censoria notatio, Cic.;
censura, Juv To incur censure; in reprehensionem
incurrere, Cic.
To CENSURE, v. a. Rem in aliquo, or aliquem in re,
reprehendere ; carpere ; alicujus facta carpere ; censoriae
notam inurere.
CENSURER. s. Qui carpit, &c.
CENT. s. Centum One, two, three, four, five per
cent ; centesimae, binae, ternac, quaterna?, quinaB.
CENTAUR, s. Centaurus ; hippocentaurus, Cic. Of
or belonging to a centaur ; centaureus, Hor. ; centauricus,
Stat.
CENTAURY. s. Centaurium ; centauria. (The greater) ;
centaurium majus (The lesser) ; centaurium minus ;
fel terras ; libadium, Plin.
CENTENARY, a. Centenarius ; centum annorum ;
centum annis.
CENTENARY, s. Centum ; centeni.
CENTESIMAL, a. Centesimus.
CENTO, s. Cento, Cic.
CENTRAL, a. Centralis, Plin.
CENTRE, s. Centrum; sinus; medium; umbilicus.
The centre of an army ; media acies.
To CENTRE, v. n. In unum locum convenire ; in locum
coire, concurrere, confluere ; Cic. N.B. Centrifugal
and centripetal force (in technical language) ; vis
centrifuga, centripeta.
CENTUPLE, s. Centies tantum ; centuplicate, Plin.
To CENTUPLICATE, v. a. Centuplicare.
CENTURION, s. Centurio The office of a centurion ;
centuriatus, Cic. ; centurionatus, Tac.
CENTURY, s. I. A hundred; centum. II. The
space ofa hundred years ; seculum. III. A division of
the Roman people ; centuria By centuries ; centuriatim,
Cic. To divide into centuries ; centuriare ; or,
centuriatim describere ; Cic.
CEPHALIC, a. Capiti utilis, Cic.
CERATE, s. Ceratum, Cels.
To CERE. v. a. Cera circumlinire, Cic., illinire, Ov. ;
incerare, Juv. ; cerare, Col.
CEREMONIAL, s. I. External rite ; status solemnisque
ritus. II. A book of ceremonies ; ritualis liber.
CEREMONIOUS, a. In bfficiis nimius ; in comitatem
effusior ; justo officibsior.
CEREMONY, s. I. Rite ; sacer ritus, Virg. ; caeremoniae,
arum, pi., Cic. ; solemnis ritus. II. Formality,
48
CERTAIN
formal compliment ; officiosa urbanitas ; eoimtas. Too
much ceremony ; nimis exquisita urbanitas You make
ceremony ; delicias facis, Plaut Let us lay aside ceremony,
without ceremony; mittamus istas urbanitatia
affectatae moras ; nulla comitatis affectatione, Curt.
CERTAIN, a. I. Sure; certus ; compertus ; exploratus
; minime dubius, Cic. ; indubitatus, Plin. _ To
know for certain ; certum, pro certo, habere, or tenere ;
rem explpratam habere, Cic. II. Undoubtmg / am
certain; id certo comperi, Ter. ; de eo mihi compertum
est, Sail. ; hoc certo scio ; hoc compertum habeo ; exploratum
est mihi de hac re ; hoc exploratum habeo, Cic.
/ am not certain ; nplim pro certo affirmare ; hoc non
plane scio, Ter.; id mihi non satis constat, Liv. III.
Fixed, determined; certus; status; constitutes. IV.
Some; quidam, quaedam, quoddam ; aliquis. Some certain
member ; ahquid quodpiam membrum. Cic.
CERTAINLY, ad. I. Indubitably; certe ; haud
dubie ; sine dubio ; dubid procul. Yes certainly; ita
sane, Ter. II. Infallibly; certe.
CERTAINNESS or CERTAINTY, s. Explorata rei notitia
With certainty j certo ; liquido ; explorate,
Cic.
CERTIFICATE, s. Scripta testificatio ; icriptum testimonium.
To CERTIFY, v. a. Affirmare (In writing) ; scripto
testari ; testimonium rei per tabulas dare.
CERULEAN, a. Caeruleus.
CERUMEN, s. Cerumen, inis, n.
CERUSE, s. Cerussa ; psimmythium, Plin. ; psimythus,
Vitr.
CESS. s. 1. A levy } cuilibet capiti pecuniae solvendae
indicatio ; Plin. II. The act of making a levy ;
tributi in capita descriptio.
To CESS. v. a. Tributum in capita, or in familias,
describere.
CESSATION, s. Intermissio ; intercapedo, Cic. ; intermissus,
Plin A cessation of arms ; induciae, arum ;
ab armis intermissio, Cic. ; pactitia armorum cessatio,
Cell Without cessation ; sine ulla intermissioiie, Cic. ;
sine intermissu, Plin.
CESSION, s. Cessio To make cession of one's right ;
alicui jure, or de jure, suo cedere (Of one's goods) ;
cedere foro, Cic., bonis, Quint.
CETACEOUS, a. Cetaceus.
To CHAFE, v. a. I. To make hot ; calefacere ; calfacere
; concalefacere ; Cic. ; concalfacere ; excalfacere;
Plin. II. To make angry; alicui bilem commovere,
Cic. ; alicui stomachum movere ; irritare ;
Plaut.
To CHAFE, v. n. i. e. To rage, to fret; concalescere
; calefieri, Cic. ; calescere ; incalescere, Plin. ;
stomacho effervescere ; stomachari, Cic.
CHAFER, s. Scarabaeus. Cockchafer; scarabaeus
stridulus, Plin.
CHAFF, s. Palea ; acus, eris, n.
To CHAFFER, v . a. Sordide mercari.
CHAFFERN. s. Cortina ; ahenum ; Ov. ; caldarum,
Vitr.
CHAFFINCH, s. Frigilla, or fringilla, Mart.
CHAFING-DISH, s. Foculus.
CHAGRIN, s. Animi aegritudo ; mceror; cura ; sollicitudo
; molestia ; morositas ; tetricitas To yield
to chagrin ; se macerare, or cruciare, Ter. ; se aegritudini
dedere ; angi animo ; in aegritudinem incidere.
To CHAGRIN, v. a. Alicui mcerorem, molestiam, or
sollicitudinem, afferre ; alicui sollicitudines conficere
Chagrined; morosus; difficilis ; tetricus.
CHAIN, s. Catena A little chain; catenula; catellus,
Liv. ; catena, Hor A link of a chain; catenae
annulus, or circulus A chain, or chains, for criminals ;
catena ; vincula, pi. ; compedes, pi. A chain for ornament
; (aureus) torques; (aurea) catena. Fig.,
i. e. A bond, bonds; vincula, pi.; nexus. A chain
of mountains ; montes continui, or perpetui, Hor. ;
juga continentia, Liv. ; perpetuum mentis jugum, Curt.
Chains, i. e. slavery ; servitus ; servitium ; servile
jugum, Cic.
To CHAIN, v.a. I. To put chains on; alicui catenas
indere, Plaut., injicere, Liv. ; aliquem catenis vincire,
Ov. Chained; catenis constrictus. II. To
join, unite; res inter se, or rem cum alia, copulare,
jungere, or conjungere ; rem rei connectere.
CHAIR, s. I. A moveable seat; sella A little
chair ; sellula. A chair of state ; sella curulis.
A sedan chair; sella gestatpria ; lectica. To be carrid
in a chair; sella vehi, Sen.; sella gestatoria
deferri, Suet. ; sellae gestamine pervehi, Tac. II. A
professor's seat ; cathedra ; pulpitum. III. A pulpit j
suggestum ; suggestus.
CHAIRMAN, s. I. A president; prases. II. One
who carries in a chair ; lecticarius.
CHALK, s. Creta. Of chalk; cretaceus. Full of
chalk ; cretosus. Marked with chalk ; cretatus.
To CHALK, v. a. I. To mark with chalk; creta
notare. II. To chalk out, i. e. 1. To mark out ; designare
; indicare. 2. To trace ; delinearo ; lineis designare.
CHALKY
CHALKY, a. I- OJchalk; cretaceus. II. Full of
cnalk ; cretosus.
To CHALLENGE, v. a. I. To claim as one's own;
rem ut suaai sibi vindicare, or repetere ; sibi assumere ;
sibi ascisci. II. To call to a contest; provocare; ad
pugnam, or ad singulare certamen, provocare.
CHALLENGE, j. I. A demand ; petitio ; postulatio ;
postulatum. II. Summons to combat; provocatio.
(In writing) ; scripta ad singulare certamen provocatio.
CHAMBER, s, Conclavium, Plaut. ; conclave, Cic.
A little chamber ; cella. A dining-chamber ; ccDnatio,
Col. ; ccenaculum, Varr. ; diaeta, Plin. ; triclinium,
Cic. A bedchamber ; conclave ; cubiculum, Cic. ; dormitorium,
Plin. A chambermaid; ancilla, or ministra,
cubicularia. Valet de chambre ; cubicularius.
Chamber-pot ; matula ; matella, Varr. ; matellio,
Cic.; scaphium, Plaut. Of or belonging to a chamber;
cubicularis, Cic. ; cubicularius, Mart Divided
into feveral chambers; cubiculatus To shut one's
self up in his chamber ; in cellam se concludere To
be confined to one 's, chamber ; dpmi se continere To
work in one's own chamber ; intra privates parietes
opus facere.
CHAMBERLAIN, s. 1. (In the royal household) ; qui
est principi a cubiculo. Lord high chamberlain ;
cubiculo imperatorio praepositus. II. (Of a city);
quaestor urbanus. Office of chamberlain ; quaestura,
Cic. ; quzEStorium officmm. 111. (At an inn) ; tabulati
detersor.
To CHAMFER, v. a. Striare, Vitr. ; striare columnam,
Plin.
CHAMFER or CHAMFRET. s. Striatura, Vitr. The
channel or furrow is called strix, igis ; canaliculus : the
ridge between the furrows, stria, ae, f. ; Vitr.
CHAMOIS, s. Rupicapra, se, f., Plin.
To CHAMP, v. a. Mandere ; mordere. To champ
the bit ; frenum mordere.
CHAMPAIGN, s. See CAMPAIGN, I.
CHAMPIGNON, s. Fungus, Cic. ;. boletus, Jur.
CHAMPION, s. Defensor ; propugnator.
CHANCE, s. Fortuna ; fors ; casus, us ; alea. By
chance; forte fortuna ; casu ; fortuito ; fortuitu, Cic
By mere chance ; caeco casu, Cic. A game of chance ;
alea Of or belonging to such game ; aleatorlus.
A player of such game ; aleator To trust too much
to chance ; nimium in fortuna ponere, Cic. To take
one's chance ; fortunae se comrmttere ; aleam adire.
A chance guest, comer ; adventor, Plaut. ; interventor,
Cic.
To CHANCE, v. n. Fieri ; evenire ; contingere ; cadere ;
accidere ; incidere ; Cic.
CHANCEL, s. Adytum ; sanctuarium.
CHANCELLOR, s. Cancellarius. Vice-chancellor ;
cancellarii vices gerens.
CHANCE-MEDLEY, s. Casus, us \ fortuna.
CHANCERY, s. Cancellarii prastorium.
CANCUOUS. a. I. Having the qualities of a cancer ;
qui carcinomatis vim habet. II. Afflicted with a
cancer ; cancro exesus, or corrosus.
CHANDELIER, s. Candelabrum ; candelabrum pensile
tnultifidum.
CHANDLER, s. I. A huckster ; propola, ae, m., Cic. ;
mango, Quint. II. One who makes or sells candles ;
candelarum opifex, or propola.
To CHANGE, v. a. I. To barter, truck ; rem alia
commutare, Cic., mutare, or permutare, Plin. II. To
alter ; rem in aliam mutare, immutare, commutare, or
permutare To changefor the worse ; mutare in pejus ;
depravare ; vitiare ; corrumpere ; Cic. III. To give
change of money ; nummum immutare, Plaut. IV,
To change one's clothes ; mutationem vestis facere, Cic.
To change one's abode ; mutare sedem, or ex sede,
Plin. ; e loco in alium migrare, Cic. He has not even
changed his place ; ne loco quidem mptus est, Cic To
change colour ; vultus colorem non obtinere, Plaut. That
changes colour ; cui non constat color neque vultus To
change one's mind ; sententiam mutare, or permutare ;
de sententia discedere, or desistere. To cause one to
change his mind ; de sententia dimovere ; de proposita
sententia depellere; (by force) detrudere ; (by fear) deterrere.
/ have not changed my mind ; mens eadem
perstatmihi, Virg.
To CHANGE, v. n. I. To suffer alteration ; se convertere
; mutationem habere ; Cic. ; mutari, Hor. To
change or be changed into a stone ; lapidescere, Plin. :
into a brute; convert! in figuram bestiae, Cic. To
change with fortune ; ad motum fortune se movere,
Liv. / have not changed ; non alius sum atque fui,
Cic / have not changed with regard to him ; ego isti
nlhilo sum aliter atque fui, Ter The wind changes ;
ventus se vcrtit, Cees. II. To vary ; variari. III.
To reform one's manners ; ad bonam frugem se recipere,
Cic.; alios mores induere, Plin. He has entirely
changed ; plane se ipse exuit, Cic.
CHANGE, s. I. Alteration; mutatio ; immutatio ;
cpmmutatio ; conversio Change of life ; cpnversa vita
via, Hor. Change of fortune ; fortuna; vicissitudines ;
49
CHANGEABLE
fortunae volubilitas ; rerum vices A great change toon
place in the state of ajffairs and of men's minds ; inagna
lacta est commutatio rerum et animorum, Caes. ; magna
facta est conversio rerum et inclinatio aiiimorum, Cic.
II. Variety ; varietas, Cic. ; diversitas, Plin. III.
Revolution in the state ; res novas ; reipublica? motus.
IV. Place where merchants meet for trade; forurn
argentarium. V. (Of money); pecuniar permutatio,
or commutatio.
CHANGEABLE, a. Mutabilis ; varius. Fortune is
changeable ; varfa vplubilisque fortuna est ; varietas est
pvopria fortunae ; Cic How changeable is life ! quam
est varia vita? commutabilisque ratio ! He is ofa changeable
disposition ; mobili est animo, Cic.
CHANGEABLENESS. s. i.e. Fickleness of mind ; levitas ;
inconstantia ; Cic.
CHANGELING, s. Infans subdititius, subditivus, Plaut.,
subditus, suppositus, Cic., supposititius, Varr.
CHANNEL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus. (Of a river);
alveus ( Of the sea) ; fretum. (Of a column) ; strix ;
canaliculus.
To CHANT, v. n. Canere ; cantare ; cantitare.
CHANT, s. Cantus, us ; melos, n. indecl., Cic. ;
canor, Quint.
CHANTER, s. Cantor ; cantator : fern., cantrix ; cantatrix.
CHAOS, s. I. The mass of confused matter; chaos,
n. (without gen. or dat. ; abl. chao), Virg. ; rudis indigestaque
moles, Ov. II. Disorder, confusion ; rerui
confusio, Cic.
To CHAP. v. n. Fatiscere ; dehiscere ; dissilire ; rimas
agere, Cic. ; rimis dehiscere, Ov.
CHAP. s. Rima; rimula Full of chaps ; rimarum,
or rimis, plenus, Ter.; rimosus, Plin A chap in the
skin ; rima ; rimula ; Plin. ; Cels. Chaps on the hands
and feet ; rhagades, um, f. pi. ; rhagadia, orum, n. pi.,
Plin. Chaps on the lips ; labiorum fissura?, Plin.
Chaps in wood ; rima?, Cic. ; fissuraa, Col.
CHAPE, s. \. e. The catch of any thing by which it is
kept in its place ; ferrea fibula, Caes. ; ferreaansa, Vitr.
The chape of a scabbard ; extremae acinacis vaginse
munimentum.
CHAPEL, s. ^Edicula; sacellum Chapel of ease ;
ecclesia alteri in subsidium annexa.
CHAPERON, s. i.e. A kind of hood ; capitium ; magisterii
insigne.
CHAPITER (of a column), s. Capitulum, Vitr. ; capitellum,
Plin. ; epistylium, Varr.
CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi, duci, &c. ; principi a
sacro faciendo.
CHAPLET. s. i. e. A garland of flowers ; sertum ; ex
floribus, or florea, corona, Plaut. ; florida corolla, Cato.
CHAPMAN, s. Emptor j quiab aliquo mercatore emere
solet.
CHAPS, s. pi. I. The mouth of a beast of prey ; os,
oris, n. ; gula, Cic. ; rictus, us, m., Ov. 11. Entrance
of a channel, river, tyc. ; ostium, Cic. ; fauces, ium, f.
pi., Plin. ; os, oris, n., Curt.
CHAPTER, s. I. Division of a book ; caput. II.
An assembly of canons ; canonicorum collegium. (Met
together) ; canoniconum conventus, or consessus, us, m.
A chapter-house ; conventions habendis locus destinatus.
To hold a chapter ; comitia peragere.
CHARWOMAN, s. Mercenaria ; opera.
CHARACTER, s. I. A mark; nota ; signum ; Cic.;
character, eris, m., Col. II. A letter ; character, eris,
m. ; litera. Well-formed characters ; literula? compositissimae
et clarissimae, Cic. 111. Handwriting; manus.
IV. Personal quality, disposition; indoles ;
natura ; ingenium. To change one's character; de
more suo discedere, Cic. ; ingenium novum sibi induere,
Liv To assume an old character ; ad ingenium redire,
Ter. Such is my character ; sic sum, Ter. V. Property,
peculiarity ; natura ; vis. It is the character of
virtue to ; virtutis propria natura atque yis est .
The sayings of Cicero have a distinctive character ;
ita notata sunt Tullii dictorum genera, ut cognosci sua
sponte possint. It is the character of the Romans;
Romanum est, Liv. V. Dignity ; dignitas ; persona.
To sustain one's character ; impositam sibi personam
pro dignitate sustinere, Cic. VII. Reputation ; fama i
nomen ; existimatio, Cic. ; see REPUTATION.
CHARACTERISTIC, a. Proprius.
To CHARACTERIZE, v. a. (A person) ; alicujus vitam
depingere, Cic. ; naturam et mores aperire, Sail. (A
thing) ; rem ad vivum exprimere.
CHARCOAL, s. Carbo ligneus, or ex ligno adusto.
CHARD (of an artichoke), s. Tener cinarae cauhs.
To CHARGE, v. a. I. To impose as a task, command;
.alicui mandare ; de re mandata, or rei negotium, dare.
/ am charged by Dolabcila ; a Dolabella mandata habeo.
He charged me to write to you ; mihi mandavit, or
negotium dedit, ut ad te scriberem. II. 10 impute ;
alicui rem tribuere ; culpam imputare. To charge
falsely; alicui falsum crimen inferre, or objicere ; alicui
crimen affingere ; aliquem falsi criminis accersere ;
To charge another with a fault ; culpsm in alterum
COMPLAISANTLY
alteri obsequi, indulgere. To be complaisant in every
thing ; alterius ad arbitrium et nutum totum se fingere et
accommodare, Cic.
COMPLAISANTLY. ad. Indulgenter, Cic. ; obsequenter,
Plin.
COMPLEMENT, s. Complementum, Cic.
COMPLETE, a. Omnibus suis partibus expletus ; completus
; perfectus et absolutus, Cic A complete suit ;
vestimentum omnibus partibus absolutum A complete
regiment ; legio justa, plena, or completa per manipulos,
SiT. Ital A complete period; perfectus et completus
verborum ambitus, Cic.
To COMPLETE, v. a. Complere. To complete my
misery ; accessit in miseriae cumulum, quod, Cic.
COMPLETELY, ad. Perfecte ; absolute ; omnino.
COMPLETENESS, s. Absolutio; perfectio.
COMPLETION, s. I. Act of completing; perfectio;
absolutio perfectioque ; Cic The completion of a work ;
manus extremas accessio, Cic The completion of a task
or design ; suscepti negotii executio, Tac. I have obtained
the completion of my desires ; ad optatos exitus
pervectus sum, Cic. ; votorum compos factus sum, Plin.
Ep. My project has received its entire completion ;
rei instituta? exitum expedivi, Cic. II. The utmost
height ; cumulus ; summum ; summus gradus.
COMPLEX, a. I. (In logic); complexus. II.
Composite ; ex diversis partibus compositus, concretus,
conflatus, Cic. ; multiplex.
COMPLEXION, s. I. The colour of the face ; oris color
(Natural) ; verus (Ruddy) ; diffusus sanguine.
( Sun-burnt) ; adustior. A complexion of red and white ;
mistus candore rubor, Cic That has afresh complexion;
iritidus colore, Quint. That has a florid complexion ;
floridulo ore nitens, Catull. To give beauty to the complexion;
cuti nitorem inducere, Plin A pale complexion
; languidus, or languescens, color The complexion
fades ; color evanescit, Lucr., illi excidit, Ov.,
languescit, Plin. II. Temperament of the body ; corporis
habitudo, habitus, us, constitutio, or temperatio,
COMPLIANT, a. See COMPLAISANT.
To COMPLICATE, v. a. I. To join; res inter se, or
rem cum alia, copulare, jungere, or conjungere ; rem rei
connectere, Cic. II. Toform by complication ; implicare
A complicated disease; morbus multiplex.
Complicated crimes ; implicita scelera.
COMPLICATION, s. Congeries. A complication of
crimes ; scelera sceleribus cumulata, Cic.
COMPLICE, s. Alicujus sceleris particeps, conscius ;
sceleri affinis ; in scelere censors, Cic To become a
complice in crime ; cum altero scelerum pactiones societatesque
conflare, Cic To discover one's complices ; socios
prodere, Cic.
COMPLIMENT, s. Sermonis comitas, Cic. ; officiosa
urbanitas ; officiosa verba, pi. To go to pay one's compliments
; aliquem officiose ire salutatum, Mart. Make
my compliments to him ; officiose ilium meis verbis saluta,
Mart. He is too full of compliments ; nimis putidus
est officiosae urbanitatis affectator.
To COMPLIMENT, v. a. Aliquem verbis officiosis compellare,
or prcsequi. To compliment on anything ; alicui
renk or de re, gratulari, Cic.
COMPUMENTAL, COMPLIMENTARY. O. Honorarius,
Cic.
COMPLIMENTER. *. Importunus officiosse urbanitatis
affectator.
COMPLOT. s. Conjuratio ; conspiratio ; scelerata consensio,
Cic.
To COMPLOT. v. n. Conspirare ; conjurare ; conjurationem
facere, Cic.
To COMPLY, v. n. I. To be obsequious to ; alteri
obsequi, or indulgere, Cic. ; aliorum studiis, Ter., voluntati,
Cic., obsequi, or indulgere ; ad voluntatem nutumque
se fingere et accommodare, Cic. II. To suit
with; convenire, congruere, concinere, cum. III. To
submit to ; alicujus imperio ac potestati, or sub potestatem,
se subjicere ; in fidem atque potestatem, or potestati
fideique, se submittere, Cic. ; Curt To comply with
proposed conditions ; conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones
descendere, Cic To force one to comply with our conditions
; nostris conditionibus astringere, Cic.
COMPONENT, a. Ex quo (quibus) res constat, or componitur.
To COMPORT. . . Convenire, congruere, concinere,
cum. To comport one's self; agere ; se gerere ; Cic.
COMPORTMENT, s. Agendi vivendique ratio, Cic.
To COMPOSE, v. a. I. To form a mass by joining
different things together ; rem ex diversis partibus componere
; coagmentare; fingere. II. To arrange, adjust;
componere, Plaut.; ordinare; ordinare et instituere
; in ordinem redigere ; ex ordine collocare ; ordine
dispensare et disponere ; digerere ; suo quaeque loco disponere,
Cic. To compose the features ; vultum fingere,
or componere Composed features ; vultus ad gravitatem,
or ad modestiam, compositus, Tac. III. To put
together a discourse ; componere ; scribere ; conscribere,
Cic To compose a work ; opus effingere et excudere,
63
COMPOSEDLY
Plin. Ep To compose verses ; versus facere, conficere ;
carmina condere ; Cic To compose verses impromptu ;
versus ex temppre fundere, Cic. A speech carefully
composed; oratio diligenter elabprata, or diligenti studio
perpolita, Cic. IV. To constitute by being part of a
whole; constituere, Cic Man is composed qf soul and
body ; homo constat anima et corpore, Cic. V. To
calm ; sedare; tranquillare ; placare. VI. To settle
(a difference) ; controversial!! tollere, or dirimere ; discordia
sedare ; res ad concordiam adducere ; Cic. ; litcm
componere, Virg. VII. (With printers) ; To arrange
the type ; literarum typps in tabella componere, or ordinare
et disponere.
COMPOSEDLY, ad. Placide; sedate; leniter; Cic.
COMPOSEUNESS. See COMPOSURE.
COMPOSER. *. I. An author ; auctor ; scriptor : Cic.
II. One who writes music ; qui musica componit.
COMPOSITION, s. I. The act of forming an integral
of various parts ; compositio; coagmentatio ; structura,
Ov. II. A mixture; permistio ; admistio; Cic. ; mistarum
rerum unitas ; mistura; Cels. ; totum ex diversis
partibus constans. III. The act of writing ; scriptio.
IV. A written work; scriptum. V. Agreement;
conventum ; pactum ; pactio, Cic.
COMPOSITOR, s. (In a printing office); typorum dispositor
; qui typos literarum in tabella dispomt.
COMPOST, s. Stercus, oris, n., Cic. ; timum, Virg. :
fimus, Col.
To COMPOST, v. a. See To MANURE.
COMPOSURE, s. I. The act of composing ; compositio,
Cic. ; coagmentatio ; structura ; Ov. II. Sedateness
; animi tranquillitas ; animi quietus et placidus
status, us, Cic. III. Settlement of differences ; compositio,
Cic. ; CJES.
To COMPOUND, v. a. Rem ex diversis partibus componere
; coagmentare ; fingere To compound a difference
; utern componere, Virg. ; controversiam tollere, or
dirimere ; discordias sedare ; res ad concordiam adducere ;
Cic.
To COMPOUND, v. n. i. e. To come to terms of agreement
; de re cum aliquo pacisci, transigere, or decidere ;
controversiam transigere ; Cic.
COMPOUND, s. Permistio ; admistio ; Cic.; mistarum
rerum unitas ; mistura ; Cels. ; totum ex diversis partibus
constans.
COMPOUND, COMPOUNDED, a., part. Ex diversis partibus
compositus, concretus, conflatus, Cic. A compound
word; vox quae e duobus vocabulis constat.
COMPOUNDER. s. See COMPOSER.
To COMPREHEND, v. a. I. To comprise, contain ;
continere; complecti; Cic.; capere, Curt. II. To
conceive, understand ; animo, or mente, comprehendere ;
comprehensum habere, Cic. / comprehend it perfectly;
probe teneo, Cic I cannot comprehend it; id
longissime abest intelligentia sensuque meo disjunctum ;
hasc ego mente non capio ; ista sane non intelligo ; Cic. j
ista captum meum superant.
COMPREHENSIBLE, a. Comprehensibilis, Cic. ; quod
in intelligentiam cadit ; quod intelligentia et ratione
comprehenditur, Cic.
COMPREHENSION, s. i.e. Apprehension; comprehensio ;
perceptio ; Cic.
COMPREHENSIVE, a. Capax ; continens. See also
COMPENDIOUS.
COMPREHENSIVENESS, s. (In expression) ; concinnitas;
verba significantia.
COMPRESS, s. (In surgery); penicillum ; peniculum ;
Cels.
To COMPRESS, v. a. Comprimere.
COMPRESSIBLE, a. Quod comprimi potest.
COMPRESSION, s. Compressio, Vitr. ; pressus, us,
Cic.
To COMPRISE, v. a. Continere ; complecti ; Cic. ;
capere, Curt. ; comprehendere. Comprised; comprehensus
To be comprised in any thing ; in re contineri.
All crimes comprised in one ; omnia scelera uno malefic
io complexa, Cic Is he comprised in that number?
estne ex eo numero ?
COMPROMISE. *. Compromissum, Cic.
To COMPROMISE, v. n. Compromittere ; compromissum
de re facere ; rem delectorum virorum arbitrio
committere, Cic To compromise one's honour; famam
in discrimen adducere. To compromise .the name and
authority of another ; nomen et auctoritatem alterius in
discrimen adducere.
COMPTROLLER, s. Qui rationes inspicit
COMPULSION, s. Illutavis; necessitas By compulsion;
per vim; vi ; vi ac necessitate; coactu, Cic
Without compulsion; suasponte; ultro; non repugnanter,
Cic.
COMPULSORY, COMPULSIVE, a. Qui cogendi jus habet ;
or, qui cogere potest.
COMPUNCTION, s. Acerbus animi dolor ex admissis
peccatis.
COMPUTABLE, a. Computabilis.
COMPUTATION, s. Computatio, Plin. See also CALCULATION.
CHEER
Chfek-teeth ; dentes genuini, Cic., molares, Juv., maxillares,
Plin A cheek-bone; maxilla.
CHEER, s. I. Entertainment, provisions served as
a feast ; victus Good cheer ; ccena magnifica et lauta,
Cic.; victus (Cis) lautus, Hor. Poor cheer; victus
tennis, or aridus, Cic. IT. Heart, courage ; animus ;
animi firmitudo, or firmitas. To be oj good cheer ; fortem
animum habere : esse forti animo ; animum erigere,
or sumere ; Cic. III. Air of the countenance ; facies ;
species ; forma. IV. A shout of joy or approbation;
acclamatio, Cic. ; clamor secundus, Virg. To give a
cheer ; acclamare ; clamorem secundum tollere.
To CHEER, v. a. I. To encourage ; alicui animos
addefe.Cic., or facere,|Liv. ; alicujus animum erigere, Cic.
II. To console; aliquem solari, consplari ; solatio
levare ; consolatione lenire ; alicui cpnsolationem afferre,
solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic.
To CHEER UP. v. n. Animum erigere, sumere, or re-
CHEERFUL. a. Hilaris ; hilarus ; laetus To be cheer*
ful; gaudere ; laetari. That renders cheerful; qui laetitiam
affert.
CHEERFULLY, ad. Hilare ; hilarem in modum ; hilari
animo ; Cic.
CHEERFULNESS. s. Hilaritas ; Iffititia.
CHEERLESS, a. Tristis ; mcestus ; melancholicus ; natura
tristis ; Cic.
CHEERLESSXY. ad. Mceste ; dolenter.
CHEESE, s, Caseus. To make a cheese; caseum
figurare. A cheese full of eyes ; caseus fistulosus, Cels.
CHEESECAKE, s. Triquefra e caseo, ovis, et butyro
placenta.
CHEESE-CURDS, s. Concretum lac, Virg. ; lactis coacti
massa, Ov.
CHEESEMONGER, s. Casearius ; fern, casearia.
CHEESE-PRESS, s. Vas ad exsiccationem caseorum
idoneum.
CHEESE-ROOM. *. Caseale, is, n., Col.
To CHERISH, v. a. I. To love dearly, make much
of; carum, or in deliciis, habere ; diligere ; see To
LOVE. II. To shelter, protect ; aliquem tegere, defendere,
tueri, or praesidio tutari, Cic. ; alicui patrocinari,
Plin.
CHERISHER. s. Qui defendit et protegit ; defensor ;
propugnator ; tutor ; amicus.
CHERRY, s. Cerasum, i, n.
CHERRY-ORCHARD, s. Locus cerasis consitus.
CHERRY-TREE, s. Cerasus, i, f.
CHERUB, s. Cherub ; pi. cherubim ; m. indecl.
CHERVIL, s. Caerefolfum, Plin. ; chaarephyllum, Col.
CHESS, s. Latrunculorum ludus. Chess-men; latrones,
Ov. ; latrunculi, Sen. A chess-board ; mandra, se,
f., Mart. ; lusorius alveolus, Plin. ; latruncularia tabula,
Sen. To play at chess ; latrunculis ludere, Sen. v latronum
bella, or proalia, ludare, Mart. To win a game
of chess; latrunculis vincere.
CHEST, s. I. A box; area; capsa A small chest ;
arcula ; capsula. A chest of drawers ; armarium.
II. Part of the body; pectus ; pectoris cavitas.
CHESTNUT or CHESNUT. s. Castanea ; nux castanea.
The husk of a chestnut ; echinatus calyx ; echinus
The inner skin or rind; castanese corium Chestnuttree
; castanea. Chestnut colour ; ex rutilo nigrescent.
CHEVALIER, s. Eques, itis, m.
CHEVAUX DB FRISE. s. Pali mucronibus horrentes ;
ericius, Cses.
CHEVERIL. *. Haedus ; haedillus, Plaut. ; haedulus,
Juv. Of or belonging to a cheveril; hsedinus ; hsedilis.
To CHEW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere ; commanducare
To chew the cud; ruminare, Col. ; ruminare
herbas, Virg. ; ruminare revocatas herbas, Ov. ;
remandere, Plin.
CHICANE, s. I. The art ofprolonging a judicial contest
by artffi.ee ; judiciorum infractus, us ; legum laquei,
Cic. ; vafrum jus, Hor. II. Artifice in general; fraus ;
artificium; dolus.
To CHICANE, v. n. I. To use artifice in a judicial
contest ; aliquem iniqua lite morari ; fraudulenter litigari
; uti subdolis artibus in litigando. II. To use artifice
in general; dolos adhibere, Cic., or moliri, Val.
Fl. ; ad dolos se convertere, Plin.
CHICANER. 5. i.e. A petty sophister, a wrangler ; vafer
ac fraudulentus litigator ; homo litigiosus ; litium amans.
CHICANERY, s. Callidse et fraudulentae litigandi rationes.
CHICK or CHICKEN, s. Pullus gallinaceus Chicken
just hatched ; a matre pulli.
CHICKEN-HEARTED, a. Ignavus ; timidus ; Cic. ; meticulosus,
Plin.
CHICK-PEAS, s. Cicer, eris, n.
CHICKWEED. s. Anagallis, idis, f.
To CHIDE, v. a. i. e. To reprove ; aliquem increpare,
reprehendere, verbis asperioribus reprchendere, Plin.,
objurgare, verbis castigare, Cic. To chide severely ;
acerbissime, or gravissimis verbis, aliquem reprehendere,
Cic To chide gently ; molli brachio objurgare.
CHIDE
To CHIDE, v.n. i.e. To clamour; clamitari ; vociferare
; elatrare.
CHIDING, s. Reprehensio.
CHIEF, a. Pra?cipuus ; principals ; Cic. ; potissimus,
Suet The chiefmen of a city ; civitatis principes ; optimates
; prpceres, Cic One of the chief men; vir primarius,
Cic The chief women ; summates matrons?,
Plaut. A chief point ; rei caput, or cardo ; quod in re
qualibet est prsecipuum ; Cic. ; in quo tota res vertitur,
Liv. He. has the chief command, he is the commander
in chief, est cum summo imperio praefectus.
CHIEF, s. Dux ; imperator The chiefs of a conspiracy
> conjurationts capita, Liv The chief of a religious
order ; ordinis religiosi caput.
CHIEFLY, ad. Maxime ; prsecipue ; praesertim ; in
primis, Cic.
CHIEFTAIN, s. Imperator ; dux ; ductor A renowned
chieftain ; belli dux praestantissimus, Cic. ; armis
inclytus, Virg.
CHILBLAIN, s. Pernio, onis, m ; perniunculus ; a frigore
ustio.
CHILD, s. I. An infant; infans. II. A boy ;
puer A little boy ; parvulus ; puerulus ; pusio, onis,
m. ; Cic. III. A girl; puella. A little girl; puellula,
Catull. ; virguncula, Sen. IV. A son ; filius ; natus,
i, m. ; filiolus. V. A daughter ; filia; nata; filiola.
VI. PI. Children; liberi ; nati. To have children
by one's wife ; liberos ex uxore suscipere. He has
had children ; nati sunt ei filii, Ter. ; ille filios ex uxore
procreavit, Cic She has had children by him ; peperit
ex illo, Ter. That has lost his children ; progenie orbatus.
N. B. A godchild; filius (filia) spiritualis (in
ecclesiastical writers).
CHILDBED, s. Puerperium. A woman in childbed;
puerpera, ae, f.
CHILDBIRTH, s. Partus, us, m.
CHILDHOOD, s. (Under seven years); infantia : (from
seven to twelve) pueritia ; puerilis setas. From childhood
; a pueritia ; ab ineunte, or prima, aetate From
the very earliest childhood ; a puero parvulo, or pusillo,
Plaut. ; a prima infantia, Ter. ; a teneris unguiculis,
Cic.
CHILDISH, a. Puerilis.
CHILDISHLY, ad. Pueriliter.
CHILDISHNESS, s. Puerilitas ; puerilis agendi ratio.
CHILL, a. Frigidus ; algidus.
To CHILL, v. a. Frfgefacere ; frigefactare ; Plaut. ;
refrigerare, Plin. To chill the mind or spirits ; ardorem
animi restinguere.
CHILL, s. Frigus, oris, n.
CHILLY,
a.^
Alsiosus ; frigoris impatiens.
CHIME, s. i. e. Harmony of sounds ; consonantia ; sonorum
cpncordia ; harmonia A chime of bells ; modulatus
aeris campani sonitus ; ad numeros saris campani
pulsus.
To CHIME, v. a. (Bells) ; (aes campanum) ad numerum,
or moderate, pulsare.
To CHIME, v. n. i. e.' To agree ; convenire ; congruere ;
or, concinere; Cic.; consonare, Sail Not to chime;
inter se dissidere, or discordare, Cic.
CHIMERA, s. i.e. A vain imagination; vana commenta,
n. pi. ; somnium ; nomen inane.
CHIMERICAL, a. Fictus ; commenticius.
CHIMNEY, s. Caminus ; focus. The flue of a chimney
; camini spiraculum, spiramentum, or aestuarium,
Vitr. The mantelpiece of a chimney ; adversa spiraculi
lorica To sit in a chimney-corner; apud carbones
assidere, Plaut.
CHIMNEY-PIECE, s, Antepagmenta, n. pi., Vitr.
CHIMNEY-SWEEPER, s. Qui caminorum purgat spiracula.
CHIN. s. Mentum.
CHIN-COUGH, s. Crebra tussis ; cucullatus morbus.
CHINA, s. i. e. China-ware > vasa murrhina, or murrhea,
n. pi. ; vasa fictilia Sinensia ; murrha, ae, f., poetically.
CHINE, s. Dorsi spina.
To CHINE, v. a. Dorsi spinam frangere.
CHINK, s. I. A gap, aperture; rirna ; rimula ; fissura.
II. Sound (of pieces of metal) ; tinnitus, us.
To CHINK, v. n. I. To break in gaps ; rimas agere,
or capere ; dehiscere. II. Jo sound (as pieces of metal)
; tinnire.
CHINKY. a. Rimarum, or rimis, plenus ; rimosus.
CHINTZ, s. Texta e filo xylino tela catagrapha.
CHIP. s. Pars; particula ; Cic A chip of wood ;
assula, Plaut. ; secamentum, Plin Chips of wood ;
schidia, orum, n. pi., Vitr. A chip of any thing broken;
fragmen ; fragmentum. A chip of bread ; frustum. He
is a chip of the old block ; patris est filius.
To CHIP. v. a. Minute, minutatim, in minutas partes,
concidere, Cic. ; Cato ; Lucr. ; minutatim secare, Cic.
A chipping-block ; tabula ad secandum minutatim cibum
idonea.
CHIP-AXE, s. Ascia.
CHIPPINGS. s. pi. Frusta ; fragmina ; fragmenta, n. pi.
To CHIRP, v.n. (As chicken); pipilare ; pipire; or.
2
CHIRPING
pipare : (as small birds) ; friguttire ; or, fringultire ;
fritinnire : (as a grasshopper) ; stridere ; also, fritinnire,
Auct. Carm. de Phil. N. B. Minurire is used only byvery
late writers.
CHIKPING. s. Avium ga-rritus, or cantus, us.
CHISEL, s. Fabrile scalprum, Liv. ; excisorius scalper,
Cels__ A little chisel ; scalpellum, Cic.
CHIT. s. I. A little child ; pusio, onis, ra. ; puellula,
K, f. II. Afreckle; pi., leruigines, um, Plin., lenticulae,
arum, Cels.
CHIT-GHAT, s. See CHAT.
CHITTBRUFOS. s. pi. Viscera, intestina, exta, orum,
n- pi. ; hillse, arum, f. pi.
CufTTY. a. Puerilis.
CHIVALRO.US. a. Quod adveterum equitum mores pertinet.
CHIVALRY, $. I. Knighthood ; equitis gradus; ordo
oquestris. II. Prowess; fortitude; virtus.
CHOICE, s. I. The act of choosing ; electio ; delectio
; Cic. ; delectus, Ca?s. ; electus, Ov. ; optio, Plaut.
To make a choice ; dolectum agere, or habere. To
give a choice ; delectum facere, or permittere ; optionem
dare, or permittere, Cic. ; facere in eligendo arbitrium,
Liv. Take your choice ; optio sit tua__ Of one's own
choice; sponte ; ultro. II.
flos, Cic. ; delectus, us, Caes.
The best of any thing;
CHOICE, a. I. ( Said of things) ; lectus ; electus ; egregius
; eximius. II. (Said of persons) ; curiosus ; percuriosus
; (vir) judicii exquisitissimi, or judicio exquisito.
CHOICENESS. s. Excellentia; praestantia.
CHOIR, s. I. An assembly of singers ; canentium
chorus. II. Part of a church; tetnpli cella, Virg. ;
adytum ; (eccfeske chorus, in ecclesiastical writers).
To CHOKE* v. a. I. To sutfbcate ; suffocare, Cic. ;
prsefocare, Ov. ; animam alicui exstinguere, Ter., iutercludere,
Tac., praecludere, Plin. II. To obstruct; obstruere
; aditum claudere, or intercludere.
CHOLER. *. i.e. Anger, rage; ira ; iracundia ; stomachus.
CHOLERIC, a. Iracundus ; irritabilis, Cic. ; stomachosus,
Hor. ; irae impatiens, Ov. ; irae properus, Tac.
To CHOOSE, v. a. I. To select, pick out ; legere ;
eligere ; deligere ; seligere ; rei delectum habere. You
may choose ; tua est optio. There is nothing to choose ;
nori est option! locus To choose rather ; rem rei praeoptare,
Catull. ; malle quam ; anteponere ; anteferre ;
potius ducere, Cic. II. To take, not to refuse ; accipere;
acceptum habere; non recusare. III. To appoint
; constituere ; designare : (into a company) j cooptare
; allegere ; asciscere To choose by lot ; sortiri.
To CHOOSE. v. n. i. e. To be willing ; velle ; hand abnuere__
To choose rather ; malle I cannot choose
but ; non possum non 4 non possum facere quin.
To CHOP. v.a. See To CHIP.
CHOP. *. I. A piece chopped off; see CHIP, I. II.
A crack ; s"ee CHAP.
CHOP-HOUSE, s. Popina ; caupona ; cauponula.
CHOPPING-KNJFE. *. Securicula, Plin. ; grandior culter.
CHORAL. a. Ad chorum canentium pertinens ; e choro
canentiurn.
CHOROGRAPHY. s. Chorographium, Vitr,
CHORUS, s. I. A number of singers ; canentium
chorus. II. Union of Voices in singing; Vocum concentus
To sing in chorus ; concentum efficere, Cic
To sing in alternate chorus ; cantus reddere vicibusque
referre, Plin.
CHOUGH, s. Graculus.
To CHOUSE, v. a. Aliquem deludere, or ludificari ;
alicui imponere, fucum facere, Cic. ; alicui, or aliquem,
illudere, Ter. ; aliquem in re fraudare, Cic.
To CHRISTEN, v. a. Aliquem baptizare, aquis baptismi
lustrare, sacro fonte abluere.
CHRISTENDOM, s. Christianorum regiones.
CHRISTENING, s. Baptismus.
CHRISTIAN, s., a. Christianus To become a Christian
; Christianas fidei nomen dare ; Christianam fidem
amplecti. To be a Christian ; Christianam .tidem profited.
CHRISTIANITY, s. Christiana religio, fides To profess
Christianity ; Christianam fidem profited.
CHRISTIANLY. ad. Christiano more; ut Christianum
decet.
CHRISTMAS-DAY, s. Christi Domini natalis dies, or
natale.
CHROMATIC, s. (Term of painting); chroma, atis,
n. ; chromatice, es, f., Vitr,
CHRONIC or CHRONICAL, a. (Morbus) chronicus.
CHRONICLE, s. Chronica, orum, Plin.; chronici libri,
Cell__Chronicles ; acta publica ; or simply, acta ; commentarii;
tabulae publicae ; or simply, tabulae.
To CHRONICLE, v. a. In acta, in tabulas, in commentarios,
referre, or perscribere, Cic.
CHRONICLER, s. Historicus ; (commentariensis,
Fand.).
CHRONOLOGIST. s. Qui temporum rationem describit.
52
CHRONOLOGICAL
CHRONOLOGICAL, a. Ad temporum rationem pertinens.
CHRONOLOGY. *. Temporum ratio, or descriptio.
CHRYSALIS, s. Chrysalis, idis, f., Plin.
CHRYSOLITE, s. Chrysolithus, Plin.
CHUB. s. I. A kind offish ; gobio capitatus ; gobius.
II. A loggerhead; horno plumbeus, Ter., rudig,
inurbanus, Cic.
CHUBBY-CHEEKED, a. Bucculentus.
CHUCK, s. Nutricis gallinae singultus, us.
To CHUCK, v. n. i.e. To call as a hen ; glocire, Col.
CHUFF. *. Homo agrestis, rusticanus, rudis, inurbanus.
CHUFFY. a. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inurbanus ; illepidus.
CHUM. s. Contubernalis.
CHUMP, s. Brevior ligni truncus ; caudex, icis, m.,
Cic.
CHURCH. *. I. A body of Christians ; ecclesia. II.
A place of Christ
III. Sometimes
ian worship ; templum ; sacra aedes. _, wruijpiui , David OJUCB.
improperly used for The ecclesiastical
order, the clergy ; clerus ; ecclesiasticus ordo.
CHURCHWARDEN, s. Sacrorum custos ; aedium sacrarum
procurator.
CHURCHYARD, s. See CEMETERY.
CHURL, s. CHURLISH, a. I. Clownish ; rusticu ;
inurbanus ; rudis ; agrestis. II, Niggardly; sordidus;
illiberalis; parcus ; tenax.
CHURLISHLY, ad. i.e. Clownishly ; inurbane; rustice:
illepide.
CHURLISHNESS, s. i.e. Rudeness, clownishness ; rustici
mores, Cic. ; rusticitas, Plin. ; illepida, or inurbana,
agendi ratio.
CHURN, s. Vas in quo fit crebro jactatu butyrum.
To CHURN, v.a. Butyrum crebro jactatu conficere,
Plin.
CHYLE, s. Chylus, Herm.
CHYMIC or CHYMICAL. s. Chimicus.
CHYMIST. s. Chimiae peritus.
CHYMISTRY. s. Chimia, ae, f.
CICATRICE, s. Cicatrix, icis, Cic.
To CICATRIZE, v. a. Alicui cicatrices indere, Plaut.
CIDER, s. Expressus e malis liquor.
CIMETER. s. A Turkish sword; acinaces, is, m.;
gladius falcatus, Ov.
CINCTURE, s. Cingulus ; cingulum ; zona.
CINDER, s. Carbo.
CINNABAR, s. Cinnabaris, is, f., Plin. ; cinnabari, n.
indecl., Plin.
CINNAMON, s. Casia, ae, f,
CINNAMON-TREE, s. Laurus cinnamomum.
CINQUEFOIL. s. Quinquefolium ; pentaphyllum ; Plin.
CIPHEB. s. I. An arithmetical character; nota
arithmetica. II. An arithmetical mark, standing for
nothing ; arithmeticae Arabicae nota orbiculata A mere
cipher, i. e. a man of no consequence ; homo nullo numero,
Cic. III. An occult manner of writing ; nota
secretae.
To CIPHER, v.a. I. To practise in arithmetic;
notis arithmeticis supputare. II. To write in occult
characters ; secretis notis rem mandare.
CIRCLE, s. I. A round line; circulus; orbis; brbiculus
(In geometry) ; circulus To describe a circle
with compasses; circinum circumducere, Vitr. II.
An assembly; circulus; corona; Cic. III. Circuit,
compass ; ambitus, Cic. ; circuitus, us, Plin. ; (circuitio,
Vitr.).
To CIRCLE, v.a. i.e. To surround ; circumdare ; circumcludere;
circumstare; circumsistere.
To CIRCLE, v.n. i.e. To move in a circle; circular!,
Col. ; in orbem moveri.
CIRCUIT, s. I. Compass, circumference; ambitus,
us, Cic. ; circuitus, us, Plin. ; (circuitio, Vitr.) ; circumductus,
us, Quint. ; circumductio, Virg. II. Visitation
of a judge for holding assizes ; provinciae lustratio,
Cic To make the circuit ; provinciam obire,
Cic.
CIRCULAR, a. In circulum flexus ; (circulatus, Cels.) ;
circinatus, Plin. A circular movement ;. orbicus motus,
Varr A circular letter ; literae eodem exemplo,
in eamdem sententiam, ad plurimos scriptae.
CIRCULARLY, ad. In orbem.
To CIRCULATE, v.n. In orbem moveri; (circular!,
not used in this sense).
CIRCULATION. ^. Circulatio, Vitr.
CIRCUMAMBIENT, a. Qui circumfunditur ; circumfluus.
To CIRCUMCISE, v.a. Circumcidere.1
Circumcised;
circumcisus ; recutitus,
CIRCUMCISION, s. Circumcisio.
CIRCUMFERENCE, s. Circumductus, us ; circuitus, us ;
Quint. : circumductio, Virg. ; ambitus, us, Cic. ; (circuitio,
Vitr.). The circumference of a wheel; orbile,
is, n., Varr. ; rotae orbis, Plin. To be sixty feet in circumference
; sexaginta pedes orbe colligere, Plin.
CIRCUMFLEX (Accent), s. Accentus (us) flexus, or
circumflexus, Quint.
CIRCUMFLUENT or CIRCUMFLUOUS, a. Circumfluus ;
qui circumfluit ; qui circumfunditur.
ClitCUMFUSE
To CIRCUMFUSE. v.a. Circumfuadere.
CIRCUMJACENT. . Qui circumjacet ; circumjacens.
CIRCUMLOCUTION, s. Verborum circumscriptio, or
circuitus, us, Cic. ; verborum ambitus, us, Suet. What
need of circumlocution? quid opus est circuitione et
anfractu ? Cic.
CIRCUMNAVIGABLE. a. Qui circumnavigari potest.
To CIRCUMNAVIGATE, v. a. Circumnavigare ; totum
navigare.
To CIRCUMSCRIBE, v. a. Circurascribere.
CIRCUMSPECT, a. Consideratus ; cautus ; prudens.
Liberality ought to be circumspect ; habet multas cautiones
liberalitas, Cic. He is not circumspect ; est
parum cautus providensque, Cic. To be circumspect ;
circumspicere, Cic. ; cautum esse, &c.
CIRCUMSPECTION, s. Circumspectio ; consideratio ;
considerantia ; prudentia ; cautio With circumspection
; considerate ; prudenter. The affair demands
great circumspection ; in ea re magna cautione opus est ;
hie maxima cautio et diligentia adhibenda est.
CIRCUMSPECTLY, ad. Considerate ; prudenter.
CIRCUMSTANCE. *. I. Something relating to a fact ;
adjunctum ; quod rei adjunctum est ; Cic. ; circumstantia,
ae, f., Quint.; Cell. Cirmmstances rei adjuncta,
orum, n. pi. II. Incident; eventus, us;
eventum ; res ; casus ; Cic. III. CIRCUMSTANCES, pi.,
State of affairs ; status, us ; conditio ; ratio Under
existing circumstances; ut res se habet ; ut nunc quidem
est, Cic. In good circumstances, i.e. rich; dives ; pecuniosus
; bene nummatus ; amplissimae pecuniae dominus
; Cic.
CIRCUMSTANTIAL, a. I. Not essential; adveniens ;
assumptus ; Cic. II. Particular, in detail; accuratus;
singulis rei adjunctis expositis; rebus singulis, or
ex ordine, enarratis.
CIRCUMSTANTIALLY, ad. Singulatim ; sigillatim ; particulatim
; per partes. To relate circumstantially; res
singulas, or ex ordine, or singulatim, enarrare; rem
ordine prosequi, Ter. ; singula recensere, Veil. ; tenuissima
quaeque narrando prosequi ; singula rei adjuncta
exponere.
To CIRCUMVALLATE. v. a. Oppidum circumvallare,
Caes. ; arcem circumdare ; vallum arci fossamque cireumdare
; Cic. ; fossas urbi circumducere.
CIRCUMVALLATION. s. Circummunitio, Cres. ; valli et
fossae circumductio, Vitr.
To CIRCUMVENT, v. a. Circumvenire, Cic. ; alicui
imponere ; aliquem fallere, decipere, in captionem inducere
; dare, or facere, alicui fraudem.
CIRCUMVENTION, s. Fraus ; dolus malus ; fraudatio.
To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. a. Circumvolutare ; circumvolyere
; circumagere.
To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. n. Circumvolutari ; circumvolvi ;
circumagi ; or, se circumagere.
CIRCUMVOLUTION, s. Circumactus, us.
CIRCUS or CIRQUE, s. Circus. Of or belonging to the
circus; circensis.
CISTERN, s. Cisterna, ae, f., Col. Water from the
cistern ; aqua cisternina, Col.
CIT. s. Homo plebeius.
CITADEL, s. Arx, arcis, f.
CITATION, s. I. A calling before a judge ; in jus
vocatio. II. A quotation; loci e scriptore prolatio.
III. A passage quoted; scriptoris testimonium, or
locus.
To CITE. v. a. I. To summon before a judge ;
alicui diem dicere ; aliquem in jus vocare. II. To
quote ; auctorem citare, laudare, appellare, or afferre,
Cic. ; locum e scriptore adducere.
CITHERN, s. Cithara, ae, f.
CITIZEN, s. Civis, is, m. and f. My fellow citizen ;
civis.municeps, or popularis meus.
CITIZENLIKE. ad. Urbico ritu ; nee laute, nee sordide ;
civiliter, Cic.
CITIZENSHIP, s. Civitas ; civitatis jus. See Freedom
of a city, in CITY, II.
CITRON. 5. Malum citreum ; citreum ; malum medicum
; Plin.
CITRON-TREE, s. Citrus, i, f. ; malus medica.
CITY. s. I. A large town; urbs ; civitas, Caes.;
Quint. ; oppidum. A capital or chief city; urbs regni
caput ; urbium princeps. A large and Jme city ; urbs
amplissima atque ornatissima, Cic An ancient city ;
urt>3 vetustate inclyta, Curt. ; oppidum pervetus, Cic.
A city in a plain; urbs pianissimo loco explicata,
Cic. A city on a hill ; urbs edita, Sen A city on
the, side of a hill ; urbs applicata colli, Liv. A city
on a river; urbs flumini apposita, Tac. II. The
body of citizens ; civitas ; cives, ium, pi. The freedom
of a city ; civitas; civitatis jus To have the
freedom of a city ; civitatem habere. To obtain the
freedom of a city ; civitatem consequi To grant the
freedom of a city ; alicui civitatem largiri, or tribuere,
Cic., or communicare, Liv. ; aliquem civem, or in civitatem,
adsciscere; civitati, or in civitatem, adscribere;
ciritate donare, Cic. That has received the freedom of
a city ; civitate donatus. To deprive of the freedom of
53
CITY
a city ; allcui civitatem adimere, or eripefe ; aliquem
e civium numero segregare ; Cic. To lose the freedom
of a city; civitatem amittere, or perdere, Cic.; jure
civitatis excidere.
CITY. (Used as an adjective.) I. Of or belonging
to a large town; urbicus ; urbanus. II. Of or belonging
to a body of citizens ; civilis ; civieus.
CIVET, CIVET-CAT, s. Zibetta, x, f.
Civic, a. Civieus ; civilis.
CIVIL, a. I. Relating to citizens ; civilis ; civieus.
Civil society ; humana consociatio. Civil discord ;
pestis intestina ; malum intestinum ; Liv Civil war ;
civile bellum, Caes. I detest civil war ; acivilibus castris
abhorreo, Cic Civil law-, jus civile, Cic., or civicum,
Hor. An action in civil law ; causa in jure civili posita.
Civil death ; capitis diminutio ; civitatis ademptio.
II. Civilized, gentle, complaisant; urbanus; humanus
; officiosus ; Cic. ; comis, Ov. ; civilis, e, Suet.
He is extremely civil ; est omni urbanitate limatus ; summe in omnes officiosus est ; Cic. To do what is
civil towards any one ; aliquem officio prosequi Say
what is civil to him for me ; hunc a me velim salvere
jubeas, Ter. ; eum verbis mcis, or nomine meo, saluta,
Cic.
CIVILIAN, s. Jurisconsultus ; jurisperitus.
CIVILITY, s. i.e. Politeness, complaisance; humanitas
; urbanitas ; comitas ; Cic To treat one with
civility ; comem et urbanum esse erga aliquem, Cic. ;
esse singular! officio in aliquem. To be deficient in
civility ; ab humanitate deduci For my part, I always
received great civility from him; obtinemus semper
sununam illius in nos humanitatem.
To CIVILIZE, v. a. I. To reclaim from a barbarous
state; a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque
deducere, Cic. II. To make civil ; ad humanitatis
officia informare ;. ad omne officii munus
instruere.
CIVILLY, ad. I. Politely ; humaniter ; officiose ;
urbane ; Cic To salute civilly- ; perbenigne salutare.
II. In a manner relating to government ; civiliter.
CLACK, s. (Oi'amill); molare crepitaculum.
To CLACK, v. n. Ad crepitaculi molaris instar strepere.
CLAD. a. Vestitus, Cic. ; veste indutus, Virg. Well
or ill clad ; vestitus bene, or male, Cic. Elegantly
clad ; laute vestitus, Plaut Clad in purple ; purpuratus,
Cic.
To CLAIM, v. a. Rem petere, poscere, postulare ; rem
ut suam sibi vindicare, or repetere.
CLAIM, s. Petitio; postulatio; postulatum. To lay
claim to a thing ; rem- jure suam esse contendere, Cic.
CLAIMANT, s. Qui petit, &c. ; petitor.
CLAIR-OBSCURE. s. Lumen et umbras ordinandi scientia.
CLAMBER, v. a. In locum adrepere,. reptando ascendere.
CLAMBERING, s. Reptatus, us.
CLAMMINESS, s. Lentor ; lentitia ; glutinosus humor.
CLAMMY, a. Lentus, Plin.; glutinosus; viscosus :
Col.
CLAMOROUS, a. Strepens ;. tumultuosus.
CLAMOUR, s. Clamor, oris, m. ; clamitatio ; inconditus
fremitus ; strepitus, us.
To CLAMOUR, v. n. Clamare ; clamores edere, or
tollere ; clamitare ; Cic.
CLAN. s. Tribus, us, f. Clansman ; tribulis.
CLANDESTINE, a. Clandestinus, Cic.
CLANDESTINELY, ad. Clam ; occulte ; Cic. ; clandestine,
Plaut. ; clanculum, Ter.
CLANG, s. (Tubarum) sonus, or sonitus, Cic., clanr
gor, Virg., fremitus, Sen. The clang of arms ; armorum
fremitus, Cic., crepitus, Plin.
CLANK., s. Tinnitus, us.
To CLANK, v. n. Tinnire.
To CLAP. v. a- I. To strike together with a quick
motion ; concutere To clap hands ; complodere manus>
Quint. : (in token of applause) ; plausum dare, or manibus
alicui plaudere, Cic To clap the wings ; alis
plaudere, Virg. ; alas concutere, Claud., verberare, Plaut.,
quatere, Virg., plausu premere, Cic. II. To applaud;
alicui plaudere, applaudere, plausum dare, or impertire ;
aliquem plausu prosequi ; Cic. III. To put or join to;
rem alieui, or ad aliam, applicare, apponere, or admovere,
Cic To clap spurs to one's horse ; calcaria equo admovere,
subdere, or adhibere, Cic. ; concitare equum
calcaribus, Liv.
CLAP. s. Strepitus ; fremitus ; crepitus, us A clap
ofthunder ; ingens, or ingenti fragore, tonitru. A clap
of the hands ; complosae manus : (in token of applause) ;
plausus, applausus.
CLAPPER, s. I. One who claps his hands for applause
; plausor ; applausor. II. That which makes a
noise The clapper of a mill ; molare crepitaculum
The clapper of a, bell ; ferrea clava. HI. A clapper
(of rabbits) ; leporum latibulum.
CLARET, s. Vinum rubellum, Mart. ; vinum helvum, .
or helvolum, Col.
CLARIFICATION s. Liquoris defeecandi ratio.
E 3
CLARIFY CLEAR
To CLARIFY, v. a. Defrecare, Col. ; (liquorem diluere,
Front.) To clarify wine; vinura liquare, Hor., eli
quare, Col.
CLARINET, s. Soni acutioris major tibia.
CLARION, s. Lituus, Hor. ; acutioris soni tibia.
To CLASH. v. n. Inter se collidi ; confligere.
CLASH, s. Collisus, Plin. ; (collisio, Justin.) ; con
flictus, us, Cic. ; conflictio, Quint.
CLASP. *. I. A hook to hold any thing close ; fibula,
Ov. ; uncinus, Vitr. That has a clasp; flbulatus, Col. ;
hamatusetuncinatus, Cic. II. Anembrace ; amplexus,
us ; complexus, us ; Cic.
To CLASP, v. a. I. To shut with a clasp ; fibulare
(vestem). II. To embrace ; amplecti ; complecti, Cic.
CLASPER. s. (Of a plant) ; clavicula, Cic. ; capreolus,
Varr. ; pi. cirrhi, orum, Plin.
CLASS, s. Classis ; ordo.
To CLASS, v. a. In classes distribuere, Quint.
CLASSICAL, a. ( Writer) ; scriptor classicus, Cell.
To CLATTER, v. n. I. To make a noise; crepare;
strepere ; acute sonare. II. To talk rapidly and idly ;
inepte garrire ; efftitire.
CLATTER, s. Strepitus ; crepitus.
CLAUSE, s. Caput; clausula.
CLAW. s. Unguis, Cic. ; falcula, Plin. ; falcatus unguis.
The claws of a crab ; denticulati cancri forcipes,
Plin.
To CLAW. v. a, Ungue (unguibus) perstringere, or
leviter perstringere ; ungue (unguibus) sauciare, lacerare.
N. B. It is sometimes used in a low sense, for To
flatter ; see To FLATTER.
CLAY. s. I. Potter's earth ; argilla ; terra, or creta,
figularis Of clay ; argillaceus, Plin. Made of clay
(by the potter); flctilis, Cic.; flglinus, Plin. II. (In
poetry); Earth in general, ; terra Of clay ; terrenus.
To CLAY. v. a. Argillam solo inducere.
CLAYEY, CLAYISH. a. I. Full of clay ; argillosus,
Col. II. Like, or consisting of, clay ; argillaceus, Plin.
CLEAN, a. I. Free from dirt ; mundus ; nitidus ;
purus ; mundatus ; purgatus Clean water ; aqua pura.
A clean shirt ; subucula munda Clean paper ; charta
pura. II. Freefrom moral impurity ; mundus ; purus ;
integer. / have a clean conscience ; nullius ego mihi
culpap sum conscius, Cic. To have clean hands ; manus
ab alieno abstinere, Cic That has clean hands ; alieni
abstinentissimus, Plin. III. Neat, elegant ; concinnus;
comptus i lautus ; elegans.
CLEAN, ad. i.e. Quite, perfectly ; plane; omnino ; penitus
; in totum ^ ex toto.
To CLEAN, v.a. Purgare; expurgare ; mundare ;
detergere; purificare, Plin.; Goll To clean wheat;
frumentum expurgare, Col. To clean a garment ; vestem
desquamare, Plin To clean the teeth; denies purgare,
Cic., circumpurgare, Cels., lavare, Catull., colluere,
Plin.
CLEANLY, ad. Munditer ; nitide ; Plaut. ; munde,
Sen.
CLEANLINESS. *. Munditia, Cic. ; mundities, Catull.
CLEANLY, a. Mundus.
CLEANNESS, s. Munditia; mundities.
To CLEANSE, v. a. Purgare ; expurgare ; mundare ;
detergere ; purificare, Plin. ; Cell. To cleanse a vessel;
vas eluere To cleanse a water-course ; fossam tergere,
Col., luto expedire, Caes. To cleanse the blood; sanguinem
purgare.
CLEANSER, s. Qui purgat, &c. (Mundator, purgator,
are found only in very late writers.)
CLEAR, a. I. .Bright; clarus; lucidus ; purus;
splendidus. To grow clear; nitescere. II. Transparent
; perlucidus ; pellucidus ; perlucens ; Cic
Clear water ; aqua limpida, Col. A clear spring ;
fons illimis, Ov. III. Serene; serenus; lucidus ; purus.
A clear sky ; ccelum serenum ; purum, sc. ccelum,
Hor. A clear night; nox lucida, Plaut. ; nox sideribus
illustris, Tac. IV. Perspicuous; planus ; perspicuus.
A clear statement ; perspicua et dilucida narratio.
V. Evident ; manifest ; clarus ; manifestus ; perspicuus ;
evidens; Cic It is clear ; constat; liquet: perspicuum
est ; Cic. Nothing is more clear; nihil explicatius,
Cic. His right, or title, is clear ; ejus causa in controversiam
vocari npn potest, Cic. TO make a matter
clear rem perspicuam facere, Cic. VI. Irreproachable;
omni reprehensione carens ; probatissimus ; Cic. ;
labe carens, Ov. ; integer; castus. VII. Free from
imputed guilt ; a culpa remotus ; innocens; Cic.; sceleris
innocens, Tac. ; sceleris, or scelere, insons, Liv. ; purus,
Hor. To be clear from a fault ; culpa carere, or
vacare ; extra culpam esse ; abesse a culpa ; Cic / have
a clear conscience ; nullius. ego mihi culpae sum conscius,
Cic. VIII. Sonorous ; clarus ; canorus ; liquidus ;
lirapidus. A clear voice ; vox liquida, Cic., or limpida,
Plin That makes the voice clear ; id vocis splendorem
affert, Plin. IX. Thin ; rarus. X. Open and unencumbered;
(campus) purus. XI. Without danger; tutus.
To keep clear of (any thing hurtful) ; vitare ; devitare
; declinare a re; rem fu'gere ; or, a re effugere, Cic.
XIL Without deduction ; purus : quid possit ad dominos
purl ac reliqui pervenire, i.e. clear gain, Cic. XIII.
Not confused A clear head ; accuratum et rectum ingenium,
Cic.
To CLEAR, v.a. I. To make bright, transparent,
serene, %c. ; clarum, purum, serenum, &c., reddere.
II. Tofree from obscurity ; rei lucem aflerre, or lumen
adhibere ; rem dilucidare, enodare, enucleare, explicare.
To clear a difficulty ; nodum explicare ; locum difficilem
explicare, or ex planare, Cic. To clear a doubt j
dubia aperire, Cic. ; dubitationem tollere, or eximere,
Quint. III. To discharge ; liquidare ; expedire To
clear one's^ debts ; aes alienum solvere, exsolvere, dissolvere
; nomina dissolvere ; liberare, or levare, se aere alieno;
Cic. ; eere alieno, or a crcditoribus, se liberare, Sen.
To clear at the custom-house ; portorium de mercimoniis
dare, ;Cic. IV. To remove any incumbrance ; impedimentum
amoliri, or amovere ; expedire ; purgare
To clear the roads; vias expedire, Cic To clear the
seafrom pirates; maritimos prsedones consectando mare
tutum reddere, Cic. ; mare praedonibus obnoxium vindicare
a piraticis classibus, Curt To clear a trench ;
fossam tergere, Col. ; luto expedire, Caes To clear the
table ; mensas auferre, Plaut., removere, Virg. ; mensam
tollere, Cic. The table is cleared; convivium sublatum
est, Plaut. V. To clarify ; liquare ; eliquare ; diluere
; defaecare To clear (a metal) ; purgare ; e faece
sua separare To clear the air, or sky ; ccelum repurgare,
Ov. ; aera purgare discussis nubibus, Sil. ItaJ
To clear the voice ; vocem claram reddere ; voci splendorem
afferre, Plin. VI. To gain ; lucrari ; lucrffacere ;
lucrum, or quaestum, facere; Ck. VII. To justify ;
aliquem crimine, or de crimine, absolvere ; a scelere liberare
; Cic. To clear of theft; absolvere furti, de furto,
furti crimine, Cic To clear of collusion; absolvere de
praevaricatione, Cic Cleared, i.e. justified, absolved;
absolutus ; scelere liberatus ; crimine solutus ; criminis,
crimine, absolutus ; Cic To clear one's self; culpam a
se amoliri, Plaut., amovere, Liv. ; crimen diluere, purgare,
dissolvere, Cic. VIII. To clear up, i. e. to
make clear ; (rem) dilucidare, Cic.
To CLEAR UP. v. n. (Of the weather) ; clarescere ; disserenare
When it had quite cleared up ; cum undique
disserenasset, Liv.
CLEARANCE, s. i.e. Certificate, discharge; solutae rei
cautio, Cic. ; (inscriptum, Lucil. ; apocha, ae, f., Ulp. ;
acceptilatio, Ulp.).
CLEARLY, ad. I. Brightly ; clare ; lucide ; splendide.
II. Evidently, manifestly ; manifesto; or, manifesto
; perspicue ; evidenter ; Cic One sees clearly ;
patet, or perspicuum est, omnibus. III. Intelligibly;
plane et aperte To speak clearly ; verbis dilucidis uti,
Cic. IV. Plainly ; clare. To see clearly ; clare oculis
videre, Plaut To see clearly into a matter ; rem
percallere, Cic. A matter in which one cannot see his
way clearly ; causa obscuritate involute, Cic To discern
clearly the faults of others ; in alienis vitiis acutum
cernere, Hor. V. Honestly, without reserve or subterfuge
; candide ; non dissimulanter ; palam et aperte.
CLEARNESS, s. 1. Brightness, splendour; claritas ;
lumen ; splendor ; nitor Clearness of the air or sky ;
serenitas, Cic. ; diei apricitas, or hilaritas, Col. II.
Transparence ; perspicuitas, Plin. ; perluciditas, Vitr. :
(of a liquid) ; Ifmpitudo, Plin Clearness of water ; aquae
pellucida raritas, Vitr. III. Distinctness ; (of the
voice) ; claritas vocis, Cic. : (of the vision) ; claritas visus,
or oculorum, Plin. : (of the understanding) ; perspicuitas ;
perspicacitas ; perspicacia ; perspicientia ; Cic. IV.
Evidence ; evidentia ; perspicuitas, Cic With clearness
; evidenter, Liv. ; clare j perspicue ; manifesto ;
manifesto; Cic.
CLEAR-SIGHTED, a. Perspicax ; rerum, or in rebus,
intelligens. To be clear-sighted with regard to one's
own interests ; suam rem sapere, Plaut. ; plurimum in re
sua videre, Phaedr.
CLEAR-SIGHTEDNESS, s. Perspicientia; perspicacitas;
Cic.
To CLEARSTARCH, v. a. Linteum amylo imbuere,
Cato,
CLEARSTARCHER. s. Qui (quae) linteum amylo imbuit.
CLEARSTARCHING, s. Lintei amylo imbuendi cura.
To CLEAVE, v. n. i. e. To adhere, stick fast to ; (to a
thing) ; rei, ad rem, or in re, inhaerere, adhaerere : (to a
person) ; alicui se adjungere, or astringere ; se ad alicujus
amicitiam applicare ; alicui se dedere, or addicere ; alicujus
fortunarn sequi His soul cleaves unto her ; mulieri
animum adjungit, Ter. : (to a study or pursuit) ; rei
studere, studium dare, or se addicere ; ad rem animum
appellere, Cic.
To CLEAVE, v. a. i. e. To divide with violence ; findere ;
diffindere ; secare. To cleave the head ; caput ferro aperire,
Juv To cleave rocks ; silices rumpere To cleave
the air; ae'rem perrumpere, Cic.: (in flying); pennis
aethera secare, Virg. To cleave the flood; undas, or
suora, secare, Virg.
CLEAVER. *. I. One who cleaves ; qui findit, &c. ;
lector. II. A butcher's chopping-knife ; securicula,
Plin. ; grandior culter.
CLEAVING-STONE CLOD
CLEAVING-STONE, s. Schistus, Plin.
CLEF. s. (In music) ; notarum musicarum index.
CLEFT. *. Rima; fissum ; fissura A little cleft;
rimula.
CLEFT or CLOVEN, a. Fissus ; diffissus. Cleft or
cloven in two; in duas partes diVisus, Cic. ; hifidus,
Virg. ; bifidatus, Plin. ; bisulcus, Plin. ; Ov. (In three) ;
trifidus, Ov (Infour) ; quadrifidus, Virg. (In many
parts) i multifidus, Plin.
CLEMENCY, s. dementia, Cic With clemency;
cleanenter ; leniter ; Cic.
CLEMENT, a. Clemens, Cic.
CLERGY. $. Clerus ; clericus ordo.
CLERGYMAN, s. Clericus, i, m.
CLERICAL, a.' Ecclesiasticus ; clericus.
CLERK, s. I. A clergyman; clericus, i, m. II.
A scholar ; rfoctus ; eruditus ; literatus. A great clerk;
^erdoctus ; pereruditus ; doctissimus ; eruditissimus ;
omni doctrina ornatissimus ; artibus et doctrinis instructissimus;
Cic. III. A man employed as a writer;
scriba, ae, m. ; librarius ; Cic. ; amanuensis, Suet. ; a manu,
ab epistolis (sc. servus).
CLERKSHIP, a. i. e. The office of a writer ; scribal
munus ; scriptus, fts, Liv. ; (scribatus, us, Cod. Just.)
To be a clerk ; scriptum facere, Liv.
CLEVER, a. Solers ; solers subtilisque, Cic.; callidus ;
dexter Clever in business ; rerum gerendarum peritus,
Cic.; rerum callidus, Hor. Clever in any particular
matter ; rei habilis ; ad rem, or rei, aptus ; ad rem idoneus,
Cic. He is a clever man in his profession or business
; vir est in arte sua ; rem percallet.
CLEVERLY, ad. Solerter ; dextere ; callide.
CLEVERNESS, s. Solertia ; dexteritas ;. calliditas, Cic.
CLEW or CLUE. s. I. A ball of silk, S;c.; glomus, i.
m., Hor. ; glomus, eris, n., Plin. ; (bombyx) in orbes
g^lomerata. II. Guide ; dux ; quod viam praemonstrat.
CLIENT, s. I. One who has put himself under the protection
of another ; cliens ; qui se in potentioris fidem ac
clientelam se contulit, Cic A female client; clienta, ae,
f., Plaut. ; Hor. II. One who has applied to an advocate
for counsel and defence ; qui causam patrono commisit.
CLIENTSHIP. s. Clientela.
CLIFF. *. I. A steep rock ; rupes praerupta ; scopulus.
A cliffy shore ; prominens et abruptum litus.
II. (In music); see CLEF.
CLIMACTERIC or CLIMACTERICAL. a. Climactericus,
Plin. Ep A climactcrical year ; climacter, eris, m.,
Plin.; annus climactericus.
CLIMATE or CLIME, s. I. A region; regio ; tractus,
us ; ora ; Cic. ; plaga, ae, f., Plin. ; (clima, atis, is
used only by very late writers.). II. Temperature;
ccelum.
CLIMAX. *. Gradatio, Cic.
To CLIMB or CLIMB UP. v. n. (In arbprem, montem,
&c.) ascendere ; reptando ascendere; in altitudinem
assurgere. To climb up to the top of a mountain; in
verticem montis eniti.
To CLINCH or CLENCH, v. a. I. To hold in the
hand with the fingers bent over it ; manu corripere To
clinch the fist; colaphum, or pugnum, facere ; manum
comprimere ; Cic. II. To bend the point of a nail on
the other side; clavi cuspidem retundere, Cic. III.
To confirm, fix ; firmare ; confirmare ; stabilire ; roborare
; Cic.
CLINCH, s. i. e. A pun, an ambiguity ; verbum ambiguum
; ambiguitas ; ex ambiguo dictum ; Cic. ; vox duplicem
habens intellectum, Quint.
CLINCHER, s. i. e. A holdfast; ferrea fibula, Caes. ;
ferrea ansa, Vitr.
To CLING, v. n. Rei, ad rem, or in re, adhaerere, inhserere.
See To CLEAVE.
CLINGY, a. Glutinosus ; sequax.
CLINIC or CLINICAL, a. Clinicus Clinical science;
clmice, es, f.
To CLINK, v. n. Tinnire.
CLINK, s. Tinnimentum, Plaut. ; tinnitus, us, Virg.
To CLIP. v. a. I. To hug, embrace; implicare in
complexum, Catull. ; ambire complexibus, Ov. II.
To shear; tondere ; detondere ; tonsitare. III. To
cut off"; caedere ; praecidere ; abscindere ; resecare ; desecare
; recidere. IV. To shorten, diminish; decurtare
; curtare.
CUPPINGS, s. pi. Segmina, pi. ; recisamenta, pi.
CLOAK. See CLOKE.
CLOCK, s. I. A timepiece. ; horologium ; horologium
rods instructum. The clock has stopped ; horologium
silet. The clock goes well; horologium habet justum
motum, or bene movetur To wind up a clock ; horologium
intendere A clock case; theca horologii
what o'clock is it ? hora quota est ? It is one o'clock ;
hora prima est. It is past three o'clock; tertia hora
aiulitaest. It is near six o'clock; sexta adest hora
It is six o'clock ; sexta est hora. II. (Of a stocking) ;
cuneus, i, m.
CLOCKMAKER. s. Horologiorum opifex, or fabricator.
CLOCKMAKINO. *. Ars horologica ; ars efficiendi horologia.
55
CLOCKWORK, s. Opus horologicum ; automaton.
CLOD. s. I. A lump of earth ; gleba, ae, f. A little
clod ; glebula Full of clods ; glebosus To break the
clods; glebas frangere. II. A stupid fellow ; bardus,
Plaut. ; truncus, plumbeus, homo, Cic.,
CLODDY, a. Glebosus.
CLODPATE or CLODPOLL. s. See CLOD. II.
To CLOG. v. a. Impedire ; alicui in re impediraento
esse ; rei impedimentum inferre ; Cic. ; fatigare, Ov.
CLOG. s. I. A shackle for the feet ; compes, edis,
m. To put clogs on a horse's feet; equo compedes impingere,
Plaut. II. A hinderance ; impedimentum ;
frenum. III. A kind of half shoe ; .ligneus calceus ;
solea lignea.
CLOISTER, s. I. A monastery, a nunnery ; clanstrum
; mpnasterium, Sidon. ; ccenobium. II. A peristyle,
piazza ; peristylium.
To CLOISTER, v. a. In monasterium impingere.
CLOISTERAL. a. Monasticus ; ccenobiticus.
CLOKE or CLOAK. 5. I. An outer garment; pallium
; penula ; lacerna A military or travelling cloak;
sagum A little cloak ; palliolum A thort cloak; pallium
breve. A long cloakj pallium talare. Wearing
a cloak; palliatus ; paenulatus ; sagatus. II. Fig. Pretext;
species; invplucrum ; velamentum ; larva The
cloke of religion; pietatis larva, or simulatio.
To CLOKE. v. a. i. e. To hide, conceal ; tegere ; occultare
; dissimulare aliquid.
CLOKE-BAG or CLOAK-BAG, s. Hippopera, ae, f., Sen.
To CLOSE, v. a. I. To shut; claudere ; occludere.
To close a wound; cicatricem vulneri inducere, Cels. ;
perducere vulnus ad cicatricem, Plin. To close the eyes
(of one dead) ; oculos claudere, or premere, Virg., or
inclinare, Propert. ; see To SHUT. II. To conclude,
finish ; concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei
finem facere, or imponere ; Cic. To close a business or
matter ; negotium conficere, Cic. ; rem concludere, Ter.
To close a letter ; epistolam concludere, Cic To
close a discourse,; institutae orationis exitum expedire,
Cic. To close an account ; rationem conficere. III.
To close up (the avenues to a place) ; omnem aditum
ad locum obstruere, Cic. IV. To close in ; see To INCLOSE.
To CLOSE, v. n. I. To coalesce; coalescere ; conglutinari.
II. To close with, I. To grapple with an
enemy ; venire ad arma, or ad manus. 2. To come to an
agreement; cum aliquo transigere, pacisci, or pactionem
facere; Cic.
CLOSE, s. I. A place inclosed; septum ; clausum ;
sepimentum ; claustrum. II. A conclusion, end; finis ;
extremum ; extrema pars The close vf a business or
affair ; negotii_confectio ; rei exitus, its, Cic. The close
of a discourse'; conclusio ; peroratio ; clausula ; Cic
The close ofa play ; fabulaa peractio, Cic At or towards
the close of a year ; anno extremo or exeunte, Cic. ; anni
extremo, Tac At the close of summer ; affecta jam
aestate, Cic. At the close of the campaign, aestivis confectis,
Cic At the close of the third book; in extremo
tertio libro, Cic At the close of the letter; in extrema
parte epistolae, Cic Near its close ; paene confectus.
CLOSE, a. I. Shut fast; clausus. II. Confined;
rei, re, in rem, or in re, inclusus. To keep one close ;
aliquem interclusum tenere Close, i. e. under lock and
key ; clave servatus, Hor A close prisoner ; carcere
arete inclusus. III. Solid ; densus ; spissus ; confertus.
A close battalion ; confertum agmen. Close ranks ;
densati ordines. IV. Concise; pressus ; adstrictus
To have a close style ; presse, or strictim, dicere, Cic.
V. Contiguous, near; rei, or cum re, continens;
prope Close to any one; prope aliquem, or ab aliquo.
Close to Rome; prope urbem Romam. To fight' in
close combat; cominus pugnare. To come to a close
engagement ; ad manum, or ad manus, venire, Cic., or
accedere, Nep. ; in manus venire, Sail. VI. Narrow ;
arctus ; angustus. Close alleys or walks; viarum angustiae
A close coat; astrictius eagum. VII. Intimate
; conjunctus To live on terms of the closestfriendship
with one ; cum aliquo conjunctissime vivere, Cic
He was united to him by the closest lies offriendship ; illi
arctissimis amicitiae vinculis conjunctus est, Cic.
VIII. Reserved; sui obtegens, Tac.; tectus ; homo recondita
natura ; Cic. IX. Attentive; attentus ; intenttfs
; deditus To give close attention to study ; toto
animo literis se dedere ; literis assidue uti ; toto pectore,
or tota mente omnique an'ini impetu, in studium incumbere
; Cic To give close attention to any matter; rei
attentum se praebere ; ad rem aniTnum intendere, or
mentem admovere Close study; animi applicatio, or
coutentio, Cic. X. Dark (applied tothe weather); tectus
; opacus ; opertus. XI. Parsimonious ; ad hirgiendum
restrictior ; tenax , Cic. ; parcus et tenax, Ter.
CLOSE-FISTED or CLOSE-HANDED, a. See CLOSE, a. XI.
CLOSELY, ad. I. Nearly ; prope ; de proximo To
follow one closely; vestigiis alicujus instare, premere
To look into any thin% closely ; rem prope intueri; rem
attentius inspicere, Cic.
occulto; secreto.
Secretly ; clam ; latenter ^
CLOSENESS
CLOSENESS, s, I. Nearness; vicinia ; vicinitas ; propinqiritas
; proximitas. II. Secrecy, reserve; taciturnitas,
Ter. III. Parsimony; niraia parsimonia, Ter. :
tenacitas, Liv.
CLOSES-TOOL, s. Sella familiaris, or familiarica.
CLOSET, s. Conclave, is, n., Ter. ; secretius cubiculum,
Suet To retire into one's closet; in conclave se
committere, Cic.
CLOT. s. Globus, i, m.
~
To CLOT, v . Abire in globes ; globari parvis orbibus
; Plin.
CLOTH, s, I. Any thing woven for dress or covering;
textile, is, n., Liv. ; pannus, Hor. ; tela cannabina,
or linea Cotton-cloth ; tela e filo xylino texta Cloth
of gold ; tela aurea. Cloth of silver ; tela argentea, or
ex argento textili Fine cloth; tenuissimum linum ;
tela e lino tenuissimo, Cic. Coarse cloth; pannus
crassus et vilis Cerecloth ; tela incerata To make
cloth ; telam texere, Ter. ; villos ovium contexere, Cic.
The manufacture of cloth ; pannorum laneorum textura,
Cic. II. A piece of linen spread upon the table;
linteum quo mensa insternitur To lay the cloth ; mensam
linteo insternere To remove the cloth; mensam
linteo nudare. III. Covering of a bed; stragulum;
stragula vestis, Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, icis, f.,
Juv. ; lodicula, ae, f., Suet. ; pi. lintea, orum, n., Mart.
To CLOTHE, v. a. I. To invest with garments ; alicui
vestem, or aliquem veste, inducere, Ter. ; vestire, Plaut.
Clothed; vestitus ; indutus Clothed in purple; purpuratus.
Clothed in black ; atratus. II. To provide
with clothes; alicui vestem prsebere, Cic. III. To invest
(as with clothes) ; induere; vestire ; contegere ; convestire
{ rem re inducere.
CLOTHES, s. pi. Vestis ; vestitus, us ; vestimentum ;
Cic Men's clothes women's clothes; vestitus, or habitus,
virilis, muliebris Old clothes ; vestis obsoleta
Mourning clothes ; vestis lugubris, Ter. ; lugubre vestimentum,
Cic. ; lugubria, ium, n. pi., Sen. To put on
one's clothes; induere sibi vestem, Plaut. ; induere vestem,
or se veste, Ter. ; vestem sumere, Cic To take, off
one's clothes; vestes ponere, deponere, or exuere To take
off the clothes of another person; alicui vestem, or vestimenta,
detrahere ; vestes, or aliquem vestibus, exuere
To 'change one's clothes ; vestem mutare, Ter A master
is bound to provide his slave with clothes ; dominus servo
debet vestiarium, Sen. Bed-clothes; see CLOTH, III.
CLOTHIER, s. Panni opifex. The work or trade of a
clothier ; pannorum laneorum textura, Cic.
CLOTHING, s. See CLOTHES.
CLOTTED, or CLOTTY, a. Coagulatus. (Grumosus is
not Latin.)
CLOUD, s. I. A collection of vapours in the air;
nubes, is, f. ; nubilum ; also, nebula, which means properly,
A vapour or mist, is used by the poets in the sense
of A cloud.] A little cloudf nubecula. A cloud, fig.,'i. e.
any thing which hinders the view ; nubes ; nubecula ;
caligo A cloud of sorrow; nubes; nubecula; tristitia.
A cloud of dust; nubes pulveris A cloud (of birds
flying, S(C.) ; magna vis. A cloud of witnesses ; caterva
testium A !>ky without clouds; innubilis aether, Lucr.;
aer sine nubibus, Ov To scatter the clouds ; nubila
detergere, Hor. A cloud without rain; aridior, or vacua,
nubes, Lucr.; Sen. To extol to the clouds ; summis
laudibus efferre, Cic. ; ad ccelum tollere, Hor To lose
one's self in the clouds; nubes et inania captare, Hor.
II. A dark spot on precious stones, $c.; nubes;
nubecula; Plin.
To CLOUD, v. a. I. To darken or cover with clouds ;
nubilum inducere ; nubila conducere, inducere, obducere
; ccelum obducere nubibus ; nubilare, Varr. (Nubilare,
in this sense, is found only in Paulin. Nol., Carm.
x. 37. ; obnubilare occurs only in late writers.) II.
Fig. To obscure ; rem obscurare ; rei caliginem inducere,
noctem, or tenebras, offundere, or obducere ; Cic.
CLOUD-CAPT. a. Nubifer, Ov.
CLOUDINESS. 5. I. Cloudy or overcast weather; nubilum,
i, n. ; ccelum nebulosum, or caliginosum, Cic.
II. Obscurity; obscuritas; tenebra? ; caligo.
CLOUDLESS, a. Innubilis ; innubis ; sine nubibus
A cloudless sky; sudum ; ccelum purum, or serenum,
Cic. ; innubilis aether, Lucr. ; aer sine nubibus, Ov.
CLOUDY, a. I. Covered with clouds; nubilus ; nubilans
; subnubilus ; caliginosus ; nubibus obductus
Cloudy weather ; nubilum ccelum nebulosum, or caliginosum,
'Cic. In cloudy weather; nubilo. The sky is
cloudy; aer nubilat, Varr. Cloudy mornings turn to
fair evenings ; non si male nunc, et olim sic erit, Hor.
II. Dark, obscure ; obscurus ; tenebrosus, tenebricosus
Somewhat cloudy; subobscurus, Cic A
cloudy colour; nubilus, or surdus, color, Plin. III.
Gloomy; nubilus ; tristis.
CLOVE, s. I. A spice; caryophyllum, Plin. II.,
One of the parts into which garlick separates; Mllii stica,
Col. ; allii nucleus, Plin.
CLOVEN, a. See CLEFT.
CLOVEN-FOOTED or CLOVEN-HOOFED, a. Bisulcus.
CLOVER, s. Trifolium To live in clover; rerum
66
CLOUT
omnium abundantia vivere, Cic That lives in clover;
cui abunde adsunt omnia, Cic.
CLOUT. , I. A cloth for any mean purpose; peniculus;
peniculum; penicillum ; paunus. II. ClouU
(swaddling clothes) ; fasciae, arum, pi. III. An iron
plate to keep an axle-treefrom wearing ; ferrea lamina.
To CLOUT, v.a. Vestes reccncinnare, or interpolate ;
laceram vestem panniculis assutis resarcire, Cic.
CLOWN, s. I. A rustic; rusticus ; agrestis ; rusticanus
homo ; Cic. M. A coarse, ill-bred man; homo
rusticus, agrestis, inurbanus. III. An actor in farce*
and pantomimes ; alapista.
CLOWNISH, a. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inhumanus ; inurbanus
< illepidus Somewhat clownish; rusticulus ;
gubrusticus ; subagrestis, Cic.
CLOWNISHNESS. s. Rusticitas ; rustici mores ; Ulepida,
or inurbana, agendi ratio.
To CLOY. . a. Aliquem re saturare, or explere, in
re satiare, rei satietate afficere ; rei satietatem alicui
afferre; Cic.
CLUB. s. I. A heavy stick ; clava, ae, f. ; fustis, is, m One that carries a club; claviger, eri, m., Ov. ;
clayator, Plaut. II. An assembly of companions ; sodalitium
; sodales, um, pi. ; sodalitas A literary club ;
doctorum consessus, us He does not belong to our
club ; Insodalibus nostris non est, Plaut. III. Share
of a reckoning; symbola, ae, f., Ter.; collecta, ae, f.,
Cic To pay one's club ; collectam dare, Ter To
collect the club; collectam a singulis exigere, Cic
That pays his club; symbolae collator, Plaut Thai
does not pay his club ; asymbolus, Ter.
To X^LUB. v. n. Pecunias in commune conferre, Cic.
CLUB-FOOT, s. Pes in obtusum contractus Clnbfooted;
pravis talis male fultus, Hor.
To CLUCK (as a hen), v. n. Glocire, Cic.; (glocitare,
Fest.).
CLUCKING, s. Nutricis gallinse singultus, us, Col.
CLUE. s. See CLEW.
CLUMP. *. I. A shapeless mass; rudis massa ;
moles, is, f. II. A cluster (of trees) ; silvula.
CLUMSILY, ad. Rustice; incondite; ineleganter, Cic.;
illepide. Plin. ; Invenuste, Cell. ; inepte ; parum dextre.
CLUMSINESS, s. Solertiae parum ; non magna solertia.
CLUMSY, o. Dexteritatis expers ; rei parum habilis.
A clumsy air or gait ; incompositus corporis habitus,
us.
CLUSTER, s. Acervus ; coacervatio ; congeries ; strues ;
copia ; vis. A cluster of grapes, ivy-berries, $c. ; racemus.
In clusters ; cumulatim ; acervatim.
To CLUSTER, v. a. Coacervare ; accumulare ; Cic. ;
acervare, Plin.
To CLUTCH, v.a. I. To grasp ; manu corripere.
II. To double the hand; manum comprimere ; pugnum,
or colaphum, facere.
CLUTCH, s. i.e. Grasp, seizure; captura; captus,
us. Clutches, pl., manus, pi.; ungues, pi To save
from one's clutches ; rem e manibus extorquere, Cic.
CLUTTER, s. Tumultus, us ; turba.
To CLUTTER, v. n. Tumultuari ; turbas facere ; Cic.
CLYSTER, s. Clyster, eris, m., Plin To use a
clyster; uti alvi ductione, Cels. To administer a
clyster ; alvum clystere ducere.
To COACERVATE. v. a. Coacervare ; accumulare ;
congerere ; Cic.; acervare, Plin.
COACERVATION. s. Coacervatio ; accumulatio ; Cic.
COACH, s. Currus, us; rheda; Cic. ; carruca, Mart.;
pilentum, Virg A coach and pair; bigae, arum, pi.,
Virg. ; rheda juncta duobus equis, Cic A coach and
four , rheda juncta quatuor equis ; quadriga, Col
Coach-horses ; equi rhedarii The body of a coach ;
rhedse capsus, Vitr. To put the horses into a coach ;
equos rhedae jungere To drive a coach s aurigare,
Suet. ; aurigari, Varr To ride m a coach; curru vehi.
A hackney-coach; rheda conductitia. A livery or
flass
coach ; rheda meritoria. A stage-coach ; conuctitia
rheda citatior.
COACHFUL. s. Qui simul rheda sedent, or vehuntur.
COACH-HOUSE, s. Rhedae receptaculum.
COACHMAKER. s. Rhedarum opifex.
COACHMAN, s. Hhedarius, Cic. ; auriga, 32, m., Ov. ;
aurigarius, Suet.
COACTION. s. Coactus, us, Cic.
COACTIVE. a. Qui cogendi jus habet.
COADJUTOR, s. Adjutor ; fern, adjutrix ; Cic.
To COAGULATE, v. a. Coagulare To coagulate
milk; lac induritiem cogere, Plin.
To COAGULATE, v. n. Concrescere, Virg. ; in densitatem
coire, Plin.
COAGULATION. *. Coagulatio, Plin.
COAL. . Carbo, onis, m A dead coal ; carbo. A
live or burning coal; pruna ; carbo candens. Of or
belonging to coal ; carbonarius.
COAL-HOLE or COAL-HOUSE, s. Cella carbonaria.
COAL-MAN, COAL-MERCHANT, s. Carbonarius, i, m.
COAL-MINE, COAL-PIT, s. Fodina carbonaria.
To COALESCE, v. n. Coalescere ; coire.
COALITION. & Multarum gentium adversus unam coitio.
COARSE COCKSWAIN
COARSE, a. I. Not fine ; crassus 4 coarse thread;
cnissum Slum. Coarse cloth; tela crassa. II. Not
refined, unpolished; inurbanus ; rusticus ; agrestis ; illepidus
; rudis. III. Mean, vile; vilis ; nullius pretti.
COARSELY, ad. Inurbane ; incondite ; ineleganter ;
illepide ; invenuste.
COARSENESS, s. I. (Of substance) ; crassitude.
II. (Of manners) ; rusticitas; rustici mores ; Cic. ;
COAST, s. Litus, oris, n ; oramaritima. Of or belonging
to the coast; litoralis ; litoreus. The inhabitants
of that coast; gentes quae mare illud adjacent.
To COAST, v. n. Litus radere, premere, stringere, or
legere; oram legere. Coasting vessels; orariae naves,
Plin. ; naves ad navigationem litoralem aptatae.
COASTER, s. Navarchus litorum peritus.
COASTING, s. Secundum litus navigatio.
COAT. 5. I. An upper garment ; tunica Wearing
a coat ; tunicatus To turn coat ; ab aliquo deticere,
or desciscere. Cic. A coat of mail; lorica hamis
conserta, Virg. II. The covering of an animal; pilus,
villus, i, m. ; setae, arum, pi., Cic. That has a coat;
setosus ; villosus.
To COAT. v. a. i.'e. To cover's rem re tegere, vestire,
contegere, cooperire. To coat with marble ; parietibus
crustas marmoris inducere, Vitr. ; parietes marmore inducere,
Sen. ; parietes crustare, Plin.
To COAX. v. n. Aliquem blanditiis, or blando sermone,
delinire, Cic.; alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari,
blande palpari, Plaut. ; alicujus animo adrepere, Tac. ;
alicui blanditias dicere, Ov.
COAXER. s. Palpator, Plaut. ; palpo, onis, m., Pers.
COAXING, s. Blanditiae, arum, pi. ; blandimentum.
COB. s. Homo probe peculiatus, Cic.
To COBBLE, v. a. I. To mend shoes ; calceis solum
coriaceum, or fulmenta, subjicere, or suppingere, Plaut.
M. To do or make any thing clumsily ; opus crasse
et illepide facere. Cobbled work ; opus invenustum et
illepidum, Catull. ; opus crasse et illepide compositum,
Hor.
COBBLER. 5. Sutor veteramentarius, Suet. ; cerdo,
onis, m., Mart.
COBIRON. s. Fulcimentum ligni in camino.
COBWEB, s. Araneac tela, textum, or opus, Plaut.;
aranea, ae, f. ; aranea, orum, pi. ; Catull. ; aranei tenuia
fila. Suet. Full of cobwebs ; plenus aranearum, Catull.
Like a cobweb; araneosus. To remove cobwebs;
aranearum opera dejicere, Plaut. ; aranea tollere, Phasdr.
COCHINEAL, s. Coccinilla, ae, f.
COCHLEARY or CocHLEATED. . In "spiram convolutus,
or ductus.
COCK. s. I. The male to the lien ; gallus, Cic. ;
gallus gallinaceus, Plaut.; gallinaceus, Plin. A Turkey-
cock; gallus Indicus; gallopavo A heath-cock;
gallus silvestris. To be cock-a-hoop ; triumphare ; gaudio,
or laetitia, exsultare ; supcrbire. A story of a cock
and a bull; sermo qui nee caput nee pedes habet, Cic.
To tell a story of a cock and a bull ; aliena loqui,
Ov A cock's comb; crista galli. II. A weathercock;
bractea versatilis ; bracteola venti index. III.
A spout to let out water at will : epistomium, Varr
The key of a cock; papilla, ae, f., Varr. IV. The
notch of an arrow ; crena, as, f. ; incisura, se, f. V.
The part of the lock of a gun that strikes with the flint ;
momentum; elater, eris, m. ; spira, as, f. VI. A
leader ; dux; magister ; caput; coryphaeus. VII. A
heap of hay ; fceni meta, Col. To put hay into cock;
fceni metas facere, Col. ; foenum in metas exstruere.
VIII. The form of a hat; forma, 32, f., or fulcrum, pilei.
I'X. The style of a dial ; acus horarum index ; gnomon,
onis, m., Plin. ; Umbrae indagator ; sciatheras, ae,
m., Vitr. X. The needle of a balance ; examen, inis,
n. ; aequamentum ; libramentum ; aequilibrium ; Plin.
XI. The male of any small bird; mas, maris, m. ;
masculus.
To COCK. v. n. i.e. To strut ; superbe, or arroganter,
incedere.
To COCK. v.a. I. To set erect; erigere; relevare.
II. To put hay into cocks ; fceni metas facere, Col. ;
foenum iu metas exstruere. III. To cock a gun\
tendere ; intendere.
COCKADE. 5. Vitta nodo adstricta.
COCKATRICE, s. Basilicus, I, m., Plin.
COCKBOAT, s. Scapha; lembus ; acutium.
COCKCHAFER, s. Scarabaeus stridulus, Plin.
COCKCROWING. s. Cantus (us) galli; (gallicinium,
Ammian.).
To COCKER, v. a. Molliter, or mollius, habere ; delicatum
habere ; indulgere.
COCKERING, s. Indulgentia ; blanditiae, arum, pi. ;
inepta lenitas.
COCKHORSE, a. Exsultans ; triumphans ; ovans ; laetitia
elatus.
COCKLE, s. I. A small testaceous fish ; pectunculus,
Plin. Cockle-shell; pectunculi concha, or testa. II. A weed growing amongst corn ; lolium ; a?ra, 3D, f.
To COCKLE, v. n. Replicari in rugas, Plin.
COCKLOFT, s. Proxima tegulis contignatio.
57
COCKSWAIN, s. Navis gubernator, or rector.
COCOA-NUT, s. Amygdala theombroma Cocoa-tree ,-
theombroma, ae, f.
COD or COD-FISH, s. Asellus ; capito, onis, m.
COD. s. i. e. A husk ; siliqua, as, f., Plin. ; valvulus, i,
m., Col.
To CODDLE, v. a. Incoquere aqua ferventi, Plaut. ;
incoquere cum^aqua, Col. ; fervefacere.
CODE. s. Codex, icis, m.
CODICIL, s. Codicilli, orum, pi.
COEQUAL, a. JEqualis ; (coaequalis, Petron.).
To COERCE, v. a. Aliquem in officio continere ; aliqiiem
coercere, or cohibere ; alicui fraenos inhibere ;
Cic. ; coercitionem inhibere, Ltv.
COERCION, s. Illata vis, Cic. ; coercitio, Liv. ; coercendi
vis.
COERCIVE, a. Qui jus aut vim habet coercendi.
COESSENTIAL. a. Ejusdem naturas, or essentiae.
COETANEOUS or COEVAL, a. Ejusdem aetatis ; aequalis.
COEXISTENT, a. Ejusdem aevi.
COFFEE, s. Cafaeum, i, n. ; faba Arabica Boiled
coffee; Cafaeus liquor. A coffee-house; cafaea taberna.
A coffee-pot ; cucuma coquendo cafseo idonea A coffeetree
; coffea Arabica, Linn.
COFFER, s. Area; capsa. A little coffer; arcula;
capsula A coffer for money ; theca nummaria, Cic
The king's coffers ; aararium regium.
COFFIN, s. Capulum, or capulus, funebris, Plaut. ; capulus,
Ov. ; sandapila, ae, f., Mart. ; Juv. ; feretrum ;
loculus ; Plin. To carry a coffin; feretro subire,
Virg.
To COFFIN, v. a. Mortuum loculo condere, Plin. ;
mortuum capulo funebri includere.
To COG. v. a. and n. See To FLATTER. To cog the
dice; tesseras adulterare.
COG (of a wheel), s. Rotas dens.
COGENCY, s. Vis ; pondus, eris, n. ; momentum,
Cic.
COGENT, a. Qui vim habet ; qui valet, &c. ; efficax ;
urgens ; validus.
COGENTLY, ad. Efficienter, Cic. ; efficaciter, Plin.
To COGITATE, v. n. Cogitare ; rem meditari ; considerare
secum in animo ; rem, or de re, cogitare ; rem in
animo habere ; rem secum, or cum animo, volvere.
COGITATION. 5. Cogitatio; mentis actio; Cic. See
THOUGHT.
COGNATION, s. Cognatio, Cic.
COGNITION. <s. Cognitio ; notio ; notitia ; Cic.
COGNIZANCE, s. I. Judicial notice; cognitio. To
take cognizance of a thing ; de re cognoscere, Cic. This
does not fall under my cognizance ; non vertitur ea res
in meo foro, Plaut. To give the cognizance of a matter
to any one ; tei cognitionem alicui dare, Cic To take
it away ; rem alicujus cognitipne subtrahere, Plin.
II. A badge ; insigne, is, n. ; signum ; indicium.
COGNOMINAL. 0. Ejusdem nominis.
COGNOSCIBLE. . Qui (quas, quod) cognosci, nosci, or
agnosci, potest ; cognoscendus.
To COHABIT, v. n. Una, or in eodem loco, habitare ;
(cohabitare, Augustin.).
COHEIR or COHEIRESS, s. Cohaeres, edis, c., Cic.
To COHERE, v. n. I. To stick together ; cohaerere;
rei, cum re, or inter se, cohaarere ; inter se cohasrescere ;
Cic. II. To agree; convenire ; congruere ; concinere;
Cic.
COHERENCE. 5. I. Connexion; cohaerentia. II.
Texture of a discourse; connexio, Cic. ; connexus, 113,
Quint. ; conjunctio ; contextus, us. There is no coherence
in the discourse; sermo non cohaeret; membra
illius orationis inter se non cohasrent, or connexa, sunt ;
Cic.
COHERENT, a. I. Sticking fast together ; cohasrens.
II. Consistent; qui sibi constat ; qui cohaeret; cujus
partes sunt inter se aptae et connexae.
COHESION, s. I. The act of sticking together ; cohasrentia.
II. Connexion, dependence ; rerum connexio ;
conjugatio ; colligatio ; coagmentatio ; Cic.
COHESIVE, a. Qui cohaerere potest ; qui .inter se coluerere
possunt.
COHORT, s. Cohors, ortis, f., Liv.
COIF. s. Capitis tegmen, or integumentum ; calantica,
se, f., Cic. ; reticulum, Juv.
To COIL. v.a. In orbes glomerare.
COIL. 5. Spira, ae, f. ; funis orbiculatus.
COIN. s. 1. A piece of money ; nummus, 'i, m.,
Cic. ; nummus forma publica percussus, Sen. ; moneta,
ae, f., Mart. Coppercom; aes signatum. Silver coin ;
argentum signatum. II. Money; nummi, orum, pi.
Gold coin ; nummi aurei. Good coin; nummi bom,
or probi, Cic Base coin ; nummi adulteri, Cic Old
coin, not current; moneta nullius commercii. Light
coin; moneta cui nonnihil e pondere subtraction! est,
Plin To pay in the same coin; par pari referre.
To COIN. v.a. I. To stamp metals for money ; nummos
cudere ; monetam signare, ferire, procudere.
Coined silver ; argentum" factum atque signatum. II.
To invent i procudere ; fingere ; novare.
COINAGE
I. The act of coining money ; nummo-
II. Money; minimi, orura, pi.; mo-
COINAGE. .
rum signatio.
neta, as, f.
To COINCIDE, v.n. (Of persons); consentire : (of
things); concurrere.
COINCIDENCE, s. I. A meeting together; concursus,
us; concursio. II. An accident, hap ; res casu obvia.
By a lucky' coincidence ; forte fortuna ; opportune ;
feliciter ; auspicate By an unlucky coincidence ; infeliciter;
importune; incommode.
COINCIDENT, a. Consentaneus ; consonus ; conveniens.
COINER. s. I. A minter > signator nummorum ; qui
nummos cudit ; (monetarius, Jul. Firm.) A false
coiner ; signator nummorum adulterinorum ; qui cudit
adulterinos nummos. II. An inventor; repertor; inventor
; excogitator : (in a bad sense) ; machinator ; fabricator;
artifex A coiner of words; verborum opifex,
Cic.
COITION, s. Coitio ; concursus, us ; concursio.
COLANDER, s. Colum, i, n.
COLATION. s. Colatura, ae, f.
COLD, at I. The contrary of hot ; frignlus ; algidug.
Cold (as ice) ; gelidus. Very cold ; perfrigidus ;
praegelidus To grow cold; frigescere ; refrigescere
To be cold ; frigere. To be very cold ; algere. It is
cold; frigus est It is so cold, that ; tantum est frigus,
ut (with a conjunctive). II. Unconcerned, indifferent ;
frigidus ; tranquillus ; placidus ; sedatus With a cold
air; gelide, Hor. ; fastidiose. With cold blood; corde
sedato ; sedatis animis ; sedate.
COLD. s. I. The contrary of heat; frigus, oris, n.
Intense cold ; algor. Piercing cold ; frigus penetrable,
Virg. Moderate cold; frigus remissius, Cic. To
shiver with cold; frigutire, Plaut. ; horrere To be
stiffwith cold; frigore obrigescere, Cic To protect one's
self from the cold; munire se a frigore, Cic. II. A
disease caused by cold ; gravedo, inis, f., Cic. ; epiphora,
ze, f. ; thoracis distillatio ; Plin. ; (rheuma, atis, n.,
Veget.). To .have a cold ; tusses concoquere, Plin
Suffering from a cold ; rheumaticus, Plin To catch
cold; gravedinem contrahere, Plin. Liable to catch
cold; gravedinosus To give cold; alicui gravedinem
afferre, or inducere.
COLDISH, a. Frigidulus.
COLDLY, ad. Frigide ; cum frigore To receive one
coldly ; parum amice aliquem excipere ; frigide aliquem
excipere.
COLDNESS, s. Frigus, oris, n A great coldness has
arisen between them ; refrixit inter eos amor mutuus
To evince a coldness towards any one ; minus benevolum
erga aliquem animum prae so ferre.
COLIC, s. Intestini, or intestini plenioris, morbus,
Cels. ; colmn, i, n., Plin. Bilious colic; cholerica tormina,
Plin. To be afflicted with the colic ; ex intestino
pleniori laborare, Cels. ; torminibus affici, Plin. Subject
to the colic ; colicus, Plin.
COLLAR, s. I. That part of the dress which surrounds
the neck; colli amictus, us The collar of a
doublet ; assutum thoraci colli tegmen To take one by
the collar ; see To COLLAR. II. A ring of metal put
round the neck; torques, is, m. ; monile, is, n., Cic.;
(collare, is, n., Varr.). Wearing a collar; torquatus ;
torque ornatus A dog's collar; millus, i, m., Varr.;
collare clavis praefixum, or munitum A dog with a
collar ; canis armillatus To slip one's neck out of the
collar ; e negotio se extrahere ; e turbis se evolvere, Ter. ;
laqueis se explicarel; sese de re expedire ; Cic. II. A
ring of iron for criminals ; collaria, as, f., Plaut. ; ferreum
collare, Varr To fasten with a collar ; aliquem
ferreo collari ad palum astringere.
To COLLAR, v. a. In cpllum alicujus invadere ; alicui
raanus injicere; Cic. ; injectis collo manibus, or complexu,
cum aliquo luctari ; collum obtorquere, Plaut., or
torquere, Liv.
To COLLATE, v. a. I. To compare one thing with
another of the same kind; rem cum altera, or alteri, componere,
or comparare ; rem rei, cum re, or res inter se
duas, conferre ; Cic. To collate books or editions with
the original ; scripti fidem ad archetypi rationem expendere
; exscripta exempla ad archetypum recognoscere.
II. To place in a benefice; jus ecclesiastic! beneficii
in aliquem conferre.
COLLATERAL, a. I. Parallel; parallelus, Plin. II.
( In genealogy)-; A collateral line ; transversus cognationis
ordo. A relative in the collateral line ; transverse gradu
cogyationis alicui junctus. III. Not direct ; obliquus,
Cic. ; mdirectus, Quint. IV. Concurrent, agreeing;
consentiens ; conveniens ; congruens ; sfrnilis ; par.
COLLATION, s. I. Comparison of one thing with another
; collatio. II. The bestowing of a benefice ; legitima
beneficii largitio. III. A repast ; merenda, 33, f.,
Plaut.
COLLATOR, s. I. One that compares ; qui rem cum
re confert, &c. II. One that bestows a benefice ; legitimus
ecclesiastic! beneficii largitor.
COLLEAGUE, s. Collega, ac, m. To choose a colleague
; collegam sibi cooptare, Suet.
58
COLLECT
To COLLECT, v. a. I. To gather together ; colligere ;
congerere; cogere; Cic.; recolligere, Col. To collect
the votes ; sententias perrogare, Liv To collect themselves,
i. e. to assemble ; coire ; cougregari ; in unum
cogi ; Cic. To collect into a heap; accumulare; acervare
; coacervare ; Cic To collect troops ; copias
cogere, or colligere, Cic. To collect all one's forces;
vires in unum conferre, Liv To collect money ; nummos
cogere, Ter To collect tax-money; evocationes,
or coactiones, argentarias factitare, Suet. II. To infer
as a consequence ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or inferre,
Cic To collectfalsely ; vitiose concludere, Quint To
collect fairly ; bene cplligere, Cic. Hence we may
collect; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere est; Cic.
III. To collect one's self ; revocare mentem a sensibus
; at) externis rebus animum et cogitationem avocare ;
Cic. : (after a panic) ; se ex timore colligere, Ca;s. ; animum
ex pavore remitfere, Liv.
COLLECT, s. i. e. A sort of prayer i oratio. (Collecta,
32, f., in ecclesiastical writers.)
COLLECTION, s. I. The act of gathering ; collectio.
II. An assemblage; acervus ; coacervatio ; congeries ;
strues. A collection of writings, extracts, fyc. ; collectanea,
orum, pi., Suet. ; excerpta, orum, pi. ; excerptiones,
um, pi. ; Cell. To make such a collection ;
silvam rerum et sententiarum componere, Cic To
make a collection of choice passages ; ex variis ingeniis
excellentissima quaaque libare, Cic. III. A contribution
of money i collecta, ae, f., Cic. ; Varr. ; pecuniarum
exactio, Cic.
COLLECTIVE, a. Collectivus, Quint. ; Sen.
COLLECTIVELY, ad. I. In a collective sense; collective
sensu. II. All together; conglobatim, Liv.
COLLECTOR. . I. One who gathers together ; qui
colligit, in unum cogit, &c. II. A tax-gatherer ; tributorum
coactor To be a collector ; evocationes, or coactiones,
argentarias factitare, Suet.
COLLEGE, s. I. A community ofpersons ; collegium;
socii ; societas ; sodalitium. II. A public place in which
learning is taught; gymnasium, Cic. ; scholar, arum, pi.,
Quint. ; ludus literarius, Plin. Ep To go to, or be at,
college ; scholas frequentare, or obire.
COLLEGIAN, s. Qui scholas frequentat, or obit.
COLLEGIATE, a. Collegio adscriptus.
COLLIER, s. Carbonarius, i, m.
COLLIERY. a. Fodina carbonaria.
To COLLIQUATE. v. a. Colliquefacerc.
COLLISION. *. Collisus, us, Plin. ; (collisio, Justin.).
To COLLOCATE, v. a. Rem in loco ponere; locare ;
collocare.
COLLOP. *. Offula, a, f., Mart. ; ofella, ae, f., Col.
COLLOQUY. *. Colloquium, Cic. They have a long
colloquy ; diu colloquuntur.
To COLLUDE, v. a. Colludere, et praevaricari ; cum
adversario colludere ; causa? suae praeyaricari ^ Cic.
COLLUSION, s. Collusio; praevaricatio ; Cic One
that practises collusion ; praevaricator, Cic. ; (collusorr
Ulp.) Lest he should discover our collusion ; ne sentiat
nos inter nos congruere, Ter.
COLLUSIVE, a. Collusorie confectus.
COLLUSIVELY. ad. Collusorie, Pand.
COLLYRIUM. s. Collyrium, i, n., Hor.
COLON, s. Colon, or colum, i, n.
COLONEL. *. Legionis tribunus ; chiliarchus, Nep.
A colonel of horse ; equitum praafectus.
COLONIAL, a. Colonus, Cic. ; colonicus, Suet.
To COLONIZE, v. a. Coloniam in loco constituere,
Cic.
COLONNADE. *. Peristylum ; peristylium ; Cic.
COLONY, s. I. People drawnfrom a mother country
to inhabit some distant place ; colonia ; coloni, orum, pi. ;
Cic To lead out new colonies ; novas colonias educere,
Cic. To found a colony in a place ; coloniam in loco*
constituere, Cic. II. The country planted ; colonia.
COLOQUINTIDA. s. Colocynthis, idis, f., Plin.
COLORATE. a. Coloratus, Cels.
COLOSSAL or COLOSSEAN. a. Colosseus; colossicus ;
Plin.
COLOSSUS. *. Colossus, i, m., Plin.
COLOUR. *. I. Hue, dye, tint; color, oris, m A
bright or lively colour ; color acntus. A weak colour ;
color languescens, languidus, evanidus, dilutior, Plin
A.faded colour ; color evanescens Of one colour ; unicolor
Of two colours ; bicolor. Of several colours ;
multicolor Of different colours ; varius, Ter. ; versicolor;
discolor, Cic A dress of different colours;
variis ooloribus intexta vestis, Cic. Of the same colour
with another thing ; concolor That has lost its colour;
decolor, Plin. ; decoloratus, Cic. To give a colour; colorare
; rei colorem inducere. To take a colour; colorari ;
coloratum effiei ; Cic. ; colorem ducere, Virg., or sumere,
Ov. : (of dyed stuffs) ; colorem bibere., Plin., or recipere,
Quint. To take away a colour ; colorem eluere.
To regain a colour ; ad colorem reduci To preserve
its colour ; colorem servare To change colour; migrare
in alium colorem To lose its colour; colorem
perdere. II. A paint ; pigmentum. A colourman ;
COLOUR
pigmentarius A picture in water-colours; pictura
coloribus aqua dilutis expressa. III. Complexion ; ori
color , or simply, color A natural colour ; color verus
Ter.,ornativus, Plin. Artificial colour; color factitius
orcompositus.Plin. ; Vitr., or fucoillitus A high colour >
color floridus, or diffusus sanguine Swarthy or brown
colour ; color adustior. His colour changes ; non constat
ei color et vultus, Liv. ; color non manet ei, Virg.
Changeableness of colour ; incertus vultus, us, Cic.
IV. Pretext, pretence ; color ; species, ei, f. ; praetextus
us, Cic. Under colour of; specie ; per speciem.
Under the colour of friendship ; per speciem, or Simulationem,
amicitiae, Cic.; praetento amicitiae simulacro
Plin. Ep To give a colour to hisfault ; nomine culpam
praetexere, Virg. V. COLOURS, pi., i.e. Standard, ensign
of war, prop, and fig.;, signa j signa militaria
vexilla. To repair to the colours ; ad vexillum concurrere;
ad signa convenire, or se aggregare ; Caes.
To run away from one's colours ; a castris, or a signis
discedere, Cic. ; ad hostes transfugere, Plaut In the
figurative sense, denoting Side, party, Sfc., the word may
be rendered literally, signa, or, dropping the metaphor
partes, ium, pi. ; factio ; causa. VI. COLOURS, pi., i. e
Character ; mores, pi. ; ingenium ; natura ; indoles.
To COLOUR, v. a. I. To mark with some hue ; colorare,
Cic. ; rei colorem inducere, Plin. ; rem colore im
buere, or inficere ; tingere. To colour the hair ; capillnm
denigrare, or nigro colore inficere, Plin. To
colour (a print, map, <^c.) ; imaginem colorare, Cic.,
coloribus illustrare ; imagini colores inducere, Plin.
II. To cover with a pretext, disguise; rei specie obtegere,
Cic. alicui rei speciem obtendere, Plin. Ep., or praatexcre,
Virg.
To COLOUR, v. n. I. To take a colour; colorarf,
<Jic. ; colorem ducere, Virg The grapes begin to
colour; uves colorem ducunt, Virg. II. To blush;
erubescere, Cic. ; rubere, Ov To colour at or on account
of any thing; erubescere rem, in re, Cic., rei,
Curt., or re, Sen. ?ee To BLUSH.
COLOURABLE, a. Verisimilis ; speciosus.
COLOURING, s. I. Result of the use of colours in a
picture ; colorum ratio, nexus, us, or harmoge, Plin
This picture has no colouring ; huic tabella? pigmenta, or
hujus tabellas lineamentis flos et color, desunt, Cic.
II. The act of imparting colours; tinctura ; tinctus, fts.
III. The art of imparting colours; tinctura; tingendi
ars ; ^baphice. IV. Colouring matter; liquor
tinctilis, Ov. ; infector succus, Plin. V. Fig. (in
rhetoric) ; Ornament ; rhetorics colores, Cic.; orationis
pigmenta, pi.
COLOURIST. s. Colores apte nectendi peritus artifex.
COLT. 5. I. A young horse; equulus, Cic. ; pullus
equinus, Quint. ; pullus equa?, Lucr. II. A young
ass ; asellus, Ov. ; pullus asini ; pullus asininus,
Varr A young wild ass; lalisio, onis, m., Mart.;
onagri pullus.
III. A rash blockhead ; praeceps animi,
Tac. ; mconsultus ; inconsideratus ; inconsiderans ; Cic.
COLTSFOOT- s. Tussilago, inis, f., Plin.
COLTER, s. (With husbandmen) ; aratH culter, Plin. ;
dentale, is,n., Virg.
COLUMBARY. s. i. e. A pigeon-house ; columbarium,
Varr. ; columbaria, 33, f., Col.
COLUMN, s. I. A cylindrical pillar ; columna, Cic.
A small column ; columella A wreathed column ;
columna tortilis. A chamfered column ; columna striata.
The shaft ofa column ; scaphus ; truncus ; Vitr. The
capital; capitulum, Vitr The diminution of a column;
columnar contractura, Vitr. The space between columns
; intercolumnium, Varr A place surrounded
by columns; peristylium, Varr. Supported by columns
; columnatus, Varr. II. A long file of troops;
agmen, inis, n. The army marched in three columns ;
in tria agmina divisus iter faciebat exercitus.
COMB. s. I. An instrument to adjust the hair ;
pecten, inis, m. In the form of a comb; pectinatim,
Varr A curry-comb ; strigilis, is, f. II. The crest
of a cock ; crista, ae, f.', Plin. A litue comb ; cristula,
Col Having a comb ; cristatus, Plin. III. The stay
or reed of a weaver's loom ; pecten ; tectoris pecten.
IV. An instrument used in carding ; pecten; hamus
ferreus. V. A valley ; convallis, is, f. ; vallis, is, f.
To COMB. v. a. Capillos pectere; crines pectine deducere,
Ov. ; (pectinare, Apul.) To comb wool;
pectere ; carminare. To comb flax or hemp ; pectere.
To comb a horse ; equum strigili defricare, or distringere
Combed; pexus ; pectitus ; depexus, Tibull. ;
propexus, Propert.: (of wool); pexus; pectitus; carminatus.
COMB-MAKER, s. Pectinum opifex. To COMBAT, v. n. Certare ; decertare ; pugnare; depugnare.
See To FIGHT.
To COMBAT, v. a. (In argument) ; rationibus oppugnare
; contra aliquem contendere ; contra opinionem ratione
pugnare ; Cic. To combat a disease; conflictari
cum malo, Ter. ; luctari morbo, Sil. Ital. To combat
/iungt-r ; sustentare famem, Caes To combat the winds;
vcjitis obniti, Lucr., obluctari, Virg., resistere, Ov. To
COMBAT
combat one?s passions; cupiditates frengere, Cic.; responsare
cupidinibus, Hor.
COMBAT, s. Pugna ; certamen, inis, n A single
combat ; certamen singulare ; certainen duorum inter
se. See FIGHT.
COMBATANT, s. Pugnator ; certator ; Cell.
COMBINATION, s. I. Commixture; rerum inter se
copulatio, Cic Combination of letters ; literarum contextus,
us, Quint Combination of two different substances,
the union of which produces a new substance
rerum natura discrepantium intima permistio. II. A
league, association ; societas ; sociale fcedus : usually, iri
a bad sense ; conjuratio ;.conspiratio ; scelerata consensio ;
Cic.
To COMBINE, v. a. Jungere ; conjungere ; copulare ;
colligare To combine different substances; diversa
permiscere.
To COMBINE, v. ., I. To join, coalesce ; inter se
jungi copularique ; conjungi ; Cic. II. To plot together
; conspirare ; conjurare ; conjurationem facere ;
Cic. (Against any one) ; in, or contra, aliquem.
COMBING-CLOTH. s. Linteum humerale.
COMBUSTIBLE, a. Celeriter ignem comprehendens,
Caes. ; concipiendo et alendoigni aptus, Curt Combustibles
; arida ignis alimenta, Virg.
COMBUSTION, s. 1. Burning ; ustio ; incendium ;
incensio ; deflagratio: conflagratio ; (combustio, Firmic. ;
combustura, Apic.).' II. Tumult, disorder; rerum
perturbatio, Cic. ; res turbidae To be in a combustion ;
ardere, Cic. ; atrocissime agitari, Sail.
To COME. v. n. I. To arrive ; venire. Iam come;
eni ; adsum To come first; antevenire To come
before; praevenire To come after; postvenire To
come a little after ; subsequi To come behind; a tergo
sequi. To come between; intervenire. To come
quickly ; advolare. To come in time ; venire tempori,
Plaut., in tempore, Ter., tempore, commode, opportune,
Cic In very good time; peropportune, Cic To be
coming and going ; u'tro citroque cursare, Cic., or commeare,
Liv. N.B. 1. To come from a place; e loco
enire, or proficisci, Cic He is come from Africa ; adest
ex Africa, Cic. He is come from the army ; venit ab
exercitu, Plaut. To come from any one ; venire ab aliquo,
Cic Whence do you come f unde te agis ? Ter. ;
unde tu? I come from fishing; redeo piscatu. 2. To
come to a place ; aliquo, or in locum, venire, or se conerre;
ad venire. To come to an assembly ; venire in
concionem They came in crowds to the tribunal; ad
;ribunal concurritur. Come hither; hue gressus move,
or flecte ; accurre hue ; adsis ; adesto ; hue iter dirige ;
Ter. 3. To come to a person; ad aliquem venire, or
re ; aliquem, or ad aliquem, adire ; ad aliquem accedere.
Come to me! ehodum ad me ! Ter. ; adesdum ! He
's come ; adest ; praesto est. 4. To cause to came ; aliquem,
or rem, accersere, or arcessere ; aliquem accire,
or advocare. II. To happen, come to pass ; fieri ; evenire;
accidere ; incidere ; cadere, Cic. III. To become
; fieri; evadere. IV. To come about; fieri;
evenire To come again; see To RETURN. To come
after; see To FOLLOW To come along; ire; p*ocedere
; ad aliquem venire. To come at or by ; see To
OBTAIN, REACH. To come away ; abire ; abscedere ;
discedere. To come back ; see To RETURN To come
down; see To DESCEND. To come forth; exire in
Dublicum ; in solem procedere, Ter. ; in lucem prodire,
venire, &c. ; see To APPEAR. To come forward; see
To ADVANCE To comeforwarden learning) ; procedere
; proficere; progredi; progressus facere ; Cic To
come in; see To ENTER, ARRIVE, COMPLY To come
'n one's way ; obviam se dare To come in to ; see To
JOIN To come in 'for ; see To PARTAKE. To come
'nto ; incidere ; delabi To come into danger ; 'adire
discrimen To come into trouble; molestiis implicari.
To come into the world ; in vitam, or in lucem, venire,
>r introire ; nasci. To come-into use or fashion ; abire
n morem ; in consuetudinem venire, or exire To
*,omc near ; see To APPROACH. To-come next ; see To
FOLLOW To come of; see To PROCEED. Come of
a gnod family) ; see DESCENDED. To come off; see
To DEVIATE, ESCAPE, FALL. To come off conqueror ;
victoriam referre, adipisci, consequi, or ab hoste reporare
To come- on; see To ADVANCE, THRIVE. To
ome over ; see To CHANGE, PASS. To come out ; see
To APPEAR. To come out of the water ; emergere.
To come out (as a book when it is published) ; edi ; in
ucem emitti. He comes out with such or such sayings ;
lelabitur interdum ut dicat, Cic. To come short; see
To FAIL, LOSE. To come to; see To COST, YIELD.
To come to one's self, or to one's senses ; see To RECOVER
To come to pass ; see To HAPPEN. To come
o an end; see To END, FINISH, DIE To come to
a certain state or condition) ; pervenire. To come to
he crown; regnum adipisci. To come to life, ; see To
IKVIVE To come to an agreement, or to terms; see
To AGREE, AGREEMENT. To come to a conclusion;
ee To CONCLUDE To come to light; in lucem proerri
It comes to the same; eodem redit. It conies
COME COMMANDED
to nothing ; in nihilum recidit, Cio. To come to hand ;
in manus incidere, Cic To come to one's ears ; aures
alicujus contingere, Juv To come short ; re excidere ;
alicui cedere To come together; see To ASSEMBLE,
MEET To come up (as plants) ; venire, Virg. ; nasci ;
exire ; provenire ; erumpere To come up to; see To
AMOUNT To come up with; see To OVERTAKE To
come upon; see To INVADE, ATTACK, SEIZE, OVERTAKE.
To come upon for payment ; pecuniam ex aliquo exigere.
To COME. ad. -= The time to come; futurum tempus.
Generations to come ; posteri, orum, pi Things to
come ; futura, n. pi. For the time to come ; in posterum
; m reliquum tempus ; in futurum ; dehinc.
COMEDIAN, s. I. A stage-player; comcedus ; mimus,
Cic.; actor scenicus, Sen.; mima, ae, f. II.
A writer of comedies ; poeta comicus ; or simply, comicus,
i, m.
COMEDY, s. Comcedia. Of or belonging to a comedy
; comicus. To act a comedy ; comcediam agere.
COMELINESS, s. I. Beauty, grace ; species ; decor ;
forma ; formositas ; pulchritudo : (of a man) ; dignitas :
(of a woman) ; venustas. II. Decency; honestas ; decorum
; decentia ; condecentia ; Cic.
COMELY, a. I. Handsome ; formosus ; pulcher;
decorus ; speciosus ; egregia forma ; insignis forma.
II. Decent; decens ; decorus; honestus ; conveniens.
COMER, s. Qui (quae) venit.
COMET, s. Cometes, or cometa, ae, n., Cic.
To COMFIT, v. a. Melle, saccharo, condire ; componere.
COMFITURES. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita.
To COMFORT, v. at I. To console ; aliquem solari,
consplari,
solatio levare, consolatione lenire ; alicui consolationem
aflerre, solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic.
I cannot be comforted; vincit omnem consolationem
dolor meus ; luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ;
Cic. II. To rejoice, gladden; aliquem wblectare ;
alicui esse oblectationi, laetitiam dare, or oblectationem
afferre To comfort the heart; aniraum voluptate complere,
or gaudio cumulare, Cic.
COMFORT, s. Consolatio; solatium. A slight comfort
; consolatio tenuis ; solatiolum ; Cic.
COMFORTABLE, s. I. Consoling; consolatorius, Cic.
To speak comfortable words ; ea dicere quae levare
luctum possint, Cic. II. Convenient, agreeable; cornmodus
; aptus ; jucundus ; suavis.
COMFORTABLY, ad. Commode ; jucunde ; festive ;
lepide.
COMFORTER, s. Consolator, Cic. ; consolans ; qui
(qiue) consolationem affert, or adhibet.
COMFORTLESS, a. Molestus; injucundus ; gravis ;
acerbus; ingratus.
COMIC, a. I. Relating to comedy ; comicus. II.
Pleasant ; facetus ; lepidus.
COMICALLY, ad. I. In a manner befitting comedy ;
comcedice, Plaut.; cornice, Cic. ; mimice, Catull. II.
With pleasantry ; facete ; ridicule; Cic.
COMING, s. Adventus, us; accessus, us; Cic.
COMING, a. Futurus ; posterior.
COMING-IN, s. See INCOME.
COMMA.*- (In grammar).; virgula, a?, f.
To COMMAND. v. a. I. To order, give orders ; rem
alicui imperare, praescribere, or praacipere ; jubere rem
fieri. To command imperiously ; dura imperia exercere,
Virg / command you to speak ; jubeo te loqui,
or ut loquaris. II. To have the command of any thing.
To command an army ; exercitui praeesse. To command
one's passions ; cupiditatibus imperare, Cic., responsare,
Hor The citadel commands the town; arx
urbi imminet, Cic., or insidet;arci urbs subjacet An
eminence which* commands the plain ; e planitie collis
editus, Caes To command one's self ; sibi imperare.
That can command himself; sui, or animi, compos
That cannot command himself ; animi impos, or impotens.
III. To have supreme authority ; esse cum
imperio ; summam rerum administrare ; Cic. ; summae
rei prgeesse, Liv.
COMMAND, s. 1. The right of commanding ; imperium
; jus, juris ; potestas To give any one a full
command; alicui summum imperium potestatemque
omnium rerum committere, Nep To have a full command;
omnia in potentate habere To have command
over any one; imperium in aliquem habere, Ter., or
tenere, Cic. ; jus potestatemque alicui imperandi habere,
Cic To be in command ; esse cum imperio (not,
esse in imperio ; which means, to fill one of the offices of
state). To be in command of an army or a province ;
exercitui, provincise, praeesse ; see To COMMAND, II
To give any one the command of the army; aliquem exercitui
praeficere, Cic To take away the command ; imperium
alicui abrogare, Cic To prolong the command
for a year ; imperium in annum propagare To be
under command; esse sub imperio. Chief command ; eummum imperium. To have command of one's self ;
see To COMMAND, II. II. Order ; juss'um; jussus,
us ; praeceptum ; mandatum ; imperium Without
my command; injussu Tineo To obey or execute commands
; imperia exsequi, Ter. ; imperata facere, Caes. ;
jussa peragere, Virg. That has received a command to
do any thing ; jussus (facere) When he had received
express command ; cum ei praescriptum esset, Cic. III.
The thing commanded; quod jussum, imperatum, est ;
imperatum, or jussu susceptum, opus. IV. At command
; ad arbitrium ; pro arbitrio He has words at
command; comprehensio verborum est in illius potestate,
Cic Tears are at command ; jussae prosiliunt lacrymae,
Mart.
COMMANDED, a. and part. I. That has received
orders ; jussus (To do any thing) ; facere. II. Ordered;
jussus ; imperatus. To do what is commanded ;
imperata facere, Caes. III. Inferior ; inferior; subjacens
A plain commanded by an eminence ; summissa
fastigio planities, Liv.
COMMANDER, s. I. A chief, general; praefectus, i,
m. ; qui copiisvel urbi prseest. II. A paving beetle;
fistuca, Vitr. ; pavicula, Col .
To COMMEMORATE, v. a. Rem, or de re, commemorare
; rei, or de re, mentionem habere ; Cic.
COMMEMORATION, s. Commemoratio ; mentip ; Cic.
COMMEMORATIVE, a. Quod ad rerum memoriam animos
revocat, Cic.
To COMMENCE, v. a. Rem incipere, occipere ; inchoare
; ordiri ; exordiri To commence critic ; gibi
censoris munus arrogare. To commence author ; gibi
nomen auctoris vindicare. See To BEGIN.
COMMENCED, a. and part. ceptus ; inchoatus ; orsug ;
initus ; Cic.
COMMENCEMENT. *. Principium ; initium ; orsug, vis.
See BEGINNING.
To COMMEND, v. a. I. To praise; laudare ; collaudare
; laude afficere ; laudibus ornare, efferre ; laudem
alicui tribuere ; Cic To commend greatly ; laudibus
cumulare, tollere ; magnifice laudare ; summis
laudibus ornare ; summam alicui laudem tribuere
To commend one for any thing ; rem alicui laudi dare ;
see To PRAISE. II. To recommend, commit ,- alicui
rem demandare, or commendare.
COMMENDABLE, a. (Of persons); laudabilis ; laudandus
; laude dignus : (of things) ; gloriosus ; praedicandus :
prsdicabilis ; Cic.
COMMENDATION, s. Laus, dis, f. ; laudatio; praconium.
COMMENSURABLE or COMMENSURATE a. Rei, or cum
re, consentaneus ; rei respondens et consentiens ; accommodatus
; par A punishment commensurate to the
crime ; pcena par noxae, Cic. To ordain a punishment
commensurate to a crime; pcenarn pro magnitudine
delicti statuere, Tac.
COMMENSURABLY or CoMMENSURATELY. ad. Congruenter
; apte ; servata proportione ; accommodate
ad ; pro.
To COMMENT, v. n. Verba scriptoris explanare, or
interpretari ; scriptorem explanare, or explioare ; scriptoris
libros commentariis illustrare ; Cell To comment
unfavourably upon the sayings or actions of any
one ; dicta factave in pejorem partem trahere.
COMMENT or COMMENTARY, s. Annotations, urn, f.
pi. ; commentarius, i, m. ; Cell To write a commentary
; in auctorem commentari, Plin. ; scriptoris libros
commentariis illustrare, Cic An unfavourable comment
upon one's behaviour, fyc.f dictorum factorumve
malevola interpretatio.
COMMENTATOR. s. Scriptoris interpres, Cic.
COMMERCE, s. I. Traffic; mercatura, Plaut. ;
commercium, Cic To carry on commerce; negotiari ;
mercaturam facere, Cic. ; mercaturas facere, Plaut. ;
commercium exercere. II. Intercourse of society ;
commercium; usus, us; consuetude / will have no
commerce with you ; tuas tibi res habe, Plaut. I have
no commerce with him ; nullum habeo cum illo commercium
; mihi commercium nullius rei eum illo est ;
Cic.
To COMMERCE, v. n. Consuetudinem cum aliquo
habere ; aliquo uti.
COMMERCIAL, ad. Ad mercaturam, or commercium,
pertinens. A commercial man ; negotiator. A commercial
city ; urbs negotiandi studio addicta, Cic.
COMMINATION. s. Comminatio ; minatio.
COMMINATORY. a. Comminationem adjunctam habens.
To COMMINGLE, v. a. Rem rei, re, cum re, miscere,
Plin. ; rem cum alia commiscere ; rem rei admiscere,
Cic.
To COMMINUTE, v. a. Conterere ; in pulverem redigere,
or extenuare, Plin., or
resplvere, Col.
To COMMISERATE. v. a. Alicujus tnisereri ; alicujus
miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse.
To commiserate one 's misfortunes ; alterius fortunam
miserari ; alterius in fortunis misericordiam adhibere.
COMMISERATION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio ; misericordia;
Cic. See COMPASSION.
COMMISSARY, s. I. An officer made occasionally ^
recuperator ; lectus judex causae cognitor. II. A mtrCOMMISSION
COMMON
litary officer; curator. A commissary of provisions ,
annonae militaris praefectus.
COMMISSION, s. I. A trust, a warrant for a place
employment; mandatum; munus. eris, n. ; provincia:
procuration ^rregotium; cura; opera. To give a commission;
alicui de re mandata dare, dare negotium, re:
curam delegare To undertake a commission ; provinciam
suscipere, Cic. ; rei curam suscipere To fuTJil a
commission; mandata persequi, exsequi, efficere, conficere;
mandatis satisfacere. II. A warrant by which
a military officer is appointed ; rescriptum, Tac. ; rescripti
libellus, Plin. Ep. III. An order in commerce ;
delegata emendi aut vendendi alterius nomine copia
One who buys and sells on commission ; institor. IV.
Act of committing a crime; patratio ; (commissio, Arnob.
; perpetratio, Tert.). V. A number of people
joined in a trust ; negotio praafecti, or proposlti ; quibus
rei provincia demandata est. VI. Extraordinaryjurisdiction
for deciding a case ; deleganda judicandi potestas.
To send on such commission ; aliquem judicem mittere.
To be employed in such commission; delegatam judicandi
potestatem exercere.
To COMMISSION, v. a. Vicarias alicujus partes alteri
mandare ; aliquem negotio pneficere, Cic. ; 'alicui potestatem,
or facultatem, dare.
COMMISSIONER, s. Negotio praefectus, or praepositus ;
cui rei provincia demandata est.
COMMISSURE, s. Commissura, Cic.
To COMMIT, v.a. I. To give in trust; alicui rem
mandare, commendare, committere, mandatum, or negotium,
de re dare; aliquem negotio praeficere; Cic.;
rem curae alicujus demandare, Liv To commit to memory
; memoriae mandare ; memoria comprehendare, or
complecti ; Cic. To commit to writing; scriptis mandare
; scribere ; litoris committere, Cic To commit a
matter to God; Deo permittere. II. To expose; in
discrimen dare, or adducere. III. To imprison; mandare
vinculis ; in carcerem, or in vincula, conjicere; in
custodiam dare ; custodian tradere. IV. To perpetrate
(a crime) ; scelus committere ; scelere se astringere ;
fadnus admittere ; Cic. ; facinus consciscere, patrare,
perpetrare, Liv.
COMMITMENT, s. In carcerem conjectio.
COMMITTEE, s. Consessus, us; conventus, us A
committee is held; habetur conventus.
To COMMIX, v.a. See To COMMINGLE.
COMMIXTURE. *. Permistio ; admistio.
COMMODIOUS, a. Commodus ; aptus ; accommodatus,
or opportunus, with a dative, or with ad and an accusative
A very commodious house ; domus ad habitandum
percommoda.
COMMODIOUSLY. ad. Commode ; facile ; expedite.
COMMODITY, s. I. Convenience ; commodum ; commoditas
; opportunitas. II. Profit, advantage; commodum
; lucrum ; emolumentum ; quaestus, us ; utilitas.
III. Wares merx, mercis, f. Commodities, pi.;
merces, pi.
COMMON, a. I. Belonging to more than one; communis.
This is common to all; hoc convenit in omnes.
Common sense ; commune judicium, Cic.; communis
hominum sensus, Cic., or intellectus, us, Quint All
things are common among friends ; amicorum sunt
ornnia communia ; est inter amicos rerum omnium communitas
; Cic They have a common purse ; quaestum
in commune conferunt That is common to me and
you ; id commune mihi vobiscum est, Cic. This matter
has nothing in common ivith; hoc nihil habet conjunctuin
cum, Cic Common danger unites them ; hos societas
pericli conjungit, Curt. Common-places (in rhetoric)
; loci rhetorici. Common-place arguments ; trita
argumenta A common-place book; collectanea, n. pi.,
Suet.; excerpta, n. pi., Cell. II. (In grammar) ; Of
more genders than one ; epiccenus, Quint. III. Public,
general ; vulgatus ; vulgaris; publicus; pervagatus.
Common rumour ; fama ; sermo pervagatus, or disleminatus
dispersusque ; Cic It is a matter of common
report; res est pervagata et vulgaris; illud omnium
sermone percrebuit A common council ; civitatis commune
consilium A common sewer ; cloaca ; purgamentorum
urbis receptaculum, Liv. ; eluvies, Plin Common
law; usus, us; consuetudo. IV. Frequent, usual;
usitatus ; quotidianus ; Cic. No common man ; non
unus de multis, Cic., e populo, Sep., e vulgo, Quint.
Above the common ; singularis ; eximius. V. Vulgar,
mean, trivial ; vulgaris ; tritus. // is a common saying ;
trituin est sermone, or vetustate, proverbium. The
common people ; plebs, bis, f. ; plebes, is, f.; vulgus, i, n.
(Obs. Plebs is usually employed in a political, vulgus in
a moral, sense.) Of or belonging to the common people ;
ptabeius A common soldier; miles gregarius. VI.
Not scarce ; parabilis ; obvius et expositus. VII. In
common. To do any thing in common ; rem com-
Tmniter agere. To place in common ; in commime
omnia conferre, Cic. ; quaesita in medium reponere,
Virg._To have in common: re promiscue uti, Cic.;
na in promiscuo habere, "Plin To live in common;
inter se rerum omnium communione jungi ;
61
vita? ac victus communitatem ac societatem habere ;
Cic.
COMMON, s. Ager publicus ; ager compascuus ; Cic.
COMMONALTY, s. Plebs, bis ; plebes, is, f. ; vulgus, i,
n. ; multitude.
COMMONER. 5. Plebeius.
COMMONS, s.pl. I. The lower people; plebeiorum
ordo ; ordo plebeius ; see COMMONALTY House of Commons ; in Anglicis comitiis plebeius ordo. II.
Fare; victus, us ; cibus; consuetus familiae victus.
COMMONLY, ad. Persaepe ; fere ; ut plurimum ; vulgo ;
plerumque. It is commonly revorted or said; vulgo
dicitur ; dici solet.
COMMONWEAL, or COMMONWEALTH, s. Respublica.
COMMOTION. 5. I. Tumult ,- commotio ; tumultus,
us ; Cic. ; tumultuatio, Liv. To make or raise a commotion,
fumultuari, Cic.; tumultum facere, Sail. To
throw the state into commotion; rempublicam miscere,
Cic. ; res novare, Liv. ; res novas in republica moliri,
Suet To appease or allay a commotion ; tumultum
sedare, or comprimere, Tac The author of a commotion;
tumultus concitator, Liv With great commotion;
pertumultuose, Cic. II. Perturbation of
mind; mentis agitatio; animi commotio ; Cic. III.
Disturbance, restlessness ; agitatio, Cic Commotion of
the sea ; motus et agitatio fluctuum ; jactatio maris ;
Cic. To throw into commotion ; agitare ; miscere ;
permiscere.
To COMMUNE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. ;
communi sermonis oonsuetudine uti, Caes.
COMMUNICANT, s. (A church term) ; qui (quae) ad
sacram menfiam accedit.
To COMMUNICATE, v. a. I. To bestow ; rem alicui,
or cum aliquo, communicare, Caes. ; Cic. ; participem rei
facere, Cic. II. To reveal, disclose; patefacere ; retegere
; prodere ; enuntiare palam ; in hicem profferre.
To communicate one's designs to another ; alicui consilii
facere copiam ; aliquem ad consilium admittere ; se
alicui patefacere ; Cic.
To COMMUNICATE, v. n. I. To partake of trie Lord's
supper; ad sacras mensas, or epulas, accedere Of age
to communicate ; divnuemensae maturus ; cui per aetatem
ad sacras dapes accedere fas est. II. To have intercourse
; cum aliquo commercium habere. To communicate
with the enemy ; cum hoste coire, Cic. ; cum hoste
consilia conferre, Liv. III. (Of places); To have a
communication ; habere pervium usum.
COMMUNICATION, s. I. Conference, conversation;
colloquium ; collocutio ; congressus, us. II. Intercourse,
commerce; societas; commercium; usus, us;
consuetude ; consociatio ; Cic To have, or hold, friendly
communication with ; cum aliquo consuetudinem et familiaritatem
jungere, Cic. Iwillhaveno communication
with him ; nolo rem habere cum illo, Varr. ; nolo cum
ilo usum ullius rei consociare, Phaedr The pestilence
has cut off all communication ; pestis omnem hominum
societatem dirimit, or humanam consociationem dissolvit.
COMMUNICATIVE, a. Qui sui libenter copiam facit,
Cic.; apertus ; ingenuus ; candidus. Not communicative ;
ad alios tectus, Cic. ; sui obtegens, Tac.
COMMUNION. *. I. Intercourse ; see COMMUNICATION,
[I. II. Participation of the Lord's supper ; cceleste
epulum To administer the communion; aliquem sacris
epulis adhibere. To receive the communion ; ad sacras
;pulas, or mensas, accedere. Frequent communion;
frequens divinae mensa? usus, us.
COMMUNITY, s. I. The body politic ; civitas ; ho-
Tiinum congregatio ; or, consociatio atque communitas,
Cic. II. Common possession ^community of goods;
bonorum communio, or communitas, Ulp.) ; rerum omlium
promiscuus usus, us.
COMMUTATION, s. I. Change ; mutatio ; permutatio.
II. Exchange; commutatio ; permutatio.
To COMMUTE, v.a. Rem in aliam mutare, commutare,
or permutare; rem cum alia commutate, or permutare.
COMPACT, s. Pactum ; pactio ; fcedus, eris, n. ; conventus,
us; conventum To make a compact ; ad pactionem
venire, or accedere, Cic.
COMPACT, a. Densus ; spissus.
To COMPACT, v.a. Coagmentare ; colligare; conjungere
; jungere.
COMPACTNESS, s. Densitas ; compactio ; Cic.
COMPACTLY, ad. Dense ; spisse.
COMPANION, s. Socius ; comes. A companion on a
urney ; comes: (on a voyage); convector: (in war);
:ommilito : (at school) ; condiscipulus : (at table); convictor;
compransor: (at play); collusor, Sen.: (in
office); collega, 32, m. '..(in service); conservus, Cic. :
in fortune) ; fortunae socius ac particeps, Cic. : (in
abour) ; laborum censors, Cic. To take to one's setf
companions; sibi socios adsciscere. Not to admit as a
companion; comitem abnegare. A good companion (a
alse expression, denoting a man of pleasure) ; qui se
otum jucunditati dat. A female companion; comes,
tis, f., Cic. A boon companion; festivus, jocosus. A
COMPANIONABLE
bottle-companion ; combibo, onis, m. ; compotor, oris,
m., Cic.
COMPANIONABLE, a. Commodus ; commodis moribus ;
Cic. Not companionable ; omnibus insociabilis, Liv.;
morosus ac difflcilis, Hor. ; societatis impatiens,
COMPANIONSHIP, s. Consuetude ; societas.
COMPANY, s. I. Persons assembled together; COEN
tus; conventus, us; grex He sees much company;
magna ad eum confluit hominum frequentia ; hominum
frequentia domus ejus celebratur ; Cic To shun company
; congressus hominum fugere Ida not like much
company ; celebritas mihi odio est. To frequent bad
company ; consuetudine improborum uti ; malorum in
consuetudinem se dare ; cum improbis societatem inire ;
Cic. To renounce bad company; ab improbis demigrare.
II. Persons assembled fffr conversation; circulus
Tofrequent such compantks; circulos consectari.
III. Persona united for the performance of any
thing; societas ; ordo ; corpus, oris, n. A company in
trade ; societas ; consociatio. To admit into the company
; aliquem sibi sociare, or socium adjungere. A
company offoot soldiers; manipulus. By companies ;
manipulating Soldiers of a company ; commanipulares,
Tac. A banqueting company ; sodalitas ; sodalitium.
A company of actors ; grex, Plaut.; Ter. IV. A
body of attendants or companions ; alicujus comites, um,
pi. ; comitatus, us. To bear or keep company ; aliquem
conTitari. To be in company with ; una, or simul, ire.
To join company with; alicui se comitem praebere, or
conjungere, Cic. To desert a company ; comitatum deserere
; ab aliquo discedere.
COMPARABLE, a. Comparabilis ; comparandus, or conferendus,
alteri, or cum altero ; assimulandus ; Cic.
COMPARATIVE, a. I. By comparison, relative ; comparatus
j comparativus ; Cic. ; si conferatur cum altero ;
in comparatione alterius, Flor. II. Having the power
of comparing ; qui rem cum alio confert ; qui comparationem
instituit. III. (In grammar) ; The comparative
degree ; comparativus gradus, Quint.
COMPARATIVELY, ad. Comparate, Cic.
To COMPARE, v. a. I. To examine the relative nature
of several thihgs ; unum cum alio componere ; unum
alteri, or cum altero,. comparare, or conferre. To compare
notes together ; de re conferre, communicare, consilium
inire. II. To liken, equal; aliquem alteri, or
cum altero, aequiparare ; aliquid alicui rei assimilare ;
Cic. To compare one's setf with another ; sequare se
cum altero, Varr.
COMPARISON, s. I. Act vf comparing ; comparatio;
contentio ; colhrtio^ Cic To make or draw a comparison
; aliorum cum aliis contentionem facere, Cic One
may make a comparison between those two things ; potest
incidere de duobus istis comparatio, Cic. This maff
enter into comparison with; hoc est comparabile cum,
Cic. Beyond or without comparison; longe, Cic.
In comparison with ; prae ; ad ; in comparatione alterius,
Flor. ; si conferatur cum altero You are happy,
in comparison with myself ; prae nobis beatus es, Cic.
The earth is but a point in comparison with the heavens ;
terra ad universi cceli complexum quasi puncti instar obtinet,
Cic. By comparison ; comparate, Cic. II. A
similitude; similitudo, Cic.
COMPARTMENT, s. Figurarum apta et accommodata
dimensio ; ordo ; area. To range or dispose into compartments
; describere; ordines dimetiri atque describere
; in areas describere ; areis distinguere.
COMPASS, s. I. Round, circuit; ambitus, us, Cic. ;
circuitus, us, Plin. ; circuitio, Vitr. II. Space, reach;
amplitude j latitude
^ longitude ; spatium ; Cic Of
great compass; magmtudine amplissimus, Cic. A voice
of no compass ; angusta vox, Juv. Compass of mind;
ingenii amplitude, or magnitude, Cic. III. Limits;
fines, ium, pi. ; termini, orum, pi. To keep within compass
; modum tenere. To draw into a narrow compass ;
contrahere, Cic. ; breviare ; in summarium redigere ; ad
compendium conferre, Quint. Within the compass of a
year ; intra annum To speak within compass ; ne quid
verbis exaggerem, Cic.
To COMPASS, v.a. I. To surround; rem re circumdare,
cingere; ambjre, Cic To compass round
about; amplecti. II. To go round; ambire; circumire;
obire. III. To attain; assequi; consequi To
compass by force ; vi perficere. To compass by entreaty
; exorare ; impetrare To compass one's ends ;
propositum peragere, Nep., or assequi, Cic. IV. To
contrive ; machinari ; struere. To compass the death of
a person ; de interficiendo aliquo rationem, or consilium,
inire ; necem alicui machinari ; ad aliquem interficiendum
conspirare ; de aliquo interficiendo conjurare; Cic.
COMPASS or COMPASSES, s. An instrument; circinus,
i, m., Vitr Measured with the compass; circino circumductus.
Measuring with the compass ; circinatio,
Vitr To round with the compass ; circinare, Plin. ; ad
circinum rotundare, Vitr. ; circino in orbem describere.
COMPASSION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio ; misericordia;
Cic Worthy of compassion; miserabilis ; miserandus
Unworthy of compassion; immiserabilis, Hor.
62
COMPASSIONATE
Moved with compassion ; misericordia commotus, permotus,
Cic To be touched with compassion ; ad misericordiam
adduci, Cic. That has no compassion ; immisericors,
Cic With compassion; miseranter, Cell
Without compassion ; immisericorditer, Ter In a
manner worthy of compassion ; miseranter ; miserandum
in rnodum, Cic To seek to excite compassion ; misericordiam
captare, Cic. To excite compassion ; mentem
miseratione permovere ; aliquem ad misericordiam allicere,
inducere ; rnisericordiam alicui commoyere, Cic
7b have compassion on any one ; alicujus misereri ; alicujus
miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse ;
Cic. I have compassion on you; miseret me tui, Cic
Tofeel compassionfor the misfortunes of another ; alterius
fortunam misereri; alterius in fortunis misericordiam
adhibere, Cic,
To COMPASSIONATE, v.a. See COMPASSION, ad fin.
COMPASSIONATE, a. Ad misericordiam propensus ;
v'vir) clemens et misericordia singulari, Cic To be
compassionate j alterius dolore commoveri ; alterius vicem
dolere, Cic.
COMPASSIONATELY, ad. Miseranter.
COMPATIBILITY, s. Convenientia ; non repugnantia.
COMPATIBLE, a. Quod potest cum alio conciliari.
These two things are not compatible ; haec duo simul consistere
non possunt, or inter se repugnant These two
offices are compatible ; hzec duo munera ab eodem exerceri
possunt To be compatible; inter se cohaerere, conciliari,
concordari, non repugnare; posse simul consistere,
Cic.
COMPATRIOT, s. Popularis ; civis; Ck. ; conterraneus,
Plin.
COMPEER, s. Socius; compar.
To COMPEL, v. a. Cogere aliquem rem facere, or ut
faciat ; alicui vim inferre, Cic To compel to surrender;
ad deditkmem subigere, Cic He has compelled me to
speak ; mihi dicendi necessitas ab illo imposita est, Cic.
COMPELLABLE. a. Cui necessitas rei aflerri, or imponi,
potest.
COMPELLER. s. Coactor.
COMPENDIOUS, a. Brevis ; contractus.
COMPENDIOUSLY, ad. Breviter; paucis verbis; summatim.
COMPENDIOUSNESS. s. Brevitas.
COMPEND or COMPENDIUM. *. Epitome, es, f. ; epitoma,
33, f. ; compendium, Sen He has given a compendium
of the Roman history in ten books; Romanam historian!
epitoma in decem libros circumscripsit.
To COMPENSATE, v. a. Rem alia re recompensare,
Cic., pensare, Curt.
COMPENSATION. *. Compensatio, Cic.
COMPETENCY, s. Quod satis est.
COMPETENT, a. I. Adequate ; idoneus ; congruens.
II. Consistent with > debitus ; quod pertinet ad.
Til. Allowable bylaw ; legitimus // is competent to;
pertinet ad.
COMPETENTLY, ad. Satis ; convenienter ; congruenter.
COMPETITION, s Rivalitas, Cic. ; aemulatio, Nep.
COMPETITOR, s. Competitor ; fern, competitrix, Cic.
There, are several competitors ; plures obeunt competitores,
Cic.
COMPILATION, s. Collectanea, orum, n. pi. ; excerptiones,
um, f. pi., Gell. ; excerpta, orum, n. pi.
To COMPILE, v. a. Compilare, Hor. ; e variis auctofibus
excerpta colligere.
COMPILER. *. Eclogarius, Cic. j qui ex variis auctoribus
excerpta colligit.
COMPLACENCE, COMPLACENCY, s. Delectatio ; oblectatio
; oblectamentum ; voluptas.
To COMPLAIN, v. n. Dolere ; mcerere ; gemere ; queri ;
Cic. j- gemitus edere, Ov. To suffer without complaining
; suppressum dolorem tegere, Lucr. ; mutum dolorem
premere, Stat To complain of any one ; de aliquo
queri, Cic To complain of one to another ; apud aliquem
de altero querimoniam, or querelas, habere, Cic.
To complain of a thing; rem, or de re, queri, Cic. ; ob
rem, or de re, conqueri, Cic. To complain of one's condition
; se miseran, Plaut To complain of his bad forune
; adversam fortunam conqueri, Cic There is some
reason to complain of this hoc nonnullam habet querelam,
Ck.
COMPLAINANT, s. ( In law) ; vindiciarum petitor.
COMPLAINER. s. Qui dolet, &c.
COMPLAINT, s. I. Representation ofpains ; querela ;
querimonia ; conquestio ; expostulate ; Cic. To carry
or make one's complaint ; querelas ad aliquem deferre ;
alicui de re queri Not to receive complaints ; dolentium
querelas excludere, Plin. Ep. II. Lamentation ;
gemitus, us ; lamenta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; quiritatio, Liv.
III. (In law); querimonia; apud judicem expostulatio
f Cic. IV. A disease; morbus Cic.; malum,
Cels.
COMPLAISANCE, s. 'Indulgentia ; obsequentia ; obsequium;
Cic Mean complaisance ; assentatio.
COMPLAISANT, a. Obsequiosus, Plaut. ; obsequens ;
ndulgens ; officiosus et comis, Cic To be complaisant {
CHARGE
avertere, conferre, Liv. ; Ter. III. To intrust; rem
alicui committere, credere, concredere, Cic. IV. Ti
accuse; culpam alicui assignare, Cic. ; crimine onerare
Plin. ; testimonium in aliquem dicere, Quint. V. Tt
attack; in hostem impetum facere, irruere, Cic T<
charge in the rear; hostem a tergo adoriri, Cic. ; terg
hostfum impugnare, Liv. VI. To burden, load
onerare aliquem ; alicui onus imponere, Cic. To chargi
a musket ; fistulam ferream pulvere sulphurate et plumbc
instruere. To charge a cannon ; tormentum pulvere
pyrio et globo munire. VII. To make a demand,
poscere. VIII. To exhort; hortari, adhortari, co
hortari, aliqnem ad aliquid, or aKquem ut aliquid faciat.
CHARGE, s. I. Trust; depositum. A giving in
charge; depositio. To give }'n charge ; rem apud aliquem
deponere, Cic. II. Command; munus, eris
mandatum ; provincia To give charge ; alicui de re fa
cienda mandatum, negotium, dare; earn provinciam dan
ut rem faciat ; alicui imponere partes ; Cic. ; curam rei
or rem alicujus curae, demandare, Liv. III. Commission,
office ; munus, eris, n. ; officium ; partes, iUm, f. pi
It is your charge; tuum est officium, Ter. ; tuum est
munus ; hoc tui muneris est ; tuae sunt partes ; Cic
To resign a charge ; officio, munere, se abdicare. IV
Accusation; criminatio ; crimen ; accusatio Charges,
accusationis capita. V. Exhortation ; hortatio ; ad
hortatio ; cohortatio]; exhortatio ; hortatus, us, m.; Cic. ,
hortamen, Liv. ; hortamentum, Sail. VI. Expense
cost; sumptus, us,m. ; impensa, ae, f. ; Cic. VII. Onset,
attack ; aggressio ; impressio ; impetus, us, m. ; Cic
To make a charge ; impressionem, or impetum, in
hostem facere, Cic. ; in hostem incurrere, Nep.; in hostes
invehi, Caes To return to the charge; ad pugnam
redire, Virg. ; praelium redintegrare, or renovare, Caes. ;
pugnam iterare, Liv. VIII. Burden, load; onus..
Charge of a cannon ; pulveris sulphurati et globi modus
ad tormentum explodendum.
CHARGEABLE, a. Liable to be accused', accusabilis
Cic. 4 qui accusari potest ; cui aliquid objici potest, &c.
CHARGER, s. I. A large dish; lanx, Pers. ; catinus,
Hor.; paropsis, idis, f., Juy. ; mazonomum, Hor.; ma
zonomus, Varr. ; magis, idis. f., Plin. II. A warhorse
j equus bellicus ; bellator equus, Virg.
CHARILY, ad. Attente ; parce.
CHARIOT, s. Carrus, i ; currus, us ; pilentum ; carpentum
; plaustrum ; rheda ; carruca. A ivar-chariot ;
essedum ; esseda.
CHARIOTEER, s. Auriga, ae, m. ; rhedarius ; essedarius.
CHARITABLE, a. Christiana charitate, or benevolentia,
preeditus ; benevolus erga alterum, or alteri Charitable
to the poor ; in pauperes beneficus, or benignus.
CHARITABLY, ad. Benevole ; benigne ; munifice.
CHARITY, s. I. Love; eharitas ; benevolentia ; amor.
II. Liberality to the poor ; in pauperes beneficientia,
or'benignitas.
CHARLATAN, s. Circumforaneus pharmacopeia, Cic. ;
circulator, Cels. ; circulatorius, Curt.
CHARLATANRY, s. Verborum praestigiae, Cic. ;
'
verbosae
strophae, Phaedr.
CHARLES'S WAIN. s. Ursa, or Arctos, major.
CHARM, s. I. Enchantment; cantio, Cic.; cantamen,
Propert. ; incantamentum ; fascinum ; fascinatio ;
Plin. II. Allurement; illecebra; lenocinium, Cic.;
illectus, us, m., Plaut.; delinimentum, Tac.
To CHARM, v. a. I. To enchant; fascinare, Virg. ;
incantare, Plin To charm away pain or grief ; dolorem
lenire ; aegritudinem obtundere. II. To delight;
demulcere ; permulcere ; illicere ; pellicere ; trahere.
CHARMER, s. I. An enchanter; magus ; sagus ; fern,
iga. II. One who delights; deliciae, arum, f. pi.
CHARMING, a. Jucundus; jueundissimus; quo nihil
jucundius. Charming beauty; eximia pulchritude
A house in a charming situation ; domus in loco amcenissimo
sita. A man of charming manners ; homo
omni lepore et venustate affluens, Cic. A charming
pleasure; suavissima voluptas.
CHARMINGLY, ad. Eximie ; pulchre ; bene.
CHARNEL-KOUSE. s. Locus in quo ossa conduntur ;
(ossuaria, x, f., Ulp.).
CHART, s. Tabula geographica Nautical chart;
tabula nautica.
CHARTER, s. Diploma, atis, n. ; tabula ; charta.
To CHARTER (a ship). v. a. Navim conducere, or
locare.
CHARY, a. Consideratus ; prudens ; cautus.
To CHASE, v. a. I. To hunt ; venari ; sectari; canibus
agitare; exagitare. II. To drive away; pellere;
depellere ; expellere ; ejicere ; detrudere ; extrudere ;
pic. III. To pursue (an enemy) ; fugientem hostem
insequi, persequi, Cic. ; fugientibus instare, Curt. ; tergis,
or in tcrgis, fugientium haerere, Tac. ; Curt. IV.
To work in relievo; caelare auro, argento, Cic., in auro,
Virg., aurum, Plin.
CHASE. *. I. Hunting ; venatio; venatus, us, m.
A dog of the chase ; canis venaticus Implements for
the chase ; instrumentum venatorium. To go out to the
50
CHASM
chase; venatum ire. To live by the chase; vitam propagare
venatu ; ali venatu ; alimenta venatu expedire.
II. Game hunted; venatio; venatus, us^praeda vettatfca;
ferina, sc. caro. III. Pursuit of an enemy :
insectatio ; consectatio. To give chase ; see To CHASE,
III. IV. Pursuit of something as desirable: indagatio
; inquisitio ; investigatio.
CHASM, s. Cavum.; lacuna; rima.
CHASTE, a. I. Virtuous, modest ; castus; pudicuspurus.
II. Pure, correct (of style) ; accuratus ; emendatus,
Cic. ; castigatus, Hor.
CHASTELY, ad. Caste ; pure. To CHASTEN or CHASTISE, v. a. Castigare ; pcena
afficere ; in aliquem animadvertere.
CHASTISEMENT, s. I. The act of chastising ; castigatio;
animadversio Worthy of chastisement ; caotigabilis,
Plaut.; animadvertendus, Ter. II. That which
is suffered as punishment; pcena.
CHASTISER. s. Castigator.
CHASTITY, s. Castitas ; castimonia; pudicitia, Cic.;
pudor, Virg. Inviolable chastity; impenetrabilis castitas,
Tac To preserve one's chastity; caste vivere, Cic.;
pudicitiam servare, Virg.
To CHAT. v. n. Fabulari, Ter. ; cum aliquo familiares
sermones conferre, Cic.
CHAT. s. Sermo familiaris.
CHATTELS, s. pi. Bona mobilia, Cic. ; res moventes, or
mobiles, Liv. ; Ulp.
To CHATTER, v. n. I. To make a noise as birds:
garrire. II. To prate, talk idly; loquitari, Plaut.;
garrire ; multum esse in loquendo, Cic. ; blaterare, Hor.
III. To make a noise with the teeth ; dentibus crepitare.
CHATTER or CHATTERING, s. I. The noise of birds;
avium garritus, concentus. II. Idle talk ; garrulitas ;
loquacitas ; loquendi profluentia, Cic. III. Noise made
by the teeth ; dentium crepitus, us, m.
CHATTERER, s. Garrulus, Ter. ; loquax, Cic. ; locutuleius
; blatero, Cell. : fern., mulier garrula ; loquax ;
locutula, Lucr A great chatterer; loquacissimus
He is a great chatterer; huic nunquam verba deficiunt,
Cic.
To CHAW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere, Liv. ;
commanducare, Plin.
CHEAP, a. Vilis To sell cheap ; rem parvo pretio
vendere, Cic. ; rem vili vendere, Mart Land is cheap ;
jacent pretia praediorum, .Cic To be very cheap; vilissime
constare, Cic. To make one's self too cheap; se
abjicere.
To CHEAPEN, v. a. Licitari.
CHEAPLY, ore?. Parvo pretio; vili.
CHEAPNESS, s. Vilitas.
To CHEAT, s. 1. To impose upon, deceive ; alicui
imponere, fucum facere ; aliquem fallere, fucum facere,
decipere, in errorem, or in captionem, inducere, Cic
(In jest); aliquem lepide ludificari, or alicui illudere,
Cic. II. To disappoint ; aliquem in re fraud are ; fallere
; frustrari ; exspectationem alicujus decipere.
Ill To cheat one's self; se ipsum circumscribere, or in
fraudem induere.
CHEAT, g. I. A fraud; fraus. dis, f. ; dolus ; fallacia.
II. A person guilty of fraud ; fraudulently ;
vafer ; veterator ; fraudum artifex To play the cheat ;
fallaciter, subdole, or veteratorie, agere, Cic.
To CHECK, v. a. I. To repress, curb ; reprimere;
comprimere ; coercere ; cohibere ; refrenare ; Cic To
check one's self ; se tenere ; stare ; sistere ; consistere.
To check impudence or boldness ; audaciam comprimere
; petulantiam frangere ; Cic. To check one's efforts
; conatum refutare, Cic. ; impetum infrenare, Plin.
To check murmurings ; linguam et sermonem retundere,
Liv To check licentiousness ; licentiae frena inicere,
Hor. To check one's passions ; libidines refrenare,
or coercere, Cic. II. To chide ; aliquem objurjare,
or verbis castigare ; reprehendere.
CHECK, s. I. Stop; obstaculum, Plaut.; impedinentum,
Cic. To give a check to ; rei moras afferre, or
mpedimentum inferre. II. Restraint; frenum To
put a check upon; frena injicere ; frenare ; refrenare;
reprimere; coercere. III. A reproof; clemens castigatio,
Cic. ; reprehensio. IV. A counter-mark at a
heatre, Sjc. ; altera scena? tessera. V. Loss, misforune
(in war) ; detrimentum ; clades To receive a
heck; detrimentum accipere. To receive a terrible
heck; gravissimo fortunae vulnere premi, Cic. An
army that has received a check; mutilatus exercitus, Cic.
To CHECKER or CHEQUER, v. a. I. To variegate i
rariare; vario colore, or variis coloribus, distinguere.
II. To tesselate ; vermiculari ; vermiculatum opus
acere ; tesselatum opus concinnare.
CHECKERVVORK. 5. Vermiculatum, or tesselatum,
>pus.
CHECKERED. I. Tesselated; vermiculatus, Cic.;
esselatus, Suet. II. Mingled; mistus.
CHEEK, s. Gena; mala, ae, f. Large cheeks ; fluentes
mccae, Cic. That has large cheeks ; bucculentus To
rive a blow on the cheeks ; alicui genam percutere.
COMPUTE
. To COMPUTE, v. a. Supputare ; rationcm putare ;
riant. ; calculos subducere, Cic. ; calculum ponere, Ov.
To compute the expense ; sumptus ad calculos vocare ;
sumptuum rationem habere ; Cic.
COMRADE, s. Socius : (in arms) ; commilito, onis,
Cic. ; commiles, itis, Caes.
To CON. v. n. i. e. To commit to memory} memorise
mandare.
To CONCATENATE, v. a. Nectere ; connectere ; facere
ut alia ex aliis apta nexaque sint, Cic.
CONCATENATION, s. Series ; continuatio; Cic Concatenation
of events ; eventorum consequentia, Cic
Concatenation of secret causes; causarum latentium
nexus, us, Curt.
CONCAVE, a. Concavus, Cic. ; convexus, Virg.
CONCAVITY, s. Convexa, orum, n. pi. ; convexitas,
Plin. ; convexio, Cell. See CAVITY.
To CONCEAL, v. a. I. To hide ; abdere ; occulere ;
occultare j Cic. ; abscondero, Sen. II. To keep secret;
celare. To conceal a thingfrom any one , celare aliquem
de re, or rcm alicui, Ter. ; celare aliquid aliquem, Cic.
He has concealed important matters from you , de
maximis rebus ab illo celatus es, Cic.
CONCEALABLE. . Quod celari potest.
CONCEALMENT, s. I. The act of hiding ; occultatio.
II. The state of being hid ; latebra To be in con.
cealment; latitare; delitescere ; in occulto stare; Cic.
In concealment ; latens ; latitans ; abditus ; Cic.
To CONCEDE, v. n. Concedere ; tribuere et concedere,
Cic. To concede the demand of any one ; alicujus postulationi
concedere, Cic., or postulatis annuere, Plin.
CONCEIT, s. I. Conception, thought, understanding ;
cpgitatio ; mentis actio, Cic. A witty conceit ; lepidum
dictum Pretty conceits; sales, him ; facetiae, arum, f.
pi. A conceit; informata animo species, Cic. II.
Fancy ; excogitandi vis. Idle conceits ; ineptise. To
indulge in idle conceits ; ad ineptias abire, Cic.
III. Opinion; opinio ; existimatio ; judicium, Cic
A fond conceit of one's setf; nimius sui suspectus, us,
Sail. To have a great conceit of one's self ; sentire de
se clare ac magnifice ; de se summam opinionem habere ;
de se bene existimare, Cic. To be any thing in one's
own conceit ; putare se esse aliquid, Plin Self-conceit ;
nimia sui fiducia. To be out of conceit with ; fastidire ;
satietate et fastidio alienari ab ; Cic. To put one out of
conceit with a thing ; alicui fastidium et satietatem rei
afferre, creare, or movere, Cic. ; abalienare aliquem, or
voluntatem alicujus, ab aliquo, Cic.
To CONCEIT, v. a. See To FANCY, IMAGINE.
CONCEITED, a. I. Proud, vain ; superbus ; arrogans
; gloriosus ; qui de se bene existimat, or clare ac
magnifice sentit, Cic. ; qui putat se esse aliquid. To
be conceited ; de se bene existimare, c. II. Opinionative
; opinipne imbutus. III. Affected, fantastical;
nimis exquisitus ; studipsius
accersitus ; Cic. ; in ostentationem
compositus, Liv.; affectatus, Quint.
CONCEITEDNESS. S. See CONCEIT.
CONCEIVABLE, a. Quod animo comprehend!, concipi,
or percipi, potest ; quod in intelligentiam cadit ; Cic.
To CONCEIVE, v. a. and n. I. (As a mother) ; concipere
; conceptum facere. II. To form in the mind ;
rem sibi cogitatione fingere, or depingere ; rem animo
effingere ; fingere; Cic. I have conceived great hopes
concerning him ; me complevit bona spe, Caes He has
conceived great hopes ; spes magnas fovet animo He
has conceived a great dislike of work ; laboris satietas
eum cepit, Ter / have conceived a suspicion concerning
him; incidit de illo sinistra opinio. To conoeive
hatred anger against any one; odium in aliquem
concipere; cum aliquo indignari, irasci. III. To plot,
devise ; machinari; struere. IV. To understand ; intelligere
; percipere, Cic. ; cogitatione, animo, complecti
; concipere ; comprehendere.
To CONCENTRATE, v. a. Ad centrum compellere ;
duas res in unum cogere. To concentrate one's affections
on one object ; aliquem unice amare, Cic.
To CONCENTRATE, v. n. In unum veluti corpus coire ;
coalescere ; or, cogi.
CONCENTRIC, CONCENTRICAL. a. Cui commune cum
altero est centrum.
CONCEPTION, s. I. Act of conceiving ; conceptio ;
conceptus, us; Cic. II. Faculty of comprehension ;
mens ; intelligentia ; Cic. ; mentis acies. To have a
quick conception ; celeriter arripere, Cic. To be slow
of conception; tarde percipere, Cic He has a ready
conception ; huic mens est acris et vigens ; est mente
acerrima ; celeriter animo omnia cpmprehendit ; Cic
He has a slow conception ; hebet illi mentis acies ; est
obtusiore mentis acie. These things are great, beyond
conception; tarn sunt magna, ut ea vix cujusquam mens
aut cogitatio capere possit, Cic / have formed no conception
of those things ; ea minus intellexi, Cic. III.
Notion, idea; notio ; impressa in animo forma rerum ;
Cic To give some conception of a thing; tradere rei
notionem, Plin.
To CONCERN, v. a. I. To belong to, interest, regard;
ad aliquem, or ad rem, pertinere, or attinere ; rcm, ad
64
CONCERN
rem, spectare That doet not concern me; id ad me
non attinet, Cic This does not concern you at all; hoc
te nihil contingit, Liv. He is careful and exact in all
which concerns his duty ; omnes officii partes impigre
ac strenue obit Concerned > ad quern res spec-tat, or
attinet. It concerns me, thee, him; ad me, te, se, pertinet,
or spectat ; mea, tua, sua, interest, or refert. II.
To disturb, trouble ; aliquem sollicitare, or in sollicitudinem
adducere, Cic. ; molestiam, sollicitudinem, alicui
creare, or afferre ; angere ; sollicitum habere To be
concerned at; ex aliqua re ffigritudinem, or molestiam,
suscipere ; propter aliquid zegritudine, molestia, or sollicitudine,
affici. III. To concern one's self (about a
thing) ; in partem rei venire ; aliqua re moveri To
concern one's self about a person or Ais interests; alicujus
rationibus inservire ; ad rationei alicujus se adjungere
; alicui studere, Cic.
CONCERN, CONCERNMENT. *. I. Affair ; res ; negotium.
II. Importance; momentum; pondus, eris,
n Of great concern; magni momenti et ponderis
Of trifling concern ; levis, or minimi, momenti. III.
Care; cura ; animi attentip. IV. Uneasiness; sollicitudo
; cura ; angor ; anxietas.
CONCERNING, prep. De ; circa ; super ; (with an ablative).
CONCERT, s. I. Symphony ; concentus, us ; harmonia,
Cic. Instrumental concert ; symphonia, Cic.
Vocal concert ; harmonia The pleasure of a concert ,-
oblectatio ex temperata varietate sonorum, Cic To
make a concert ; concentum efficere, Cic. II. Communication
of designs ; consensus, fts ; consensio ; concordia
; conspiratio ; Cic To act in concert with another
in a design; cum aliquo ad rem conspirare; ad
aliquid communem operam conferre. In concert; ex
pacto ; compacto, Cic. ; composite, Ter. ; ex composite,
Plin.
To CONCERT, v. n. and a. I. To deliberate together ;
cum aliquo de negotio deliberare, de re consultare, or
consilia conferre, Cic To concert respecting an answer ;
consultare, deliberare, quid sit respondendum. II. To
settle or agree upon together ; cum aliquo rem, or de re,
constituere ; rei consilium sociare, conjungere.
CONCESSION, s. Cpncessio ; concessus, us ; concessum
; res concessa, Cic.
To CONCILIATE, v. a. I. To procure good will ; alicujus
gratiam, or benevolentiam, sibi comparare, Cic. ;
conciliare, Virg. II. To reconcile; amicos avcrsos
componere, Hor. ; conciliare animos hominum, or alterum
alteri, Cic.
CONCILIATION, s. Conciliatio, Cic.
CONCILIATOR.*. Conciliator, Varr. ; f., conciliatrix ;
conciliatricula, Cic.
CONCILIATORY, a. Ad conciliandum aptus.
CONCISE, a. Concisus ; pressus ; brevis ; contractus ;
Cic. To use a concise style ; concise ac presse dicere,
Cic.
CONCISELY, ad. Breviter ; paucis verbis. Very concisely;
perbreviter ; peranguste, Cic.
CONCISENESS, s. Brevitas. (Concisio is not used in
this sense.)
CONCLAMATION. s. Conclamatio, Caes.
CONCLAVE, s. I. Assembly of the cardinals; sacer
patrum purpuratorum consessus. II. Place where
they assemble; conclave, is. III. Any close assembly f
concilium sanctius, or secretius.
To CONCLUDE, v. a. and n. I. To end, terminate ;
concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei finem
facere, or imponere, Cic. To conclude a businessf negotium
conficere, explicare, or expedire, Cic To conclude
(in speaking) ; veniamus aliquando ad clausulam,
Cic. II. To determine, decide; statuere, or constituere,
Cic. To conclude upon any thing ; statuere, constituere,
de re He had concluded not to be present ;
statuerat et deliberaverat non adesse, Cic. III. To
conclude by ratiocination ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or
inferre, Cic To conclude falsely ; vitiose concludere,
Quint. To conclude rightly; bene colligere, Cic
Hence we conclude; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere
est Cic.
CONCLUSION, s. I. Close ; negotii confectio ; rei
exitus, us, Cic. Conclusion of a discourse ; conclusio ;
peroratio ; clausula ; Cic Conclusion of a play ; tabula;
peractio, Cic. II. Final decision ; propositum ; fixum
consilium. (I) have come to the conclusion; fixum. et
statutum est ; stabile, fixum, ratum et decretum est ; sic
stat sententia; Cic. III. Collection from premisses ;
conclusio; illatio. To draw a conclusion; aliquid ex
re concludere.
CONCLUSIVE, a. Ad pervincendum idoneus A conclusive
proof ; condusio ine$pugnabilis, Quint.
To CONCOCT, v. a. I. To digest / coquere ; concoquere
; Cic. II. To plot, contrive ; machinari ; struere.
CONCOCTION, s. Ccctip.
CONCOMITANT, a. Qui comitatur ; qui una sequitur.
CONCOMITANTLY. ad. Una; simul.
CONCORD, s. 1. Union ; concordia ; voluntatum
consensio ; Cic With concord ; concorditer, Cic.
CONCORDANT CONDITION
Brothers who live in the greatest concord; fratres concordissimi,
or animo conjunctissimi. To live in the
greatest concord with another; cum altero concordissime
vivere. To maintain concord { concordiam tueri, or
conglutinare, Cic. To disturb concord ; concordiam
disjungere ; consensum divellere, Cic. To establish
concord ; rem ad concordiam adducere, Cic. II.
Agreement; pactum ; pactio; conventum; Cic. III.
Harmony; harmonia; concentus, us; concordia, Cic.
IV. (hi grammar) ; verborum constructio, or structura,
Cic. ; convenientia.
CONCORDANT, a. Concordans ; consentiens.
CONCORDAT, s. Pactum, or pactio, de rebus ad ecclesiam
pertinentibus.
CONCOURSE, s. Concursus, us ; concursio ; Cic.
There ts a great concourse ; undique concurritur, Cic.
Concourse of atoms ; atomorum fortuita concursio, Cic.
Concourse of vowels ; vocalium concursus, Cic.
To CONCRETE, v. n. Inter se jungi copularique, Cic. ;
coagmentari ; coalescere.
CONCRETE, s. Massa; moles; permistio
CONCRETE, a. Concretus, Mart.
CONCRETION, s. Concretio ; permistio ; Cic. ; mistura.
CONCUBINAGE, s. Concubinatus, us, Plaut.; pellicatus,
us, Cic. (with reference to the concubine of a married
man).
CONCUBINE, s. (Of a single man) ; concubina, se, f.:
(of a married man) ; pellex, icis, f., Cic.
CONCUPISCENCE, j. Effrenata libido, or cupiditas
Concupiscence kindles the flames of every passion ; corporis
racibus inflammari solemus ad omnes cupiditates,
Cic.
To CONCUR, v. n. I. To meet in one point; invicem
occurrere ; utrinque obviam fieri. II. To join in one
action ; ad rem cum alio concurrere, or conspirare, Cic.
Every thing concurs toivards his advancement ; illius
honori favent omnia. III. To concur with ; cum aliquo
consentire, or convenire.
CONCURRENCE, s. i.e. Consent; consensus, us; consensio
; approbatio ; Cic. With my concurrence ; me
aunuente, or approbante.
CONCURRENT, s. Concurrens ; qui una fit, evenit.
CONCURRENTLY, ad. Una ; simul ; conjuncte.
CONCUSSION, s. Concussio ; concussus, us.
To CONDEMN, v. a. I. To find guilty ; damnare ;
condemnare To condemn to punishment ; damnare ad
supplicium : (to banishment) ; exsilio : (to the galleys);
ad triremes : (to death) ; capite; prmorte addicere, Cic. :
( to perpetual imprisonment) ; in custodiam aaternam
dare, Cic To condemn one's self to banishment ; exsilium
sibi consciscere, Cic. II. To censure ; arguere ;
culpare ; improbare ; reprehendere ; vituperare, Cic
One cannot condemn that ; id effugit vituperationem, or
abest a reprehensione, Cic To condemn one's self;
erratum agnoscere, Cic.
CONDEMNABLE. a. \. e. Blameworthy ; vituperabilis,
Cic.; vituperandus, Auct. ad Her.; reprehensione dignus,
Cic.
CONDEMNATION. *. I. The act of condemning; damnatio
; condernnatio. Condemnation to exile ; aquae et
ignis interdictio, Cic. Sentence of condemnation ; damnatorium
judicium, Cic. : (of death); capitale judicium.
II. Blame, censure ; vituperatio ; reprehensio.
CONDEMNATORY, a. Damnatorius, Cic.
CONDENSATION. 5. Densatio.
To CONDENSE, v. . Densare, Virg.; addensare, Plin.;
condensare, Col. ; spissare, Cels. ; cogere ; comprimere,
Varr.
To CONDENSE, v. n. Densari ; condensari, Varr.
CONDENSED, part. a. Densus; densatus Condensed
air ; concretus aiir, Cic.
To CONDESCEND, v. n. I. To yield; alicui indulgere
; morem gerere ; alienee voluntati obsequi, or concedere
; accommodare se ad alterius voluntatem ; alterum
ad nostram voluntatem adducere. II. To vouchsafe ;
dignari, with an infinitive or an ablative He did not
condescend to speak to me ; me non dignum judicavit
quem alloqueretur. He did not condescend to look at
him ; ilium ne aspexit quidem ; or, ne aspectu quidem
dignatus est. III. To humble one's self; se demittere ;
superbiam ponere.
CONDESCENSION, s. Obsequium ; indulgentia ; sui demissio.
CONDESCENDING, a. part. Obsequens ; indulgens ; se
demittens ; demissus.
CONDIGN, a. Dignus ; meritus ; condignus, Plaut.
CONDIMENT, s. Condimentum ; conditio ; Cic.; conditura,
Sen Fig. ; additus rei lepos ; commendatio ;
CONDISCIPLB. s. Condiscipulus, Cic.
To CONDITE. v. a. Cibos condire, Cic.
CONDITION, s. I. State ; conditio ; status, us ; fortuna.
II. Circumstances; conditio; status, us ; vitae
genus ; iastitutum ; vitae institutum ; Cic. To be satisfied
or content with one's condition ; sua sorte contentum
vivere, Ilor Every one ought to live according
to his condition ; quisqiie so suo modulo ac pede
metiri debet, Ilor. III. Rank; conditio; genus,
eris, n. ; locus; Cic.; natales, ium, pi., Tac. IV.
Stipulation ; conditio ; lex ; Cic. . To impose conditions
; alicui leges imponere, praescribere, statuere ;
aliquem conditionibus adstringere, Cic. He has imposed
a hard condition on me ; duram mihi conditionem
statuit, Cic. They have imposed that condition
n him ; illi hanc conditionem ferunt, ut, Cic It is
the part of the conqueror to propose conditions of peace,
and of the vanquished to receive them ; ferre conditiones
est victoris, accipere victi, Cic. To accept conditions ;
conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones pactionesque accedere,
Cic. To reject conditions ; conditiones rejicere,
respuere, repudiare, Cic. Not to observe conditions;
pacta et promissa non servare, Cic To abide by conditions;
conditionibus stare, Cic. On condition that;
ea lege, or conditione, or sub ea conditione, ut, with a
conjunctive ; modp ; dummodo ; Cic. V. State of
body ; corporis habitudo, or habitus, us. VI. Temper,
disposition; mos, moris, m. ; indoles, is, f.
To CONDITION, v. n. See To STIPULATE.
CONDITIONAL, a. Cui adjuncta est conditio ; quod ex
conditione servanda pendet.
CONDITIONALLY, ad. Adjuncta conditione.
CONDITIONED (well, ill), part. a. (Of persons) ; moratus
: (of things) ; constitutus.
To CONDOLE, v. n. Dolorem officiosum significare ;
simul dolere; (condolere, Hieron.).
CONDOLENCE, s. Dolor ex alterius dolore perceptus.
Message of condolence ; doloris officiosa significatio.
To CONDUCE, v. n. Contribuere ; conferre ; adjumento
esse ad ; Cic.
CONDUCIVE, a. Utilis ; aptus ; accommodus.
CONDUCT, s. I. Management; administratio ; gusrnatio
; curatio ; procuratio, Cic. Conduct of public
affairs ; publicarum rerum curatio et administratio, Cic.
To give to one the conduct of an army; aliquem ducem
exercitui prseficere, Cic. : (of a war); bello praeponere,
Cic To give one the conduct of any thing ; aliquem rei
proeficere ; alicui praefecturam rei dare (To take it
away) ; rei curam demere, Cic. j aliquem de cura rerum
demovere, Tac. II. Escort, guard; praesidium ; comitatus,
Cic. ; comitum turba. III. Behaviour ; ratio ;
itae, or vivendi, ratio, Cic. To charge one to watch Ute
conduct of another ; aliquem alteri custodem addere,
Plaut lam utterly astonished at your conduct; vestram
nequeo satis mirari rationem, Ter.
To CONDUCT, v. a. I. To lead; ducere ; deducere ; alicui
ducem se praebere, Cic To conduct one to his house ;
aliquem domum deducere. II. To manage; administrare
; gubernare ; moderari ; gerere, Cic. To conduct
the qffairs of state ; administrare rempublicam, Cic
To conduct an army; ducere exercitum, Cic.; praeesse
exercitui To conduct an affair ; rem gerere, administrare
: (well) ; rem optime suo ductu gerere, Cic. :
(cleverly) ; rem astute tractare, Tac. III. To attend;
comitari : (by way of respect) ; deducere, Cic. ; latus
tegere, Hor., claudere, Liv. : (in great numbers) ; celebrare
: (as an escort) ; praesidii causa comitari.
CONDUCTOR, s. I. A leader; dux, Cic. ; dux via?,
Curt. II. A manager; ductor ; praefectus ; dux
atque princeps, Cic.
CONDUIT, s. Ductus, us, Cic. ; canalis, is, m., Vitr. ;
aquarum ductus, Cic.
CONE. s. (In geometry) ; conus, i, m., Cic.
To CONFABULATE, v. n. Cpnfabulari,
Plaut. ; Ter.
CONFABULATION, s. Familiarissima collocutio; sermo;
colloquium ; Cic. ; (confabulatio, Tert.).
To CONFECT. v. a. Condire.
CONFECTION, s. I. A sweetmeat; poma saccharo
aut melle condita. II. An electuary; confectio,
Gell. ; compositio, Cels. ; medica compositip.
CONFECTIONER. *. Qui (quae) poma condit.
CONFEDERACY, s. Fcedus, eris, n. ; societas confirmata
foedere ; consociatio ; Cic To break a confederacy
; feedus violare, rumpere ; consociationem dissolvere,
Cic. One who breaks a confederacy ; fcedifragus,
Cic.
To CONFEDERATE, v. n. Cum aliis feedus facere,
Cic. ; foedere conjungi ; alicui foedere jungi ; Liv.
CONFEDERATE, a. Fcederatus ; fcedere conjunctus.
To CONFER, v. n. Cum aliquo, or inter se, colloqui,
Cic. ; sermonem conferre ; capita conferre ; conferre
; communicare ; Cic To confer concerning a
matter ; de re conferre, deliberare, communicare, consilium
inire, Cic We will confer together about it ;
de his coram, sc. agemus ; coram de his conferemus,
Cic.
To CONFER, v. a. I. To compare ; rem cum alia,
or alteri, comparare; unum cum alio, or alteri, conferre;
Cic. II. To bestow (on or upon); donare ;
conferre ; tribuere ; attribuere. To confer a benefice
upon one ; jus ecclesiastici beneficii in aliquem conferre.
III. To contribute ; see To CONTRIBUTE.
CONFERENCE, s. I. Conversation ; colloquium ;
collocutio ; congressus, us To enter upon a conference
; ad colloquium venire, Cic. They are engaged in
F
CONFESS CONFINEMENT
a conference ; colloquuntur inter se, Cses We must
have a conference with him; in ejus congressum colloquiumque
veniendum est, Cic. They have had a long
conference upon that affair ; ea de re multa inter se
communicaverunt, Cic. Conference respecting peace;
tolloquia de pace. Secret conferences with the enemy ;
clandestina cum hostibus, Cic. II. Comparison ; collatio
; comparatio ; contentio ; Cic.
To CONFESS, v. a., .,and r. I. To own; rem, or
de re, confiteri. To confess one's fault; peccatum, or
de peccato, confessione patefacere, Cic To oblige to
confess a crime ; extorquere ab aliquo ut scelus fateatur,
Cic Confess that you are wrong; fatere ingenue te
esse in culpa, Cic To confessfreely ; fateri ; profiteri.
II. To acknowledge publicly ; profiteri (verum), Ov.
To confess Christ ; fidem Christianam confiteri, profiteri,
tueri. III. To disclose the state of the conscience ;
peccata sacerdoti declarare, or sacerdotis auribus committere.
IV. To hear the confession of a penitent ;
confitenti delicta aures praebere.
CONFESSEDLY, ad. Ex confesso.
CONFESSION. *. Confessio To be taken by one's
own confession ; sua confessione indui, Cic Confession
offaith ; fidei professio. Confession of sins ; delictorum
pia confessio A general confession ; confessio
peccatorura per totam vitam admissorum To make
one's confession; see To CONFESS, III.
CONFESSIONAL, s. Sacrum pcenitentiae tribunal.
CONFESSOR, s. I. A priest who hears confessions ;
sacramenti poenitentiae administer He is my confessor ;
est meae conscientiae arcanus arbiter. II. One -who
makes confession of the Christian faith in theface of danger
; Christianae fidei propugnator.
CONFIDANT, s. Alicujus consiliis intimus, Ter. ; qui
consiliorum alterius est particeps, Cic He is my con-
Jidant; meis consiliis est intimus, Ter. ; est mihi in
rebus privatis omnibus conscius, Cic. ; est meorum
omnium arcanorum arbiter, Curt.
To CONFIDE, v. n. Alicui fidere, Cic., confidere,
Caes., fidem habere, Cic. ; alterius fidei se committere.
I confide entirely in you ; rem omnem tibi permitto,
Cic / confide in you only ; tibi uni omnia credo, Cic.
You may confide in me ; de me tibi spondere possum,
Cic Confide in me ; da te mihi, 1 er. ; meae te
fidei, or in meam fidem, committe ; Cic. That confides
in himself ; bene sibi fidens, Cic. Not to confide in
any one ; alicui dimdere, Cic They confide in their
innocence ; sunt innocentia freti, Cic.
To CONFIDE, v. a. i. e. To intrust ; rem alicui committere,
credere, concredere, Cic. To confide secrets ;
alteri consilia committere, or animum credere, Cic.
CONFIDENCE.*. I. Trust; fiducia, Liv. : (in any
one); alicujus Self confidence ; sui fiducia Unlimited
confidence ; confidentia, Cic. To place confidence
in any one; confidere alicui, Caes., aliquo, Cic.,
in aliquo, Hirt To have confidence in anyone; alicui
fidem habere, adjungere, Cic. You have but little
confidence in me ; parva mihi apud te est fides, Plaut
You are not worthy of confidence ; fide nulla es, Plaut.
You are the man in whom he reposes the greatest confidence
; tibi maximam fidem rerum suarum habet, Cic.
A man worthy of confidence; homo fidus, certus,
Cic. II. Boldness; fidentia; fidens animus ; fiducia ;
animus ; Cic.
CONFIDENT, a. I. Sure, certain ; certus (de re) ;
non dubius ; Cic To be confident of a thing ; exploratum
habere, Cic / am confident of it ; id certo
scio, Cic. II. Bold; fidens; confidens ; praefidens;
audax; Cic. III. Trusting; qui sponte fidem aliis
adjungit.
CONFIDENTLY, ad. I. Without doubt; non dubitanter
; haud dubie ; sine dubio ; profecto ; certo ; Cic.
II. Boldly ; fidenter ; confidenter ; libere ; audacter;
Cic.; audentius, Tac. III. With firm trust;
cum fiducia.
CONFIGURATION, s. Externa corporum forma, figura,
or species.
CONFINES, s. pi. Fines, ium, m. pi. ; confinium ; Cic. ;
confinia, orum, n. pi., Cic.; (dat. confiniis, Cic., confinibus,
Plin.) To mark the confines of a territory ; agri
fines terminare, Cic.
To CONFINE, v. n. i. e. To border upon; confinem
esse, Cic. ; proximum esse, Curt. ; terminare, Cic.
To CONFINE, v. a. I. To limit; rem terminare ;
suis terminis circumscribere, circumdare, finire ; terminis
definire, Cic. To confine one's desires to what is
necessary; desiderare quod satis est, Hor Confine
your desires ; moderantius opta, Ov. II. To imprison
; in carcerem, or in carcere, includere, or inclusum
tenere ; in carcere detinere ; in carcerem, or in vincula,
conjicere, Cic. He is confined in prisonfor life ;
in sternum carcerem detrusus, or compactus, est, Plaut,,
Cic. III. To restrain; coercere; reprimere ; cohibere
; circumscribere. To confine one's self to his
rights ; intra fines juris sui cedere, Liv To be confined
by sickness ; morbo detineri To be confined to one's
bed; in lecto jacere; lecto detineri, or teneri, Cic.
66
IV. Pass. To be confined (in childbed); ex puerperio,
or ex partu, decumbere, Ter.
CONFINEMENT, a. I. Restraint ; coercitio ; cohibitio.
II. Imprisonment ; in custodia inclusio ; captivitas.
To be kept in confinement ; carcere, or custodia,
attincri, Tac He is in confinement; asservatur
in carcere, Liv. III. Childbed; puerperium, Plin.
To CONFIRM, v. a. I. To strengthen; firmare ;
confirmare ; stabilire ; roborare ; Cic To confirm one
in his opinions ; aliquem in sententia confirmatiorem
efficere He confirmed his promise with an oath ;
jurejurando fidem firmavit, Cic., alligavit. Sen. Jo
confirm by good arguments ; rem exquisitis rationibug
confirmare, Cic. II. To ratify, settle ; confirmare,
Cic. ; rei fidem addere, Liv. The letters confirm the
news that Murcena is made consul ; liters celebrant
Muraenam factum esse consulem, Cic. To confirm
by new proofs ; rem gravioribus argumentis confirmare
; rei fidem, auctoritatem, et firmamentum adjungere,
Cic. III. To administer the rite of confirmation ;
impositis manibus fideles confirmare.
CONFIRMATION, s. Confirmatio In confirmation of
this good news ; in fidem tarn laetarum rerum, Liv.
To give confirmation ; see To CONFIRM.
CONFIRMATORY, a. Quo res confirmatur ; fidem ret
faciens ; Quint.
To CONFISCATE, v. a. Bona fisco adjudicare, Cic. ;
addicere ; confiscare, Suet.; proscribere, Cic 'Ihe
property of the exiles is confiscated ; bonis mulctantur
exules, Cic.
CONFISCATED, part. a. Fisco addictus. One whose
property is confiscated ; confiscatus, Suet.
CONFISCATION, s. Fisco bonorum addictio ; bonorum
proscriptio, or sectio, Cic.
CONFITS. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita ;
tragemata, um, n. pi.
CONFLAGRATION, s. Conflagratio, Sen.
To CONFLICT, v . n. Confligere ; certare ; concertare
; decertare ; pugnare.
CONFLICT, s. I. Collision ; conflictus, us ; conflictio
; Cic. ; collisus ; concursus, us ; congressus. II.
Afight; certamen ; pugna ; prcelium, Cic. III. Contest
; contentio ; concertatio ; controversia ; rixa ; Cic.
CONFLUENCE, s. I. The meeting of two rivers ; confluens
; confluentes, sc. fluvii, Liv The confluence of the
Meuse and the Rhine ; Mosas et Rheni confluens, Caes.
II. A concourse ofpeople ; concursus, us ; frequentia;
ccetus, us.
CONFLUENT, a. Confluens.
To CONFORM, v. a. Rem alteri, or ad alterum, accommodare,
Cic.
To CONFORM, v. n. ( To the will of another) ; ad alterius
voluntatem se conformare ; ad alterius arbitrium
nutumque se fingere et accommodare ; Cic. (To other
manners, &c. ) ; alterius in mores congruere, Liv. ; mores
induere, Plin.
CONFORMABLE, a. Consentaneus ; consentiens; congruens
To be conformable ; congruere ; consentant-um
esse ; Cic Our sentiments are conformable ; nostri
sensus congruunt, Cic No one's sentiments are more
conformable to mine ; nemo in terris est mihi tarn consentientibus
sensibus, Cic.
CONFORMABLY, ad. Congruenter ; convenienter ; with
a dative. To live conformably to the rules of reason ;
vitam ad normam rationis dirigere To live conformably
to nature ; congruenter naturae convenienterque
vivere, Cic. Conformably to the rules ofphilosophy ; vitam
ex philosophies praeceptis agere, Cic To act conformably
to orders received ; ex praescripto res administrare,
Cic.
CONFORMATION, s. Corporis conformatio, constructio,
figuratio, Piin.
CONFORMITY, s. Convenientia ; similitude; Cic.
Conformity of sentiment ; sententiarum consensio, Cic.
Conformity of manners ; morum congruentia, Suet.
In conformity to ; see CONFORMABLY.
To CONFOUND, v. a. I. To mix or huddle together ;
plura permiscere ; commiscere ; confundere ; perturbare
; Cic To confound the good and the bad ; dignos
indignis intermiscere, Liv To confound one thing with
another ; alterum pro altero accipere You confound
one name with the other ; erras in nomine, Cic. II.
To abash ; alicui pudore incutere, Cic. ; ruborem elicere,
Cic. ; aliquem pudore suffundere. III. To destroy,
overthrow ; pessum dare; evertere; perdere; profundere.
To confound by argument ; adversario os occludere;
frangere, Cic.; argumentis aliquem vincere.
IV. To perplex ; see To PERPLEX.
CONFOUNDED, a. I. Mingled together ; confusus.
II. Abashed ; pudore suffusus. III. Unfortunate, unlucky
; infelix ; calamitosus.
CONFOUNDEDLY, ad. Pessimum, or horribilem, in
modum.
CONFRATERNITY. *. See FRATERNITY.
To CONFRONT, v.a. I. To stand against another in
full view ; alicujus in conspectum se dare ; alicui se offerre
; Cic.; coram aliquem se sistere. II. To comCONFRONTATION
CONJOIN
pare ; rem cum altera, or alteri, componere ; rem rei,
cum re, or res inter se duas, conferre ; Cic. III. To oppose
witnesses to an accused party ; testes reo producere,
or opponere ; testes et reum inter se committere ; or,
testes cum reo componere, Cic.
CONFRONTATION, s. (A law term) ; testium cum reo
compositio.
To CONFUSE, v. a. Miscere ; permiscere ; confundere
; turbare ; perturbare. See also To CONFOUND.
CONFUSED . part. a. I . Disturbed, out of order ; confusus
; perturbatus ; permistus ; Cic. A confused cry ;
inconditus clamor, Curt. A confused discourse ; confusa
et perturbata oratio, Cic A confused notion ; complicata
animi notio, Cic. Confused reports ; rumores nullo
certo auctore, Cic. II. Covered with confusion,
abashed ; multo rubore suffusus ; pudore suffusus, or confusus,
Ov To be confused at any thing ; rei, rem, or de
re, erubescere, Cic. He was confused ; cepit eum verecundia,
Liv.
CONFUSEDLY, ad. I. In a confused manner ; confuse;
permiste; perturbate; Cic. II. Without order ;
promiscue, Liv. III. Not plainly ; obscure, Cic.
CONFUSION, s. I. Irregular mixture, disorder ; confusio
; perturbatio, Cic. To throw into confusion ;
omnia permiscere, Cic. In what confusion are our affairs
! quanta in rerum perturbatione versamur ! Cic
In confusion; confuse; permiste; promiscue. II.
Slushing, shame ; pudor ; verecundia ; Cic To cause
confusion ; pudorem alicui incutere, Hor. ; aliquem in
magnam verecundiam adducere, Liv. I say it to my
confusion ; pudet dicere. To his confusion ; in dedecus
suum, Veil Tfiat will cover you with lasting confusion ;
Id infliget tibi sempiternam turpitudinem, Cic. III.
Overthrow, destruction; disturbatio ; eversio; disjectio ;
pernicies ; ruina.
CONFUTATION, s. Confutatio; refutatio; Cic.
To CONFUTE, v. a. Argumentum, or adversarhrm, refutare,
confutare, repellere, or diluere, Cic. To confute
beforehand ; arguments et rationes infirmare, Cic.
CoNGfi. s. See Bow, LEAVE.
To CONGEAL, v. a, Congelare ; in glaciem cogere ;
gelu adstringere, Cic.
To CONGEAL, v. n. Congelari, Col.
CONGELATION, s. Congelatio, Plin Congelations;
congelata, orum, n. pi.
CONGENIAL, a. Affinis Fig. ; accommodus ; aptus ;
congruens.
CONGEII. s. Conger, gri, m., Plin.
To CONGEST, v. a. Congerere ; coacervare.
CONGESTION, s. Congestio.
To CONGLOBATE, v. a. Conglobare, Cic.
To CONGLOMERATE, v. n. Conglomerare, Cic.
To CONGLUTINATE. v. a. Rem cum re, Cic., or res
duas inter se, Varr., conglutinare.
CONGLUTINATION, s. Conglutinatio, Cic.
To CONGRATULATE, v. a. Alicui rem, de re, gratulari,
congratulari, Cic (In behalfof another) ; alterius
nomine, Cic. They came immediately to congratulate
me; mihi facta est statim gratulatio, Cic To congratulate
one's self; sibi gratulari, sibi gaudere, quod, Cic
One who congratulates ; gratulator, Cic.
CONGRATULATION, s. Gratulatio ; congratulatio ; Cic.
A letter ofcongratulation; epistolagratulatpria, Capitol.
CONGRATULATORY, a. Gratulabundus, Liv.
To CONGREGATE, v. a. Congregare ; aggregare ; cogere
; in unum locum compellere, or congregare ; Cic.
To CONGREGATE, v . n. In unum locum convenire,
confluere, coire ; ad locum concurrere, Cic. ; congregari.
To congregate secretly ; clam inter se convenire, Cic.
CONGREGATION, s. Congregatio ; conventus, us ; ccetus,
us ; congregata hominum frequentia Congregation
assembled to hear a discourse ; consessus, us ; corona ;
concio, Cic.
CONGREGATIONAL, a. Ad ccetum, concionem, &c.,pertinens.
CONGRESS, s. Congressio, Cic. ; congressus, us, Plin.
CONGRUENCE, s. See CONFORMITY.
CONGRUOUS, a. Congruens ; aptus ; Cic. ; congruus,
Claud.
CONGRUITY. s. Congruentia, Suet.
CONGRUOUSLY, ad. Congruenter ; convenienter, Cic.
To speak congruously ; de re apte dicere, Cic.
CONIC, CONICAL, a. Turbinatus, Plin.; infiguram coni
formatus ; cono similis.
CONJECTURAL, a. Conjecturalis ; conjectura poaitus;
Cic To be only conjectural; conjectura contineri, Cic.
CONJECTURALLY. ad. Ex conjectura, Cic.
To CONJECTURE, v. a. Rem ex re conjicere ; conjecturam
ex re sumere, ducere, trahere, capere ; conjectura
judicare, prosequi, assequi, ad rem duci, Cic. As far as
I can conjecture ; quantum conjectura, or opinione, auguror,
Cic.
CONJECTURE, s. Conjectura, Cic ; conjectatio, Plin.
To form a conjecture; conjecturam ducere, ex re sumere,
trahere, or capere, Cic. To mistake in one's conjecture;
conjectura aberrare, Cic / know only by conjecture
; conjectura id assecutuis sum, Cic My conjcc-
67
ture is not withoutfoundation ; habeo quo me conjectura
ducat, Cic.
To CONJOIN, v. a. Conjungere ; connectere.
CONJOINT, a. Conjunctus ; connexus.
CONJOINTLY, ad. Conjunctim ; conjuncte ; pariter ;
una.
CONJUGAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ;
connubialis ; maritalis, Juv Conjugal bond ; conjugiale
foedus, Ov. Conjugal tow;,socialis amor, Ov
Conjugalfidelity ; marita fides, Propert To violate conjugalfidelity
; violare conjugii fidem, Plin.
CONJUGALLY, ad. More conjugum ; ut conjuges decet.
To CONJUGATE, v. a. (In grammar); verbum inclinare
; declinare ; Varr. ; Quint.
CONJUGATION, s. I. (With grammarians) ; verborum
flexura, Varr. ; (conjugatio, Rhem.). II. Union, assemblage
; Cumulata complexio, Cic.
CONJUNCTION, s. I. (In grammar) ; A connectiveparticle
; conjunctio, Cic. ; connexiva particula, Cell.
II. (In astronomy) ; Conjunction of the sun and moon ;
lunffi coitus, Plin. Conjunction of the other heavenly
bodies; astrorum concursio, Cic. III. Association;
conjunctio.
CONJUNCTIVE, a. Connexivus ; (conjunctivus, Tert. ;
Priscian.).
CONJUNCTURE, s. Rerum concursus, us, Cic. At
the present conjuncture ; his temporibus. He had regard
to the conjuncture ofaffairs at that time ; rationem
habuit temporum illorum.
CONJURATION, s. I. Conspiracy ; conjuratio ; conspiratio,
Cic.; see CONSPIRACY. II. Enchantment;
magicae voces. III. A conjuring; obtestatio ; efflagitatio
; obsecratio ; deprecatio ; Cic.
To CONJURE, v.a. i.e. To entreat earnestly ; obsecrare
; obtestari ; orare atque obsecrare aliquem, ut ; omnibus
precibus ab aliquo petere, Cic.
To CONJURE, v. n. I. To conspire; (contra rempublicam)
conjurare ; (in rempublicam) conspirare ; Cic.
II. To use enchantment ; magia, or arte magica, uti ;
fascinare, Cell. ; incantare, Col. ; or, artibus magici
manes evocare ; animus mortuorum elicere*
CONJURER, s. Magus ; sagus ; or, qui artibtrs magicis
manes evocat, Suet. ;--qui animos mortuorum elicit, Hor.
CONNATE, a. A natura insitus.
To CONNECT, v. a. Rem rei, or cum re, jungere ;
conjungere ; connectere ; copulare ; Cic.
CONNECTEDLY, ad. Conjunctim; conjuncte; simul ;
pariter.
CONNEXION, s. I. Union ; rerum connexio ; conjunctio
; junctio ; Cic. II. Relation; convenientia.
Connexion of friendship ; amicitiae conjunctio, conglutinatio,
vinculum, Cic. To break offconnexion with one ;
alicui societatem renuntiare, Cic. The connexion of the
sciences; omnium doctrinarum concentus, us, Cic
Connexion of the arts ; cognatio qua inter se artes continentur,
Cic. Connexion of a discourse; conjunctio;
contextus, us. A discourse without connexion ; non cohaerens
sermo, Cic. ; fluctuans et dissoluta oratio, Auct.
ad Her.
CONNIVANCE, s. Dissimulatio, Cic. ; (conniventia,
Asc. Fed.) By connivance ; dissimulanter, Cic.
To CONNIVE AT. v. n. Dissimulare rem, Cic. ; connivere
in re Plin.
CONNOISSEUR, s. Rei intelligens ; rerum peritus sestimator.
A connoisseur in thefine arts ; qui habet oculos
eruditos, Cic A connoisseur in music ; cujus aures in
musicis vel minima sentiunt, Cic A connoisseur in
works of taste or literature; vir exquisite judicio, or
judicio eruditissimus ; qui teretes aures habet intelligensque
judicium, Cic. ; homo emunctae naris, Hor.
CONNUBIAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ;
connubialis ; maritalis ; Juv. Connubial love ; socialis
amor, Ov.
To CONQUER, v.a. I. To gain by conquest; bello
quaerere, Plin To conquer kingdoms ; regna subigere,
Cic. ; in ditionem suam redigere, Plin. To conquer
provinces ; provincias sub imperium subjungere, or ad
imperium adjungere, Cic. II. To subdue; vincere;
superare ; Cic. ; edomare ; domare. To conquer enemies
; hostes vincere, or devincere, domare, or edomare,
superare, armis subigere, Cic. ; debellare, Liv We
must either conquer or die ; hauriendus vel dandus est
sanguis, Liv He has conquered; superior discessit,
Nep. Who has conquered? cui cessit victoria? Virg.
We have conquered; res nostra fuit superior,
Caes.
He has been conquered ; discessit inferior, Cic. To
conquer one's self or one's passions ; animum vincere,
Plaut. ; cupiditates domare, or frangere ; sibi imperare ;
Cic It is greater to conquer one's self than to conquer
one's enemies; fortior est qui se quam qui dcvicerit
ON"QUERABLE. o. Qui vinci potest ; superabilis ; vmcibtlis
(fig.), Col.
CONQUERED, part. a. I. Gained by conquest ; bello
partus, or quajsitus Conquered people ; piopuh armis
subacti. Conquered countries; armis quaesiti fines,
Col.; regiones imperio adjunctae, Cic. II. Subdued;
CONQUEROR
victus ; devictus ; domitus, Cic To confess one's self
conquered; se victum fateri.
CONQUEROR, s. Gentium, or hostium, victor ; populorum
domitor He came off conqueror ; superior a
pugna discessit, Nep To fall into the hands of a conqueror
; victoris in manus devenire, Cic Alexander
was the conqueror of Darius ; Darium debellavit Alexander,
Plin Conqueror ofone's passions ; cupiditatum
domitor Conqueror of himself; sui potens, Liv. ; sui,
or sibi, imperiosus, Plin. ; Hor.
CONQUEST, s. I. Victory ; victoria. To gain a
conquest; vincere; victoriam reportare; see also To
CONQUER. A signal conquest ; victoria spectabilis, Tac.
He extended his conquests from the Hellespont to the
Ocean ; ab Hellesponto usque ad Oceanum omnes gentes
victoria emensus est, Curt He undertook the conquest
of India ; expeditionem in Indias adornabat, Curt.
II. That which has been gained by victory ; bello parta, or
comparata (pi.), Cic. ; armis quaesita (pi.), Cic.
CONSANGUINEOUS, a. Consanguineus, Cic.
CONSANGUINITY, s. Consanguinitas, Liv. ; sanguinis
cognatio, Cic.
CONSCIENCE, s. i. e. Sentiment of right and wrong;
conscientia. A good conscience ; conscientia recta, Cic.
A bad conscience; conscientia animi mala, Cic A
man of an upright conscience ; homo religiosus, or integer,
Cic.; aequi servantissimus, Virg Without conscience;
homo perditissimus, or intacti religione
animi, Liv. ; sine ulla religione, Cic. Remorse of conscience
; conscientia maleficiorum, Cic. Tenderness of
conscience ; officii religio, Cic A wound of conscience ;
conscientiae labes, et vulnus, Cic In conscience, or with
a good conscience; salva conscientia, Sen To have
nothing upon one's conscience ; nil conscire sibi, Hor.
That has nothing upon the conscience ; sibi nullius culpae
conscius, Cic. Restrained by conscience ; religione refrenatus,
Lucr. To examine one's conscience ; se
expendere, Cic. ; conscientiam excutere To discharge
the conscience ; conscientiam exonerare, Curt To rejoice
in the testimony of conscience ; praeclara conscientia
sustentari ; optimae mentis conscientia se consolari,
Cic To act against conscience ; a recta conscientia
aberrare, or discedere, Cic. Never to act against conscience;
ad conscientiam referre omnia, Plin. Your
conscience will not allow it ; hoc citra culpam admittere
non potes. A scruple of conscience ; religio. To make
conscience of a thing; aliquid religion! habere, Cic In
till conscience, i. e. in truth ; profecto ; vere ; certe ;
bona fide.
CONSCIENTIOUS, a. (Vir) rigidse innocentiae, Liv.;
religiosior ; a-quus ; Justus ; integer.
CONSCIENTIOUSLY, ad. Religiose ; bona fide ; Cic.
CONSCIENTIOUSNESS, s Integritas.
CONSCIOUS, a. Conscius in re, de re, Cic I am conscious
that I was ; conscius mihi sum, me fuisse, Cic.
Conscious virtue ; virtus conscia.
CONSCIOUSLY, ad. Ex conscientia.
CONSCIOUSNESS, s. Conscientia.
CONSCRIPT, s. Conscriptus.
CONSCRIPTION, s. Nomen militiae datum.
To CONSECRATE, v. a. I. To dedicate (to God) ;
dicare; dedicare; consecrare To consecrate one's self;
Deo se devovere.se addicere. II. To make sacred;
sacrare ; consacrare. III. To dedicate to some particular
purpose; rei dedere, addicere ; in re collocare
To consecrate one's setf to the service of the altar ; sacris
se adstringere, Cic.
CONSECRATE or CONSECRATED, a. Sacratus ; consecratus
Consecrated to God; Deo sacer, or dicatus,
Cic.
CONSECRATION, s. Consecratio ; dedicatio ; Cic.
CONSECUTIVE, a. Proxime sequens, or subsequens ;
continuus ; Cic Fifty consecutive years ; quinquaginta
anni continui, Cic He solicits me in three consecutive
letters ; tribus epistolis aliis super alias scriptis me
urget, Plin.
CONSECUTIVELY, ad. Continenter ; sine intermissione,
Cic.
CONSENT, s. I. Agreement ; consensus, us ; consensio.
Common consent; omnium consensus, Cic
JSy common consent ; uno ex ore ; ex consensu omnium,
Cic. II. Approbation, assent ; approbatio; assensio;
assensus, (is, Cic With my consent ; me annuente, or
approbante, Cic. With the consent of all; omnium
consensu, Caes. ; una mente, Cic. To give one's consent
; see To CONSENT. Against my consent; me invito.
.
To CONSENT, v. n. Rei, or de re, assentiri ; asscnsu
suo rem comprobare ; rem approbare, Cic To consent
to a request; petition! concedere, Cic He would not
consent; adduci non potuit ut huic rei assentiretur,
Cic. I consent that you pass that over in silence; concedo
tibi ut ea praetereas, Cic / consent to it ; per me
licet; non abnuo. A thing consented to; assensa res,
Cic To force one to consent ; alicui ex ammo assensionem
extorquere, or extrahere, Cic Consenting; asgentiens
; non invitus.
CONSENTANEOUS
CONSENTANEOUS, CONSENTANEOUSLY, a., ad. See CONFORMABLE,
CONFORMABLY.
CONSENTIENT, a. Consentiens ; conspirans.
CONSEQUENCE, jr. I. Result, ejject ; consequens ;
consequentia As a consequence of that ; ideo ; ergo ;
idcirco ; ob cam causam ; ea de causa. II. Inference,
deduction ; consecutio ; consequentia ; Cic. ; see INFERENCE.
III. Moment, importance; momentum;
pondus, eris, n. ; Cic. A matter of some consequence;
res alicujus pretii, Cic (Oj great consequence) ; permagnum
negotium ; res magna et gravis ; res maximi
momenti et ponderis, Cic. (Of no consequence)', reg
nullius momenti, Cic It is of consequence to me that
I, ifc.; magni mea interest, with an infinitive It is of
consequence for the state, that ; id valde ad rempublicam
pertinet, ut, Cic A man of consequence ; vir auctoritate
gravis, magna auctoritate, or in quo summa est auctoritas,
Cic He thinks himself a man of consequence;
videtur sibi esse quantivis pretii, Ter.
CONSEQUENT, a. Consequens.
CONSEQUENT, s. Consequentia By consequent;
ideo ; igitur, Cic. ; atque adeo ; ob earn rem ; itaque ;
Liv.
CONSEQUENTIALLY, ad. Apte ; composite ; concluse,
Cic.
CONSEQUENTLY, ad. Igitur ; ideo ; ob earn rem.
CONSERVATION, s. Conservatio ; salus, utis, f.
CONSERVATIVE, a. Qui servat, &c. ; qui ad servandas
res valet ; servator ; servatrix. To be a conservative ;
reipublicae ad salutem intendere To be of the conservative
party in the stale ; attentos animos ad conservationem
civium tenere, Cic.
CONSERVATOR, s. Servator, Cic. ; conservator, Liv. ;
lem. conservatrix ; sospita, ae, f., Cic.
CONSERVATORY, s. i. e. A greenhouse; cella arbustiva
; cella defendendis a frigore arbusculis.
To CONSERVE, v. a. I. To preserve; servare;
conservare; tueri ; defendere. II. To candy fruits;
fructus condere ; poma condire (saccharo, vel melle) ;
componere.
CONSERVES, s. pi. Poma saccharo vel melle condita.
To CONSIDER, v. a. I. To look at attentively; rem
considerare, contemplari, inspicere. II. To reflect
upon ; rem perpendere ; ponderare ; aestimare, Cic To
consider attentively ; rem examinare momentoque suo
ponderare ; rem expendere atque aestimare, Cic. III.
To regard ; in loco habere / have always considered
him as my father ; eum semper habui loco patris ; semper
hunc mihi loco patris esse duxi, Cic. ; hunc semper
pro parente colui, Liv. IV. To reverence, respect;
revereri et colere, Cic. ; reverentiam alicui praestare, Plin.
V. To recompense ; aliquem remunerare, or remunerari,
Cic.
To CONSIDER, v.n.i. e. To think maturely ; rem, de re,
meditari ; rem secum meditari, or cogitare ; deliberare,
Cic. See also To DELIBERATE.
CONSIDERABLE, a. Gravis ; magni momenti et ponderis.
A considerable sum of money ; grandis, or ingens,
pecunia, Cic A considerable army; maximus,
or permagnus, exercitus, Cic A man considerable on
account of his rank and reputation ; illustris honore et
nomine, Cic. He enjoys a considerable reputation; existimatione
floret, Cic. See also GREAT, LARGE.
CONSIDERABLY, ad. Valde; vehementer; maxime;
insigniter, Cic.; notabiliter, Tac. Considerably heavier;
multo gravius.
CONSIDERATE, a. Consideratus ; circumspectus ; consultus
; prudens ; Cic.
CONSIDERATELY, ad. Considerate ; consulto (not consuite)
; non temere, or inconsulte.
CONSIDERATENESS. s. Prudentia, Cic.
CONSIDERATION, s. I. Refaction, examination;
consideratio ; examinatio ; animi attentio, Cic With
consideration; considerate; consulto; Cic Without
consideration ; inconsulte ; temere Afterfull consideration
; re perspecta atque cognita ; re multum diuque
discussa, Cic / have not done any thing but after full
consideration; tiihil feci non diu consideratum, et multo
ante meditatum, Cic. This demands consideration; hoc
est consideratione dignum, Cic To take into consideration;
see To CONSIDER. II. Motive, reason ; ratio;
causa For many considerations; multis de causis, Cic.
III. Importance ; momentum; pondus, eris, n.
Of no consideration; nulliug momenti, Cic. IV. Estimation
; existimatio ; locus ; pretium, Cic He is a
man of no consideration ; in nullo numero est. V.
Regard ; ratio ; respectus, us. To have consideration
for any one; respectum ad aliquem habere; alicujug
rationem habere ; Cic. Without consideration for any
one ; nulla cujusquam habita ratione In consideration
of any thing or person; rei vel alicujus causa. VI.
Compensation ; merces ; premium ; remuneratio ; Cic.
CONSIDERING, part. Habita ratione ; ut, with an indicative
Considering his great age; atatis habita ratione
; bi ad sptatem spectes. Considering what o'clock
it is ; ut est diei tempus, Ter Considering these troublesome
times ; pro temporum perturbaticne He wat
CONSIGN
not incloqucnt, considering the times in which he lived
non erat indisertus, ut temporibus illis, tit erant ilia
tempora, or ut in tali tern pore, Cic. Considering that
quoniam ; quando ; quandoquidem ; with an indicative
cum, with a conjunctive ; Cic.
To CONSIGN, v. a. I. To intrust ; rem alicui com
mittere, credere, concredere, Cic. II. Tb appropriate
rem rei assignare, addicere, devovere.
To CONSIST, v. n. I. To consist of, i.e. to be composed
of; ex aliqua re constars (or consistere, Auct. B. Hisp.)
(rebus) cohserere, Cic. II. To consist in, i.e. to have
its essence or properties in; in re consistere, versari
sitinn, or positum, esse ; re contineri, Cic. Herein consisted
all his skill in medicine ; intra heec omnis ejus erat
medicina. Cels. To make to consist in; aliquid in re
constituere. He makes the real good to consist in virtue
alone; videtur ipsi summum bpnum in una honestate
consistere, Cic. They make evil to consist in pain, good
in pleasure ; mala dolore, bona voluptate definiunt, Cic.
III. To consist with, i. e. to be consistent with ; convenire,
congruere, concinere, cum ; re consonare, consentire,
consentaneum esse. ~ Not to consist with; repugnare
rei ; male, or haud, convenire cum re.
CONSISTENCE, s. I. Thickness of liquids ; spissitas
spissitudo; coagulatio, Plin. II. Stability ; firmitas ;
stabilitas. III. Suitableness; convenientia ; congruentia.
CONSISTENCY, s. Constantia.
CONSISTENT, a. Consonus ; consentaneus ; . consentiens
: congruens rei, or cum .re. To be consistent with
himsJf; sibi constare That is not consistent with himself;
qui abi ipsi non constat, Cic. ; secum ipse discors,
Liv. ; "discors sibi, Ov. ; sibi non consentiens, Veil. See
also CONFORMABLE.
CONSISTENTLY, ad. Convenienter ; congruenter. See
also CONFORMABLY.
CONSISTORIAL. a. Quod ad sacrum pontificis concilium
pertinet.
CONSISTORY, s. Sacrum pontificis concilium.
To CONSOCIATE. '.'. a. and n. Consociare ; societatem
facere, coire, inire, Cic.
CONSOCIATE ; CONSOCIATION, s. See ASSOCIATE ; ASSOCIATION.
CONSOLABLE. a. Consolabilis, Cic.
CONSOLATION, s. Consolatio ; solatium, Cic A slight
consolation; consolatio tenuis; solatiolum, Cic. To
administer consolation; see To CONSOLE. To receive
consolation ; solatio levari ; consolatione affici ; Cic
I have now one only consolation ; me nunc una consolatio
sustentat, Cic. His grief does not admit of consolation
; ejusluctus nullo solatio levari potest, Cic What
consolation can I derive from that ? quid me ista re consolatur
? Cic. A letter of consolation ; consoiatoriae
litero?, Cic. To be a mutual consolation ; alterum alteri
esse solatio, Veil.
CONSOLATOHY. a. Consolatorius ; qui potest levare
luctum, Cic.
To CONSOLE, v. a. Aliquem solari, consolari, solatio
levare, consolatione lenire ; alicui consolationem afferre,
solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic Nothing can
console me ; vincit omnem consolationem dolor meus ;
luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ; nulla consolatione
permulceri possum, Cic.
CONSOLE, s. Prothyris, idis, f.; mutulus; ancones,
um, m. pi. ; Vitr.
To CONSOLIDATE, v. a. Stabilire ; formare ; Cic.
To CONSOLIDATE, v. n. Solidescere ; solidari ; Plin.
See also To UNITE.
CONSOLIDATION. 5. Confirmatio, Cic. See also UNION.
CONSONANCE, CONSONANCY. See CONFORMITY.
CONSONANT, a. See CONFORMABLE, CONSISTENT.
CONSONANT, s. Consonans, sc. litera.
CONSONANTLY, ad. See CONFORMABLY.
CONSORT, s. Conjux; uxor The royal consort;
conjux regia ; regina.
To CONSORT, v. a. and . Alicujus in consuetudinem
se dare ; cum aliquo societatem coire, inire, conflare,
facere, Cic.
CONSPICUOUS, a. I. Obvious to the sight; manifestus
; conspicuus ; perspicuus. II. Eminent, famous
; illustris ; notabilis ; spectatus.
CONSPICUOUSLY, ad. Manifesto ; evidenter ; palam;
luce palam.
CONSPIRACY, s. Conspiratio ; conjuratio ; Cic To
form a conspiracy; conspirationem conflare, Cic
Conspiracies were formed; coitiones, or consensiones,
fuctae sunt, Cic.
CONSPIRATOR, s. Conjuratus.
To CONSPIRE, v. n. I. To agree together ; cum alio
conspirare, or concurrere, Cic. II. To plot ; in rempublicam,
or in aliquem, conspirare, Cic. ; Suet. ; contra
rempublicam, contra salutem, or de pernicie, alicujus,
conjurare, Cic.
CONSTABLE, s. Curator ; urbanus qucesitor Chief
constable. ; praefectus.
(ONSTANCY. s. I. Continuance; continuatio ; perretuus
icrum ordo, Cic. II. Perseverance; in re
CONSTANT
incopta perseverantia, Cic. III. Firmness of mind ;
constantia ; animi firmitas, Cic With constancy ; constai-
ter, constant! animo, Cic To suffer with constancy;
dolorem toieranter, or sequo animo, pati ; intrepide omnia
perferre, Sen. Constancy in suffering; patientia
tolerantia; Cic. IV. Faithfulness ; fides ; fidelitas.
CONSTANT, a. Perpetual, unceasing ; perpetuus (of
time) : continens ; continuus (of space). II. Firm
stcdfast, permanent; constans. To be constant in one's
purpose; in pvoposito susceptoque consilio permanere,
Cic. The stars have their constant and regular courses
stellae cursus certos et constantes habent, Cic Constant
in a purpose ; tenax propositi ; pertinax. III. Faithful
fidus ; fidelis.
CONSTANTLY, ad Continually ; assidue ; pCTnetvio
sine ulla intermissione ; Cic. II. With firmness or
constancy of mind ; constanter ; con stanti animo ; Cic.
CONSTELLATION, s. Signum cceleste; sidus, eris, n. ;
Cic An unlucky constellation ; signum, or sidus,
maleficum.
CONSTERNATION, s. Consternatio, Liv, , paver, Cic. ;
pavpr et
consternatip, Liv To be in (a great) consternation
; eonsternari, Liv.; animo consternari, Caes. ;
magno timore percelli ; animo concidere, Cic. They
were all in a consternation; confusus omnes pavor
occupat, Plin.
To CONSTIPATE, v. a. I. To condense ; constipare,
Caes. ; densare ; addensare ; cogere ; comprimere. II. To
make costive ; alvum adstringere, Cels., cohibere, Plin.
CONSTIPATION, s. Alvus ad&tricta, or suppressa, Cels.
CONSTITUENT, a. Ex quo res constat Constituent
parts ; partes ex quibus res constat, or quaj rem componunt,
faciunt.
CONSTITUENT, s. Constitutor Constituents of a
member of parliament ; qui negotium, or mandatum, de
ordinando reipublicae statu dant.
To CONSTITUTE, v. a. I. To compose, make up ; constituere.
II. To establish, settle; constituere; instituere.
CONSTITUTION, s. I. State ; status ; conditio ; constitutio
; Cic. II. Composition, structure ; cornpositio ;
structura. III. Temperament; corporis nabitudo,
habitus, us, or cpnstitutio, Cic. tie is of a good constitution;
est illi corpus bene constitutum, Cic.; est
optima corporis habitudine, Auct. ad Her. IV. Ordinance,
statute, law ; cpnstitutio, Plin. ; Tac. V. Form
'>fgovernment ; constituta civitatis description Cic.
CONSTITUTIONAL, a. I. Relating to constitution ofbody;
ad corporis habitum pertinens, spectans ; ex corporis
labitu, or habitudine. II. Agreeably to the constitution
of the state; legibus quibus nititur imperium accommodatus.
To CONSTRAIN, v. a. Cogere aliquem rem facere, or u
*aciat, Cic.
CONSTRAINED, part. a. Coactus ; adactus ;. necessitate
compulsus, or adstrictus. A constrained air ; minus
'iber oris et corporis habitus, Suet.
CONSTRAINT, s. Illata vis ; necessitas.. By constraint
; per vim ; vi ; vi ac necessitate ; coaetu ; Cic
Without constraint ; sua sponte ; ultro ; non repupnaner,
Cic To use constraint; alicui vim inferre, Cic.
To CONSTRICT or CONSTRINGE. v. a. I. To bind;
arctius religare, Col. II. To contract into a smalt
space; contrahere, Cic. \ angustare, Lucan. ; aretare;
coarctare, Col. III. To cause to shrink The cold
constricts bodies ; Aquilo corpora spissat, Cic.; see To
"ONTRACT.
CONSTRICTION, s. Contractio, Cic.
To CONSTRUCT, v. a. Struere ; exstruere ; aedificare ;
ic. To construct a house ; domum cpnstruere, Cic
To construct a temple ; templum exsedificare, Cic. To
construct a bridge ; pontem in flumine faeere, Cic To
construct a sentence ; vocabula construere, Cic Toconstruct
a sentence harmoniously ; exstruere verba in
-mmerum ; Cic. : (harshly) ; dure verba struere. Quint.
CONSTRUCTION, s. I. The act of constructing ; contructio
; fabricatio ; aedificatio ; fabrica ; Cic. II. (In
grammar) ; verborum constructio, or structura, Cic.
II. Meaning, interpretation To put the best construction
on a thing ; see To CONSTRUE.
To CONSTRUE, v. a. Interpretari ; explanare ; exilicare,
Cic. To construefavourably, or unfavourably ;
n mitiorem, or in malam, partem accipere; grato animo,
or perverse, perperam, interpretari.
CONSUBSTANTIAL. a. Consubstantialis, e, Ecel. Writ.
CONSUL, s. Consul, ulis, Cic Consulfor the sixth time;
extum consul, sextum jam consulatum gerens. To be
onsul ; eonsulem esse, consulatum gerere, Cic One
oho has been consul; consularis ; consulatu functus,
^,ic. Belonging to a consul ; consularis, Cic.
CONSULATE, CONSULSHIP, s. Consulatus, us, Cic. - To
nter on the consulship ; consulatum inire, Caes. To go
~>ut of the consulship ; consulatu abire, Cic.
To CONSULT, v. a. I. To ask advice of; aliquem de
e consulere, in consilium adhibere, Cic. To conult
concerning one's scruples ; referre ad aliquem de
.uibus dubitas, Plin. J. He must consult ; coasuiUt
CONSULTATION
opus est, Sail. 1 1. ( Of inanimate objects) To consult
the books of the Sibyl ; adire libros Sibyllae, Liv. To
consult one's looking glass ; speculum consulere, Ov.
To consult one's own interest ; suam fortunam in consilio
habere, Curt. III. To take counsel together ; consultare
; deliberare ; or consultare et deliberare de, Cic.
To consult with one's self ; cum animo suo deliberare,
Cic.
CONSULTATION, s. Consultatio ; deliberatio, Cic.
To CONSUME, v. a. I. To destroy ; consumere,
absumere, Cic. II. To waste ; per luxuriam bona sua
effundere, or effundere atque consumere, Cic To
consume time in trifles ; tempus nugis consumere, Cic.
III. To wear out (as a disease) ; consumere, atterere.
CONSUMER, s. Consumptor ; confector, Cic.
To CONSUMMATE, v. a. Perficere ; absolvere, Cic.
CONSUMMATE, a. Perfectus ; absolutus ; cumulatus,
Cic. A youth of consummate merit ; consummatissimus
juvenis, Plin. Consummate prudence ; altissima
prudentia, Cic.
CONSUMMATION, s. Perfectio ; absolutio, Cic. He
has brought the affair to its consummation; negotium
ad exitum perduxit, Cic. ; ad summam operis rem
perduxit, Quint.
CONSUMPTION, s. I. Frequent use; consumptio,
Cic. II. A disease; consumptio ; lenta tabes, Cic.
CONSUMPTIVE, a. Tabidus.
CONTACT, s. Contactus, us.
CONTAGION, s. 1. Communication of disease ; contagio,
Cic. ; contagium, Virg. II. Contagious diseases
pestis ; pestilentia, Cic. III. Fig. of Vice ; corruptela,
CONTAGIOUS, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. j contagiosus,
Cels. Contagious disease ; lues, Cic.
To CONTAIN, v. a. I. To hold as a vessel; capere ;
continere, complecti, Cic. II. Fig He was unable to
contain his joy; taciturn continere gaudium non poterat,
Liv. III. To contain one's self; se continere, cohibere,
or coercere, Cic.
To CONTAMINATE, v. a. Commaculare, Cic. ; contaminare
; fcedare ; inquinare.
CONTAMINATION, s. Labes, Cic.
To CONTEMN, v. a. See To DESPISE.
To CONTEMPLATE, v. a. and n. Contemplari ; considerare,
Cic.
To CONTEMPLATE, v. . Secum meditari.
CONTEMPLATION. *. Contemplatio ; consideratio, Cic.
CONTEMPLATIVE, a. Contemplativus, Sen.
CONTEMPLATOR. s. Contemplatof, Cic. ; fern, contemplatrix,
Cels.
CONTEMPORARY, a. JEqualis ; ejusdem aetatis, temporis
; Cic. ; alicujus sequaevus, Virg. ; suppar, aris,
Cic My contemporary ; meus aequalis, Cic.
CONTEMPT, s. Cpntemptio, Cic. ; contemptus, fis,
Liv. ; despicatio, Cic. ; despectus, us, Quint Contempt
of the world ; humanarum rerum contemptio et
despicientia, Cic Contempt for a person ; alicujus
fastidium, Quint To be in contempt; esse despectui,
Cic To do a thing in contempt of another ; ex aspernatione,
or in spretionem, alicujus facere, Cic. ; Liv.
CONTEMPTIBLE, a. Contemnendus ; spernendus ; despiciendus
; contemptu dignus ; Cic. Very contemptible
; despicatissimus, contemptissimus ; Cic.
CONTEMPTIBLY, ad. More contemnendo.
CONTEMPTUOUS, a. Contemptor, Liv. ; fern, contemptrix,
Plin. ; fastidiosus, Cic.
CONTEMPTUOUSLY, ad. Fastidiose, Cic. ; contemptim,
Liv.
To CONTEND, v. n. I. To fight ; certare ; decertare
; pugnare ; depugnare, Cic (Of armies) ; dimicare.
prceliari, Cic To contend against ; obluctari ; repugnare.
II. Fig. (In argument) ; ratipnibus oppugnare ; cum aliquo de re certare ; contra aliquem contendere ;
contra opinionem ratione pugnare ; Cic.
CONTENT, a. Contentus, Cic. Content with little ;
modico contentus, Juv. ; parvo beatus, Hor. To be
content with one's lot ; suo contentum esse.
CONTENT, CONTENTMENT, s. Animus contentus et
sequus ; asquanimitas.
CONTENTS, s.pl. (Of a book); summa, Cic.
To CONTENT, v. a. Alicui satisfacere, or facere
satis, Cic To content one's self ; contentum esse re,
Cic.
CONTENTEDLY, ad. To be expressed by the adjective.
CONTENTION. *. I. Debate, dispute ; contentio ;
altercatio ; controversia, Cic. II. Warmth in argument.
They dispute with a great deal of contention ;
in disputando pertinaciter utrinque concertant ; magna
contentione utrinque decertant ; Cic. III. Eagerness,
firm application of mind ; animi contentio, intentio
; vis animi ; acre studium, Cic.
CONTENTIOUS, a. I. Litigious ; litigiosus ; controversus,
Cic. II. Fond of disputing ; litigiosus, Cic. ;
pugnax, Caes. , contentiosus, Plin.
CONTENTIOUSLY. ad. Litigiose ; pertinaciter, Liv.
CONTENTMENT, s. See CONTENT.
CONTERMINOUS, a. Conterminus, Ov. ; finitimus,
70
CONTEST
confinis, Plin. Conterminous fields ; agri limitanei ;
gee NEIGHBOURING, and BORDER.
To CONTEST, v. a. Cum aliquo de re contendere,
litigare, disceptare, concertare, rixari, controversiam
habere; Cic.
CONTEST, s. Lis ; rixa ; jurgium ; disccptatio ;
pugna ; prcelium.
CONTESTABLE. a. Quod in controversiam vocari potest,
Cic.
CONTEXT, s. Orationis contextus, us.
CONTEXTURE, s. Contextus, us, Cic.
CONTIGUITY, s. Continuitas, Plin.
CONTIGUOUS, a. Immediately touching; rei, or cum
re, continens Contiguous houses; contiguae domus,
Ov To build houses contiguous to each other j coatinuare
domos, Sail.
CONTINENCES. I. Setf-restraint ; continentia, Cic.
II. Chastity; castitas.
CONTINENT. *. Continens terra, Varr. ; continens.
Plin.
CONTINENT, a. Continens, Ter.
CONTINGENCY. *. Casus, us ; eventus fortuitus.
CONTINGENT, a. Fortuitus ; quod casu accidit.
CONTINGENT, f. The share tliat each has to supply :
rata pars, Cic.,; rata portio, Plin.
CONTINGENTLY, ad. Casu ; fortuito.
CONTINUAL, a. I. Without interruption of space ;
continuus, Cic. II. Without interruption of time;
perpetuus ; assiduus. III. Lasting ; permanens ; perennis.
CONTINUALLY, ad. Assidue ; perpetuo ; sine ulla
intermissione ; Cic.
CONTINUANCE, s. I. Duration ; continuatio ; series ;
perpetuus rerum ordo ; Cic. II. Abode; commoratio ;
mansio, Cic. III. Perseverance; in re incepta perseverantia,
Cic.
CONTINUATION, s. I. The act of continuing ; continuatio.
II. The remaining part of a thing already
begun; complementum. III. Continuation of office ;
muneris prorogatio, Liv.
CONTINUATOR. s. Scriptor qui opus ab altero mcocptum
persequitur.
To CONTINUE, v. n. I. To proceed in an undertaking
; pergere, Cic. ; incoeptapersequi. To continue
one's journey ; iter pergere, Ter. ; ire pergere, Cic.
II. To persist or persevere ; perstare in incoepto,
Liv. ; see To PERSEVERE. III. To remain in the
same slate ; manere. The shower continues ; imber
non remittit.
To CONTINUE, v. a. 1. To prolong ; producere ;
continuare ; perpetuare. To continue the banquet till
late at night ; convivium ad multam npctem producere,
Cic. II. To advance further ; continuare ; persequi,
Cic.
CONTINUITY, s. Continuatio, Cic. ; continuitas, Plin.
To CONTORT, v. a. (One's features); os distorquere,
Cic.
CONTORTION, s. Distortio, Cic.
CONTOUR, s. I. The limit of afigure ; ambitus, us,
Cic. II. (Of a circle); linea orbem circumcurrens.
Quint.
CONTRABAND, a. (Goods') ; interdicts, or vetitae, merces
To import contraband goods ; merces vetitas invehere.
CONTRACT, s. Pactum ; conventum ; pactio ; conventio
; Cic. ; eontractus, us ; Ulp. To make a contract;
pactionem facere Marriage contract; conjugales
tabulae To make a marriage contract; nuptialem
pactionem facere, Cic. ; nuptias pacisci, Just.
To CONTRACT, v. a. I. To bring within a narrow
space, to cause to shrink ; contrahere, Cic. ; angustare,
Lucan. ; arctare ; coarctare, Col. II. To shoi-ten ;
decurtare ; imminuere ; see To SHORTEN. III. To
make a bargain ; cum aliquo pacisci ; de re pactionem
facere ; Cic. To contract a marriage ; alligari nuptiis,
Cic. IV. To contract a debt ; ass alienum facere,
contrahere, conflare. To contract a disease ; morbum
reportare, Cic. ; morbum contrahere, Plin. ; morbum
concipere, Col. ; in morbum incidere, Cic. To contract
bad habits ; pravos mores imbibere, Cic.
To CONTRACT, v. n. I. To shrink up, to be narrowed;
string! ; contrahi. II. To bargain; pacisci,
Cic.
CONTRACTION. *. I. The act of contracting ; contractio,
Cic. II. (Of the muscles); nerve-rum coutractio,
Plin. III. (In writing) ; scribendi compen
dium, Cic. ; arctatio, Varr. ; nota, Suet. To write
with contractions ; notis excipere ; in scribendo compendiis
uti One who writes with contractions; notarius,
Mart.
CONTRACTOR, s. Redemptor, Cic. ; susceptor, Just.
To CONTRADICT, v. a. Alicui contradicere, icpugnare,
adversari, refragari, Cic. You always contradict
me; mini semper obloqueris, Cic. To contradict
the truth ; contra veritatem repugnare, Cic. ; contra
verum niti, Sail. To contradict one's self; secum
pugnare ; sibi pugnantia loqui ; secum discrepare, Cic.
CONTRADICTION CONTRIVE
He contradicts himsetf; cjus oratio non constat ipsa
secum, Cic.
CONTRADICTION, s. I. The act of contradicting ;
contentio ; ccntroversia, Cic. This matter lias met
with contradiction; res versatur in contentione et controversia,
Cic. Spirit of contradiction ; pravum contentionis
studium, Cic. II. Contrariety of terms or
propositions ; discrepantia ; repugnantla, Cic You
fall into a contradiction ; pugnantia loqueris, Cic
These things imply a contradiction ; haec secum, or inter
se, pugnant, Cic. III. Opposition, obstacle ; oppositio,
onis, f., Sen.
CONTRADICTORILY, ad. Centrario ac pugnante sensu.
Things opposed contradictorily ; disjuncta maxime et
contraria, Cic.
CONTRADICTORY, a. Secum pugnans ; a se discrepans,
Cic You utter contradictory statements ; secum pugnantia
loqueris, Cic.
CONTRADISTINCTION, s. See DISTINCTION.
To CONTRADISTINGUISH, v. a. See To DISTINGUISH.
CONTRARIETY, s. Repugnantia ; discrepantia, Cic
Contrariety of sentiments ; dissidentia, Plin.
CONTRARILY. ad. See CONTRARY, ad.
CONTRARIWISE, ad. Contra.
CONTRARY, a. I. Opposed to; contrarius ; adversus,
Cic. ; pugnans ; repugnans Vice is contrary to virtue ;
vitium et virtus inter se pugnant, Cic. Motions contrary
to reason ; aversi a ratione motus, Cic To be of
a contrary opinion ; seorsum ab aliquo sentire, Plant.
My opinions are often contrary to his ; saepius ab eo dissentio,
Cic. II. Disadvantageous, hurtful ; adversus ;
alienus ; ab re alicujus A contrary wind ; reflatus, us,
Cic The wind being contrary ; vento prohibente, Ov.
Things very contrary to a man's interest ; res alienissimae
rationibus alicujus. III. Hostile; contrarius ;
adversus ; inimicus ; oppositus ; infensus ; infestus ; Cic.
To be contrary to one ; alicui adversari, Cic.
CONTRA P.Y. s, Contrarium. To maintain the contrary
; contradicere, Cic. On the contrary ; contra ;
e contrario, Cic. ; contrario, Nep These are miserable,
those on the contrary are. happy; hi sunt miseri,
illi contra beati, Cic I say nothing to the contrary ; in
contrariam partem nihil affero, Cic.
CONTRARY, CONTRARILY. ad. Aliter, secus. / spoke
contrary to what I felt ; dixi secus ac sentiebam, Cic.
He writes quite contrary to what he thinks ; aliter scribit
ac sentit, Cic.
CONTRAST, s. Discrepantia. Contrast of the passions
of differentfigures in a group ; diversorum aft'ectuum in
personis adumbratio. Contrast of attitudes ; dissimilis
habitus, us. Contrast of colours; pugnantes inter se
colores. Contrast of opinions ; pugnantes sententiae,
Plin. J. Contrast of characters ; naturae morumque
dissimilitude ; pugnantia et contraria studia, Cic What
a contrast between these two persons! quam dispares
sunt eorum mores, quam disparia studia ! Cic.
To CONTRAST, v. a. Dissimilitudines rerum inter se
compor.ere.
To CONTRAST, v. n. i. e. To be in contrast ivith ; discrepare,
Cic.
CONTRAVALLATION. s. Fossre arccndis obsesSis circumductae.
To CONTRAVENE, v. a. Adversus aliquid pugnare
To contravene the laws ; leges violare, perfringere,
perrumpcre, Cic To contravene a treaty ; fcedus
violare, Cic To contravene one's promise; promissis
non stare, promissa non servare, Cic.
To CONTRIBUTE, v. a. and . I. To pay one's
share ; contribuere ; conferre, Cic. To contribute one's
money ; pecuniam in, or ad, rem conferre, Cic. II. To
assist in the promotion of any thing; adjuvare. To
contribute to a victory ; adjumento esse ad victoriam,
Cic To contribute with all one's power to the elevation
of another ; omnem operam et studium ad amplitudinem
alterius conferre, Cic. This contributes to my glory ;
liaec res mini valet ad gloriam, Cic One who contributes
to the glory of another ; adjutor honoris alterius, Cic.
Literature contributes to the happiness of life ; literae
adjuvant ad bene beateque vivendum, Cic. Nothing
contributed to set off' the beauty of the person ; nihil ipsi
erat adjumenti ad pulchritudhiem, Ter.
CONTRIBUTION/ s. I. Money contributed by each
person ; collata pecunia. Relating or belonging to a
contribution ; collatitius, Sen. II. Tribute levied on
a country; pacta cum hoste, or imperata ab hoste,
pecunia. To put a country under contribution ; regioni
tributum imponere, Caes.
CONTRIBUTOR, s. Qui confert, &c.
CONTRITE, a. Qui peccasse ex animp dolet He is
contrite ; suae eum culpae ex animo pcenitet.
CONTRITION, s. Acerbus animi dolor peccati causa, ex
amore Dei profectus. To feel a lively contrition; peccata
toto animo dolere ac detestari.
CONTRIVANCE, s. I. The act of contriving ; inventio ;
excogitatio. II. The thing contrived ; inventum ; ars;
machina, Cic. Contrivances for getting money ; omnes
pecuniae viae, Cic. III. A scheme, project; consilium ;
cogitatum, Cic To execute one's contrivances ; cogitata
perficere, Cic.
To CONTRIVE, v. a. Machinari ; architectari ; invenire ;
reperire ; excogitare ; Cic.
To CONTRIVE, v. n. Hem animo agitare, or meditari.
CONTRIVER, s. Repertor ; inventor ; excogitator ; Cic. ;
fern, inventrix, Cic. : (in a bad sense) ; machinator ;
fabricator ; artifex.
CONTROL, s. I. A sort ofregister ; advers.-e rationibus
rationes. \\.Restraint; frenum To keep under
control; arete contenteque habere, Plaut He exercises
too strict control over his children ; arctius liberos continet,
Cic.
To CONTROL, v. a. I. To keep in check by a counter
reckoning ; rem in commentaries, or in acta, referre.
II. To restrain; coercere; cohibere ; refrenare ; Cic.
CONTROVERSIAL, a. Ad controversial!! pertincns ; quod
in controversiam vocari potest.
CONTROVERSY, s. Controversial, Cic Religious controversy
; de rebus ad fldem pertinentibus disceptatio
Without controversy ; sine controversia ; controversia
hujus rei nulla est ; Cic.
To CONTROVERT, v. a. In controversiam vocare ; controversiam
habere ; Cic.
CONTROVERTIBLE. a. Quod refutari potest
CONTUMACIOUS, a. Contumax ; pertinax ; pervicax.
CONTUMACIOUSLY, ad. Contumaciter ; pertinaciter
pervicaciter, Liv.
CONTUMACY, s. Contumacia; pertinacia; pervicacia,
Cic.
CONTUMELIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; injuriosus, Cic
Contumelious 'words ; contumeliarum aculei, Cic
To utter contumelious^ language ; alicui contumeliam
dicere, Liv.
CONTUMELIOUSLY. ad. Contumeliose, Cic.
CONTUMELY, s. Contumelia, Cic. ; convicium ; male
dictum. To treat ivith contumely ; aliquem contumeliii,
or ignominia, afficere ; in aliquem contumeliam jacere ;
Cic.
To CONTUSE, v.a. Sugillare, Plin. ; plagis contundere ;
foedare pugnis.
CONTUSION, s* Contusio, Cels. ; sugillatio, Plin.
CONVALESCENCE, s. Ab segritudine recreatio, Plin.
Perfect convalescence : confirmata a morbo valetudo,
Cic.
CONVALESCENT, a. Convalescens, ex morbo convalescens,
or recreatus, Cic. To be convalescent ; convalescere,
Cic.
To CONVENE, v. a. Convocare ; citare ; ciere ; conventum
indicere.
To CONVENE, v. n. Convenire ; congregari ; coire.
CONVENIENCE. 5. I. Fitness for a purpose; see
FITNESS. II. Comfort; commodum ; commoditas.
To seek one's convenience; vitae commoditates jucunditatesque
consectari, Cic When it suits your convenience
; cum erit tuum commodum ; cum per commodum
licebit.
CONVENIENT, a. I. Decent ; conveniens, Cic. ; quod
decet, Cic. II. Fit ; commodus ; aptus ; accommodatus ;
opportunus ; with dative, or ad and accusative A convenient
house to dwell in; domus ad habitandum percommoda.
CONVENIENTLY, ad. Apte ; convenienter ; congruenter ;
Cic.
CONVENT, s. Monasterium ; ccenobium ; Cell.
CONVENTICLE, s. Conventiculum, Tac.
CONVENTION, s. I. An assembly; see ASSEMBLY.
II. Agreement; conventum ; pactum; pactio; Cic.
CONVENTIONAL, a. Pactitius.
To CONVERGE, v. n. In unum coire.
CONVERGENT, a. (Lines) ; lineae in unum coeuntes.
CONVERGENCE. s. Status linearum in unum coeuntium.
CONVERSANT, a. In re versatus, exercitus, exercitatus,
Cic Very conversant with naval affairs ; in maritimis
rebus exercitatissimus, Cic Conversant with law ;
longo juris usu exercitus, Cic. Conversant with the
ancient authors ; in veteribus scriptis studiose ac multum
volutatus, Cic. ; in nos.cendis veteribus scriptis perquam
exercitus.
CONVERSATION, s. I. Familiar discourse ; familians
cum aliquo sermo, congressus, us, congressio, f., Cic To
enter into conversation; in alicujus congressum et colloquium
venire ; cum aliquo congredi, Cic A man of
agreeable conversation; amcenissimi sermonis homo,
Hor. These things demand a long conversation ; multi
sermonis ista sunt, Cic The conversation flags ; sermo
friget, Ter., moritur, Cic To be the subject of common
conversation ; venire in sermonem omnium ; sermonis
ansas dare, Cic. II. Behaviour, moral conduct';
vivendi ratio ; consuetude ; mores.
CONVERSE, s. See CONVERSATION.
To CONVERSE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. j
communi sermonis consuetudine uti, Cses.
CONVERSELY, ad. E contrario.
CONVERSION, s. I. Change of substances ; rerum
conversio, or mutatio. II. Moral change ; morum
emendatio ; vitia emendata virtutibus, Nep. Conversion
F4
CONVERT
from Paganism to Christianity; ab inanium numinum
cultu ad Christianam religionem transitus, us.
CONVERT, s. Qui, quae, a.b Ethaicorum castris ad
Christiana sacra transivit.
To CONVERT, v. a. I. To change substances ; rem
in aliam convertere, Cic. II. To cause to changefor the
Letter ; aliquem ad bonam frugem revocare ; a licentiori
vita ad emendatiorem traducere ; Cic. III. To bring to
a betterfaith To convert Pagans ; Ethnicos a falsorum
numinum cultu revocare ; a pravis opinionibus ad fidem
Christianam reducere. IV. To cause a man to change
his opinion ; de sententia deducere ; ad sententiam perducere
; Cic.
To CONVERT, v. n. or To BE CONVERTED. I. To be
changed into a different substance ; in aliud se convertere,
Cic To be converted into stone; lapidescere, Plaut.
The exhalations are converted into clouds ; anhelitus
se in nubes induunt, Cic. II. To become moral; ad
meliorem frugem se recipere ; emergere et ad bonam
frugem se recipere ; morum mutationem facere, Cic.
III. To embrace Christianity; Christo nomen dare.
CONVERTIBLE, a. Qui converti potest.
CONVEX, a. Gibbus ; gibbosus.
CONVEXITY, s. Exterior globi superficies.
To CONVEY, v. a. I. To carry; ferre, pontare
To be conveyed to a place ; portari in locum To convey
in a carriage ; vehere, Cic. ; devehere, Plaut. To
convey by water ; navibus supportare, Cic. To convey
corn into a town; frumentum in oppidum importare,
Ca;s. To convey water into a citadel; comportare
aquam. in arcem, Caes To convey the hand to the mouth ; manum ori, or ad os, admovere, Cic. To convey to
another the sentiments of an assembly or body ; verba
apud aliquem ordinis nomine facere. II. To transmit
or cause to be carried ; mittere ; see To SEND. III.
To make over one's right to another ; jus suum cedere
alteri, Virg. IV. To convey into, to introduce ; inferre
; introferre, Cic. V. To convey one's setf to a
place ; aliquo se conferre, Cic.
CONVEYANCE, s. I. The act of conveying ; asportatio;
deportatio ; exportatio; translatio ; Cic. Conveyance
by carriages ; evectus ; invectus, us;evectio; advectio,
Plin. II. A vehicle or carriage ; see VEHICLE,
CARRIAGE. III. (In law) ; Cession of rights ; transcriptio,
Cic.
CONVEYANCER, s. Libellio, Varr. ; tabellio, Ulp. ;
tabularius, Tac.
To CONVICT, v. a. To prove guilty ; CQwyncere.
To convict of theft ; furti, or furti crimine, aliqtieTn, or
furtum alicujus, convincere, Cic. ; aliquem furti tenere,
Tac.
CONVICT or CONVICTED, part. a. Convictus criminibus,
Cic Convicted ofmany crimes ; multorum maleficiorum
cpnvictus, Auct. ad Her Convicted by his
own conscience ; convictus conscientia, Cic Convicted
vffalsehood; mendacii manifestus, Sail To be convicted
by one's own confession; sua confessione indui,
Cic. .
CONVICT, s. Maleficio, or crimine, compertus, Cic.
CONVICTION, s. I. Detection of guilt ; convictio.
II. Full persuasion I entertain a full conviction;
compertum et exploratum habeo, Cic.
To CONVINCE, v. a. ConTincere ; certa aliqua ratione
animum -expugnare, Cic. To convict a man from his
own admission ; aliquem sua confessione jugulare, Cic.
CONVINCED, part. a. Persuasus, Cic. / am convinced
of it ; id mihi exploratum est ; illud exploratum
habeo ; Cic. / am convinced of your innocence ; constat
mihi de innocentiatua.Cic. You have been convinced
of my affection by trial ; cepisti affectus nostri experimentum,
Plin.
CONVINCING, part. a. Ad persuadendum efficax, or
accommqdatus, Cic A convincing proof; fortis et inyicta
ratio, Cic. Proof which is not convincing ; res
infirma ad probandum, Cic.
CONVINCINGLY, ad. Manifesto.
CONVIVIAL, a. Convivalis ; jucundus ; jocosus.
CONVOCATION, s. I. The act of convoking; convocatio,
Cic. II. Meeting of clergy ; concilium; synodus,
i, f.
To CONVOKE. v. a. Convocare, Cic. ; conventus indicere,
Liv To convoke an assembly ; convocare
ccetum, Cic To convoke the senate ; senatum cogere,
^Cic.
CONVOLVULUS. *. A plant; convolvulus, Plin.
To CONVOY, v. a. Prassidii, or custodiae, causa comitari.
CONVOY, s. I. Attendance by way of defence ; prae-
,.sidium, Cic A ship acting as convoy ; navis pracsidiaria,
Caes. II. The thing convoyed; commeatus, us.
To conduct a convoy ; commeatum subvehere, Liv
To intercept the convoys; commeatus intercipere, Hirt. ;
hostes commeatibus, or hojstihus commeatum, intercludero,
Cic. ; Caes.
CONVOYED, part. a. Comitatus.
To CONVULSE, v. a. Agitare, Cic.
CONVULSION, s. Involuntary affection of the nerves;
CONVULSIVE
convulsio, Plin. ; nervorum distentio, Cels., contractlo,
Plin. ; spasma, atis ; spasmus. Plin.
CONVULSIVE, a. A convulsive motion ; motus spasticus,
Plin. ; motus e nervorum contractione abortus.
To Coo. v. n. (As a dove or turtle) ; raucum, or
querulum, sonum edere.
COOK. s. Coquus, Cic A female cook; coqua,
Plaut. ; conviviorum conditor instructorque, Cic A good
cook ; scitus convivator, Liv A bad cook ; nundinalis
coquus, Plaut. A cook's shop; popina.
To COOK. v. a. Coquere, Plaut. ; concoquere, Varr.
To cook thoroughly ; percoquere, Plaut.; excoquere,
Col To cook over again ; recoquere, Plin To reduce
to a third, a fourth, part by cooking ; ad tertias, ad quartas,
decoquere, Plin Requiring to be cooked; coctivus,
Plin._Easily cooked ; coctibilis, e.
To COOK. v. n. Coquinare, Plaut. To go to cook ;
coquinatum ire, Plaut.
COOKERY, s. The art of cooking; ars coquinaria
To understand cookery ; artem coquiuariam perfecte
callere.
COOK-MAID. *. Coqua, Plaut.
COOK-ROOM, s. ( In a ship) ; culina.
COOL. a. I. Frigidus, Sen. II. Fig. Without passion;
tranquillus ; quietus ; placidus ; sedatus ; Cic.
III. Fig. Lukewarm, without ardour ; tepidus, Ov.
IV. Impudent; see IMPUDENT.
COOL. s. Frigus, oris. To court the cool; frigus
captare, Virg. ; umbras et frigora captare The cool of
the fountains; fontium gelidas perennitates, Cic.
To COOL. v. a. I. To make cool ; refrigerare, Cic.
To cool wine in snow ; refrigerare vinum vitro demissum
in nives, Plin One who cools ; refrigerator ; fern.
refrigeratrix , Plin To cool what is very hot ; nimios
ardores restinguere, compescere. II. Fig. To cause
an abatement of ardour ; ardorem animi restinguere,
Cic.
To COOL. v. n. I. To grow colder ; frigescere ; refrigescere,
Col. ; inalgescere, Cels The weather coots ;
remittit, or frangit, se calor, Cic. II. To abate one'g
ardour; refrigescere, Ter His rage has cooled ; ira
deferbuit, Cic To cool in one's zeal; se remittere, Cic. ;
elanguescere, Liv.
COOLER, s. I. That which has the power of cooling
the body; quod refrigerat ; pi. refrigerantia. II. A
vessel in which liquors are made cool; vas in quo liquores
refrigerantur.
COOLLY, ad. I. Without discomposure ; tranquille,
placide; placate; sedate ; Cic. II. Impudently ; see
IMPUDENTLY.
COOLNESS, s. See COOL, COLD. There is a little
coolness between us i aliquid de nostra conjunctione imminutum
est, Cic.
COOM. s. I. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth;
fuligo, Cic. II. Grease which works otit of the wheels
of carriages; curulis axungia.
COOP. s. I. A barrel; cadus, i, m., Plin. II. A
cage for poultry ; saginarium, Varr.
To COOP UP. v. a. Aliquem in carcerem, or in carcere,
arctius includere ; in vinculis et custodia coercere,
Cic.
COOPER, s. Doliarius, Plin. ; doliorum factor, Pallad.
COOPERAGE, s. Doliaria ars.
To CO-OPERATE, v. n. Mutuam in opus operam con
ferre ; alicujus in re adjutorem esse ; Cic.
CO-OPERATION, s. Mutuae operae collatio ; mutua
opera ; Cic.
CO-OPERATOR, s. Rei efficiendae adjutor, fern, adjutrix,
Cic. ; laboris particeps, Cic.
COOT. s. I A water-fowl; fulica, Virg.; fulix,
Cic. II. Fig.; see FOOL.
COPARTNER, s. Consociatus ; societate conjunctus
Copartner in the empire ; imperil consors, socius, Cic.,
comes, Sen Copartner in labour ; socius consorsque
laboris, Cic Copartners (in plural) ; quos inter societas
est.
COPARTNERSHIP, s. See PARTNERSHIP.
COPE. s. Trabea ; vestis pluvialis.
To COPE WITH. v. n. Obluctari. See To CONTEND.
COPIER or COPYIST, s. I. Librarius, Cic. ; libellio,
Stat A little copier; librariolus, i, m., Cic. II.
Fig. ; plagiarius. Mart Copier of another's manners ,-
simia, Cic.
COPING, s. (In architecture) ; fastigium, Cic. ; culmen,
Liv (Of a wall); lorica; operis pars superior;
coronis, idis, f. ; Cic.
COPIOUS, a. Copiosus ; uberrimus ; abundans ; Cfc.
COPIOUSLY, ad. I. Plentifully ; copiose ; uberrime ;
ubertim ; abundanter ; Cic. II. Completely. He has
spoken copiously of the matter ; de re ample, or copiose,
et abundanter locutus est To speak copiously ; fuse
lateque dicere, Cic.
COPIOUSNESS, s. Copia ; affluentia ; abundantia.
COPPER. . I. A metal; aes Cyprium ; cuprum;
Plin. A copper vessel; vas cupreum, Plin. II. A
large vessel for boiling in ; cortina, Ov. ; caldarium,
Vitr. ; ahenum, Ov.
COPPER-COLOURED
COPPER-COLOURED, a. Cupri colorem referens.
COPPERAS, s. Chalcanthum, Plin.
COPPERPLATE, s. Tabula aenea.
COPPERSMITH, s. Lebetum faber ; aerarius, Plin.
COPPICE or COPSE, s. Caedua silva, Col.
To COPULATE, v. n. Coire.
COPULATION, s. Coitio.
COPULATIVE, a. (In grammar); connexiyus, Cell.
COPY. s. I. A transcript from an original; apographum,
Cic. ; exemplar, aris, n., Cic. II. An individual
book ; liber; libellus. III. An original from
which any thing is copied; exemplar, aris, n. ; exemplum.
To COPY. v. a. and w. I. To transcribe; exscribere
; transeribere ; Cic. II. To imitate (a painting)
picturam ex altera, or tabulam pingendo, exprimere.
To copy badly ; ab archetypo labi et decidere, Plin.
III. To imitate a person] aliquem sibi ad imitandum
proponere, Cic.
COPY-BOOK, s. Exemplar.
COPYHOLD, s. (A law term,) Prasdium beneficiarium
vel clientare, tenura per copiam rotuli curiae.
COPYHOLDER. . Cliens To be copyholder of another;
beneficiarium clientem esse alicujus.
To COQUET, v.n. Amatoriis nugis indulgere, Cic.
(In speaking of men); adrepere muliercularum animis,
Tac. : (of women) ; venari viros, Phasdr.
COQUETRY. 5. Lenociuium ; amatoria levitas ; Cic. ;
immodica placendi cupido, Col.
COQUETTE. *-. Mulier illiberaliter festiva, Ter. ; viris
placendi studiosa, Ov.
CORAL, s. Curalium, Ov. ; coralium ; corallum ; Sil.
Ital. ; corallium ; gorgonia, se, f. ; Plin.
CORALLINE, a. Corallinus.
CORD. s. I. Funiculus, Cic. ; resticula, Varr.
II. A measure of wood forfuel ; caudicis secti mensura ;
strucs lignorum.
To CORD. v. a. Colligare. See To BIND.
CORDAGE, s. Nautici funes, pi. ; rudeutes, um, pi. ;
funium apparatus, us.
CORDED, a. Colligatus.
CORDIAL, s. Potio cardiaca.
CORDIAL, a. I. Invigorating; cordi utilis, or auxilians,
Plin. II. Affectionate ; ex animo ac vere ; sincerus.
CORDIALITY, s. Verus amor ; summa voluntas ; singularis
benevolentia.
CORDIALLY, ad. Ex animo ; summa voluntate ; summo
studio ; toto pectore ; Cic.
CORDMAKER. s. Restiarius, Fest. ; restio, onis,
Front.
CORDON, s. (In fortification) ; muri corona, Vitr.
CORDWAINER. s. Sutor calcearius.
COKE. s. Medius, a, um, agreeing with the noun
which is in the genitive case in English.
CORIACEOUS, a. Coriaseus,' a, um, Apul, ; e corio factus,
a, um.
CORIANDER. 5. Coriandrum, i, n., Plin.
CORK. *. I. A tree; suber, eris, n., Plin. II.
The bark of the same ; cortex, Liv. ; Virg. ; Hor. ; Col. ;
suber, Virg. III. A stopplefor bottles ; suber ; cortex,
Hor. IV. Made of cork ; subereus, a, um, Col.
To CORK. v. a. Suber, corticem, immittere.
CORMORANT, s. Corvus aquaticus ; phalacrocorax ;
Plin.
CORN. s. Frumentum Standing corn; seges, etis,
f, Cic. To be distressed by scarcity ofcorn ; re frumentaria
laborare, Caes. Indian corn ; sesama, 32, f., Plin. ;
sesamum, Col.
CORN. s. Excrescence on the foot ; clavus, Cels. ;
Plin.
To CORN. v. a. i. e. To salts sale aspergere, Col., or
inspergere, Cato.
COUNCHANDI.ER. s. Frumentarius, Plaut. ; negotiator
frumentarius, Plin.
CORNEL, s. I. A tree ; cornus, i, f, Vitr. ; cornus,
us, f Made of cornel ; corneus A plantation of cornels
; cornctum. II. The fruit, cornel-cherry; cornum,
Hor.
CORNELIAN, s. A precious stone; onyx; corneola ;
sanla, *, f., Plin.
CORNER, s. I. An angle; angulus Corner of the
eye ; hirquus, Plin To look out of the corner of one's
eye; limis (sc. oculis) aspectare, Ter Corners of a
table; mensae cornua, n. pi. Not to move from the
chimney-corner ; apud carbones assidere, Plaut. II.
A nook, retreat ; secessus ; recessus, us Find out a
snug corner for me ; angulum inilii eligas. III. A
lurking-hole ; latebra ; Jatibulum.
CORNER-STONE, s. Lapis angularis.
CORNET, s. I. A musical instrument; musicum
cornu. One who plays the cornet ; cornicen, Liv.
II. An officer of horse ; vexillarius eques. III. A
woman's head-dress; linea calantica, 02, f. IV. ,4
cornet of paper ; papyraceus cucullus ; involucrum.
CORN-FlBfcD. s. Seges, etis, f.
CORNFLOWER, s. Cyanus, Plin.
73
CORN-MILL
CORN-MILL, s. Moletrina, Cato ; pistrinum, Ter.
CORN-ROSE, s. Erraticum papaver, Plin.
CORN-SALAD, s. Valerianella, x, f.
CORNICE, s. (In architecture) ; corona, a?, f., Vitr.
CORNUCOPIA, s. Copia? cornu ; cornucopia ; Plaut.
COROLLARY, s. Consequence of a demonstration; corollarium,
Varr. : consectarium, Cic.
CORONAL, s. See GARLAND, and CROWN, s.
CORONATION, s. Coronae impositio ; regis inauguratio.
CORONER. *. Caedis queesitor.
CORONET, s. Corolla, Propert.
CORPORAL, s. Optio, qui excubias collocat et reducit ;
manipularis ; decurio.
CORPORAL, a. Corporeus, Cic.; corporalis, Sen
Corporal punishment ; animadversio in corpus.
CORPORALLY, ad. In corpore ; (corporaliter, Petron.).
CORPORATION, s. Collegium.
CORPOREAL, a. Corporeus, Cic.
CORPS, s. Agmen, inis, n.
CORPSE, s. Cadaver, eris, n., Cic. ; corpus anima cassum,
Virg. ; corpus exanime, Quint.
CORPULENCE or CORPULENCY, s. Corpulentia, Plin.
CORPULENT, a. Corpulentus, a,, um, Col.
CORPUSCLE, s. Corpusculum ; atomus, i, f., Cic.
CORPUSCULAR, a. Quod ad atomorum motum pertinet. To CORRECT, v. a. I. To amend; corrigere; emendare
; castigare ; rei correctionem adhibere, Cic. To
correct a work thoroughly ; opus acerrime emendare,
Plin. J. To correct the faults of transcribers; librariorum
menda tollere, Cic To correct one's natural
defects; superare naturae impedimenta, Cic A fault
which may be corrected ; error emendabilis. II. To
chastise, punish; in aliquem animadvertere, Cic. ; see
To PUNISH. III. To destroy noxious qualities by the
addition of something else ; temperare, Virg To correct
the acidity of fruit ; durum pomi saporem domare,
Virg.
CORRECT, a. I. Freedfrom mistakes ; emendatus ;
expurgatus, Cic. ; castigatus, Hor. ; mendis carens, OT.
A correct style ; accurata oratio, Cic. II. Strict (of
persons) ; severus ; exactus, Plin. (Accuratus is not
used with reference to persons.)
CORRECTION, s. I. Act of amending; correctio;
emendatio ; Cic. II. Punishment; animadversio.
A fault deserving correction ; facinus animadvertendum,
Ter Under correction; pace, or bona venia tua, dicam
; honor sit auribus ; or, honor auribus sit habitus ;
Curt. ; venia sit dicto, Plin.
CORRECTIVE, a. Quod corrigit, &c.
CORRECTIVE, s. Temperamenturn. A corrective of
harsh language ; verborum mitigatio, Auct. ad Her.
CORRECTLY, ad. I. According to rule ; emendate,
Cic To speak correctly; loqui pure, Cic., ad reguam,
Quint. II. Truly ; vere.
CORRECTNESS, s. To be ex-pressed by the adjectives.
CORRECTOR, s. I. One who corrects; corrector;
emendator; fern, emendatrix, Cic. II. A chastiser ;
irgator, Plaut. ; castigator ; (punitor, Val. Max.).
III. A corrector of the press ; corrector ; emendator.
CORRELATIVE, a. Qui, quae, quod, alter! respondet.
CORRELATIVENESS. s. Convenientia, Cic.
To CORRESPOND, v.n. I. To answer to, to be in
keeping with ; respondere, Cic. A gallery which corresponds
to the palace ; porticus quae palatio respondet, Cic.
Corresponding houses ; aedes inter se adversae, Plin.
II. To agree with; congruere ; consentire. III.
To interchange letters ; cum altero per literas saepissime
colloqui, Cic.
CORRESPONDENCE, s. I. The act of corresponding ;
commercium ; mutua negotiorum ratio. II. Interchange
of letters ; familiare per literas colloquium
They have been in correspondence ; inter eos fuerant commercia
literarum, Veil. III. Agreement; congruitas ;
convenientia.
CORRESPONDENT, a. Congruens Correspondent
'ines ; lineae inter se respondentes.
CORRESPONDENT, s. I. One who exchanges letters ;
qui cum altero per literas colloquitur, Cic. II. An
agent ; negotiorum alterius procurator.
CORRIDOR, s. I. (In architecture) ; usus pervius,
Virg. ; circuitio, Vitr. II. (In fortification) ; via proper
tbssam terreo aggere tecta.
CORRIGIBLE, a. Emendabilis, Liv.
CORRIVAL. s. Corrivalis, Quint. Decl. ; competitor,
Cic.
To CORROBORATE, v. a. Corroborare ; roborare ; Cic.
CORROBORATIVE, a. Qui, quae, quod, corroborat, or
vires adjicit.
To CORRODE, v. a. Corrodere, Cic.
CORRODIBLE or CoRROsiBLE. a. Qui, quae, quod, corodi
potest.
CORROSION, s. Rosio, onis, f., Plin.
CORROSIVE, a. Exedens, Cic. ; rodens, Cels.
To CORRUGATE, v. a. Cutem adducere, Ov. ; cutem in
ugas replicare, Plin. ; Cato ; rugas inducerc, Tibull.
CORRUPT
To corrugate the forehead ; frontem corrugare, Plaut.,
contrahere, Cic., astringere, Sen.
To CORRUPT, v. a. I. To infect ; corrumpere, Cic. ;
vitiare, PJin. II. Fig., To injure the morals; aliquem
corrumpere, depravare, Cic. ; mores pervertere, Nep.
III. To bribe; alicujus fidem labefacere, Suet.;
fidem pretio labefactare, Cic. To corrupt a judge ; jus
adulterare pecunia; judicem largitione corrumpere ; Cic
He wishes to corrupt me beforehand ; donis cupit mi
praacorrumpere, Ov.
To CORRUPT, v. n. Corrumpi, Ter. ; vitiari Th
fish are corrupting ; pisces corrumpuntur, Ter., alien
antur, Cels. Thefruits corrupt; fructus putescunt.
^CORRUPT, a. I. Spoiled ; corruptus ; vitiatus, Lucr.
Cic. Corrupt blood; insincerus cruor, Virg. II
Falsified A corrupt record; corrupta tabula, Cic.
III. Depraved in morals ; corruptus; depravatus ; Cic
Corrupt manners; mores pravi, corrupti, perditi, Cic
IV. Bribed. A corrupt judge ; judex nummarius
Cic.
CORRUPTER. s. Corruptor, Cic. ; fern, corruptrix
Cic A cot-rupter of youth ; juventutis corruptela, Ter
CORRUPTIBILITY, s. Natura in quam corruptio cadit
CORRUPTIBLE, a. Corruption! obnoxius ; dissolubilis
caducus, Cic.
CORRUPTION or CORRUPTNESS, s. I. Decomposition,
corruptio, Cic. II. Depravation of morals; morum
corruptela, Cic.
CORRUPTLY, ad. Corrupte; depravate ; mendose ; vitiose.
CORSAIR, s. Praedo maritimus Corsair chief: archipirata,
Cic.
CORSE, s. See CORPSE.
CORSLET, s. Levis lorica.
CORTICATED, a. Corticatus, Col. ; corticosus, Plin.
CORUSCANT. a. Coruscans ; coruscus ; rutilans.
CORUSCATION, s. Fulgur ; (coruscatio, Solin.).
COSMETIC, a. Ad cutem leniendam et laavigandam
aptus.
COSMOGONY, s. De mundi fabricatione commentum.
COSMOGRAPHER. s. Qui mundum describit.
COSMOGRAPHICAL. a. Ad descriptionem mundi pertinens.
COSMOGRAPHY, s. Mundi descriptio.
COSMOPOLITE, s Totius orbis civis.
COST. s. I. Price; pretium. II. Expense ; surnptus,
us ; impensa ; impendium ; Cic Costs of a lawsuit
; litis impendia To subject one to costs ; sumptibus
litis aliquem obnoxium reddere.
COSTIVE, a. Cui alvus est adstrictior, or conquiescit,
Cels.; or, dura moratur, Hor To be costive ; difficillime
excernere, Plin.
COSTIVENESS. 5. Alvus adstricta, or suppressa.
COSTLINESS, s. Sumptuosa magnificentia, Cic.
COSTLY, a. I. Dear ; carus, pretiosus ; Plin.
II. Sumptuous ; sumptuosus, Cic.
COT or COTTAGE, s. Casa ; tugurium ; Cic. ; casula,
Plin A sheep-cot; ovile, is, n. ; caula, Virg.
COTEMPORARY. a. See CONTEMPORARY.
COTT. s. (A sea-term.) Pensilis lectus.
COTTAGER or COTTER, s. Paganus ; qui in casa, tngurio,
habitat.
COTTON, s. I. The plant; gossipium ; xilnm ;
Plin Of the cotton plant; xilinus, Plin. II. The
slvff; gossipii, or xili, lanugo, Plin Cotton-thread;
xilinum, Plin.
COUCH, s. I. Cubile ; stratum ; lectus. II. A
kind of sofa ; torus, i, m.
To COUCH, v. n. Cubare ; procumbere.
To COUCH, -a. a. I. To comprise ; comprehendere ;
complecti. II. To operate upon the eye ; leucoma detrahere,
evolvere.
COUCHANT. a. Cubans ; recubans ; Virg. ; recumbens,
Cic.
COUCHGRASS. s. Gramen, Plin.
COUGH, s. Tussis, Ter. A slight cough ; tussicula,
Plin A dry cough ; tussis sicca, quse nihil emollitur,
Cels. To irritate a cough ; tussim exasperare, Plin
To bring a cough ; tusses concoquere.
To COUGH, v. n. Tussire, Mart. To make to cough ;
tussim movere, Caes.
COULTER, s. Aratri culter, Plin. ; dentale, Virg.
COUNCIL. 5. Concilium, Cic Privy council; concilium
sanctius, or secretius Council of state ; concilium
de rebus ad imperium pertinentibus Council of
war ; concilium militare To summon a council ; concilium
convocare, Cic. To admit a person into a council
; aliquem in concilium advocare, Cic To hold a
council ; concilium inire, habere, Cic.
COUNSEL, s. I. Advice ; consilium. Violent counsel
; consilium acrius, Tac Moderate counsel; consilium
lene, Hor. II. Deliberation; consilium It is
for you to take counsel on what you are to do ; vestrum
consilium est, quid vobis sit faciendum. III. Apian
or scheme advised; consilium. IV. An. advocate;
causidicus ; patronus ; actor ; Cic. ; actor causarum,
Quint. A chamber counsel; responsor, Hor. To
74
COUNSEL
choose for counsel ; aliquem patronum adoptare ; defeiisionem
suam ad patronura deferre, Cic To be the
counsel of a party ; causam pro aliquo dicere, Cic /
was counsel in that cause ; huic causa; patronus exstiti,
Cic. The opinion of counsel; jurisconsultorum responsa,
orum, n. pi., Cic.
To COUNSEL, v. a. Consilium alicui dare, afferre, Cic.
To counsel a man to do a thing ; rem alicui suadere,
Cic 1 counsel you to; tibi sum auctor, ut, Plaut
He first counselled him to surrender ; deditionis ipse
suasor et auctor fuit, Cic.
COUNSELLOR. s. I. One who advises ; consiliarius ;
suasor ; Cic. You were the counsellor of my expedition
; fuisti suasor et impulsor profectionis meae, Cic. ;
see To COUNSEL, v . a. II. A confidant; alicujus con -
siliis intimus, Ter. ; qui consiliorum alterius est particeps,
Cic.; see CONFIDANT,*. III. A king's adviser;
regi a consiliis. IV. An advocates see COUNSEL,
s.
COUNT, s. I. Reckoning; ratio. II. A nobleman;
comes, itis, m. III. PI., Charges in an indictment;
accusationis capita, urn, n. pi.
To COUNT, v. a. I. To number; numerare ; annumerare
; dinumerare ; Cic To count money ; numerare
nummos, or pecuniam : (to another) ; alicui To
count the prisoners ; captivos, Liv., or captivorum numerum,
Col., recensere. II. To calculate ; rationes
subducere, or inire, Cic. To count over again ; calculum
reducere, Hor To count with thefingers ; computare
digitis, Hor. ; see To CALCULATE, and To
RECKON. III. To esteem, value To count as nothing ;
pro nihilo ducere ; nullo modo habere ; Cic To count
a thing as lost ; habere rem in perditis ac desperatis,
To COUNT UPON. v. a. Confidere rei, re, in re.
COUNTENANCE, s. I. Vultus, us, Cic. ; habitus oris et
vultus, Plin. To put on a bold countenance ; nobilcm
audaciam prae se ferre, or adhibere, Cic To put on a
woful countenance ; habitum dolentis induere, Tac
You may guess from his counttnance ; ex ejus vultu
judicare licet. His countenance falls ; non vultus,
non color, ei cpnstat, Liv He did not change countenance
; nihil in vultu habituque mutatum, Ter. II.
Encouragement ; praaeidium, Cic. ; tutela, Liv. ; clientela,
Cic.
To COUNTENANCE, t;. a. Favere ; indulgere ; aspirare.
COUNTER. *. I. A table to count money on ; mensa.
II. A round piece to count with ; calculus, Cic To
reckon with counters ; rationem putare calculis.
COUNTER, ad. See CONTRARY.
To COUNTERACT. v. a. Reprimere.
To COUNTERBALANCE, v. a. Rem cum altera compen-
Dare ; aequare ; adaequare ; Cic To counterbalance the
evil by the good; mala bonis repensare, Veil.
COUNTERCHANGE. s. Commutatio, onis, f.
To COUNTERFEIT, v. a. I. To imitate; imitando
exprimere, or consequi, Cic. ; imitando effingere To
counterfeit better than another; multo similius imi-
;ari, Phaedr He counterfeits him completely ; hunc perfecte
reddit. To counterfeit the step ; incessum exprinere,
Ov. To counterfeit the manners; mores aduinbrare,
Curt.; Plin. To counterfeit a hand-writing ;
chirographum imitari, or imitando adulterare, Cic To
counterfeit coin ,; adulterinos nummos cudere. II. To
use to passfor. To counterfeit sickness ; aegrum simuare,
Liv. To counterfeit insanity ; furere se siinulare,
Cic To counterfeit sleep ; somnum mentrri, Petr.
COUNTERFEIT, s. Res adulterina ; adulterina imitatio.
COUNTERFEIT, a. Fictus ; adulteratus ; simulatus ;
mentitus ; imitatione simulatus ; Cic Counterfeit coin}
nummi adulteri, m. pi., Cic.
COUNTERFEITER, s. Adulterator, Ulp Counterfeiter
if coin ; qui adulterinos nummos cudit.
To COUNTERMAND, v. a. Mandatum contrario mandato
irritum facere.
To COUNTERMARCH, v.n. Iter convertere, Caes.;
odem reversionem facere, Plaut.
COUNTERMARCH, s. I. Different march from one
Irst proposed; iter institute itineri contrarium. II.
A march back to the same place ; regressus, us, Cic.
To order a countermarch ; milites jubere iter relegere,
Stat., or regredi.
COUNTERMARK, s. Altera nota priori addita.
To COUNTERMARK, v. a. Alteram priori notae notam
addere.
COUNTERMINE, s. Specus contra hostium specus,
Vitr. ; contrarius, or adversus, cuniculus, Strad.
To COUNTERMINE, v. a. Transversis cuniculis hostium
uniculos excipere, Liv.
COUNTERMURE. s. Murus muro appositus, Vitr.
COUNTERPANE or COUNTERPOINT, s. Stragulum acu
ictum. See COVERLET.
COUNTERPLOT, s. Opposita fraudi fraus.
To COUNTERPLOT, v. a. Fraudi fraudem opponere.
To COUNTERPOISE, v. a. Rem pondere aeqnare ; esse
antidem ponderis.
COUNTERPOISON
COUNTERPOISON. *. Antidotus, i, f., Cell. ; antldotum.
i, n., Plin.
COUNTERSCARP, s. Fossae declivis crepido ; crepidinis
decli vitas.
To COUNTERSIGN, v. a. Chirographum opposite chirographo
firmare.
COUNTER-TENOR, s. (In music); symphoniae sonus
alter ab acutissimo Counter-tenor singer ; gracilium
ab acuto partium cantor.
COUNTER-TICKET, s. (At a theatre) ; altera scenae tessera,
ae, f.
COUNTESS, s. Comes, itis,f. ; comitissa, ae, f.
COUNTLESS, a. Innumerabilis, Cic. ; innumerus, Cic. ;
Virg. ; Ov.
COUNTRY, s. I. A region; regio ; tractus.fts ; era;
Cic From one country to another ; regionatim, Liv.
The people of that country ; illius cardinis populi,
Flor. II. (As opposed to Town) ; rus, ruris, n., Cic
To live in the country ; ruri vitam agere, Tac. ; rure
habitare, Cic. To go into the country ; ire rus, Cic.
To spend some time in the country ; rusticari, Cic. To
returnfrom the country ; rure redire, or venire, Cic.
A lover of the country ; ruris amator, Hor. III. One's
native land; patria; patriae eolum ; natale solum
Belonging to one's native country ; patrius, Cic Love
of one's country; patriaj caritas, Cic. To renounce
one's country ; patriam exuere, Tac.
COUNTRY-DANCE, s. Chorea levior.
COUNTRY-HOUSE, s. Villa ; praedium ; Cic. ; villula ;
praediolum; Cic.
COUNTRY-LIFE, s. Rusticana vita, Cic.
COUNTRYMAN, s. One who lives in the country ; rure
habitans ; ruris incola; rusticanus vir ; Cic. A'fellow
countryman ; popularis ;civis, Cic. ; conterraneus,.Plin.
COUNTRY-PARSON. . Curio rusticus.
COUNTY, s. Comitatus, us.
COUPLE, s. I. A brace. A couple of eggs ; bina ova,
n. pi . A couple of oxen ; bourn jugum, Cic A couple of]
pigeons ; columbarum par, Ov A couple of friends ;
par amicorum. A married couple ; conjuges.
To COUPLE, v. a. Copulare ; copula constringere.
COUPLET, s. Cantiuncula, 32, f.
COURAGE or COURAGEOUSNESS. s. Animus, Cic.
Great courage ; magnanimitas ; fortitude ; animi magnitude,
or firmitas, Cic To have courage ; fortem ani-
.mum habere; esse magno fortique animo; Cic. To
cause a man's courage tofail ; animum frangere ac debilitare,
Cic. They lose courage ; cadunt animi, Ov.
To inspire with courage ; alicui animos addere, or exsuscitare
; alicujus animum erigere. To take courage ;
animum erigere, Cic., or sumere, Quint. ; animum recipere,
Cic.
COURAGEOUS, a. Fortis ; animosus ; magnanimus.
COURAGEOUSLY, ad. Fortiter ; strenue ; animose ;
forti animo; Cic To defend one's self courageously y
acri animo se defendere, Cic.
COURIER. *. Prodromus ; antecursor ; precursor ;
COURSE, s. I. Career; cursus, us, Cic. II. Progress
; iter ; cursus, us. III. Channel of a river ; fluminum
cursus, us, Cic A river that has taken another
course ; in alium cursum contortus et deflexus amnis, Cic.
To change the course ofa river; flumenderivare, Plaut.,
avertere, Cic To take its course under ground ; alte
conditum meare, Plin. The course of the Sadne is so
gentle that ; Arar tarn incredibili lenitate fluit, ut, Caes.
IV. Race-ground; curriculum, Cic. (For foot races) ;
stadium, Cic (For horse races) ; hippodromus, Piin.
V. A ship's direction; cursus, us. VI. Order of
succession; ordo ; series. VII. A line ofstudy. Course
of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium. He has gone
through a course of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium
decurrit, or emensus est. VIII. Manner of proceeding
; agenda ratio. IX. Manner of life or conduct;
mos ; ratio vitae. X. Succession of dishes at table ;
ferculum, Suet. First, second, third, course; prima,
altera, tertia, ccena, Mart To give a supper with three
courses ; ccenam ternis ferculis praebere, Suet. XI
Of course, as a matter of course ; ut mos est ; ut moris
est ; Cic. ; Hor. ; ile more, Virg.
To COURSE, v. a. Leporem venari, Cic., sectari,
Virg.
COURSER, s. Equus bellator.
COURT, s. I. An inclosed space ; area, Plin. Court
surrounded with buildings ; cavaedium, Plin. II. A
prince's residence; aula, Cic Attached to the court;
aulicus. To be well at court; in aula pulcherrime
stare; gratiosum esse apud principem ; Cic. III.
he suite of the prince; regius comitatus, us. His
court is not so numerous as that of the emperor ; minor
salutantium numerus ad eum confluit, quam ad impera-
>rem. IV. A place where justice is administered ;
curia, Cic. A lower court; curia inferior. V. The
judges ; judices, urn, pi. VI. The endeavour to please;
(potentU) cultura, Hor. To make one's court to a
prince ; apud regem officia dcxtre obire, Liv. ; assiduis
obaequUi regem colere ; see To COURT.
75
COURT
To COURT, v. a. I. To seekfavour ; ambire, Cic.
To court the great ; circumvolitare potentiorum limina,
Col To court any one ; alicujus gratiam aucupari,
Cic. To court a rich man; alicujus fortunam adulari,
Cic To neglect to court ; in aliquo colendo indormire,
Cic. II. To pay one's addresses to a woman ; puellam
sibi in uxorem poscere, Plaut., or expetere, Ter. ; puellaa
connubium, or virginis conjugium, petere, Virg. ; Ov. ;
filiam uxorem sibi poscere, Phaedr. III. To solicit;
see To SOLICIT, and To INVITE.
COURT-CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi ; principi a sacro
faciendo.
COURTEOUS, a. Comis ; urbanus ; urbanitate perpolitus,
Cic Courteous reader ; lector benevole.
COURTEOUSLY, ad. Cojniter ; urbane ; Cic.
COURTEOUSNESS. s. Comitas ; urbanitas ; humanitas
Cic.
COURTESY, s. See COURTEOUSNESS.
COURTIER, s. I. A member of the king's court;
aulicus. II. Fig., An insincere professor offriendship;
qui gratiam aucupatur, Cic.
COURTINE. s. (In fortification) ; aggeris inter duo propugnacula
frons.
COURT-LIKE, a. See COURTEOUS.
COURTLINESS, s. See COURTEOUSNESS.
COURTLY, a. See COURTEOUS.
COURT-MINION, s. Regi gratiosus ; qui apud princrpem
maxima est in gratia, or gratia plurimum potest.
COURTSHIP, s. See To COURT.
COURT-YARD, s. Area.
COUSIN, s. PI. Children of two brothers ; patrueles,
um, m. pi., Ov.'; patrueles fratres, Cic He is my
cousin; meus est patruelis. In the fern., soror patruelis
; pi. sorores patrueles PL Children of two sisters
; consobrini ; sing, consobrinus ; fern, .consobrina.
Children of the brother, and children of the sister ;
amitini ; fern, amitinae. Distant cousins ; sobrini ;
fern, sobrinae.
COVE. s. I. A small bay; augustior sinus, us.
II. Shelter; see SHELTER.
COVENANT, s. Pactum ; conventum ;
"
pactio ; conventio
; Cic. ; contractus, us, Ulp.
To COVENANT, v. n. Cum aliquo pacisci, or transigere
; de re pactionem facere ; Cic.
COVENANTER, s. Fcederatus, Cic.
COVER, s. I. Any thing put over another ; tegmen ;
tegumen ; opertorium, Sen. ; operimentum, Plin Cover
of a book ; tegmen Cover of a couch ; stragulum ;
stragula vestis ; Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor Cover of a
well ; puteal, alis, n., Cic. II. Pretext; involucrum,
Cic. ; obtentus, us, Liv. Under cover of religion; sub
specie, sub umbra, religionis, Cic. III. Shelter; tecturn,
Cic. Want of cover ; tecti inopia, Cic.
To COVER, v. a. I. TV put one thing over another ;
rem tegere ; operire ; Cic. ; cooperire, Liv To cover
shields with skins ; scuta pellibus induere, Caes. To
cover walls with pictures; parietes tabulis vestire, Cic.
( With sculpture) ; parietibus crustas marmoris inducere,
Vitr. To cover a gallery with planks ; lignis porticum
integere, Caes Matter to serve for covering;
tegula, Cic. ; tegulum, Plin. II. To put on in quantities.
To cover with sand ; arena cooperire To cover the
ground with flowers ; humum floribus, or humi flores,
struere, Hor To cover with leaves ; foliis supervestire,
Plin To cover the sea with ships ; mare navibus contegere
To cover a man with glory ; alicui gloriam
parare, Cic. To cover a man with shame ; alicui pudorem
incutere, Hor. III. To dress with a garment;
vestire To cover with something ; re vestire, Cic.
IV. To veil, hide; velare ; velum rei praetendere ; tegere;
occultare; abdere ; abscondere ; Cic Darkness
covers the earth; obscura cceli umbra terram premit,
Curt. To cover one's flight; fugam occultare, Caes.
To be covered, or to cover one's self, to put a covering on
the head ; caput operire.
COVERING, s. I. That which is put over any thing;
tegmen; tegumen; opertorium, Sen.; tegumentum ;
operimentum, Plin. 1 1. Dress; vestis ; vestimentum -,
vestitus, us ; Cic Outer covering ; involucrum ; integumentum
; Liv.
COVERLET, s. Stragulum ; stragula vestis ; Cic, ; toral,
alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, Juv. ; lodicula, Suet.
COVKRT. s. I. Shelter; tectum (From the weather)
; locus ab aeris injuria defensus, or tutus, Cic. ; locus
ventis subductus, Plin. ; locus noxio afflatu carens, Plin. ;
imbris, venti, or solis, suffugium, Plin. Under covert
of a wall ; muro protectus. To be under covert ; esse
in tuto, Liv. ; see SHELTER. II. A thicket in which
beasts hide themselves ; cubile ; latibulum ; Cic.
COVERT, a. I. Sheltered (from the cold) ; a frigore
tectus, Cic., or defensus, Virg. II. Hidden, secret;
tectus ; occultus j arcanus Covert hatred ; compressum
et taciturn odium, Cic. Covert grief; reconditus et
penitus abstrusus animi dolor, Cic. Covert designs;
clandestina consilia, Cic.
COVERTLY, ad. Clandestine, Plaut. ; clam ; secreto ;
occulte ; arcane ; Col. ; remotis arbitris, Cic.
COVET
To COVET, t'. a. Avide expetere, or appetcre ; cupiditatis
oculos ad rem adjiccre ; cupiditate rei teneri,
ardere, or flagrare, Cic.
COVETABLE. a. Optandus ; exoptandus ; expetendus ;
optabilis ; Cic.
COVETOUS, a. I. Desirous of any thing ; rei appetens,
or cupidus, Cic. II. Greedy of gain ; avidus;
cupidus ; Cic. ; avidus divitias parandi, Ov. ; gazis
innians, Sen Covetous of honours ; in appetendis
honoribus immodicus, Veil. To be covetous of honour ;
sitire honores, Cic.
COVETOUSLY, ad. Avide; cupide; sitienter; Cic.
COVETOUSNESS. s. Cupiditas, aviditas ; Cic (Of money)
; avaritia ; divitiarum aviditas ; Cic. ; auri fames,
Virg. ; sordes, pi., Cic. ; pecuniae inamia, Veil.
COVEY, s. I. A hatch ; pullatio ; pullities ; pulli
una incubatione exclusi. II. A number of birds ;
grex avium volantium. Covey of partridges ; perdicum
grex.
Cow. s. Vacca ; bos A young cow ; bucula, Cic. ;
vaccula, Plin. A lean and dry cow ; exsiccior vacca,
Varr A barren cow; taura, Col.; vacca sterilis,
Virg. A cow that has never calved; junix, Pers. ; juvenca,
Virg. ; vitula, Varr A good cow for breeding ;
bos feturas habilis, Virg A cow ivith calf; horda,
Varr A cow that has brought forth a calf; vacca feta,
Virg A milch cow ; lactaria bos Of or belonging to
a cow ; bubulus ; vaccinus ; Plin. Cow's milk ; bubulum,
or vaccinum, lac, Plin Cow-dung; bubulum,
or vaccinum, stercus ; vaccinum fimum, Plin. ; vaccinus
fimus Cow -herd ; bubulcus, Virg.; bourn custos.
To be a cow-herd; bubulcitari, Plaut. ; boves pascere,
Virg.
To Cow. v. a. Alicui terrorem injicere, or metum
incutere ; aliquem timore afficere, or percellere ; Cic.
COWARD, s. Ignavus; timidus; Cic. j meticulosus,
Plin.
COWARDICE, a. Ignavia ; timiditas ; Cic.
COWARDLY, a. I. Timorous ; ignavus ; timidus ;
Cic. ; meticulosus, Plin. II. Befitting a coward;
turpis ; fcedus ; pudendus ; Cic.
COWARDLY, ad. I. Timorously ; ignave ; timide ;
Cic. II. Basely, meanly; ignominiose ; turpiter:
Cic.
To COWER, v. n. Procidere ; se incurvare.
COW-HOUSE, s. Bubile; Col.
COW-KEEPER. *. Bubulcus, Virg. ; bourn custos.
COWL. s. Cucullus, Juv. ; cucullio, Cato.
COWSLIP, s. Primula veris.
COXCOMB, s. Fatuui, Cic. ; qui se suaque nimium
amat A bit of a coxcomb ; subinsulsus, Cic To
make a man a coxcomb ; aliquem infatuare, Cic To
play the coxcomb ; fatuari, Sen.
COXCOMBRY, s. Fatuitas, Cic. ; ineptus sui suorumque
omnium amor.
COY. a. I. Modest; modestus ; Cic. II. Reserved;
circumspectus, Quint.
COYLY, ad. Modeste ; moderate ; considerate ; Cic. ;
circumspectius, Quint.
COYNESS, s. Modestia ; considerantia ; moderatio ;
circumspectio ; Cic.
To COZEN, r;. a. I. To impose upon, deceive ; alicui
imponere, or fucum facere ; aliquem fallere, or decipere
; aliquem in errorem, or in captionem, inducere ;
ahquem in fraudem impellere, Cic. II. To make sport
of; aliquem lepide ludificari, Ter. ; alicui illudere, Cic.
I have cozened him pretty well ; eum lusi jocose satis,
COZENAGE, s. Fraus ; dolus ; fallacia ; Cic.
COZENER, s. Veterator ; insignis fraudum artifex ;
Cic. ; fraudulentus ; vafer, Cic.
CRAB. s. J.. A shellfish; cancer. II. A wild
apple } malum sylvestre. III. A morose man ; morosus;
difficilis; tetricus. IV. A sign in the Zodiac;
Cancer. V. An engine ; capreolus, Col.
CRABBED, a. I. Morose, peevish ; indocilis ; intractabilis
; Cic. ; Sen. ; pervicax ; pertinax ; morosus ;
difficilis; tetricus. II. Disagreeable; ingratus ; injucundus
; Cic. ; gravis ; molestus ; acerbus ; Cic His
style is crabbed; aliquid injucunditatis habet ipsius
oratio, Cic. A crabbed style ; aspera oratio, Cic.
III. Difficult; implicatus ; intricatus ; Plaut.; perplexus,
Liv A crabbed mind ; obscurum et implicatum
mgenium A crabbed question ; res controversiis unplicata
; involuta obscuritate causa.
CRABBEDLY. ad. I. Harshly; dure ; duriter ; aspere;
Ter. II. With difficulty ; implicite ; contorte ;
Cic.
CRABBEDNESS. s. I. Sourness of taste ; asperitas ;
acerbitas; aspredo, Cels. II. Morosencss of manners,
or speech ; morum, or orationis, asperitas, Liv. ; (verborum)
acerbitas, Cic.
CRACK, s. I. Sound of a thing cracking; crepitus,
us, Cic. II. Any quick sound ; fragor, Cic. III. A
chink; rima; rimula, Cels.
To CRACK, v. a. To break into chinks; findere;
diffindcre. To crack a man's skull; caput aperire, Juv.
76
CRACK
To crack jokes y jocos agitare, Ov. ; joca agere, Sail-
To crack ajoke ; jocum movere, Sail.
To CRACK, v. n. I. To utter a loud noise ; crepare,
Hor To make one's fingers crack ; concrepare
digitis, Cic. ; articulos infringere, Quint. II. To open
in chinks ; rimas agere, Cic. ; rimas capere, Plin The
ground cracks with heat; teira hiat aestubus, Col
The cold makes the stones crack ; dissiliunt frigore lapides.
III. Toboajst; see To BOAST.
CRACK-BRAINED, a. Stultus ; insanus ; mente captus ;
demens ; amens ; vesanus ; Cic. ; furiosus ; male sanu* ;
Hor.
CRACK-HEMP or CRACK-ROPE. *. Furcifer ; dierectus ;
trifurcifer, Plaut.
To CRACKLE, v. n. Crepitare, Virg. ; Plin A
crackling torch ; stridula fax, Ov Crackling of laurel
leaves in the fire ; crepitus, us, Cic.
CRACKNEL, s. Crustulum.
CRADLE, s. Cunse ; cunabula ; incunabula, n. pi.,
Cic. From one's cradle; a cunabulis, Cic. ; ab incunabulis,
Liv. ; a primis annis, Cic. ; usque a cunabulis,
Plaut.
To CRADLE, v. a. I. To put into a cradle; in
cunabulis ponere. II. To rock in a cradle ; in fan tern
in cunis versare One who rocks a cradle ; cunarum
motor, Mart.
CRAFT, s. I. A manual trade ; ars A low craft ;
ars sordida, humilis, Cic. To exercise one's craft; in
arte versari ; artum factitare, or colere, Cic. ; artem
exercere, Hor. II. Cunning; Fraus; artificium;
doli, pi. ; Cic. III. A small vessel; navis depressior,
or humilis, Caes. ; navicula.
CRAFTILY, ad. I. Skilfully ; artificiose ; affabre;
solerter ; Industrie ; Cic. ; solerti manu, Tibull. II.
Cunningly ; astute ; subdole ; vafre ; veteratorie ; Cic.
CRAFTINESS, s. Dolus ; calliditas ; astus, us ; astutia
; fallacia ; Cic To use craftiness ; astutiam instituere,
Plaut. ; dolum et machinam ad rem commoliri,Cic.
CRAFTSMAN, s. Artifex; opifex A cunning crafts- man ; probus artifex, Ter.
CRAFTY, a. Astutus ; subdolus ; Plaut. ; versutus ;
cautus; callidus ; Cic.; fraudi inapertus, Sil. Ital.
CRAG. 5. Rupes, Caes. ; petra, Curt. ; scopulus, Cic. ;
saxum, Virg. ; prerupta saxa, Cic. ; dirupta rupes, Liv.
CRAGQED or CRAGGY, a. Scaber, Ov. ; scabrosus ;
salebrosus ; Virg Craggy places ; aspreta, pi., Liv.;
aspera loca, pi., Cat*. ; salebras, Mart. ; solum inequale,
CRAGGEDNESS or CRAGGINESS. a. (Viarum) asperitas,
Cic.
To CRAM. v. a. I. To stuff"; aliquid re, or rei, nnplere,
or rcplere, Cic.; opplere, Liv. II. Tofill with
food; ventrem farcire, Sen To cram poultry ; avem
farcire, or opimare, Col. III. To thrust in by force ;
demittere ; deprimere ; Plin. ; Col.
To CRAM. v. n. Cibis se ingurgitare, Ck. ; vino
epulisque obrui, Nep.
CRAMP, s. I. A spasm ; manuum pedumve brevis,
sed cum dolore, contractio. II. A hinder-ait.ee ; see
HINDERANCE. III. A piece of iron to join two bodies;
ferrea fibula, Care. ; ferrea ansa, Vitr.
To CRAMP, v. a. I. To pain with cramp* ; contorquere;
convellere. II. To obstruct; moram afferre.
III. To fasten with cramps; fibulare rem, Col.;
fibula constringere.
CRAMPED, part. a. Arctatus We are cramped in
this lodging ; in his aedibus anguste habitamus
Cramped style; contortum dicendi genus, Cic To have
a cramped style; anguste dicere, Cic.
CRAMP-IRON, s. Ferrea fibula, or ansa, Cses. ,- Vitr.
CRAMP-FISH, s. Torpedo, Cic.
CRANE, s. I. A kind of bird; grus, Cic A young
crane ; yipio,
Plin. II. A machinefor raising weights f
grus, Vitr. III. A crookedpipe to draw liquors out of
a cask; siphon, onis, m., Juv. ; siphunculus, Plin.
CRANK, s. I. (In machines) ; manubrium versatile.
11. A winding passage ; diverticulum, Ter. ; flexus,
Cic. ; anfractus, us ; circuitio, C&s.
CRANNIED, a. Rimas agens, Cic.; rimarum plemis,
Ter.: rimosus, Col Fields crannied with drought;
biulca siti arva, Virg.
CRANNY, s. Rima; fissum, Cic.; fissura, Col A
small cranny; rimula, Col.
CRAPE, s. Pannus bombycinus tenuis et crispus.
Crape as mourning ; luctus insigne.
CRAPULENCE. s. Crapula, Cic.
CRAPULOUS, a. Ganeo, Ter. ; vino lustrisque confectus,
Cic.
To CRASH, v. n. Crepare, Hor. ; crepitare, Ph'n.
To CRASH, v. a. Effringere, Plaut. ; confringere, Cic.
CRASH, s. Fragor, Virg. ; ruinae sonitus, Hor
With a crash; fragose, Plin. ; cum ingenti fragore, Curt.
To fall with a crash ; ruinam cum sonitu trahere,
Virg.
CRASSITUDE, s. See THICKNESS.
CRATCH, s. Pra?sepe, Virg.; prasepium, Varr.j
pra-sepis, Col. (Falisca, Cato, doubtfuL)
CRAVAT CREDIT
CRAVAT. 4, Caesicium cpllo circumvoiutum.
To CKAVB. v. a. Ab aliquo flagitare, or efflagitare ;
tnajorem in modura petere ab alimo atque contendere,
ut, Cic.
CRAVEN, s. i. e. A coward ; ignavus ; timidus ; Cic. ;
meticujosus, PVin.
CRAVING, s. Immoderata cupiditas, Cic A craving
for glory ; infinita glorias aviditas, Cic. A craving for
the town ; mirum desiderium urbis, Cic.
To CRAUNCH. v. a. Dentibus crepitare, Plaut., or
stridere, Cels The teeth meet in craunching ; arietant
inter se dentes, PI in.
CRAW. s. Ingluvies, Col.
CRAWFISH or CRAYFISH, s. Astacus, Plin. River
crawfish ; astacus fluvialis. Sea crawfish ; astacus
marinus. Shell of the crawfish ; crusta, Plin. Claws
qf the crawfish; chelae, Plin Extremities of the claws;
denticulate forcipeE, Plin.
CRAWL. *. Piscaria, Varr. ; ostrearium.
To CRAWL, v. n. I. To creep ; repere, Plant. ;
reptare, Plin The act of crawling; reptatus, us, Plin.
To crawl along the ground; humi, or per humum,
serpere, Cic. II. To move slowly ; tarde, or lente, ingredi,
or iter facere ; lento gradu procedere ; Cic.
CRAWLER. 5. Animal repens, Lucr. ; pi., serpentes
bestiae, Cic.
CRAYON, s. I. A sort of pencil; graphium, Ov. ;
color tritus et in pastillum figuratus. II. A drawing
with crayon ; granrmica deformatio, Vitr. ; linearis
adumbratio ; primae lineas ; Quint Red crayon ; rubrica,
Hor.
To CRAZE, v. a. I. To break ; see To BREAK.
II. To pulverise ; in pulverem redigere, or extenuare,
Plin., or resolvere, Col. III. To turn the brain;
aliquem ad insaniam adigere.
CRAZINESS or CRAZEDNESS. s. I. (Of the body) ; infirmitas
; imbecillitas, Cic. II. (Of the mind) ; animi
imbecillitas, Cic.
CRAZY, a. I. Weak ; caducus ; fragilis : Cic A
crazy house ; caduca domus ; ruinosae aedes; Cic. II.
Weak in mind ; stultus ; insanus ; mente captus ; demens
; amens ; Cic.
To CREAK, v. n. The door creaks ; cardo stridet. or
stridorem reddit.
CREAM, s. Lactis spuma pinguior The cream of a
thing ; quod eximium est.
To CREAM, v. n. Spumas agere.
To CREAM, v. a. I. To sit m ; see To SKIM.
II. Fig., To take the best part of; succum subtilissimum
exprimere.
CREASE, s. Sinus, us, Virg. ; ruga, Plin A garment
full of creases ; rugosa, or sinuosa, vestis, Plin.
To CREASE, v, n. Rugare, Plaut See how his gown
creases ; vide palliolum ut rugat, Plaut.
To CREATE, v. a. I. To call into being; rem ex
nihilo creare, procreare, efficere, conflcere, Cic God
hath created the world; Deus mundum eft'ecit, condidit,
construxit, fabricatus, or molitus, est, Cic. To create
one a magistrate; magistratum creare, Cic. II. To
produce by invention ; invenire.
CREATION, s. I. The act of creating ; creatio, Cic.
Creation of the world ; mundi fabricatio, molitio,
efftectio, Cic Since the creation; aprima mundi origine,
Virg. ; ab aevo condito, Plin. 1 1. The sum of
things created ; res a Deo effectae,, condita; procreatae.
III. Election; magistratuum creatio Cic. IV.
Work of imagination ; opus excogitatum.
CREATIVE, a. Qui creat, &c.
CREATOR, s. Creator ; fern, creatrix. The Creator
Of the world ; Creator ; mundi procreator, artifex, opifex,
architectus, Cic. ; summus rerum conditor Fig. ; rei
primus auctor.
CREATURE, s. I. A thing created ; res creata
The creatures of God; res a Deo effects, conditae, procreata;.
A dumb creature; bestia. II. One who
looks to another for advancement; cliens ; alicujus obsequio
addictus, Cic.
CREDENCE, s. Fides, Cic. Author worthy of credence
; certus, locuples, luculentus, idoneus, auctor, Cic.
To give credotee to a thing; rei fidem adj lingere,
CREDENTIALS, s. Literae commendatitiae, Cic.
CREDIBILITY, s. Argumenta quibus animus ad credendum
inclinatur, Liv.
CREDIBLE, a. Credibilis ; fide dignus ; Cic. A credible
person ; plenus fidei, Cic. To make one's sey credible
; fidem sibi praestruere, Liv To make a thing
credibly rei fidem facere, Cic.
CREDIBLY, ad. Credibiliter, Cic.
CREDIT, s. I. Belief} fides, Cic. ; see CREDENCE.
_
II. Reputation ; existiraatio To be in great credit ;
:istim,it\one florere, Cic. A man in great credit; homo magnae existimationis, or magni pretii, Cic. To
bring a thing into credit ; rem in honorem adducere,
III. Trust reposed ; fides. To sell upon credit;
absenti pecunia vendere. To buy upon credit; pecunia non numerata, sed obstricta tantum fide, emere. Lost
77
credit ; affecta fides, Tac To have good credit; re
sua fide emere. To have no credit; nullam fidem
habere, Cic Loss of credit ; fidei lapsus, us, Plin .
His credit is sinking ; fides eum deficere coepit, Cic.
This merchant has lost his credit ; hie mercator fidem
consumpsit, Sail. The credit of the merchants is gone ;
fides mercatorum concidit, Cic To destroy a man's
credit; mercatori fidem abrpgare, Plaut To save a
man's credit ; debitoris existimationem tueri, Cas.
IV. Authority; auctoritas ; gratia; pondus To be in
credit with another ; apud aliquem gratia valere, maxima
gratia esse, or pondus nabere, Cic.
To CREDIT, v. a. Rei fidem adjungere ; rem credere ;
Cic. To credit a person's testimony; alicujus testimonio
fidem adhibere, tribuere, Cic. / credit this on
your assertion; credo tibi hoc, Ter.
CREDITABLE, a. I. Respectable ; honestus. II.
That reflects honour upon one ; honorificus. That was
highly creditable to you ; magnam consecutus es gloriam ;
illud tibi magnae gloriae fuit; ista tibi immortalem
gloriam dederunt ; Cic This is creditable to htm ; hoc
illi est honorificum, or honori et glorias.
CREDITABLY, ad. Gloriose ; bene et laudabiliter.
CREDITOR, s. Creditor, Cic. ; fern, creditrix, Paul.
Jet To cheat one's creditors; creditores fraudare, Cic.
CREDULITY, s. Credulitas, Cic. ; credendi temeritas,
Tac.
CREDULOUS, a. Credulus, Cic. To be credulous;
avidissime credere, Plin.
CREED, s. I. A confession offaith ; symbolum ; fidei
professio. II. Fig. Opinio ; sententia ;" Cic.
CREEK, s. I. A small bay; angustior sinus. II.
Any turning; diverticulum, Ter.; anfractus, us ; circuitio
; Caes. ; flexus, Cic.
CREEKY. a. Flexuosus, Cic A creeky road; iter
multis flexibus tortuosum, Cic.
To CREEP, v. n. Repere ; serpere ; reptare ; humi se
protrahere To creep to a place ; aliquo adrepere, Plin.
To creep on one's knees ; tellurem genibus perrepere,
Tibull Hardly able to creep along; asgre trahens
membra torpentia. Si!. Ital He creeps after me ; reptabundus
me sequitur, Sen. The act of creeping ; reptatio,
Quint.; reptatus, us, Plin To creep into honours ;
ad honores obrepere, Cic To creep into favour ; in
animos hominum influere, Cic. Error easily creeps
into men's minds ; error facile irrepit in mentes hominum
Age creeps on; obrepit senectus, Juv.
CREEPER. . I. A creeping plant; herba quae
(humi) repit, or reptat, Plin. II. A very small bird;
picus murarius. III. A kind of andiron ; subex
focarius. IV. A grapnel ; uncus ; harpago; Caes.
CREEPINGLY. ad. Repens, Plin. ; reptans ; reptabundus;
Sen.
CREOLE or CREOLIAN. s. A coloniis oriundus.
To CREPITATE, v. n. Crepitare, Plin. ; dare acrem
sonitum, Virg.
CREPUSCLE. s. Crepusculum, Col. (Crepusculum is
used especially of evening twilight ; diluculum, of the
morning.) Evening crepuscle ; lucis et noctis confinia,
Ov Morning crepuscle ; obscurum cceptae lucis, Tacv
CRESCENT, a. Crescent moon ; crescens luna, Varr.
CRESCENT, s. i.e. A form of the moon; bicornis lima,
Hor. ; lunae crescentis cornua, Cic. To marshal an
army in the form of a crescent ; lunare aciem in arcum,
Propert A fleet so ranged; lunata classis, Lucan.
CRESS, s. . Water cress ; nasturtium aquaticum.
Garden cress ; nasturtium, Plin.
CRESSET, s. i.e. Beacon-fire; fax; luminis insigne
nocturnum, Liv.
CREST, s. . I. (Of animals) ; crista, Plin. ; dim., cristula,
Col To raise one's crest ; cristam subrigere,
Plin. II. Crest of a helmet ; apex, Virg.
CRESTED, a. Cristatus, Mart.
CREST-FALLEN, a. Animo perculso et abjecto, or fracto
ac demisso, Cic.
CREVICE, s. Rima A small crevice ; rimula. To
fill up a crevice ; rimam explere, Cels. Full of crevices ;
rimarum plenus, Ter. ; rimosus, Col.
CREW. s. Ccetus, us; multitude; Cic A rascally
crew; sceleratorum colluvies, Cic. A ship's crew;
classiarii, Cass. ; navalis turba Crew of a galley ; remjges,
pi., Cass. ; remigium, Cic. ; Hor.
CREWEL. *. Glomus, i, m., Hor. : glomus, eris, n.,
Plin.
CRIB. s. I. The rack of a stable ; praesepe, Virg. ;
przesepis, Varr. II. The stall of an ox; buhile, Col.
III. An infant's bed; cunae; cunabula; incunabula;
Cic. ; Liv.
CRIBBAGE. s. Ludus, cui nomen Cribbage.
CRIBBLE, s. Cribrum, Cic.
CRICK, s. I. The noise of a door-hinge; stridor
cardinis. II. A pain in the neck ; cervicis rigor.
CRICKET, s. I. An insect; gryllus, Plin. II. A
game; ludus baculi et pilae. III. A low stool; imum
subscllium, Plaut. ; sedecula ; sellula.
CRIER, s. Praeco, Cic To be a crier ; praeconium
facere, Suet The qfficc of a crier; praeconium.
CRIME CROCK
CRIME. *. Scelus, Cic. ; malefactum. A daring
crime ; scelestum facinus, Cic An infamous crime ;
flagitium, Cic. A capital crime ; crimen capitis, Cic.
The principal in a crime ; sceleris architectus, Cic To
commit a crime; scelus, or facinus, patrare, or admittere,
Cic. ; Hor. To be implicated in a crime ; implicari
maleficio, Cic To heap crime on crime ; scelus scelere
cumulare, Cic.
CRIMINAL, a. Scelestus; sceleratus ; nefarius. A
criminal life; vita turpis et nocens, Cic A criminal
case ; causa capitis,
Cic. ; (causa criminalis, Asc. Fed.).
A criminal affair ; res capitalis, or criminosa, Cic. To
hear a criminal case ; audire de capite, Sen. A criminaljudge;
qujESitor, Virg.
CRIMINAL. 5. Sons ; nocens.' A state criminal; perduellionis
scelere constrictus.
CRIMINALLY, ad. I. Wickedly; sceleste; nefarie;
flagitiose; per summum nefas ; Cic. II. According to
criminal law; capitaliter, Plin. To prosecute criminally
; litem capitis in aliquem inferre. To proceed
criminally ; de aliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inquirere,
Liv.
CRIMINALITY, s. Improbitas ; perversitas ; pravitas ;
Cic.
CRIMINATION, s. Accusatio ; crimen ; criminatio ; insimulatio
; delatio ; Cic.
CRIMINATORY, a. Accusatorius. In a criminatory
manner; accusatorie.
CRIMP, a. I. Crisp ; brittle; fragilis, Ov. ; Cic.
II. Inconsistent; secum pugnans ; a se discrepans ;
Cic.
To CRIMPLE. v. a. Rugare. To crimple the skin;
cuti rugas inducere, Ov. ; cutem in rugas replicare, Plin. ;
cuti rugas inducere, Tibull. To crimple the forehead ;
frontem corrugare, Plaut., contrahere, Cic., or astringere,
Sen. To crimple the surface of the water ; undas
asperarc, Virg A light breeze crimples the surface of
the water ; summa aqua leni vento stringitur, Mart.
CRIMSON, s. Color coccineus, or phcenicius.
CRIMSON, a. Coccineus ; phcenicius, Plaut.
To CRINGE, v. n. In humilitatem se subraittere, Liv. ;
alicui ad pedes se abjicere, Cic.
CRINIGEROUS. a. Pilosus, Cic.
CRIPPLE, s. Claudus, Cic. ; membris captus, Liv. ;
membris iners, Plin.
To CRIPPLE, v. a. Mutilare ; membrum debihtare ;
Cic.
CRISS-CROSS-ROW, s. Prima elementa puerorum, Cic. ;
prima elementa literarum, Quint.
CRISIS, s. (Of a disease) ; crisis. Sen Fig. ; The affair
is at its crisis ; summa res agitur.
CRISP, a. I. Curled ; crispus, Ter. ; cirratus, Plin.
Crisp with a curling iron ; calamistratus, Cic. II.
Brittle ; fragilis, Ov. ; friabilis, Plin.
To CRISP, v. a. Crispare, Plin. ; torquere.
CRISPATION. s. Ars capillos crispandi.
CRISPING-IRON or CRISPING-PIN. s. Calamister, Cic. ;
calamistrum, Varr.
CRISPNESS. s. To be expressed by the adjectives.
CRITERION, s. Signum ; insigne ; indicium ; Cic. ;
nota, Quint.
CRITIC, s. I. A judge of writings ; criticus, Cic. ;
Aristarchus, Hor. A verbal critic ; syllabarum auceps,
Cic. II. A censor; morosus, or malevolus, reprehensor,
or censor ; obtrectator ; Cic. To imbibe the spirit
of a critic ; censoris animum sumere, Hor.
CRITICAL, a. I. Of accurate taste ; emunctse naris ;
subacti judicii. A critical taste ; judicium intelligens,
limatum, ac politum, Cic. A man of critical taste ;
vir judicio exquisite, or judicio eruditissimus, Cic. He
is of an over-critical taste ; est fastidii delicatissimi, Cic.
II. Belonging to a critic; censorius, Quint To
make critical notes on a work ; scriptum notis confodere,
Plin. J. III. Censorious; see CENSORIOUS. IV.
Relating to a crisis. A critical day ; dies criticus,
Cels. V. Dangerous; anceps ; lubricus ; Cic.
CRITICALLY, ad. Accurate, Cic.
To CRITICISE, v. a To criticise a work ; opus vellicare,
Varr. ; scripta censoria virgula nptare, Quint
To criticise severely ; lima mordacius uti, Ov. To criticise
minutely ; scripta nasute distringere, Phasdr To
criticise actions ; facta reprehendere, or obtrectare, Tac.
CRITICISM, s. I. The art of criticising; ars de
scriptis judicandi. II. A critical remark; censura,
Plin. To dread the criticism of scholars ; doctorum vereri
reprehensionem, Cic. Minute criticism ; verborum
captatio, Cic This book is receiving severe criticism ;
mordet hunc librum lima censoria, Mart.
To CROAK, v. n. I. (As a frog); coaxare, Plin.
The frogs croak more than usual ; vocales sunt ultra solitum
ranae, Plin. II. (As a raven) ; crocire, Plaut. ;
crocitare, Plin.
CROAKING or CROAK, s. I. (Offrogs) ; ranarum clamor,
Phaedr., or cantus, us, Plin.
'
II. (Of ravens) ; crocitus,
us, Non.
OROCEOUS. a. I. Of saffron ; crocinus, Plin.
11, Of the colour of saffron ; croceus, Virg.
78
CROCK. *. Urceus, Hor. ; cymbium, Virg. ; urna, or
capedo, fictilis.
CROCKERY. *. Vasa fictilia, pi., Cic.
CROCODILE. *. Crocodilus, Plin Crocodile's teart;
confictae lacrymae, Ter.
CROFT, s. Septum ; clausum ; Col.
CROISADE or CRUSADE. *. Sacrum bellum sub crucis
vexillo susceptum.
CROISES. s. pi. Qui crucem sacrae militiae notam induerunt
; qui sacrae militias nomen dederunt.
CRONE. *. i. e. An old woman ; anus, Os, f. ; mulier
vetula, Cic. ; mulier grandaeva et defecta, Sen.
CRONY, s. Quocum necessitudo vetus intercedit,
Cic.
CROOK. *. Hamus ; uncus A shepherd's crook ;
pastorale pedum, Virg.
To CROOK, v. a. Curvare , incurvare ; inflectere.
CROOK-BACK, s. Gibbus, Cels. ; gibberosus, Suet.
CROOKED, a. I. Bent; curvus ; curvatus ; incurvatus
; incurvus ; Cic A crooked line ; curva linea A
crooked stick ; incurvum ac leviter a summo inflexum
bacillum, Cic. Crooked with age; aetate, or annis, gravis,
Liv. ; Hor. II. Bent different ways ; contortus ; distortus
; Cic A crooked man; homo corpore distorto.
A crooked stem ; intortus caudex, Plin. Crooked legs ;
distorta crura, Hor. A man with crooked legs ; varus,
Plin. III. Winding; tortuosus; flexuosus ; Cic.; sinuosus,
Plin. IV. Perverse; perversus ; pravus ; depravatus
; improbus ; Cic. A crooked mind ; absurdum
ingenium, Tac. ; praeposterum ingenium, Sail.
CROOKEDLY, ad. I. Torte, Lucr. ; contorte, Cic.
He walks crookedly ; transversus incedit, Varr.
II. Perversely; praepostere ; perperam; absurde ; Cic.
CROOKEDNESS, s. I. Tortus, us ; flexus, us ; anfractus,
us; Cic. II. Perverseness; see PERVERSENESS.
CROP. s. I. The craw of a bird ; ingluvies, Col.
II. The highest part of any thing ; vertex ; apex ; Cic. ;
summus, agreeing with a substantive. III. The harvest
,- messis ; seges ; Cic. An abundant crop ; Ia;ta3
segetos, Virg.
To- CROP. v. a. I. To cut short; decurtare, Plin.;
curtare. To crop close ; strictim attondere, Plaut. ;
tondere ad cutem, Cels. II. To gather corn ; metere,
Cic. ; demetere ; messem facere ; frumenta decidere ;
Col. To gather flowers ; colligere ; carpere ; decerpcre;
Cic.; legere, Virg. III. (Of cattle); Tofeed;
pastum morsu carpere, Cic. ; gramme, or frondibus,
pasci, Ov. ; herbas depascere, Col.
CROP-FULL, a. Retertus, Cic. ; naviter plenus, Lucr. ;
plenus a summo, Plaut.
CROP-SICK, a. Epulis confectus.
CROSIER, s. Pedum pontificium.
CROSS, s. I. Two transverse pieces of wood ; duo
ligna transversa, Caes. St. Andrew's cross ; decussis,
Vitr. II. An instrument of punishment ; crux To
put up a cross for some one ; alicui crucem erigere, Cic.
To suspend on the cross ; aliquem in crucem tollere, or
agere, Cic. ; cruci dare, Plaut. j cruci affigere ; in cruce
suffigere; cruce afficere ; Cic. III. Affliction, misfortune;
animi cruciatus, us ; aerumnae, Cic. ; infortunium,
Ter. ; adversus casus, Cic. IV. To play at cross and
pile; aversi adversive nummi sorte ludere.
CROSS. . I. Transverse ; transversarius, Caes. ; in
transversum positus, Plin Cross lines ; linea? transversae,
Cels. II. Contrary A cross acccident ; incommodum
; difficultas ; Cic. ; oflendiculum, Plin. Fortune
was cross; transversa incurrit fortuna, Cic. Cross
purposes ; inimicus ; adversarius To be at cross purposes
; adversari. III. Peevish; morosus; austerus ;
difficilis ; Cic. A cross woman ; mulier adversatrix,
Ter. A cross humour ; praya animi contentio, Curt.
CROSS, prep, and ad. See ACROSS.
To CROSS, v. a. I. To lay crosswise ; decussare,
Col. ; cancellare, Plin. To cross one's arms ; brachia
decussare; in crucis morem brachia inter secommittere
To cross one's legs ; crus alterum alteri transversum
inducere. To cross pikes ; hastas decussare;
sarissas decussatim, or cancellatim, transversas hosti
objicere. Fig., To cross breeds ; species copulando meliorare,
Ulp. II. To go across. To cross a wide country
; immensos tractus permeare, Plin., or percurrere,
Cic To cross the Alps; Alpes transcendere, transire,
transgredi, Cic. To cross a river ; flumen transire,
Liv. : (by swimming) ; flumen tranare, transnare, or transnatare,
Cic. ; Liv To cross an arm of the sea ; transfretare,
Plin. To cross a river with an army ; copias
fluvium trajicere, or traducere, Liv. ; Caes. To cross to
a place ; ad locum freto transire, Cic. A lake which cannot
be crossed on foot or in boats ; eluctabilis nee pediti
nee navigio lacus, Sen. III. (Of inanimate objects) ;
transire, Cic The river crosses the town ; amnis urbem
interfluit, Liv. IV. To thwart ; obstare ; obsistere ; alicui
adversari, or impedimentum afferre ; Cic. To ci-oss
a man's designs and endeavours ; alicujus consiliis obsistere
et obstare conatibus, Cic He is always crossing
me ; mihi in omnibus adversatur, Cic. She crossed
me in that matter ; mihi in ea re fuit adversatrix, Plaut.
CROSS-BARS CRUDENESS
To cross out (writing); scriptum lineis cancellatim
ductis, or decussatis, delere.
CROSS-BAES. s. Cancelli, orum.pl. Cross-barred;
cancellatus.
CROSS-BOW, s. Balista ; scorpio ; Cic. ; manubalista,
Veget.
CROSS-BOWMAN, s. Sagittarius, Cic. ; manubalistarius,
Veget.
CROSS-CAPER, s. Pedum saltando iraplicatio.
CROSS-GRAINED. a. Perversus; morosus ; indocilis;
intractabilis ; pertinax; pervicax ; Cic. ; Sen.
CROSSLY, ad. I. Oblique, Cic. ; transverse, Vitr.
II. Praepostere ; perperam ; absurde ; Cic. III.
Infeliciter ; calamitose ; incommode ; intempestive ; alieno
tempore ; Cic.
CROSSNESS, s. Morositas, Cic. ; tetricitas, Ov. ; intemperies,
Cic.
CROSS-WAY, s. Via transversa, Cic. ; trames, Varr.
CROTCH, s. Hamus, Hor. ; dim., hamulus, Cels.
CROTCHET, s. I. (In music) ; modulus, Plin. II.
A whim ; libido ; animi impetus, Cic.
To CROUCH. v. a. I. To stoop down ; se demittere ;
occultarc se latebris ; Cic. To crouch behind a hedge ;
post sepem latere ; latendi causa ad terrain se apprimere ;
Plin. To crouch at another's feet ; ad pedes alterius
se provolvere, Cic. II. Fig. Se demittere; se deprimere;
se abjicere ; ad imas preces descendere ; Cic.
CROW. s. I. A kind of bird; cornix, Cic.; dim.,
cornicula, Hor To pluck a crow, i. e. to dispute on a
frivolous pretence ; rixari de lana caprina, Hor To
pick a quarrel; jurgii causam inferre, Phaedr. II.
An iron instrument; vectis, Vitr.
To CROW. v. n. I. To make the noise which a cock
makes; canare. II. To boast; se jactare, or efferre,
Cic. To crow over any one ; alicui insultare, Cic.
CROWD, s. I. A confused assembly; turba ; multitudo
; frequentia ; concursus ; Cic. A crowd of witnesses
; testium catervae, Cic. The agitation of a
crowd; aestuatio, Plin. To throw one's self into the
crowd ; in mediam turbam se conjicere, Cic To struggle
with a crowd ; luctari in turba, Hor. To disperse
the crowd; summovere turbam, Liv. ; vulgus arcere,
Hor. II. Fig. Vulgus, Cic. To rise above the crowd;
a vulgo, or a populo, se secernere, Hor., or emergere,
Plin. III. (Of inanimate objects.) A crowd of employments
; occupationum concursus, Cic. A crowd of
cares ; curarum nubes, Ov.
To CROWD. . a. Implere: replere ; Cic.; opplere,
Liv. To crowd all sail; plenis velis navigare, pervehi,
Cic. ; pandere tola vela, Curt.
To CROWD, v. n. Aggregare se, Cses.
CROWDER. s. i. e. A player on the violin; fidicen,
CROWFOOT, s. I. A caltrop; murex, Curt. II.
A plant; ranunculus; tribulus ; Plin.
CROWN, s. I. An ornament of the head ; corona.
A small crown ; corolla, Propert. ; diadema, Cic. II.
A garland ; corona florea, Plaut. ; sertum, Tibull. ;
serta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; strophia, orum, n. pi., Virg. ;
florida corolla, Cato. III. A reward ; praemium; pretium
; merces, edis, f., Cic. IV. Regal power ; imperium,
Liv.; regnum, Cic. V. The top of the head ;
vertex, icis, m., Cic. VI. The top of any thing ; vertex,
icis, m. ; apex, icis, m. ; Cic (Of a mountain) ;
montis vertex, Cic., cacumen, Hor., culmen, Caes.,
juicuin, Virg., supercilium, Liv., fastigium, Curt.
VII. Part of a hat; forma, Hor. VIII. A piece of
money ; nummus, Cic. A gold crown ; aureus : (silver) ;
argenteus. A new crown ; nummus asper, Suet.
IX. Honour; honorum culmen, or fastigium.
To CROWN, v. a. Coronare, Plin. ; corona redimere ;
alicui coronam ad caput accommodare, Cie. To crown a
king ; insigni regio evincire, Tac. (A victor) ; coronam
vtctori imponere, Cic. ( With laurel) ; victorem laurea
donare, Tac. ( With flowers) ; aliquem sertis redimire;
sertis innectere tempora, Ov. To finish ; absolvere,
Cic (At draughts) ; scrupum geminare.
CROWN-SCAB, s. i. e. A disease in horses ; porrigo,
Cels.
To CRUCIATE, v. a. Torquere, cruciare ; excruciare;
cructatu afficere, Cic.
CRUCIBLE or CRUSET. s. Vasculum liquandis metallis
idoneum.
CRUCIFEROUS, a. Crucifer.
CRUCIFIX, s. The image of our Saviour on the cross ;
Christi e cruce pendentis imago.
CRUCIFIXION, s. De cruce suspendium.
To CRUCIFY, v. a. Aliquem in crucem tollere, or
agere, Cic. ; cruci affigere, Liv., suffigere, Veil. ; cruce
afficere, Cic.
CRUDE, a. I. Raw ; crudus. II. Not changed
by any preparation; crudus. III. Unripe; acerbus
; asper ; immitis ; Plin. [V. Not digested in the
stomitrh ; crudur-, Cic. V. Unfinished, informis ;
rudis, Ov. ; imperfectus, Cic. VI. Having imperfect
viitiims ; indoctus.
CRUDELY, ad. Rigide ; dure Cic.
19
CRUDENESS or CRUDITY, j. Cruditas, Cic.
CRUEL, a. Ferus ; immanis ; crudelis ; saevus ; inhumanus
; barbarus ; Cic A cruel fight ; obnixa pugna,
Val., Max.
CRUELLY, ad. Crudeliter; inhumaniter; atrociter;
Cic. ; immisericorditer, Ter. To use or treat cruelly ;
saevitiam, or crudelitatem, in aliquem adhibere, or exercere,
Cic.
CRUELNESS or CRUELTY, s. Feritas ; immanitas ; crudelitas
; inlmmanitas ; saevitia ; Cic To treat with
cruelty ; crudelitatem in aliquo adhibere, or in aliquem
exercere, Cic. The cruelty of fortune ; fati inclemen
tia, Virg. To do an act of cruelty ; inhumane facere,
Cic. To satisfy one's cruelty ; crudelitatem explore ;
inimicitias explere et odium satiare, Cic.
CRUENTATE. a. Cruentus, Cic. ; cruentatus, Ov. ;
cruore respersus, Liv. ; sanguine infectus, Hor., or
imbutus, Cic.
CRUET, s. Guttus, Hor. ; urceolus, Col. (For oil) ;
vas olearium. (For vinegar) ; acetabulum, Quint.
CRUISE, s. I. A small cup; pocillum, Cato; nonula,
Cic.; urceolus, Col (Of clay) ; urceus, Hor. ;
urna fictilis. II. A voyage in search of plunder ;
navigatio ; portus aut litora obsidendi ratio.
To CRUISE, v. a. Hostium portus aut litorum flexus
obsidere, Cic (As a pirate) ; mare infestum habere,
Cic.
CRUISER, s. Navis praedatoria, Liv Captain of a
cruiser ; dux navis litorum flexus obsidentis.
CRUM or CRUMB, s. The soft part of bread ; panis
pars mollior. A crumb ; mica Crumbs which fall
from the table ; analecta, Mart To pick up one's
crumbs; convalescere ; ex mprbo recreari, or evadere ;
sanitatem recuperare ; ad sanitatem redire ; vires revocare
; Cic.
To CRUM or CRUMBLE, v. a. Panem friare, or interere,
Varr. ; in micas frangere, or comminucre To cover
with crum ; pane friato carnem assam conspergere.
To CRUMBLE, v. n. Corruere, Cic.
CRUMMY, a. Tener, Cic.; mollis. Plin.: tenellus,
Varr.
CRUMP, a. i. e. Crook-shouldered; gibous, Cels. ; gibberosus,
Suet. ; incurvus, Ter. ; humeris incurvus, Plia.
CRUMPET. *. Crustulum, Hor.
To CRUMPLE, v. a. Corrugare ; in sinus, or rugas,
contrahere. To crumple linen ; lintca rugare, Plaut.
CRUMPLING, s. A small degenerate apple; malum
corrugatum, or rugosum, Cic.
CRUPPER, s. Postilena, Plaut.
CRUSH, s. Act of crushing ; attritus; tritus ; Plin.;
tritura, Col. ; collisus, us ; conflictio ; Cic A crowd;
concursus, Plin.
To CRUSH, v. a. I. To squeeze ; premere, or pressare,
Virg. ; comprimere, Cic To crush grapes ; uvas
prelo premere, Vitr. II. To press with violence;
elidere, Virg. ; contundere, Cic. , atterere ; obterere, Cic. ;
illidere ; confringere ; comminuere ; conterere. III. To
beat down; demittere; deprimere; Plin. ; Coll.; deturbare
; disturbare ; demoliri ; diruere ; dejicere ; Cic. IV.
To depress ; opprimere ; obruere ; obtundere To crush
an innocent man ; premere immerentem, Plin To
crush a conspiracy ; conjurationem exstinguere, Cic.
To CRUSH, v. n. Densari; condensari; Varr.
CRUST, s. Crusta, Plin. The crust of a loaf ; panis
frustum crustosius Kissing-crust ; pars panis nuda
crusta, or cortice Crust of a wound; scabnties, Col.
To CRUST, v. a. Crustare, Plin. ; incrustare, Varr. ;
rei crustam inducere, Vitr. ; rem crusta operire, Plin.
To CRUST, v. n. Crustari ; crusta operiri.
CRUSTACEOUS. a. Crusta munitus, or tectus ; crustatus
; crustosus, Plin.
CRUSTILY, ad. Morose.
CRUSTINESS, s. i. e. Peevishness ; morositas, Cic.
CRUSTY, a. I. Covered with crust; crustosus, Plin. ;
crusta opertus, or tectus. II. Morose ; dillicilis ; morosus
; austerus ; Cic.
CRUTCH, s. Baculum superne rostratum.
To CRUTCH, v. n. Baculo superne rostrato sustinere
se. A crutched man ; vetulus baculo rostrato utens.
To CRY. v. n. Clamare ; clamores edere, tollere To
cry for sorrow ; Here ; lacrymari, Cic. ; lacrymare, Ov.
To cry one's eyes out ; in lacrymas effundi, Tac. ;
effuse lacrymari.
To CRY OUT. v. n. I. To scream ; exclamare, Plaut. ;
vociferari ; voce contendere ; Cic. ; ejulare. 1 1. To complain
loudly ; gemere ; queri ; Cic. ; gemitus edere, Ov. ;
de aiiquo queri, conqueri, or querimoniam habere, Cic.
III. To blame ; damnure ; condemnare ; arguere ; culpare
; improbare ; reprehendere ; vituperare ; Cic. IV.
To declare loudly ; denuntiare ; profiteri ; promulgare.
V. To callfor help ; subsidium inclamare, Cic.
To CRY. v. a. To proclaim publicly ; evulgare; promulgare
; denuntiare ; renuntiare ; declarare, Cic. To
cry fire ; clamare aquam, Propert. To cry mercy ,
veniam poscere, Cic. To cry quittance; par pari referre,
Ter To cry for safe, e. g. figs ; iicus clamitare,
Cic.
CRY CULTIVATION
To CRY DOWN. v. a. I. To depreciate ; alicujus exbtimatlonem
violare ; infamiam alicui inferre ; aliquem
int'amia notare ; Cic. ; alicui fidem minuere, infirmare,
derogare, abrogare, Cic., adimere, Ov. ; auctoritatem
alicujus imminuere, Cic. II. To prohibit ; rei usum
interdicere ; prohibere. III. To overbear ; aliquem
deprimere, Cic.
To CRY UNTO. v. n. Invocare ; implorare ; Cic. ;
aliquem inclamare, Ov.
To CRY UP. v. n. To praise ; dilaudare ; laudibus
efferre ; praedicare ; honorincemultadealiquopraedicare;
collaudare ; laudibus ornare, Cic. ; cumulare, Hor.
CRY. s. Clamor ; lamentatio ; lamentum ; ejulatio ; ejulatus
; Cic. Cry of an infant; vagitus, us, m., Virg
Cry of joy; jubila, orum, pi. n., Sil. Ital.; clamo
festus, Plin War cry ; clamor militaris, Cic Cr\
of hounds ; latratus Cry, i. e. a proclamation of sale
promulgatio; denuntiatio; praeconium.
CRYSTAL, s. Crystallus, i, f., Propert. ; crystallum, i, n
CRYSTAL or CRYSTALLINE, a. I. Consisting of crystal
crystallinus, Mart. II. Clear, transparent ; crystallinus
Juv. ; perlucidus, Cic. ; translucens ; translucidus ; Plin
Crystal streams ; perlucidi amnium liquores, Cic.
The crystalline humour ; humor crystallinus.
To CRYSTALLIZE, v. a. In crystallum cogere, redigere
Cic.
To CRYSTALLIZE, v. n. In crystallum corporari, Solin
CUB. s. I. (Of a bear) j ursae catulus, i, m., Ov.
ursulus, i, m. II. (Of afor) ; vulpecula, se, f., Cic. ; vulpi
catulus, i, m. III. (Of a whale) ; balaenae vitulus, Plin
To CUB. v. a. Parere ; fetum ponere, deponere, Phaedr
Cubus, i, m., Vitr. ; quadrantal, alis, n.
Cubicus, Vitr. ; ex omni parte
CUBE, s
Aul. Cell.
CUBIC or CUBICAL, a
quadratus, Cic.
CUBIT. *. Cubitus, i, m., Vitr. ; cubita, orum, n. pi
Liv. ; sesquipes, Col.
CUBITAL, a. Sesquipedalis ; sesquipedaneus ; cubitalis
Plin.
CUCKOO, s. Cuculus, i, m., Hor.
CUCUMBER, s. Cucumis, eris, m., Plin. ; Varr.
. CUCURBITE. s. Cucurbita, ae, f.; ampulla cornuta.
CUD. *. Ruma ; rumen. To chew the cud ; ruminare,
Ov. ; Col.; Virg.; remandere, Plin Fig., i. e
To meditate on ; rem animo retractare, Cic. ; recogitare
Col.; concoquere, Sen.
CUDGEL, s. Baculum, Cic. ; baculus, Ov. ; scipio
Liv. ; fustis, Cic.
To CUDGEL, v. a. Bacillo aliquem casdere, Cic. :
alicui fustem impingere, Cic. ; fuste percutere, Veil. ;
(lumbos) dolare, Hor.
CUE. s. I. A hint; signum, i, n. ; consilium, ii, n.,
Tac. II. Temper of mind ; ingenium, ii, n. ; indoles,
is, f., Cic. ; mores. To put in a good cue; aliquem hilarare,
Cic. To give one his cue ; praemonstrare quid
qnis fabuletur, Plaut (To a witness) ; testem adornare,
Cic.
CUFF. s. I. A blow; ictus, us, m. ; plaga, Cic. ;
colaphus, Ter. ; Juv. II. End of a sleeve ; manulea,
ae, Plaut. ; manica, Cic. To go to fisty cuffs ; in contentionem
certamenque, or ad manus atque ad pugnam
venire, Cic. Hand-cujfs ; manicae, f. pi., Virg.
To CUFF. v. a. Alicui pugnum impmgere, Plaut., or
incutere, Juv. ; aliquem compressa palma ferire, Plaut.
To CUFF. v. n. Certare pugnis, Cic.
CUIRASS, s. Lorica, Caas. ; thorax, acis, m., Plin.
To arm with a cuirass ; loricare. To forge a cuirass ;
loricam e ferro succudere, Varr.
CUIRASSIER, s. Eques loricatus, thoracatus, Plin.
CUISH. s. Armour for the thigh ; femoris tegmentum
ferreum.
CULINARY, a. Coquinarius, Plin. Culinary utensils
; vasa coquinaria, Plin. The culinary art; ars
coquinaria.
To CULL. v. a. To select ; legere ; eligere ; deligere ;
seligere ; delectum habere, Cic. To cull a fine thought
out of a book; ex libro excerpere, Ter.; excellentissima
libare ex variis ingeniis, Cic To cull simples ; medicas
herbas perquirere.
CULM. s. i. e. A stalk ; (of corn) ; culmus, Cic. ; calamus,
Virg. : (of a flower) ; caulis, Plin.
CULPABLE, a. Nocens ; sons ; accusabilis ; vituperabilis;
Cic.; reprehensione dignus To be culpable;
culpa teneri, Cic.
CULPABLENESS or CULPABILITY, s. Noxa, ae, f., Cic. ;
delicti, or peccati, conscientia, Cic.
CULPABLY, ad. Use the adjectives or substantives ;
magna reprehensione, &c. ; (vituperabiliter, Cassiod.).
CULPRIT, s. Reus, i, m. ; rea, ae, f., Cic To speak
infavour of a culprit ; ab reo dicere ; reum tutari ; Tac.
The state of being a culprit ; reatus, us, m.. Quint.
To CULTIVATE, v. a. Agrum colere ; agris culturam
adhibere, Cic. To cultivate the vine ; vitem colere, Cic.
Fig., To cultivate arts and sciences ; studia et artes excolere,
Cic To cultivate one's mind ; doctrina animum
excolerc; ingenium bonis artibus et studiis expolire ;
Cic. To cultivatefriendship ; amicitias colere, Plaut. ;
tueri, Cic. To cultivate the good graces of a man ; alicujus
gratiam fovere, Tac.
CULTIVATION. . Cultus, us, m. ; cultura, a?, f. ; cultio,
onis, f., Cic The cultivation of letters; bonarum artium
studia, Cic.
CULTIVATOR, s. Terrae cultor, Cic. ; agricola,. *e, m. ;
colonus, i, m., Virg. ; agrorum cultor, Liv.
CULVER, s. A bird; colomba, x, f., Cic. ; columbus, i,
m., Col.- A wood-culver; palumbes, Plin.; palumbus,
i. ; or, palumba, & ; Mart.
CULVERIN. s. A piece of ordnance ; tormentum a colubro
dictum.
To CUMBER, v. a. Impedire ; obstruere; alicui incommodare,
or esse incommode, Cic. ; turbare, Curt. ; dUtbcbare,
Cic. *v' A* *
CUMBER, s. Impedimentum, Cic. ; impeditio, Vitr.
CUMBERSOME or CUMBROUS, a. Gravis ; incommodus ;
operosus ; molestus, Cic.
CUMBERSOMELY. ad. Incommode, Cic.
CUMBERSOMENESS or CuMBRANCE. s. Impeditio ; impedimentum,
Cic. ; obstructio ; incommodum, Cic. ; mofestia.
CUMIN, s. A plant ; cuminum, i, n., Hor.
To CUMULATE, v. a. Accumulare ; congerere ; coacervare
; construere ; cumulare ; Cic. ; acervare, Plin.
CUNCTATION. s. Mora, ae, f. ; cunctatio, onis, f., Cic. ;
retardatio ; dilatio ; procrastinatio, Cic.
CUNNING, a. I. Knowing ; navus ; solers ; subtilis ;
Cic.; dexter, Liv.; peritus ; sciens. II. Crafty;
callidus ; dolosus ; astutus, Cic. ; versutus ingenii, Plin.;
subdolus ; veteratorius, Cic. ; ad fraudem acutus, Nep. A cunning man ; vates ; hariolus, Cic. ; divinus,
Mart. A cunning woman ; hariola, Plaut. ; vates, Cic. ;
anus, or mulier, fatidica.
CUNNING, s. I. Art, skill; ars ; solertia ; industria,
Cic. ; scientia; prudentia; dexteritas, Cic. II. Artifice
; fraus ; dolus ; artificium ; fallacia ; calliditas ; astutia
; astus, Cic.
CUNNINGLY, ad. I. Skilfully ; solerter ; Industrie ;
prudenter, Cic. ; dextere, Liv. ; callide ; scienter ; perite;
Cic. II. Craftily; callide, Cic. ; fraudulenter, Plin. ;
dolose ; astute ; per fraudem, Cic. ; per dolos, Plaut.
CUP. s. Poculum, i, n. ; Cic. ; crater, eris, m.,
Virg. ; Cic. ; culullus, Hor. ; calix, Cic. ; cyathus,
Mart. A little cup; pocillum, Cic.; caliculus, Plin.
Cup of a flower; calix, Plin. At every cup; ad
singulos haustus ; quoties bibit To take a chirping
cup ; exiguis haustibus bibere, Ov One in his cups ;
temulentus, Ter. ; vinolentus ; bene potus, Cic. * potulentus,
Suet One who loves a cup ; bibulus, Hor. ;
bibax, Cell.; potor acer, Hor., nobilis, Mart Over
our cups ; inter vinum, Curt.
To CUP. n. a. Cucurbitulas admovere, or adhibere, Cels.
CUPBEARER, s. Pincerna, ae, m., Asc. Ped. ; qui
pocula ministrat, Cic. ; qui stat ad cyathos, Stat. ; a
cyathis minister, Mart.
CUPBOARD, s. Armarium, ii, n., Juv. ; abacus, i, m. ;
cilibantum, Varr.
To CUPBOAHD. v. a. In unum locum colligere, congerere,
or contrahere ; cumulare ; coacervare.
CUPIDITY, s. Cupiditas, f., Cic. ; cupido immoderata ;
.ppetitio, Cic. ; libido.
CUPOLA, s. Concameratum aedis fastigium ; tholus,
i,m., Vitr.
CUPPING-GLASS. *. Cucurbitula, ae, f., Cels, ; medicinalis
cucurbita, Plin.
CUR. s. Canis ; catellus ; catulus ; Plaut. ; Cic.
CURABLE, a. Sanabilis, Cic. ; medicahilis, Ov. ; qui
admittit curationem, Cels. ; qui curationem recipit, Cic.
CURACY, s. Vicarii munus, Cic.
CURATE, s. Vicarius, ii, m., Cic.
CURATOR, s. Curator, oris, m., Hor.
CURB. s. 1. (Of a bridle) ; freni catenula ; frenum,
, n. sing., m. in pi. II. Restraint; frenum, Hor. ;
coercitio, Suet. ; habena, Cic.
To CURB. v. a. I. To hold in with a curb; equo
renos adhibere, or injicere, Cic. ; frenos inhibere, Liv. ;
ircto freno compescere, Tibull. II. To restrain;
renos adhibere, Cic. ; continere ; cohibere ; coercere ;
efrenare ; reprimere ; compescere ; comprimere, Cic.
To CURD or CURDLE, v. a. Coagulare, Plin
, Milk) ; lac in duritiem cogere, densare, Plin. ; conlensare
; spissare ; conspissare, Col.
To CURD or CURDLE, v . n. Concrescere, Virg. ; in
lensitatem coire, Plin. ; densari ; condensari, Col.
When the milk begins to curd; in prima lactis coaguatione,
Plin.
CURDS. *. Coacti lactis massa, Ov. ; lactis coagulati
massula, Col. ; concretum lac, Virg Curd-cakes or
cheese-cakes ; triquetra caseo ovis et butyro placenta.
CURDY or CURDLED, a. Coactus ; condensatus ; con- ;
pissatus ; concretus ; coagulatus, Plin.
CURE. s. I. Act of curing; sanatio, Cic.; morbi
uratio, Cels. II. Remedy ; remedium, Plin.; medi
amentum ; medicamen, Cic. ; levamen. III. Charge
f souls ; cura.
To CURE. v. a. Sanare ; sanum facere, Cic. ; saniCURELESS
tatem alicui restituere, or reddere, Plin. ; aegroto mederi
morbum depellere, or tollere, Cels., adimere, Ter.
medicinam afferre, Cic. ; remedia adhibere To curt
fish or meat to preserve it; carnes in sale asservare
Plin. ; sale obruere ; muria condire, Col. ; sallere, Sail,
salire, Cels.
CURELESS, a. See INCURABLE.
CURER. s. Medicus, Cic.
CURIOSITY, s. Curiositas ; yidendi, or discendi, studium
; rerum reconditarum diligentissima investigatio,
Cic A great curiosity; res rara et singularis Curiosities
; rerum pretiosissima, Front.
CURIOUS, a. I. Inquisitive ; in re aliena curiosus, or
percuriosus, Cic. ; percontator, Hor. II. Eager to
learn ; discendi cupidus ; in perspicienda rerum natura
cupidus, Cic. III. Skilled in ; rei intelligens, Cic.
or studiosus, Ov. IV. Exact; accuratus ; subtilis
(of things) ; curaelaboratus, Cic. V. With extreme or
fastidious nicety ; exquisitus ; elegans ; limatus ; politus.
VI. Worthy of being seen ; visendus, Plin. ;
exquisitus ; rarus ; singularis. VII. Strange, wonderful
; mirabilis ; admirandus ; mirificus ; mirus, Cic.
CURIOUSLY, ad. 1. Inquisitively ; curiose, Cic.
II. Elegantly ; exquisite ; eleganter ; venuste ; concinne.
III. Exactly; studiose, Cic.; magno studio; accurate
; mirabili opere, Cic. ; diligenter ; sedulo. IV.
With extreme or fastidious nicety ; delicate ; molliter,
Cic. ; nimia subtilitate, Sen.
To CURL. v. a. I. To dress with curls; calamistro
comam inurere, Cic. ; capillum crispare, Plin. ; ferro
crines vibrare, Virg., torquere, Ov. II. To twist;
torquere, Cic. ; convolvere ; involvere, Plin. To curl
the waves ; aquam crispare.
To CURL. v. n. I. To fall into ringlets ; crispari.
II. To twist itself ; convolvere, Virg. ; circumplicare,
Cic. ; implicare ; involvere ; circumvolvere ; circumplexu
ambire, Plin.
CURL. s. I. A ringlet of hair ; coma calamistrata,
Cic Curls, pi. ; cinni, Plaut. ; concinni, Cic. ; cirri intorti
capilli ; Mart. One with his hair curled ; cincinnatus,
Cic. II. Undulation; tremula agitatio.
CURLEW, s. A water-fowl ; clorius ; crex ; corlinus ;
corlivus.
CURMUDGEON. 5. Vir jurgiosus, Cic., rixosus, Col.,
or sordidus, tenax, parcissimus, Cic., praeparcus, Plin.
CURRANT, s. I. A tree ; grossularia, SB, f. II. Its
fruit; grossularia? acinus, i, m.
CURRENCY, s. I. Fluency ; yerborum yolubilitas,
Cic. ; praeceps dicendi celeritas ; linguae mobilitas, Cic.
II. Uninterrupted course ; continuatio; series ; perpetuus
rerum ordo. Currency, or current coin; moneta
quae est in usu.
CURRENT, a. I. Generally received ; acceptus ; exceptus.
A current opinion; publice recepta persuasio,
Quint. II, General ; vulgatus; vulgaris; pervagatus;
Cic.; generalis; universus, Cic. III. That maybe
allowed; auctoritate firmatus, probatus, Cic. ; sancitus.
CURRENT, s. Running stream ; aqua fluens, manans,
or profluens, Col. ; Quint. , vis fluminis. To go with the
current; secundo amne, or flumine, ferri, Virg To go
against the current ; adverse flumine navigare.
CURRENTLY, ad. Expedite ; haud cunctanter ; Cic. ;
generaliter ; universe. // is currently believed; receptum
est; in confesso est; res confessa est ; Cic It is currently
reported; fama nuntiat ; res pervagata et vulgaris est ;
omnium sermone percrebescit ; Cic.
CURRICLE, s. Currus gemina rota instructus ; biga,
SB, f.
CURRIER, s. Coriarius, Plin.
CURRISH, a. Ferus;durus; morosus; rixosus; difScilis
; Cic. ; malignus ; asper, Cic.
CURRY, v. a. I. To dress leather ; corium subigere,
Vitr.; concinnare et perficere, Plin. II. To beat;
verberare; credere; ferire ; percutere I will curry you ;
egregie te depexum reddam, Ter. III. To rub a
horse with a currycomb i equum strigili defricare, or
distringere. IV To curryfavour with one ; alicujus
gratiam fovere ; gratiam aucupari ; Cic.; insinuare se ad,
or in, alicujus amicitiam, Plaut., consuetudinem, Cic.
CURRY-COMB. 5. Strigilis, is, f., Cic.
To CURSE, v.a. To wish evil to; exsecrari, Cic.;
alicui male, or mala, precari, Cic. ; diras precari, Tac. ;
diris devovere ; dira exsecratione prosequi ; Liv.
To CURSE, v. n. In Deum verba hnpia dicere ; in
Deum ora solvere, Tibull. ; divinum numen obtrectare,
Val. Max. ; impias in Deum voces jactare ; impiis verborum
telis Deum lacessere ; dira sibi imprecari, Cic.
CURSE, s. I. An imprecation; exsecratio, Cic.;
imprecatio, Sen. ; dira?, Ov. ; deprecatio, Plin. II. A cause of mischief ; pestis ; exitium ; pernicies ; Cic,
CCRSED. a. Diris devotus ; malus ; improbus ; scelestus
; sceleratus ; nefarius ; exsecrandus ; detestabilis ;
exsecrabilis ; infandus ; Cic A cursed land; terra nefasta,
Liv.
CURSEDLY, ad. Pessime ; abominandum in modum ;
CURSHIP. s. Feritas ; immanitas ; Cic. ; vilitas.
81
CURSITOR
CURSITOR. s. Pragmaticus, i, m., Cic. ; formularius.
Quint.
CURSORILY, ad. Leviter ; breviter ; strictim ; indiligenter
; negligenter ; Cic. ; remisse, Sail. ; (perfunctorie,
Ulp.); temere; inconsiderate; festinanter; propere;
Cic. ; properanter, Lucr.
CURSORY, a. Properatus, Ov. ; <*pproperatus, Liv
A cursory view ; inchoata cognitio, Cic.
To CURTAIL, v. a. Detrahere ; immlnuere ; desecare ;
resecare ; recidere ; Cic.
CURTAIN, s. Velum ductile; siparium, Cic. (Of a
bed); supparium, Juv. Curtain or hangings of a room;
aulaea peripetasma, Cic. ; tapes, Virg Linen curtain ;
tela linea Curtain of a theatre ; aulaeum ; siparium ; Juv (In fortification) , aggeris inter duo propugnacula
frons To draw a curtain over any thing; velum
rei obducere, or obtendere, Cic. A curtain lecture; reprehensio,
Cic. ; censura, Juv.
To CURTAIN, v. a. Velo, or aulao, cingere, or circumdare.
CURVATED. a. Curvatus ; incurvatus ; incurvus j Cic.
CURVATION. s. Inflexio, Cic. ; curvatio, Col.
CURVATURE or CURVATION. s. Flexura, Vitr. ; curvamen,
Ov. ; curvatio, Vitr. ; incurvatio, Plin. Curvature
of a wheel ; rotae curvatura. (Of a sickle); falcis
sinus, Col.
CURVE, a. Curvus. See CURVATED.
CURVE, s. Curvatio ; flexura ; Vitr.
To CURVE, v. a. Curvare; incurvare ; inflectere; Caes.
To CURVET, v. n. Salire.
CURVET, s. Saltus, us, m. ; crurum ex arte glomeratio.
CURVILINEAR, a. Curvus ; lineis curvis.
CUSHION, s. Pulvinus, i, m., Cic.; pulvillus, Hor.;
pulvinar, Juv.
CUSHIONED, a. Pulvinis instructus.
CUSP. s. Lunae crescentis cornua, Cic.
CUSPATED or CUSPIDATED, a. Acutus ; exacutus ; cuspidatus
; acuminatus ; mucionatus; Plin.
CUSTARD, s. Scriblita lactea.
CUSTODY, s. I. Imprisonment ; custodia ; career ;
vincula ; in custodia inclusio ; Cic To take into custody;
aliquem in carcerem ducere. To be in custody ; esse
in vinculis, Cic. II. Charge ; custodia ; conservatio ;
tutela. To give into one's custody ; rem alicui credere,
or alterius fidei committere, Cic. III. Defence ; tutela,
presidium ; tuitio ; Cic.
CUSTOM, s. I. Habit; consuetude; mos ; usus, Cic. ;
assuetudo, Liv According to custom ; de more, Virg. ;
ex more, Hor To follow the custom ; morem servare.
The customs of a country ; mores et instituta civilia.
II. Practice of buying of certain persons ; emendi
ab aliquo mercatore consuetudo A great custom;
emptorum frequentia. He has a good custom; hujus
taberna ementium frequentia celebratur, Cic. III.
Tax paidfor imports and exports ; portorium, Cic.
CUSTOMABLE, a. Consuetus ; usitatus ; Cic. ; solitus,
Virg.
CUSTOMABLY. ad. Ut mos est ; ut assolet ; Liv. ; ut
solet ; ut fieri solet ; ut est, or ut fert, consuetudo ; Cic.
CUSTOMARILY, ad. Ex consuetudine ; ut plurimum ;
vulgo ; plerumque ; Cic.
CUSTOMARY, a. I. Conformable to established custom;
cujus promiscue patet usus, Plin. ; usitatus, Cic. ;
usu receptus, Cic. II. Habitual; quod in morem
venit, Ov. III. Usual; consuetus ; solitus ; Virg. ;
usitatus, Cic.
CUSTOMER, s. Qui, qua?, ab aliquo mercatore emere
solet. To help to customers ; tabernam commendare ;
see CUSTOM, II.
CUSTOM-HOUSE, s. Portorium, ii, n., Cic. A customhouse
officer ; portitor, Plaut.
To CUT. v. a. I. To divide with a sharp edge ; secare ;
resecare ; caedere ; praecidere ; abscindere ; incidere ;
amputare ; Cic. II. To hew ; caedere ; abscindere; Liv.
III, To carve; sculpere, Ov. IV. To form by
cutting ; secando, or caedendo, formare, flngere. V.
To pierce; forare ; efforare ; Col.; perforare, Plin.;
ransforare, Sen. ; incidere; pungere. VI. To divide
mcks of cards ; folia lusoria dividere. VII. To inersect
; praecidere ; intercidere. VIII. To cut tothe
heart; cor findere, Plaut To cut small; rem in
minutas partes, Lucr., minutatim, Catull., concidere.
To cut corn ; fruges metere ; demetere, Cic. ; frumenta
succidere, Caes. To cut hair ; capillum tondere.
To cut vines ; vitem castrare, Cato To cut a figure
n the world; egregium decus tenere, Cic. ; nomen et
lecus gerere, Virg To cut a sorry figure; nullo loco
ac numero esse, Cic.
To CUT AWAY. v. a. Resecare ; desecare ; recidere ;
abscindere ; Cic. ; detrahere ; imminuere.
To CUT DOWN. v.a. I. Tofell ; caedere ; praecidere ;
deturbare ; disturbare ; ad terram affligere ; dejicere ; Cic.
II. To excel; superare ; exsuperare; antecellere ;
praestare ; Cic.
To CUT OFF. v.a. I. To separate by cutting; desecare;
abscindere : exsecare. ( The head) ; caput praecidere, Cic.,
G
CUT ClfcflET
or obtruncare, Liv., abscindere, Cic. II. To destroy ;
funditus tollere ; delere ; Cic. ; exterminare, Col.; exscmdere,
Virg. ; exstirpare ; radicitus tollere ; stirpitus evellere,
Cic. III. To rescind; resecare ; detrahere ; imminuere.
IV. To intercept ; intercludere ; przecludere.
To cut offa retreat ; fugam tollere, Caes, : (an advance) ;
alicui praecurrere : (provisions) ; hostem commeatu intercludere
: (a bridge) ; pontera interscindere, Cic. To
cut offthe approach ; omnes ad locum aditus alicui intercludere,
Cic, To cut off short ; prascidere. V.
To obviate; praevertere, Caes.; Cic.; antevertere, Ter. ;
occurrere, Cic. VI. To take away ; auferre ; tollere ;
araovere ; removere ; adimere. VII. Topreclude ; privare
; orbare ; denudare ; destituere ; Cic. V1 1 1. To silence
; interpellare ; interrumpere ; Cic. ; intercipere,
Quint. ; silentium imperare, Plin. IX. To abbreviate
; contrahere, Cic. ; breviare, Quint. ; decurtare,
Plin. X. To cut off a limb ; amputare. To cut off
with a shilling; haereditate excludere, Cic. To cut off
from the church ; aliquera ab ecclesiae corpore segregare ;
ab ecclesiae communione excludere; alicui sacris interdicere.
To CUT OUT. v. a. I. To shape ; formare; formam
describere ; forma, or formis, expnmere. II. To contrive
; excogitare ; invenire ; animo formare, Cic. ; concipere,
Quint. III. To adapt; accommodare ; aptare ;
Cic. Cut outfor ; aptus ; idoneus ad. IV. To debar ;
privare ; destituere'; praecludere ; Cic. V. To outdo ;
superare ; exsuperare ; antecellere ; praestare ; esse superiorem
; praacellere ; Cic.
To CUT SHORT, v. a. I. To abridge ; contrahere, Cic. ;
in breve cogere, Hor. ; coarctare, Cic. ; breviare, Quint. ;
minuere ; diminuere ; imminuere. II. To hinderfrom
proceeding by sudden interruptions ; cohibere ; inhibere ;
moram injicere To cut short this discourse ; ut paucis
absolvam, Sail.
To CUT UP. v. a. I. To carve; minute concidere.Cic. ;
in frusta secare, Varr. ; obsonium scindere, Sen To
cut up a dead body ; corpora mortuorum incidere, Cels.
II. To eradicate ; penitus exscindere, Hor. ; stirpitu*
exigere, Cic. ; exstirpare ; evertere ; evellere.
To CUT. v. n. or a. I. To make its way by dividing obstructions
(as a tooth) ; oriri, Ov. : or, nascere, Cels.
II. To perform the operationof lithotomy ; caldulum per
sectionem eximere, Cels. III. (As a horse) } calces
calcibus illidere.
CUT. s. I. The separation of continuity by a sharp
instrument; incisio, Col.; sectura; concissura; Plin. ;
l made by art ; canalis, is,
1 1 1 . A part cut off.from
; particula; pars, Cic
um. IV. A small parinsectura,
Sen. II. A channel art; m., Col. ; fistula ; fossa, Plin. III. Af
the rest ; segmen ; segmentum
The cut of a loaf ; panis frustum". pa
tide ; particula, ae, f. ; fragmentum, Cjc. ; recisamentum,
Plin. V. A near passage ; via brevior, Cic. ; compendiaria,
Plin. VI. A print ; tabula ; imago scalpro
excusa, or incisa. VII. Stamp on which a picture is
carved; tabula. VIII. Dividing a pack of cards ;
foliorum lusoriorum divisio. IX. Fashion, form,
shape, manner of cutting ; concisio They are of the
same cut ; ej usdem farinae sunt, Cic.
CUTANEOUS, a. Cuticularis.
CUTICLE, s. I. The scarf-skin ; cuticula, Pers. ;
summa cutis, Curt. II. A thin skin formed on the
surface of any liquor ; pelucula.
CUTICULAR. a. Cuticularis.
CUTLASS. *. Acinaces, is, m., Hor. ; gladius latior et
brevior.
CUTLER, s. Cultrorum faber.
CUTLET, s. Costa. (Of mutton) ; vervecina (Of
pork) ; porcina ; offula, Mart. ; offella, Col.
CUTPURSE. s. Fur ; latrunculus ; zonarius, Plaut. ;
manticularius, Ter. ; secarius, Ulp.
CUTTER, s. I. One who cuts; sector A stonecutter;
lapicida, 3?, m. II. A cutting instrument;
instrumentum acutum; culter. III. A sort of boat ;
cymbula, ae, f., Plin. ; linter exiguus, Tibull. ; navicula,
Cic. IV, PL, The cutters ; dentes incisores, Cels.
CUT-THROAT, s. Sicarius, ii, m., Hor. ; percussor ; interfector
; Cic. ; homicida, ae, m., Quint.
CUT-THROAT, a. Cruentus ; ferus ; inhumanus ; barbarus.
A cut-throat place ; locus caedibus infamis.
CUTTING, s. A piece cut off; segmen, Cell. ; recisamentum,
Plin.; assula, Plaut.; secamentum, Plin.
Cuttings of wood; schidia, Vitr. Cutting of a tree ;
talea ; taleola, ae, f. ; Col. ; clavpla ; clavula ; Varr.
Cutting of a vine ; sarmentum, Cic.
CUTTING, a. Aculeatus ; acerbus ; mordax ; acutus ;
acer ; pungens ; contumeliosus ; Cic. ; satyricus, Plin.
CUTTLE, s. I. A fish ; sepia, ae, f., Cic. ).$.'. A
foul-mouthed fellow ; calumniator ; maledicus ; obtrectator,
Cic.
CYCLE, s. A round of time ; cyclus (Of the sun) ;
Solaris. (Of the moon); lunaris (Of a star) ; astri
conversio, Cic., orbis, Curt.
CYCLOPJEPIA. s. Encyclics disciplina, Vitr. ; doc-
Irinae orbis, Quint.
CYCLOPS, s. Cyclops, opis, m., Virg.
CYGNET, s. Cycnus, i, m., Cic. ; olor, Plin.
CYLINDER. *. Cylindrus, i, m., Virg.
CYLINDRIC or CYLINDRICAL, a. Cylindraceus, Plin.
CYMBAL, s. A musical instrument ; cymbalum, i, n.,
Cic To play on the cymbals ; cymbala quatere, or
pulsare.
CYNEGETICS. . The art of hunting ; ars venatoria, or
venatica.
CYNIC, s. A philosopher of the snarling or currish
sort ; cynicus, Cic.
CYNICAL or CYNIC, g. Severus : rigidus ; asper ; Cic, ;
mordax, Ov.; satyricus, Plin A cynical fellow ; qui
frontem perfricuit, Cic. ; Mart.
CYNOSURE, s. A constellation; Ursa, or Arctos, minor;
Cynosura, ae, f., Cic.
CYPRESS-TREE, s. Cupressus, i, f., Virg. ; cupressus,
us, f., Col Made of cypress ; cupressinus, Col.; cupresseus,
Plin A grove of cypress trees ; cupressetum,
C:
cado : to fall, drop, plummet, topple.
caecus : blind, sightless.
caedo : to fall, kill
caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.
caelum : sky, heaven.
caetera : the rest, that remaining
calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.
calamus : anything made or reed -- pen, arrow, pipe, etc.
calcar, -is : spur.
calco : to tread, trample upon.
calculus : pebble, stone.
caligo : to make dizzy
calix : a vessel for drinking.
callide : skilfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.
callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.
caltha : marigold
calumnior : to accuse falsely.
calvus : bald.
calx : the heel /stone, pebble /lime /goal, aim.
camera : vault, vaulted room /small boat.
caminus : a forge, large hearth.
campana : bell.
campus : level place, field, plain.
camur : curved, bent, hooked.
canalis : channel, canal /pipe.
cancer : crab /the direction south /heat of summer /disease of cancer.
candela : taper, candle.
candeo : to shine, glow, grow brilliant, sparkle.
candidus : bright, shining, white.
candide : openly, clearly, candidly.
canis : dog.
canities : grey hair /old age.
canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.
canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.
canto : to sing.
capillus : hair.
capio : to seize, take, choose/ attack, injure/ comprehend.
capio : to rent, hire /seize, arrest
capistro : to halter, put a halter on a horse.
capistrum : halter, harness, mazzle.
capitagium : poll tax.
capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.
capitale : cattle, possessions, chattels.
captivas : captivity.
capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.
capulatio : decapitation.
caput : capitis : head /top, summit /chief.
caput ieiunius : Ash Wednesday.
carbo : carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.
carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.
careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.
caries : rottennes, corruption, decay.
cariosus : rotten, decayed.
caritas : dearness, affection / charity.
carmen : song, poem.
carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.
carus : dear, beloved /costly, high-priced, expensive.
casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.
caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.
casus : accident, chance, fortune.
casus : downfall
casus : a falling /occasion, opportunity /event, accident, violent death
catena : chain, fetters.
caterva : crowd, troop, flock.
catervatim : in troops, in masses.
cattus : cat.
cauda : the tail of an animal.
causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.
causa : case at law, case, law-suit /situation, condition.
causa : cause /reason, motive, pretext /interest.
caute : cautim : cautiously, with security.
cautela : caution, precaution, security.
cautus : [persons] careful, cautious /[things] secure, made safe, protected.
caveo : [cavi cautum] beware, avoid, look out for /give security. mortgage.
caveo : +acc.= be on guard against /+ut+subj.=take care that.
caveo : +dat. of a person= take care of, provide for.
cavus : hole, pit.
cedo : to go, proceed /turn out, happen/go away, withdraw.
cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.
cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.
celebratio : large crowd, audience, assembly.
celebrer : adj, renowned, well known, popular, famous.
celebritas : crowd, multitude /celebration /fame, renown
celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.
celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.
celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.
celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.
celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.
cella : room, store-room, garret
celox : -ocis fast, rapid, swift, fleet.
celsus : elevated, lofty /arrogant, proud, haughty.
cellarius : adj. relating to a store-room /n. cellarer
cena : dinner, meal.
cenaculum : garret, attic.
ceno : to dine.
censeo : censui, censum/ estimate, assess, evaluate /argue, suggest, advise
censura : judgement.
census : -us/ wealth, property /census
centum : one hundred, 100 (undeclinable).
cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish /decide, resolve, determine.
cernuus : faling headlong.
certamen : contest, contention, rivalry of any kind
certe : certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.
certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.
certus : undoubted, certain, sure, settled, resolved, decided /definite
cervus : stag. deer
cesso : to leave off, cease /linger, delay
cetera : for the rest, otherwise
ceteri : the remaining, the rest, the others
ceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.
ceterus : the other, the rest.
charisma : carisma : gift, present.
chirographum : autograph, person's own handwriting /written charter.
cibo : food for animals
cibus : food for men and animals.
cicuta : hemlock.
ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.
ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.
cinis cineris : ashes, embers.
circumvenio : to beset, assail.
circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.
citatio :  summons, call
cito : quickly, rapidly, speedily.
citara : a harp.
citatus : quick, speedy.
citatus : summons, citation.
cito : to be moved, aroused.
citivolus : swiftly flying.
civilis : civil, civic.
civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.
civitas : state, citzenship, city-state.
clam : secretly, in secret.
clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.
clamor : loud shouting, cry.
claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.
clarus : clear, bright /renowned, famous, illustrious
claudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.
claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.
claudus : lame.
claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure/ cloister.
clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.
clibanus : oven, furnace/ tray for bread making.
coacto : to force, compel, coerce.
coactu : by force, under compulsion.
coactum : force, compulsion, coercement.
coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.
coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.
coepi : began, started, undertook, initiated  (pres. incipio ).
coepto : to begin, undertake,
coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.
cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.
cognatus : (adj.) related by blood  (noun) a relative, kinsman.
cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.
cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.
cogo : coegi : coactum : to compel, restrict, confine /force, compel
cogo : coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.
cohaereo : to cling to, correspond to
cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick together
cohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.
cohors : a yard, enclosure /troop, 1/10 of a legion.
cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.
colligo : legi, lectum, to collect, gather together, assemble
colloco : to place, put, arrange.
collum : neck.
colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherish
color : color.
coloratus : colored /dark-complexioned.
coloro : to color.
coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.
combibo : to drink up, suck in.
comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.
comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume /waste, squander.
comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade /count.
cometes : comet
cometissa comitissa : countess.
comis : courteous, kind, friendly.
comitatus : train, retinue, following /war band.
comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.
comito : to accompany
comitatus : accompanied.
comitto : to entrust, commit.
commemoro : to remind, relate, mention/ to keep in mind.
commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.
commessatio, onis : eating together.
comminor : to threaten.
comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.
comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.
commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.
commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.
commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.
commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.
commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.
commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.
commodus : proper, fit, commodius
commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.
commoneo : to remember, recollect.
commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of somthing.
commoror : remain, stay, abide, linger.
commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake /excite, upset.
communis : common, general, run of the mill.
comparo : to compare.
compater : the godfather of a man's child.
compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.
compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.
comperio : to learn, find out.
comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty, lay open.
comperte : on good authority.
compescor : to fasten together, hold in check, restrain, curb
compescor : to suppress, repress, check, restrain.
competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.
complectus : embrace, grasp.
compleo : to finish.
compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfil.
complexo : encompass, embrace
complico : to fold together
compono : to put together, compose.
compositio : composition, agreement, pact/ arrangement.
compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.
comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.
comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite /comprehend.
comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.
comprobo : to approve fully/ to confirm, prove, establish.
compromitto : to agree to refer to arbitration, or an arbitrator.
comprovincialis : born in the same province.
comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.
conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.
concavo : to hollow out
concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.
concepta : measures, capacity.
concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.
concido : to be ruined, fail /cut up, cut down, destroy.
concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.
concilio : to assemble, bring together /win over, reconcile, unite /cause
concilium : council
concipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.
concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.
concito : to move violently, stir up, excite, arouse.
conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.
concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.
concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.
concurro : to concur.
concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.
condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.
condo : erect, establish, build
conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.
confero : discuss, debate, confer/ betake oneself, devote.
confero : to bring together, put together, collect/
confestim : speedily, rapidly, immediately, without delay.
confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.
confingo : 3, to fabricate, make up
confirmo : to confirm
confiteor  confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.
conforto : to strengthen much.
confundo : to pour together, mix, blend /confound, confuse, trouble.
confusim : in a confused way, fumbling.
confusio : mingling, mixture /confounding, confusion, disorder
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confusus : confused, disorderly /embarassed, troubled, confounded.
confuto : to confute /restrain, check, repress.
confuto : supress, keep silent /convict.
confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.
confuto : to check, repress, stop, halt, turn back /silence
congelo : to congeal, harden, freeze.
congregatio : assembly, society, union.
congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.
congressus : a meeting, association.
congrue : adv, suitably
congruo : coinside, agree, conform
congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.
conicio : to hurl, throw /put together, conjecture.
coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.
conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reach
coniuratio : conspiracy, plot.
coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.
coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.
conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt, presume.
conqueror : to complain loudly.
conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.
conscientia : conscience, consciouness, knowledge
conscindo : to tear in pieces.
conscius : conscious of, aware of.
conseco : to dismember, cut into pieces, chop up.
consecro : to dedicate, consecrate, sanctify/ to curse/ deify
consectatio : striving, pursuit
consenesco : to grow old, weak, feeble, infirm
consensio : agreement, harmony, cooperation /plot, conspiracy
consentio : to agree, consent /plot, conspire
consequentia : f, consequential, relating
conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.
considero : to look at, regard carefully,
consido : to set down, settle.
consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.
consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.
consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.
consimilis : adj, similar
consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist/ stop, stay.
consisto : to take one's stand, stand still, stop, be posted.
consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.
consitor : sower, planter.
consolatio : encouragement, amelioration, consolation
consonum : adj, n, harmonious
conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.
conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.
constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.
constanter : steadily,  firmly.
constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.
constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.
constituo : to fix, station, place, cause to stand, set
consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.
constrictio : to bind together, draw together
constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.
construo  construxi  constructum : to construct, build, arrange.
constupator : ravisher, debaucher.
constupro : to ravish, corrupt.
consuasor : advisor, counselor.
consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.
consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituate
consueta : customary, usual.
consuetudo : custom, usage, habit /intimacy, familiar acquaintance.
consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.
consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of/consult, ask advice.
consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.
consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.
consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.
consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.
consultum : decree.
consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.
consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.
consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.
consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.
consurgo : to stand up, rise up /to arise, break out.
contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.
contactus : touching, contact /contagion.
contages : a touch, contact.
contagio  contagium : contagion, infection /touching, contact.
contamino : to pollute, infect.
contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.
contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.
contemplatio : survey, contemplation.
contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.
contemptim : contemptuously.
contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.
contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.
contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.
contendo : to assert, maintain /shoot (a missile), cast.
contendo : to compare, contrast /compete.
contente : eagerly, earnestly.
contentus : strained, stretched /eager, zealous.
contentus : contented, satisfied
contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.
contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.
contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.
contineo : to hold, to keep togethere, to contian
contineo contigi, contectum : border on /befall (good luck).
contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.
contineo: to hold back, restrain.
contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.
contingo : to touch /(intransitive) to happen, befall, occur
continuo : to join (together), to be after
continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.
continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.
contra : (+ acc.) against.
contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.
contradico : to speak against, oppose verbally, gainsay
contradictio : contradiction, opposition.
contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.
contraho : to gather together, assemble, draw up, unite
contraho : to conclude (an agreement)/ to reduce, contract, constrict
contrarius : contrary, opposed
contrecto : to touch, handle, feel
contremisco : to tremble, shake, quake /be afraid of
contremo : to tremble, shake
contristo : to make sad or gloomy
contristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).
conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.
conventus : coming tohether, assembly, union, congress.
conversatio : way, manner of life /monastic life.
converto : to turn around, cause to turn /to adopt the monastic life.
converto : to convert
convinco : to overcome, to demonstrate
convoco : to call together, convene.
copia : abundamce, supply.
copiae  copie : supplies, troops, forces.
copiose : fully, at length, copiously.
copiosus : wealthy, rich, abundantly provided, well-equipped.
Corbeiam : Corbie.
cornu : horn.
corona : crown, diadem.
corpus corporis : body, corpse.
correptius : more shortly.
corrigo : (correctum) to make correct, make right.
corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack
corroboro : to strengthen.
corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.
corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate /spoil, weaken.
corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down /be ruined, destroyed.
Corturiacum : Courtrai.
coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.
cotidie : daily, every day.
Courtacum : Courtrai.
crapula : wine : intoxication, drunkenness.
crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.
cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.
crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.
creator : creator, founder.
creatura : creature, servant.
creber : thick, frequent, numerous.
crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.
credo : to believe /trust, commit / trust in, rely on/ think.
creo : to create, make
crepido : (-inis) foundation, base / pedestal / pier, quay / dam
crepitaculum : a rattle
crepito : (-are) to rattle, creak, rustle
creptio : taking by force, seizure.
crepundia : a toy, rattle, plaything
crepusculum : dusk, twilight.
cresco : (cretum) to grow, increase, expand / spring forth, arise
creta : chalk, fuller's earth
cretatus : chalked, in white
cretosus : abounding in chalk
cribro : to sift.
cribrum : sieve.
crimen : an accusation, charge / fault, guilt, crime / cause of a crime
criminatio : accusation, charge, calumny
criminator : accuser
criminor : to accuse / complain of
criminose : reproachfully
criminosus : slanderous, reproachful
crinis : hair.
crinitus : long haired
crispans : wavy, curly
crispo : (-are) to curl / move rapidly / brandish, wave
crispus : curly-haired, curly / trembling, quivering, shaking
crista : crest, plume / rooster's comb
cristatus : crested, plumed
croceus : yellow, golden, saffron-colored, of saffron
crocinus : yellow, saffron-colored / saffron oil
crocodilus : crocodile
crocotula : saffron-colored robe
crocus : crocus, saffron / yellow, saffron-colored
crotalia : ear-rings
cruciamentum : torture, torment
cruciatus : torture, torment
crucio : to torture, torment
crudelis : cruel
crudelitas : cruelty, inhumanity
crudeliter : cruely
crudesco : to become violent, become hard
cruditas : an overly full stomach
crudus : green, fresh, immature, untimely / undigested / harsh
crudus : bleeding / raw, uncooked / unripe / unprepared food
cruento : to make bloody, stain with blood.
cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red
crumens : bag, purse / funds, store of cash
cruor : cruoris : bloodshed, murder, slaughter, gore
crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot
crusta : rind, peel, bark, shell / inlay, embossing
crustulum : pastery, cookie
crustum : bread, cake
crux  crucis : cross
crypta : vault, grotto, covered gallery
crystallinus : of crystal
crystalus : crystallus : a crystal, crystal drinking cup
cubans : sloping
cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroom
cubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.
cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.
cubile : bed, (marriage bed) / lair, den, nest / hive of bees / seat
cubitalis : a cubit long
cubito : to lie down often
cubitum : the elbow /a cubit
cubitum ire : to go to bed, retire
cubitus :  cubitus : a lying down, rest
cubo : to lie down, recline / be ill in bed
cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?
cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?
cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.
cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.
cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.
cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.
cuiusmodi : of what kind.
culpa : fault, blame, (esp. aginst chastity).
culpo : to blam, censure, accuse.
cultellus : a little knife.
cultor : cultivator, planter /with gen.= resident, inhabitant.
cultura : cultivation
cum : (prep + abl.) with.
cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.
cum : (with indicative) when.
cunabula : cradle.
cunae : nest for young birds.
cunctatio : delay.
cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,
cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.
cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.
cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.
cupido : passion, desire, wantining, yearning, longing.
cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.
cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.
cupressus : cypress, cyrpess wood, a cypress-wood casket.
cur : why, wherefore.
cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.
curatio : attention /medical attention, healing, curing.
curator : guardian, overseer
curia : court
curiositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.
curiosus : careful, attentive/ curious, inquisitive/ worn out by cares.
curis  quris : a spear.
curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.
curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.
curo : manage, administer /provide money.
curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.
currus : cart /a plow with wheels.
cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.
cursito : to run up and down.
curso : to run back and forth.
cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.
cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.
curto : to shorten, abbreviate.
Curtracus : Courtrai.
curtus : shortened /mutilated, defective /gelded.
curvo : to bend, arch, curve /influence.
curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).
cuspis : point, the pointed end /spear, javelin /cooking spit.
custodia : protection, custody.
custodiae  custodie : guards, wardens.
custos : (custodis) guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant,, guard /spy.